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For the Miscellany. and excited multitude, and long before the EXTRACTS OF CORRESPONDENCE. delegates assembled, the streets and squares

adjoining the Hall, were densely crowded by INDEPENDENCE HALL. those who waited for, yet feared the result

of that day's legislation. That fear deepened BY ALBERT PARLIMAN.

as the hours passed on, and no announce

ment was made. Conversation was carried . From Walnut street, I traversed on, at first, in an under tone, as though each the square, which is finely ornamented with were fearful of breaking the death-like stilltrees, and passing along the graveled walk, Dess, until, at length, no whispered sound, or stood before Independence Hall—a building aught, save the beating of their own hearts, whose foundations were laid ere yet we were or the wild throbbing of their own pulses, a nation. Its walls and general appearance as the hot blood rapidly coursed their bear the impress of colonial times. The bo-veins, disturbed the solemn silence that evedy of the building is two stories in height, rywhere reigned. The sun reached the ineand built of brick. The ground floor is ridian-declined-all eyes were turned to equally divided into two parts, by a hall the belfry, where stood that aged man who passing through it. On one side is Inde-was to herald the tidings; and as he surpendence Hall; on the other, a court-room. /veyed that sea of up-turned faces, he shook

Our friend conducted us up the stairs lead- | his whitened locks, in fear of the result; but ing to the belfry. They are much worn by

are much worn by suddenly he starts-listens—he hears the the tread of the multitude who daily visit joyous shout of the boy-sentinel he himself this sacred shrine of Liberty. I stepped over

| placed, and scarcely had the words--"Ring! the wooden railing, and stood beside the

Ring !” met his ear, ere the iron tongue was bell whose iron tongue first pealed forth the

hurled rapidly against the sides of the bell, notes of Freedom, which were borne upon

whose tones, echoing o'er hill and valley,prothe breezes, to every hamlet within our

claimed Liberty throughout all the land.country's bounds. The diameter at the The long pent-up feelings of the multitude rim, is about five feet. It is ornamented

burst forth ; and shouts and joyful acclamanear the crown, by two fillets, upon which

tions were mingled with the booming of is the inscription — “Proclaim Liberty

cannon and the rolling of drums; but high Throughout The Land, Unto All The In

over all, floated the clear, silvery notes of

that bell. habitants Thereof." Faithfully and well

The inhabitants of valley and did it perform its holy bidding. I stood

mountain-top, as they listened to its chimes, where, three-quarters of a century ago, stood

'started to their feet, shook off the fetters of the aged bell-ringer, upon that memorable

the Despot, and with uncovered head, thank

ed God that they were FREE. fourth of July, anxiously awaiting the passage of that act, which declared us a free and/ Reluctantly I left the place. The fine independent nation. It seemed a charmed prospect from thence, possessed no charms spot, and imagination reverted to the thrill. | for me, although my polite friend endeavoring scenes of "76. A protracted debate had | ed, by pointing out the various attractions delayed the passage of the act, until the of the city, to interestine. My mind was feelings of the populace were wrought to the all absorbed with scenes long gone by. Eahighest pitch of intense excitement. Anxi-gerly I descended to the Hall. The conety was depicted on every countenance, and struction of the belfry, framing of the roof, as it was known that on this day, final ac- the quaint devices and carvings over the tion would be taken on the bill, the first doors, all speak of olden times. We entered blush of Aurora, as it tinged the eastern ho- the Hall, a spacious apartment, whose plainrizon, witnessed the gathering of the eagerlly finished walls are nearly destitute of adornments. A marble statue of Washing- of applause arose from all parts of the room. ton, standing upon a pedestal, with one foot l'ears filled the eyes of many unused to resting upon a portion of the sill of the weep, ard the irresolute resolved to be men. window from which the Declaration was read But the illusion vanished, and fancy, after to the people outside, comprises the sculp- e-acting the scenes of '76, was recalled, and ture. The arrangements of the room are the I found myself alone in the now deserted same, excepting the seats, as when it was apartment. used as a hall of Congress.

Seventy-five years have passed since these Long I gazed upon these sacred memen- scenes were enacted, and, of that noble band toes, until, like the swift phantasy of a ol signers, not one remains. All are buried dream, the past came all brightly back. on the soil by them made free. All “sleep Forth from the wainscotted 'walls, emerged with their fathers.” A just and mercifu) the desks, beside which appiared many a God lengthened their lives, until the entire familiar historic face. In the foreground, band saw the consummation of their devous and occupying a conspicuous place, sat a wishes. All saw the rising glory, and many man of majestic and dignified mien. It was of them the perfect day of our country's the President,John Hancock-he from whom prosperity. A Providence seemed to watch the proffers of clemency made by the Royal over them. Pure and spotless patriots in Governors, were withheld. Near him sat heir youth, honored and revered in their old the bevign and affable patriot, Samuel Ad- age, heaven-guided and heaven-protected, ams, whose transgressions, like those of the none, by word or deed, ever did augbt to President, merited "condign punishment,” sully his proud vane. and like him, proscribed. The tall, gaunt PHILADELPHIA, 1851. figure of the then youthful Jefferson—the stoical Frapklin, with spectacles in hand

AN IMPORTANT DISCO VERY the eloquent and classical Lee—the stalwart Harrison, dauntless Rutledge, and aged Hop

| An important discovery, even better thad kins, were amidst that assembly conspicu

Mr. Phillip's famous extinguisher, is the fire ous. Others--names endeared to the Amer

varnish recently brought out by a Spaniard, ican people--naines inseparably connected

Don Jose de Gueseda. It was first tried a, with the history of our country--were seat

Matanzas, in the presence of the governor ed around, some with countenances expressive of anxiety, others of doubt, and the more

and city authorities, and succeeded to the

admiration of everybody. It has since been timorous, of alıırm. Yet the attention of all

tried at Madrid. Five small houses covered was fixed upon the speaker, who was elo.

with tar and turpentine, were erected on an quently urging the passage of the Declaration of Independence, and whose tones

open squarc. Two of these houses were

covered with the varnish, and the other two seemed to inspire confidence; and, as he proceeded, anxiety and doubt gave place to

were not. The latter were reduced to ashes hope, and the timorous seemed inspired with

in almost as soon as they were set on fire, courage ; and, warming with the subject, his

| whereas the former, in spite of the tar and manly forin seemed to dilate and assume a

turpentine, remained perfectly uninjured to colossal proportion, while a more than mor

the end of the trial, which lasted two hours tal radiance clothed his countenance, and the The trial was the most severe as the five fires of his determined spirit shone from his houses were close together, and all of them eyes, as, raising his arms, and elevating his were on fire in the inside, but the flames did voice to its highest pitch, he concluded- not break out at all from the varnished * Yes, sink or swim, live or die, survive or houses; besides this, in the midst of the conperishi, I am for the Declaration.” Murmurs | flagration, two gallons of some strong es

sence was thrown upon the varnished houses drive to despondency the young advocate. — and they were enveloped in flames, but Having no friends,and plenty of enemies, he when the liquid was exhausted, the walls surely hac to breast the storm of oppression appeared perfectly intact as before. Dr alone. He was, however, studious, and, Gisseda is to get out a patent for his won-above all, temperate. derfal varnish, which he says r ll become as The evening passed away, as was usual in cheap as it is valuable, and he can put it that section of the State upon like occasions within the reach ofevery body.

The guests assembled--the parson came

the commotion, and then the deep pervading From the Templar's Magazine.

silence at the approach of the bridal pair, the THE BRIDE'S ERROR AND WIFE'S

marriage, the supper, the dance,and the flow CORRECTION

of wit and wine.

After a few waltzes, the parson again made

his appearance, (being about to leave,) and, BY L’ENGENE.

walking up to and slipping his arm into that The sun was fast sinking to rest beneath

of young Henderson, advanced to the sidethe western hills, on a sweet summer even

board, and proposed drinking the health of cz. Nature smiled on the landscape; the

the bride in a glass of wine, which was readbeart beat with thrilling interest, as, for the

ily acceded to. moment, it was forgetting the more serious

“Don't do it, William,” said Sarah, at his ares of life, while the eye drank in the elbow ; “I thought you never drank. Did prospects presented by the lovely scenes of you not tell me so a few weeks ago ?” stare; the green foliage waving in the “Ah, yes, my dear Sarah ; but your tereze, the lowings of the herd and the charms have made me a willing prisoner to beatings of the lambs, fell witchingly, yet your predilections. Did you not then offer softly, on the ear, while the soul joined in me wine yourself, Sarah ?” said Williamsympathetic union with nature, and paid the last sentence by way of a banter. bomage to the Most High for his blessing. I “Yes; but I did not intend you should

It was, indeed, a lovely summer evening in become a tippler," tartly replied the bride. Ahbama The interest of this evening was “Oh, well, Sarah, only when you say so ; still further enhanced even to joyfuhiess, from it's a bad habit.” the fact that, at eight o'clock, William Hen- “Well, I am glad that you are so obediderson and Sarah Wilson were to be united ent; it is only when you are in fashionable in the holy bands of wedlock. The village company that I wish you to drink,” replied Tas still astir ; friend congratulating friend, Sarah, as she left him for a waltz with Mr. the old women prophesying, and the young | Murray. * * * looking forward with a pleasing anticipation Ten years had elapsed. Let us again look to the time when they should be likewise upon the same parties. Sarah is the mother blessed. All the villagers had been invited, of three children; and we might naturally with the exception of Henry Hartford and conclude, without a knowledge of the events wife. Hartford was a young man of fine during the intervening time, that she ought talents, but of poor parentage; true, he had to be a happy wife and mother. But, alas ! Lately married a lady of some little proper- such is not the case? The seed sown unty. He had commenced the practice of law, der the auspices of first love, consummated hal acquitted himself with credit in the by marriage, tilled and nurtured by the man management of his first cause, and was likely of God, had germinated and grown to be a to become a formidable rival to older heads. huge monster. The property of her husband, Hence, jealousy, slights, contempts, and ev- as well as her marriage portion, was gone; ery anhallowed contumely, combined to the peace and joy of her youthful heart had

Vol. 6, No. 3-9.

flown. Her husband's love had grown cold days, and weeps, and, in her desperation of

-she was morose; kind words had turned feeling, resolves to try, by all possible means, to scoffs ; the embrace of love, accompanied to rescue and save him whom she had caused by affection's kiss, to blows and curses ; the to take the first step in the road to ruin house of plenty to want and penury. Her With these feelings, she returned to her former friends knew her not; William's abode, intending to see Judge Hartford, and home was ihat of the drunkard, and she was solicit his aid. She was received by the his wife. Often did she upbraid him with Judge with his usual urbanity-instantly his conduct, and equally as often did he tell laid her cause before him with all the supher that she and her fashionable friends were 'plicating earnestness of a wife, and, to her the cause of his ruin. It was a favorite say- great joy, found him ready and willing ing with him—“Miss Sally, it is fashionable to assist her. to get drunk now !"

On that evening, the villagers were all I leave the rest to the imagination of the agog. Judge Hartford and “Wild Bill Henreader. Their lot was not to be envieu ; still derson” had been seen by Jack Williams, the she loved him as only a woman can love. groggery keeper, going arm-in-arm to the

But hark / while the drun kard's wife is town hall. Something was on the tapis, for, drowning in the sea of sorrow and despair, a in a few minutes afterward, several curious great and mighty shout is heard, as of many faces were seen peeping round the hall with voices, or the rushing of the waters! That Jack Williams, a conspicuous personage shout is the voice of freemen – it is among them. They assiduously tried to find the march of the Sons of Temperance; the out " what ras going on inside," till they earth is quaking beneath their mighty tread. suddenly heard some dozen voices exclaimTheir watch word is onward! onward! ech- “ Welcome, bro:her!” At this, Jack Wiloed like a war-cry. Their banners are thrown liams turned off, saying—“Come, boys, let's to the breeze, bearing alott their beautiful go take a horn ; Lill's done for !” Bill was notto_“ Peace and good will to man shall done for," sure enough; and, in about reign triumphant over both sea and land.” three months, Jack Williams and his grogShe hears their shouts, looks up, and her very were

and her gery were “done for." * * drooping spirit hails with joy the star of Hope in the disc of the moral horizon, and

Three years have elapsed since the occur

rence of the events just narrated. The home bids her have faith in the promise, and the

of the drunkard has been converted from fulfilment shall be verified.

misery to peace and happiness. The chilToward the close of summer, a neighbor

dren are clothed and at school; the wife tells her, on a bright Sabbath morning, that

prizes her sober husband, and boasts of her a Divis on has been formed in the village,

"happy home. The husband bas been reand that Judge Hartford, who lives in the

e deemed through the instrumentality of the stately mansion hard by her hovel of mis

wife, and now points with pride to bis new ery, is at its head ; that he, with others, will

cottage. He is now a beautiful and stable lecture that evening in the Methodist church.

pillar in our Temple of Honor. She persuades her husband to accompany The parson still continues to take his her, and there hears the evils of intemper-la.

fashionable glass of wine, and doubtless ance portrayed-an expose of the conven

makes as many converts for hell as heaven. tional rules of fashionable society. Her heart beats an affirmative, yet condemning! response to the remarks of the Judge, and,as he vividly lays bare the dangers of the first Trutu shines brighter, the longer we glass proffered by the hand of beauty, she view it in contrast with its natural foilremembers the folly of her more youthful' fiction.

For the Miscellany. | diction of their own Diocesans, and annexTHE RISE OF THE PAPAL POWER. Ting them to the Roman See.

Each succeeding Pope devoted all his BY HARRY M. SCOVEL.

ability and energy to the sole end of papal

supremacy; and whether Italy was under The title of Pope is derived from an ori- the dominion of the Greek, the Goth, or the ental word, papa, signifying father, and, in Lombard, the influence of the Holy See was the earlier periods of Christianity, was con- steadily on the increase. ferred indiscriminately on all Bishops. For But what contributed the most to the a long succession of centuries, however, it temporal power of the Papacy, was the doLas been restricted, in the Western Church, nation (in the eighth century) of Pepin le to the Bishop of Rome; although the title Bref, who governed France, under the name of papa is still applied to the priests of the of Mayor, during the reign of the imbecile Greek Communion.

Childeric, the last of the Merovingian race It has generally been conceded that the of the Kings of France. Pepin, although primitive Christian Societies were accus

possessing all the powers of King, was desiturned to regard the Church of Rome with a rous of obtaining in

rous of obtaining the title; and, in order to certain degree of respect and deference-it give a semblance of justice to his contemplaappearing to hold the same prominence ted usurpation, he submitted the question to wong the Metropolitan Churches, although Pope Zachary, whether he or Childeric was kaly not superior in rank, that Peter. its most worthy of the French throne. Zachaputative founder. beld among the Apostles, ry, with a shrewdness that reflected great Still, this habitual deference did not serve credit upon his sagacity, saw what a favorato prevent the other Bishops from interfe- ble precedent this would afford the Papal ring to rebuke and check the Roman Metro- power for future interference in the temporal pitan, in cases where they considered him

affairs of nations, and, therefore, decided in & protulging and maintaining dogmas con

favor of Pepin, who accordingly confined the tary to what they deemed the true Chris

miserable Childeric in a monastery for life, tian doctrine.

and assumed the coveted title. To recomIt was not, however, until Christianity had

pense the Pope for his services, Pepin turned been recognized by the Civil Government, in

his arms against the Lombards, deprived

them of the Exarchate of Ravenna, and oththe fourth century, that the Roman Prelate

er Italian provinces, and made a donation of was exalted, by law, to the highest sacerdotal dignity of the Empire. Although the

them to the Roman Sce. These were the Poctiffs bad hitherto been in no wise back

first of its temporal possessions. vand in pushing their pretensions, it was at

Charlemagne, who succeeded Pepin upon this time that we may date the commence

the French throne, confirmed the Popes in fent of that stupendous system of aggran

the possession of the lands donated by his dicement, without a parallel in the world's

father, and, as a further testimonial of gratihistory, which was carried out with so much

tude to the benefactor of his family, he addability and determination by succeeding oc-ed to them the territory of Rome. “ These exipants of the Papal Chair, and which raised possessions

hich raised possessions have continued, up to the presthe Papacy, at one time, to the summit of ent time, with little extension or diminupolitical power, and made it the supreme ar

tion, to form the temporal patrimony of St. Liter of the destinies of Christendom. Greg

Peter." ory I., at the end of the sixth century, wi

sixth century, wi- The Popes, having thus secured a tempodened and deepened the foundations of this ral authority, were now gradually extending system of aggrandisement, by releasing the a spiritual jurisdiction over all the Kingdoms Monastic Orders from

the immediate inris. I of Christendom. Nicholas I., who ascended the immediate juris-1 of Chr

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