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And finally, the perversions of Christiani-us lessons of hope and joy. Alas for the ty and its entangling alliances with despotic world, if its Golden Age is to be looked for power have gone far to retard its operation anywhere in the past! Iron and brazen and nentralize its influence. How far, alas! ages have they all been to the People, the have these prevailed to unchristianize mere millions, the sunken and unpitied masChrisitianity and forbid human progress ses of mankind! God has better things for within the field of their operation! There is man, a better and brighter day of civil as no deeper mystery than these corruptions well as moral deliverance, to be wrought out and mis-aliances into which the Christian under Christianity. A just view of the system bas been permitted to fall. As a nature and tendency of the Christian system Theology, it has been assailed by every to elevate mankind and clothe them with false system on earth. The whole brood of rights and liberties—a just view of the acGnostic speculations, the Platonic reveries, tual historic working of Christianity in this and all manner of Philosophies, have forced very direction, and of the drift and meaning themselves into connection with its doc- of these very Revolutions which are shaking tripes. And then in its organic form, all the earth, all bid us hope that a better day shapes of civil and ecclesiastical despotism is yet to dawn on our world. have courted its alliance, and sought to bor
| And now, if this seems to partake of the row from its strength to prop up their weak
prophetic tone, we have only to confess Desk In a word, Christianity was thrown
" that, as we read it, the Christian Gospel is a forth into a world of false forms and systems
Gospel of Hope; of Progress; of Freedom. to endure their contact, to annihilate them
To us in its very essence, in all its teudenone by one in the embrace, and gradually i cieg. in all that it has done. is doing, and is work itselt clear and victo:ious over all en
" now more than ever prepared to do for the cumbrances and corruptions.
world, it not only contains elements of - But it is not to be conceded that it
promise, but it is itself one grand Promise U little that Christianity has effected for man's enfranchisement. In spite of all ob
and Prophecy, clear and direct, that it will structions, it has originated and fostered
yet go on to enlighten and liberate and blesk
mankind—that under its benign influence among men the just Doctrines of Liberty.
darkness and degradation will more and It has quickened the human mind, and led
more disappear-despotic institutions will it forth into larger fields of thought. It has
die away or be dashed in pieces with revocreated a Peoplc in all lands whither it has
lutionary violence—and that as far and as gone. It has loosened the stern grasp of
fast as Christianity works in the earth, it Despotism on the earth, and everywhere in
will be the herald of peace and freedom to spired new wishes and aims among men,
it the nations. which will sleep no more, por suffer the Forld to sleep, till their end is attained.-1 Compare the present condition of the world. I Keep your mind and hands employed if as to man's social and civil position, with you would be happy: He
sition with you would be happy. He who has most to that which he held in any age before the do has least time to indulge in lowness of Christian era, or even at any early period, *
period spirits and a thousand attendant evils. No within that era, and how broad is the con
matter how rich you are, do something.-
Bad thoughts have more than once run trast! A great and blessed change has already come, and is still progressive in the
away with tolerably good people. earth. We are continually liable to mistaken and disheartening views of the world's prog- The rum-bottle, says Douglas Jerrold, is peets, from a narrow contemplation of its Satan's crucible, in which be melts down all present state. A broader view will teach the fine gold of man's nature.
own measure, and suffer veneration and
| doubt to overgrow and suppress the rising Turre is an aim which all Nature seeks; hope of independent thought. "I am not the flower that opens from the bud—the permitted to know this, or 10 do this?" is light that breaks the cloud into a thousand the excuse of the weak and trivial: but the forms of beauty-is calmly striving to as- question should be, "Can I know or do this?". sume the perfect glory of its power; and the for what is not permitted we can not do. child, whose proud laugh heralds the mastery
We may not know the events of the future, of a new lesson, unconsciously develops the or the period of a thought, or the Great First same life-impulse seeking to prove the pow
| Cause, but we may hope to see and combine er it has felt its own.
the atoms of things.-pierce the realms of This is the real goal of life shining dimly space--make the wilderness a garden-atfrom afar; for as our fullest power was never tain perto
certain perfection of soul and body; and for yet attained, it is a treasure which must be
must be this our end we may master all things needsought, its extent and distance being un
ful, known. No man can tell what he can do! There is nothing possible that faith and or suffer, until tried; his path of action striving can not do; take the road and it broadens out before him; and while a path
must lead you to the goal, though strewn appears there is no power to traverse it. It with difficulties, and cast through pain and is like the fabled hill of Genius, that ever pre-Suide. It ea
ordre. shade. If each would strain his energies to sented a loftier elevation above the one at- gain what he has dared to hope for, he would tained. It is like the glory of the stars, succe
succeed, for since that which we love and which shine by borrowed light, each seem
honor is in our nature, it is to be drawu
forth, and what is not there we can not wish, ing source of which is tributary to one more
Our greatest drawback is, not that we ex· distant, until the view is lost to us; yet we
pect too much, but that we do too little: we only know there must be a life-giving cen
set our worship low, and let our higher powtre, and, to the steady mind, though the goal
ers lie dormant; thus we are never masters of life be dim and distant, its light is fixed
but blind men stumbling in each other's and certain, while all lesser aims are but re
way. As maturity means self-controlling fiections of this glory in myriad-descending
power, so he who gains not this is childish, shades, which must be passed, one by one,
and must submit, infant-like, to be controlas the steps of the ladder on which he
He led by others. This guidance we must feel mounts to Heaven.
in our upward course, and be grateful for the Man has an unfortunate predilection to check; but as we have each a work to do ve pervert whatever God throws in his way to I must look beyond help to independence. aid him, and thus turn good to evil. The The school-boy receives aid in learning that minor hopes which spur to action are mista- / he may one day strive with his own power. ken for the final one; and we often look no for if he always depends on help he can higher than some mean wish, allowing that never be a useful mau, to rule us which should have been our ser-! He who seeks for himself no path, but vant. From this false view rises little exer- merely follows where others have been betion, for it is impossible for a man to believe fore, covering his own want with another's in something better and be content with industry, may find the road not loog or worse. We all aim at self-control and inde- thickly set, but he does and gaivs nothing. pendence while in the shadow of a power He who bows to difficulty, settling at the which controls us, whispering innerly, “Thus foot of the hill instead of struggling to its far shalt thou go, and no farther," but how top, may get a sheltered place-a snug reapt is self indulgence to suit this limit to its treat, but the world in its glory he can nez
er see, and the pestilence from the low mind content with one accomplishment is ground he must imbibe. We may rest in childish, and its weakness renders it incapaperfect comfort, but the health that comes of ble of applying that-"From bim that bath labor will fade away. The trees of the for. not shall be taken away even that he hath;" est vere not planted that man might pas3. bis one talent shall rise up to him as a round and live between them, but that he shame, A little sphere insures but little might cat them down and use them. The happiness.. savage has little toil before him, but the civ- There is a time of youth for all; but llized man has greater power of happiness. youth has a sphere of hope that, embracing
Would a man be powerful, and bid his the whole aim which man must work for, genius rule his fellow-inen? he must toil to gives unbounded happiness. Thus God gain means; while his thought reads the would equalize the lot of all where necessiLearts that he would sway, he must be led ty would create a difference; it is only when into temptation, and must pass through pain states are forced unnaturally that misery enand danger, ere he can know what another sues. When those who would seem to be may endure. Would he pour golden truth men are children in endeavor, we see that upon the page of life? be must seek it from God's will is not done, but a falsehood. every source, weigh the relations of life, and | The greatest of us have asked and taken cotode to its taste, that he may best apply guidance in their rising course, and owned it, for the proverb must be written in fair inferiority without shame; but his is a poor round hand, that common men may read it heart that looks to be inferior ever; and Tould he picture the life of man or nature? shameful indeed it is, when those who are be must go forth with the heart and eye thus poor imagine or assume a right to res. alive, nor turn from the coarsest notes of huo pect as self-supporting men. How painful. man woe, or the coarsest tones of vice; hely ridiculous to see a lazy man look down on must watch the finest ray of light, and mark his struggling wife as the “weaker vessel," the falling of the last withered leaf. Would
or the idle sinecurist hold contempt for the be be actively benevolent? winter cold, nor tradesman who is working his way to highsummer lassitude must not appal him; in er wealth by h
not appal, bim; in er wealth by honest toil. Were the aims of eason and out of season he must be ready; I living truly seen, no man would be dishoninjured pride, wounded feeling must not un
ored because useful. But wait awhile: the string his energy, while stooping to learn
world is drawing near the real point, and from the simplest lips the nature of those
we shall find that the self-denying, fearless Fants to which he would minister,
energy, that works its will in spite of pettiIn all accomplishment there is difficulty;
oulty, ness, must gain its end, and become richest; the greater the work, the greater the pains that the man who begins with a penny in There is no such thing as sudden inspiration the hope of thousands will grow wealthier of grace, for the steps of lite are slow, and than his aimless brother of the snug annuity; what is not thus attained is nothing worth.
for while the largest wealth that is not earnlo darkness the eyes must be accustomed to ed is limited, the result of ceaseless toil is the gloom when objects appear, one by one, incalculable, since the progress of the soul until the most distant is perceived; but, in alis infinitel sudden light the eyes are pained, and blinded, and left weak,
True courage is the result of reasoning. A At school, we found that when one diffi- brave mind is impregnable. Resolution lies culty was surmounted another was present-more in the head than in the veins, and a ed; mastering “Addition" would not dom ljust sense of honor and of infamy, of duty ve must learn "Subtraction;" so it is in and religion, will carry us farther than all life A finished work is a glory won, but as the force of mechanism,
For the Miscellany. Jsitions of others; and they are equally as JAPAN.
| anxious to let others alone.
| We will here pause to consider the nature BY REV. W. G. STONEX.
of their system of exclusion.
It is a standing rule with the government This remarkable Empire has for many that no foreigner shall set foot upon their years been almost unknown to us. True, soil, and that no Japanese shall set foot on with its geographical boundaries we have foreign soil. And if by misfortune individ. long been familiar; and we have had some- uals are cast upon their shores, their wants thing of an insight into its internal state. are speedily relieved, free from all charge,
The student of law would understand and then sent upon their journey. The something of its governmental spirit, from Dutch are equally prohibited, only as they references made to its despotism by the dis- may obtain leave from the governor,to whom tinguished Montesquieu. The student of a petition must be presented before they atEcclesiastical History would also be inform- tempt it; and even then the necessary attoned, to some extent, in relation to it, from dants are required to be so numerous, as to the account there given of the establishing render it highly embarrassing; and expense of Popery in that land under St. Francis of all is to be defrayed by the person who Xavier, and the subsequent results. And makes the excursion; which produces addi. the student of Profane History would ob- tional embarrassment. tain some knowledge concerning it from the In order that the exclusion of foreigners brief account there given of it. But with may be complete, an artificial island has all the information derived from these re
been constructed, separate from the mainspective sources the Empire remained to us land where ti
land, where the warehouse and its appena nation, comparatively, unknown.
dages are erected. To this island the traders For the knowledge we now possess of its are positively restricted. And over it the physical character, its institutions, its gov.utmost vigilance is exercised. All who ar. ernment, and its laws, we stand chiefly in- rive at the island are closely searched. And debted to the few Dutch merchants who the loading, and unloading of the merchant are permitted to trade with the Japanese- vessel is done, under the inspection of a poBut it will undoubtedly be many years, be- lice officer. This island is contiguous to one fore the internal history of Japan will be as of the towns to which it is connected by a well known to us as we would desire; for stone bridge, at the extremity of which is a their suspicions and jealousy, have led the gate, kept constantly closed. This gate is government to institute a system of secrecy, watched by a body of police, who prohibit which affects all their transactions and in- the Hollanders froin passing, unless by per. tercourse with foreigners; and consequently mission; and they also probibit Japanese precludes the possibility of obtaining exten- visitors from passing to the island, except. sive information in regard to it. The Por- ing only certain appointed individuals; and tuguese, Russians, English, and Americans, these are only admitted at certain specified have made attempts to become acquainted | bours. All who pass this gato must like with the country, and its inhabitants, as wise undergo a search. So desirous is the well as to enter into commercial relation government of preventing all intercourse bewith them; but all to no purpose. To between the two races, that between the island known beyond their own immediate pre- and the town is erected a high wall, which cincts they have no desire; and for a num- is designed to prevent either from seeing the ber of years past, they have anxiously en- other. Nor do the restrictions stop at this; deavored to remain undisturbed, either by for in order that too many Europeans may the inquisitive, or self-aggrandizing dispo- not colloct upon the island, the number is
limited to eleren, which is intended to in-1 are indebted to them for much of their literclude the president of the establishment, a ature, religion, and for their knowledge of book keeper, a physician, five clerks, and the arts and sciences. The Chinese claim to two warehousemen. Beyond this number have introduced their civilization amongst their servants must be Japanese, and they them as far back as the second century. can only be served by them during daylight Great allowance, however, must here be as they are utterly prohibited from sleeping made to-the love of the Chinese for high upon the island. No emergency will per- antiquity. Their dates are frequently greatmit a violation of this rule. Beside all this, I ly defective. all the natives, who stand in anywise con- While in some of the mechanical branchnected with the Dutch, whether servants, es they are immensely behind the Europeans, porters, or whatever they may be, are re- yet in some particular branches they strikquired, before entering upon the discharge of ingly excel them. They are unequalled in the duties for which they have been em- the art of lackering, or as it is generally ployed, first to sign an oath, by which they styled, Japaning. The best specimens in swear to form no friendship whatever with this department cannot be obtained by forthose, in whose service they are about to en- eigners, so that we can form no true estigage; por to communicate to them any in-mate of their skill in it. They also excel formation relative to the laws, customs, lan- in the tempering of steel. Swords manuguage, religion, or history of the nation. factured by them, are said to be of unrivalAnd in order that the utmost sacredness may led excellence, possessing a fineness of edge be attached to the oath they make, they are equal to the razor, nor will the edge be required to subscribe it with their own turned by cutting through an iron nail blood.
But the exportation of this article is also In regard to the origin of this somewhat prohibited. eccentric people, it may be observed, that Though the time has been, when the Jathey have, by some, been regarded as off- panese might be termed a trading, or comshots of the Chinese. But this opinion does mercial people (for in the 16th Century not seem to have sufficient warrant; for they carried on trade, as we are informed, among other points of difference there is a with no less than sixteen different nations,) striking dissimilarity of language. And it yet on the part of the higher orders, there has been asserted that from the different has been for many years, a feeling of aver. characteristics of their language, they sion amounting to contempt entertained must be a race distinct from all others. No towards it; and this aversion of the nobles doubt, however, but that the classification has been extensively imbibed by the less is correct which assigns them to the Mongo- distinguished portion of society. The mer. lian race. Though, as we have observed, chants of Japan are placed in a low class, and there is not sufficient evidence for regarding are entirely prohibited from making any them as belonging to the Chinese stock. display; though in this class are found The evidence is against it.
the only wealthy individuals in the The Japanese are at this time as reserved Empire. It is probable that this class toward the Chinese as toward the Hollan- is not very numerous, as the trade with ders; and in accordance with the vanity the Dutch is limited to two vessels annually, common to the Asiatics, which leads them and they are not allowed to import more to claim superiority over all others, they do than to the amount of $360,000. Beyond not fail to consider it quite derogatory to this they cannot go. With China the trade their character, to be put in comparison exceeds this; though not to any great extent with their Chinese neighbors; though at the What will appear far more singular than ane time they cannot deny but that they the national dislike to commerce, is the