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(b) AGREEMENT.-The President may enter into an agreement with any country that has a positive trade balance with the United States under which that country would purchase United States agricultural commodities or products for use in agreed-on development activities in developing countries.
SEC. 4204.' REORGANIZATION EVALUATION.
The Secretary of Agriculture shall evaluate the reorganization proposal recommended by the National Commission on Agricultural Trade and Export Policy and other proposals to improve management of international trade activities of the Department of Agriculture. To assist the Secretary in the evaluation, the Secretary shall appoint a private sector advisory committee of not less than 4 members, who shall be appointed from among individuals representing farm and commodity organizations, market development cooperators, and agribusiness. Not later than April 30, 1989, the Secretary shall report the findings of the evaluation to Congress, together with the views and recommendations of the private sector advisory committee.
CONTRACTING AUTHORITY TO EXPAND AGRICULTURAL
SEC. 4206.5 ESTABLISHMENT OF TRADE ASSISTANCE OFFICE. pealed-1990]
PART 2-FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE
SEC. 4211.5 PERSONNEL OF THE SERVICE.
SEC. 4212.5 AGRICULTURAL ATTACHE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM.
SEC. 4213.5 PERSONNEL RESOURCE TIME.
(a) SENSE OF CONGRESS.-It is the sense of Congress that the foreign market development cooperator program of the Service, and the activities of individual foreign market cooperator organizations, have been among the most successful and cost-effective means to expand United States agricultural exports. Congress affirms its support for the program and the activities of the cooperator organizations. The Administrator and the private sector should work together to ensure that the program, and the activities of cooperator organizations, are expanded in the future.
77 U.S.C. 5214.
87 U.S.C. 5234.
(b) COMMODITIES FOR COOPERATOR ORGANIZATIONS.-The Secretary of Agriculture may make available to cooperator organizations agricultural commodities owned by the Commodity Credit Corporation, for use by such cooperators in projects designed to expand markets for United States agricultural commodities and products.
(c) RELATION TO FUNDS.-Commodities made available to cooperator organizations under this section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, funds appropriated for market development activities of such cooperator organizations.
(d) CONFLICTS OF INTEREST.-The Secretary shall take appropriate action to prevent conflicts of interest among cooperator organizations participating in the cooperator program.
(e) EVALUATION.-It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary should establish a consistent, objective means for the evaluation of cooperator programs.
SEC. 4215. AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated for the Service, in addition to any sums otherwise authorized to be appropriated by any provision of law other than this section, $20,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1988, 1989, and 1990 for market development activities, including
(1) expansion of the agricultural attache service;
(2) expansion of international trade policy activities of the Service;
(3) enhancement of the Service worldwide market information system;
(4) increasing the number of trade shows and exhibitions conducted by the Service and upgrading the quality of United States representation at trade shows and exhibitions; and
(5) developing markets for value-added beef, pork, and poultry products.
SUBTITLE C-EXISTING AGRICULTURAL TRADE PROGRAMS
SEC. 4301.10 TRIGGERED MARKETING LOANS AND EXPORT ENHANCEMENT.
(a) CERTIFICATION TO CONGRESS.-Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if, before January 1, 1990, a law has not been enacted in accordance with section 151 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2191) that implements an agreement negotiated under the Uruguay round of multilateral trade negotiations conducted under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (hereinafter in this section referred to as "GATT negotiations") concerning agricultural trade, the President, not later than 45 days after such date
(1) shall submit a report to the Committee on Agriculture, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and the Committee on Finance of the Senate describing the status of the GATT negotiations concerning agricultural trade, the progress that has been made to date in the negotiations, the general areas of disagreement, the anticipated date of completion of the negotiations, and the changes in domestic farm programs that are likely to be necessary on conclusion of the negotiations; and
(2) shall certify to Congress whether or not significant progress has been made in the negotiations. (b) MARKETING LOAN.
(1) IMPLEMENTATION.-Except as provided in paragraph (2), if the President does not certify that significant progress has been made towards reaching a GATT agreement concerning
97 U.S.C. 5235.
10 7 U.S.C. 1466 note.
agricultural trade, the President shall, not later than 60 days before the beginning of the marketing year for the 1990 crop of wheat, instruct the Secretary of Agriculture to permit producers to repay loans made under sections 107D(a), 105C(a), and 201(i) of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1445b-3(a), 1444e(a), and 1446(i)) for each of the 1990 crops of wheat, feed grains, and soybeans at a level that is the lesser of
(A) the loan level determined for each such crop; or
(B) the prevailing world market price for each such crop, as determined by the Secretary.
(2) WAIVER.-The President may waive the application of paragraph (1) by certifying to Congress that implementation of the marketing loan would harm further negotiations.
(3) DISCONTINUANCE.-If, after the implementation of a marketing loan in accordance with paragraph (1), the President certifies to Congress that substantial progress is being made in the GATT negotiations and that continuation of the marketing loan program implemented in accordance with paragraph_(1) would harm such progress, the President may instruct the Secretary of Agriculture to discontinue the marketing loan program.
(c) EXPORT ENHANCEMENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.-Except as provided in paragraph (4), if the President exercises the authority to waive or discontinue the marketing loan program provided for in paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (b), the President shall instruct the Secretary of Agriculture to make agricultural commodities and products acquired by the Commodity Credit Corporation equaling at least $2,000,000,000 in value available during the 1990 through 1992 fiscal years to United States exporters of domestically produced agricultural commodities and products for the purpose of making exports of such commodities and products available on the world market at competitive prices.
NONDISPLACEMENT.-Commodities and products made available in accordance with this subsection shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, other commodities and products made available for the purpose of enhancing the export of United States commodities and products.
(3) USE OF COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION.-The Secretary of Agriculture may use the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation to carry out this subsection.
(4) EXCEPTION.-The President may waive the application of paragraph (1) by certifying to Congress that implementation of the export enhancement program provided for by this subsection would be a substantial impediment to achieving a successful agreement under the GATT.
(5) DISCONTINUANCE.-If, after the implementation of paragraph (1), the President certifies to Congress that substantial progress is being made in the GATT negotiations and that continuation of the export enhancement program implemented in accordance with paragraph (1) would harm such progress, the President may, not before 60 days after the consultation required under subsection (d) with respect to such certification,
instruct the Secretary of Agriculture to suspend the implementation of such program.
(d) CONSULTATION.-The President may not make a certification to Congress under this section unless the United States Trade Representative
(1) consults about the certification with
(A) the Committee on Agriculture, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives; and
(B) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and the Committee on Finance of the Senate; and (2) reports to the President the results of such consultation. SEC. 4302.11 PRICE SUPPORT PROGRAMS FOR SUNFLOWER SEEDS AND COTTONSEED.
(a) SUNFLOWER SEEDS.-If producers are permitted to repay loans for the 1990 crop of soybeans under section 201(i) of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.Č. 1446(i)) at a level that is less than the full amount of the loan pursuant to section 4301 of this Act, the Secretary shall support the price of sunflower seeds through loans and purchases for the 1990 crop of sunflowers in accordance with section 201(1) of the Agricultural Act of 1949.
(b) COTTONSEED.-If a producer is permitted to repay a loan for the 1990 crop of soybeans under section 201(i) of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1446(i)) at a level that is less than the full amount of the loan pursuant to section 4301 of this Act, the Secretary shall support the price of the 1990 crop of cottonseed at such level as the Secretary determines will cause cottonseed to compete on equal terms with soybeans on the market. The Secretary shall carry out this subsection using the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation.
(c) DISCONTINUANCE.-If the marketing loan program for the 1990 crop of soybeans is discontinued under section 4301(b)(3) of this Act, the Secretary shall discontinue the price support programs for sunflower seeds and cottonseed required by this section.
SEC. 4305.5 EXPORT CREDIT GUARANTEE PROGRAM.
SEC. 4309.12 BARTER OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.
In recognition of the importance of barter programs in expanding agricultural trade, it is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Agriculture should expedite the implementation of section 416(d) of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431(d)) and section 1167 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1727g note and 1736aa), relating to the barter of agricultural commodities.
SEC. 4310.13 MINIMUM LEVEL OF FOOD ASSISTANCE.
(a) ANNUAL MINIMUM.-It is the sense of Congress that
117 U.S.C. 1446 note. 12 7 U.S.C. 1431 note. 137 U.S.C. 1691 note.
(1) the United States should maintain its historic proportion of food assistance constituting one-third of all United States foreign economic assistance; and
(2) accordingly, the total amount of food assistance made available to foreign countries under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.) and section 416(b) of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431(b)) should not be less than one-third of the total amount of foreign economic assistance provided for each fiscal year. (b) DEFINITION.-For purposes of this section, the term "foreign economic assistance" includes
(1) assistance under chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.), the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.), section 416(b) of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431(b)), or any other law authorizing economic assistance for foreign countries; and
(2) United States contributions to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, or any other multilateral development bank.
SEC. 4311.5 FOOD AID AND MARKET DEVELOPMENT.
SUBTITLE D-WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
SEC. 4404.14 USE OF DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAMS.
The Secretary of Agriculture shall actively use Department of Agriculture concessional programs and export credit guarantee programs to promote the export of wood and processed wood products.
SUBTITLE ESTUDIES AND REPORTS
SEC. 4501. STUDY OF CANADIAN WHEAT IMPORT LICENSING REQUIREMENTS.
(a) FINDINGS.-Congress finds that
(1) Canadian importers of wheat or products containing a minimum of 25 percent wheat (except packaged wheat products for retail sale) from the United States must obtain import licenses from the Canadian Wheat Board;
(2) the Canadian Wheat Board requires such importers of United States wheat and wheat products to prove that the wheat or wheat products to be imported are not readily available in Canada before issuance of an import license, and therefore, for all practical purposes, such licenses are not granted by the Canadian Wheat Board;
(3) the licensing requirements of the Canadian Wheat Board's import licensing program result in a trade barrier on the importation of United States wheat and wheat products; and
147 U.S.C. 1736t note.