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that none of the emperors submitted to the things, and as fickle as the wind. Few, inclaims of Christianity at all, except in name, deed, would find in them any appetency for with the exception of Constantine, shortly the hard toil and fatiguing labor of producbefore his death. He has further shown, ing from mother earth, the necessary stock of that fraud, corruption, bribery, intrigue, de provision for man and beast, while he posbauchery, and effeminacy characterized the sessed no more than the gentleman of the court, the senate, the forum, and the camp. I glove and cane. This is equally foreign to Christianity had some influence on the minds the disease of society and has proved to be of multitudes of the common people, and so but a useless nostrum. “Hold,” cries a far as that influence was felt in the higher third, “I have found the real philosopher's circles at all, it tended to stave off the event, stone and a panacea for all the ills that flesh which must certainly arrive at some time.- is heir to, education, universal education.In the light of History what is that correc- Give the people, the whole people education tive principle to be thrown in and finally to and you will have revolutionized society become interwoven with the very elements and corrected all its evils." How far this of society, for its proper preservation? This will succeed, we can easily determine, from question is answered variously by the differ- an application of historic philosophy. Hapent schools of social doctors. Among them pily we are not left to supposition. It is a there exists as wide a difference as between fact, which cannot be denied, that as indithe different shools of corporial doctors, and viduals and smaller communities are affectzch as bitterly decrying the other. One ed by certain causes, so would the whole class has fallen out with the distribution of body of society be, if under the operation of property, and ascribe all the social evils to the same causes. Has education, however the inequality in this respect. They propose long continued or faithfully bestowed, any as a remedy, a system of complete agrarian- power to curb the ambition, to soothe the ism. Demolish everything-shake it all up passions, to control the affections, to assuage together and parcel it out anew-make it all grief, or correct the disorders of the soul? equal. The unequal distribution, being the But to History. What is the state of socause, a perfect equalization is the perfect | cure. How absurd! Let this be done, and
ciety in Germany or Prussia, the most uni
versally educated nations in the world? We would it affect the moral nature? This would [.. remaju as before. This remaining as before
hear as much complaint of social evils here, how soon violence and fraud would intro
as elsewhere? Education draws out and de
velopes the capacities of man and fits him duce the same state of facts again. They have mistaken the cause, and of conseqnence
for an enlarged sphere of action, but fosters
rather than curbs his ambition. If this be the remedy. The cause is not external but!
the philosopher's stone, it fails to secure the internal to man. Though you wash and
* philosophers desire. In like manner every lustrate the fox a thousand times, he is the
" thing that affects only the mental and physame sly, cunning animal as before, because
sical state, fails to afford the needed correctyou change not his nature. Whatever
ive for the evils of society. The more rapid changes you may make in the externals of society, you only change for a time the mode
our progress through the world, the more of developement.
restless we become. From the same source "You are all wrong," cries another, "you of tes
of testimony we are advised, also, that it is must break up the present organization of so- | not the opinions which may prevail among ciety, and form yourselves into communities, the common or uncommon people, which and every one be assigned bis work accord- can afford this relief from impending disasing to his peculiar appetencies, and have one ter, whether these opinions be religious or common stock.” How will this operatel_ political, because there is somewhere a secret The appetencies are themselves whimsical I spring of action, which over-rides our theo
ries, however well they may have been ma- sunk at the bottom of the Tiber. Afw tured—a soul within, full of life and mo- of which have been raised from that river tion-restless, powerful. What is philoso- such as the "Boy in Prayer." (now in the pby, reason, patriotism, opinion, before Museum of Berlin,) are tokens of what still awakened, aroused passion or lofty ambi- lie buried under the water and mud of the tion? "A reed shaken by the wind.” The yellow river ; and the longings of antiquaglittering diadem, the loud huzzah, intoxi- rians, though seemingly hopeless, have at cate the brain and demolish the barriers | least been justifiable. There has been no heretofore reared in the way. Man in every lack of adventurous projects to obtain posage has the same essential elements of na- session of the marble and bronze gods and ture, and differs in their developement only goddesses, which many virtuosi assert were according to the circumstances and occa
not taken away or destroyed by any of the sions, which call them forth. The study
barbarian tribes which sacked Rome at difof History will exhibit the principles which
ferent periods, and which, consequently, are here set forth. It will also prevent us
must have been flung into the river. An from being unduly elated, by the occa
extensive system of dragging the river was sional gleams of light from the changing
at one time recommended, but it proved a operations of human society, and also from
failure. Another plan was, to divert the being overcharged with sorrow at the dark
Tiber into a new channel, and thus dry the clouds which rise upon the social horizon.- |
present bed. This plan, too, proved impracIn human nature alone there is no help. But
But ticable, for reasons which it would be needstill is there any reliable remedy for what
less to state. But one of our countrymenall admit to be a sore evil under the sun ?
a Mr. Vansittart-has lately proposed to There is, and which will finally triumph
search the bottom of the river by means of
the newly-invented breathing apparatus, over all the earth. It strikes, as it must, at the root of the evil-at the inner, mov
nor mord which, it is asserted, enables divers to remain
art of the under water for hours without the least difing springs of action--at the heart of the individuals composing the body. The time ficulty or inconvenience. Mr. Vansittart's
ova proposal was not by any means suggested is coming “to which hope looks forward with ardent joy, when one law shall bind by interested motives; he is ready and wil. all nations, and that law shall be the law of ling to sacrifice a large sum of money for a universal brotherhood.” That remedy is
is scientific purpose. He proposed that the re
sults of the investigation should be divided found, and only found in the regenerative
between the British Museum and the Papal power of the gospel of the son of God. Our historic philosophy brings us to this
Government. If that government had ac
ceded to his very rational offer, everything conclusion.
would have gone on smoothly. But the
Pope's advisers have thrown unexpected ART TREASURES IN THE TIBER. difficulties in the way. They claim the
right of reserving to themselves the lion's A correspondent of the London Literary share, while all expense and risk is to fall Gazette, writing from Cologne, gives the fol. to the share of the Englishman. They delowing interesting piece of art-intelligence, mand, in short, to reserve to themselves the which will excite the attention of Antiqua- (right of prohibiting the export of very rare ries.
or valuab ntiquities. There the matter “The latest news which has arrived here rests, for of course their iippertinent demand from German antiquarians at Rome, has pro- has brought all the proceedings to a standduced great excitement among artists and still. Researches, are, however, being carried virtuosi of all classes. You know that many on, on the banks of the ancient Aulium, of the treasures of the e' rnal city are still I where the walls of villas are still visible coder the water. In the port of Civita Not so with those who work their way up Veechia, too, a colossal arm of rare beau- in the world. The brain is relieved, while ty has been found; and this arm, it is the body is active and growing, and the Deedless to say, must have had a body,which body is resting while the mind is expanding. body may be somewhere in the vicinity of Thus the whole man of the worker is well the an. The lake of Nervi, too, which was developed. once surrounded by villas and temples, is In most colleges, the habit of smoking or being searched and a rich harvest expected." chewing tobacco is exceedingly prevalent,
and most destructive it is to these young TO YOUNG MEN.
men. Digestion becomes impaired, the ap
petite is lost, medicines are swallowed, no Another bountiful harvest has been gath- mother or sister at hand to watch over him sad up, and the season for moral and intel- and he sinks away before the inorning's sun lectual culture approaches. All our schools opened or illumined his youthfül mind.and institutions of learning will soon open Then 'an all-wise Providence,' is charged to quicken and develop the mind. This is with his early death, while the causes are well. But,' says one, I'm a poor mechanic, overlooked. The same indulgence in the and must work for the support of myself and use of tobacco by the laboring man, though dependant friends. How am I to cultivate always pernicious, is less injurious than to my mind
the student, whose habits are sedentary, By reading, attending lectures, and by and who breathes only vitiated, confined creversing with those better informed than air. førself. Books are cheap. By economy! In view of these truths, is it not better a few dollars may be saved yearly, and paid to
d paid to obtain a small library of choice books, at ou: for such works as will feed the mind and a small expense, and read and study them Exp it in a growing condition. When too at home? tired to read, let a sister or a young brother
With a library at home, every member of read aloud for an hour. In this way you the famlly may be benefitted and improved. mas acquire a knowledge of all the great Look at Elihu Burritt, the learned Blackbading subjects now engaging the attention smith, master of more languages than any
the learned and scientific men of the college educated man in America. He read Forld. Many of our greatest, most bril-||
brill and studied books at home. The same is kant and successful men are self-educated.
true of thousands of others who now fill the Lo fact, we have come to regard this Home
most important places in life Education far better than the most fashion
Then buy books—work and study-study
and work-work at your trade, on the farm, oble college education. It is estimated, that|| est of every hundred college graduates in
on the lake, river, or sea. Work and study bass country, forty-five die prematurely, or
-study and work, and your body and brain
will become developed and enlarged, and retire to private life, without being able to take any public use of their professions.
your mind cultivated and expanded. Now
is the time to begin. The reasons are obvious. While keeping Be youthful mind on a stretch for years, the The above is most excellent advice for body is permitted, for want of physical ex- those young men who are not favored with Scize, to decline and become so debilitated, the privilege of a collegiate course; and it dat when the diploma has been obtained, affords many most important and useful the student is a 'used up man;' the hopes of hints to such as are. Let none fail to profit ambitious parents are forever blasted, and by its perusal; an attention to these hinta the duomed invalid drags out a short life of will prove equally happy in its effects both pain and anguish.
upon the mind and physical condition of man
STRENGTH OF THE WILL.
MARSHAL NEY'S DEATH SCENE.
It has been the belief of a large class of The vengeance of the allied powers decorrect thinkers, that the ability of a man to 'manded some victims; and the intrepid Ney perform any given action within the scope who had well-nigh put the crown again on of reason, is only limited by the extent of Bonapartc's head at Waterloo, was one of his natural capacity. In other words—that them. Condemned to be shot, he was led which he wills to do, if he sets resolutely to the Garden Luxemberg on the morning about it, he can perform to the iullest extent, of the 7th of December, and placed in front provided his chosen task lies within the of a file of soldiers, drawn up to kill him. compass of his mind.
One of the officers stepped up to bandage To a mental organization at once vigor- his eyes, but he repulsed him, saying, “are ous and well balanced, if its powers be ra- you ignorant that for twenty-five years, I tionally employed, failure in any given pur- have been accustomed to face both ball and suit is almost next to impossible. A steady bullet?” He then lifted his hat abore his perseverance in the one path, and in quest head, and with the same calm voice that had of the one object, being all that is required. steadied his columns so frequently in the
It is by vacillation of purpose, by trying roar and tumult of battle, said, “I declare first one thing and then another, by shifting before God and man, that I never betrayed backward and forward, by changing the ob- my country; may my death render her hapject of attainment, and by becoming dis- py. Vive la France !” He then turned to couraged, when to press vigorously forward the soldiers, and striking his hand on his is the one thing needful to success, that the heart, said, “ Soldiers, fire!” A simultaopositions of so many persons in life are so eous discharge followed, and the bravest of vastly inferior to what might have been ex- the brave” sank to rise no more. “He who pected from their natural abilities. It is the bad fought five hundred battles for France, infirmity of the will counteracting the and not one against her, was shot as a trai. strength of the understanding. They have tor!” As I looked on the spot where he frittered away their talents in trying to ac- fell, says Headley, I could not but sigh over complish many things, and have, naturally his fate. True, he broke his oath of alleenough, succeeded fully in none.
giance—so did others, carried away by their The first thing which a young man re- attachment to Napoleon, and the enthusiquires on setting out in life, is a PURPOSE.— asm that hailed his approach to Paris. Still The second is a resolute determination not he was no traitor. to be turned aside by any lures which may spread themselves across his path. Let him
PICTURES ON THE WALL. fix his eyes steadily on any object, and if he will work toward it with unflagging and Pictures, if well chosen, add much to the undeviating energy, he will be as certain of good appearance of a room, and impart to it reaching it eventually, if life and health are an air of completeness, and a horne look, spared, as the pedestrian is of coming to the which many people know how to appreci. end of his journey, or the boy of growing to ate. To produce this effect, the subject of manhood.
the pictures must be such as we can truly Above all, let it be remembered that per• sympathize with, something to waken our fection is only to be obtained by a devotion admiration, reverence, or love. All the feel. of the mental or physical powers to one sole ings of our nature may be illustrated by object, and that every deviation from the pictures. There are some which we seern direct path of pursuit, seriously abridges the to make bosom companions of, others bare chances of success.—- Home Gazette. la moral effect, and at times prevent our going astray by their silent monitions. It Yet so it is; the thing is a reality, the city is therefore worth while to take pains and is here, and the people are here, fiddling, chocse good sutjects, whether in engravings dancing, singing and making merry, and or paintings, and to frame and hang them the prosperity is here. They are shop-keepsuitably when chosen. Gilt frames are mosters, hotel-keepers, mechanics, professional suitable for rather dark paintings and on a men, manufacturers in a small way, &c., &c. deep colored wall; while prints look well in The only branch of manufactures which aa frame of composition, oak, rose-wood or mounts to anything, is that of glove-making biru's eve inaple, finished with a gilt mould- and that is but comparatively small. There ing. Care should be taken to hang them in is also a tapestry manufactory, the operaa proper light, so as best to bring out all the tions of which constitute one of the sights of effects of the pictures, and to place them so (Paris, which I design to visit. that the light shall fall from the same side What then is it that makes Paris what it as represented by the painter.
is? I know not unless it be, that it was In picture galleries and great housos, brass built and furnished to show to the world, rods are fixed all around the room close to and that all the world flocks to it to spend the ceiling, from which the pictures are hung its money. Well, that is a curious explanabut in small rooms it is often best not to tion indeed, but it is the only one which show the lines or wires by which the pic- seems to furnish any sort of clue to the mygtures hang. This is done by nailing a strong tery:.
!! The beauty of Paris is directly upon the cord across the back, about two inches be
Seine. There is the palace of the Tuilleries, low the top, and to suspend it from two
with its magnificent gardens--the one con nails standing out but a little way from the
tinuous building being at least, I should wall. When there are several pictures in al:
judge, three miles in length, surrounding room, the ordinary rule is, to have cither the
three sides of a square, and in the style of a upper or lower edge of the frames in a line,
French king's palace. There is the Louvre, on whichever side they may be hung.
surrounding a square of twelve acres, and
filled with the choicest specimens of paintNOTES FROM FRANCE. ing and statuary the world has produced,
the building itself being on a scale of great WARREN ISHAM.
magnificence, and the interior open court
presenting an unrivalled scene of rural beauTaking the train at Rouen, we came out tv. There is the Place Concordia, a square of it underground, as we had entered it, and
of many acres, with several fountains in full away we went up the beautiful valley of the
play, lamps on a scale of princely magnifiSeine. One hundred and eight miles passed
cence, and statuary starmg upon you from over, and we were set down in Paris, the
every quarter, and looking down upon it second city in Europe, and the first in the
from the opposite side of the Seine, is the world in taste and splendor.
Chamber of Deputies, whose appearance is And what is there to make Paris what it rather imposing. There, too. is the Champ 13- city of a million and a quarter of in-1 Elusce, the most charming spot about Paris babitants, of unrivalled splendor, and bear-| The Place Concordia, mentioned above, is a ing all the marks of advancing prosperity? I continuation of the gardens of the Tuilleries It has neither commerce nor manufactures, down the river, or rather is contiguous to to any extent, to support it, and to see a city 'them, and the Champ Elysce is a continuawith such a population, of such magnificence tion of the Place Concordia, or a consideraand thrift, with no shipping in its ports, and ble portion of it, lying still further down the no manufactures to serve as the basis of its river, and extending for miles, I should prosperity is to me, an anomalous sight. - 'ihink. On each side of the street are most
Vol. 6, No. 4.-11.