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secure the completion of the work, and give us an entire commentary on the New Testament, in the style and spirit of the volumes prepared by Olshausen himself.

De Wette is proceeding still with his " Exegetical Hand-book" of the New Testament, which he has extended so far as to include, in the last volume, the second epistle to the Thessalonians.

Hengstenberg has in press the first volume of a commentary on the Psalms. Two other volumes may be expected within a year.

Dr. Petermann, of Berlin, is preparing an edition of the Peschito, or Syriac New Testament, with critical accompaniments.

Dr. Lepsius, of the philosophical faculty in the Berlin university, so distinguished as an explorer of Egyptian antiquities, and who has an important work on this subject in preparation, has gone on a journey to Egypt, for the purpose of making further discoveries, where he will remain three years. In his undertaking, he is assisted with funds by the Prussian government. He is accompanied by an architect, two or three draughtsmen, well skilled in drawing Egyptian hieroglyphics, and a modeller. Several English artists have availed themselves of this opportunity to visit Egypt. The expedition sailed from Southampton, Eng., October 1.

Dr. Tuch, favorably known as the author of a commentary on Genesis, Joshua, &c., has been called from Halle to the university at Leipsic, as professor extraordinary of the oriental languages.

Statistics of German Universities.-The number of students in the Prussian Universities, during the summer semester just elapsed, was as follows: at Berlin, 1652; at Halle, 705; at Breslau, 639; at Bonn, 558; and at Königsberg, 369; making a total of 3923. The only other university in Prussia, that at Griefswald, is much less important, and is not reported in the document before us. The number at some of the other principal German universities, was, at Leipsig, 384; at Göttingen, 728; at Erlangen, 303; at Heidelberg, 572; at Tübingen, 781; at Jena, 414; and at Giessen, 446. Among these, and, indeed, all the universities of Germany,that of Berlin, considered in the aggregate, occupies, no doubt, the first rank; although, in particular departments, there are men of as great merit at other places, as any who are to be found here. The whole number of lecturers and teachers at the Berlin university, is 146. Of these, 13 are in the department of theology, 17 in that of law, 40 in that of medicine, and 76 in that of philosophy; which, by an old scholastic use of the term, includes all who do not fall appropriately into any of the foregoing divisions. The number of German students, for several years past, as compared with that of former periods, exhibits a decrease; which is owing partly to the fact, that the supply was formerly disproportionately large for the professional wants of the country, but is now adjusting itself more exactly to them; and partly to the fact, that it has become easier for young men to find their way into the more active and commercial paths of life. The practice of duelling, which was formerly so prevalent in many of the German universities, has not wholly ceased. At Giessen, during the last semester, two students lost their lives in this way.

Institution of a Literary Order in Prussia.-The king of Prussia has recently instituted a new order of knighthood, denominated the Order of Peace. It is intended to be an extension, or branch of the celebrated order, pour le merite, established by Frederick the Great, which limited its honors to those who should distinguish themselves in the military service of their country. The object of the branch now added, on the contrary, is purely pacific in its character, being intended to encourage and reward those, who reflect honor on their country by their

talents and learning. The number of members who may be selected from Germany is limited to thirty, who are to be men who have already acquired an acknowledged reputation, either as men of literature and science, or as artists. Distinguished foreigners are also eligible, as honorary members; the number never to exceed that of those appointed from German countries, and it being also unnecessary, in case of death, to make up the deficiency. Theologians are, by statute, agreeably to the spirit of their profession, it is said, excluded from the honors of this literary knighthood. Among the Germans, whom the king (who has the right of appointing the first members) has distinguished in this way, are, in the department of science and letters, Boeck, Bopp, J.Grimm, Dieffenbach, Ritter, Schönlein, professors of the university at Berlin, A. von Humboldt, von Savigny, von Schelling, A. W. von Schlegel, and Tieck; and, in the department of arts, von Cornelius, Rauch, and Meyerbeer, at Berlin. Among the foreign members, are, in the department of science and letters, Arago, Chateaubriand, Paris; Avellino, Naples; Robert Brown, Sir John Herschell, and Thomas Moore, England; and, in the department of arts, Daguerre, Fontaine, and List, Paris; and Rossini, Bologne.

The university of Tübingen has received, from the Directors of the English East-India Company, a present of seventy-five volumes, in various departments of oriental literature. They are most of them in the Sanscrit text, printed at Calcutta, and some of them works of great extent and value.

Prof. Krug, of Leipsic, died Jan. 12, 1842. He was born at Wittemberg, 1770. He filled, for a term, the chair of the celebrated Kant, at Königsberg, but in 1809, accepted a professorship at Leipsic, which he occupied, with the exception of a short interval of military service, till his death. His published works, besides a multitude of articles in different periodicals, amount to 168,-150 in German, and 18 in Latin. His "History of the Philosophy of the Ancients," and "General Lexicon of the Philosophical Sciences; together with their Literature and History," (1833-4) are his works which are best known to foreigners; the latter, although not brought down to the present time, and, in other respects, not every thing which could be desired, is, perhaps, one of the best helps which the student can use, for becoming acquainted with the philosophical nomenclature of the Germans.

By a private letter just received in this country, dated Oct. 26, 1842, we learn that Gesenius, the celebrated orientalist and lexicographer, is dead. His age was 56 years.-Kuinöl, who is extensively known in this country by his commentary on the New Testament, died in October, 1841.

FRANCE.

The Academy of Sciences at Paris, has awarded the Volnian philological prize to Dr. Theodore Benfey, of Göttingen, for his Etymological Greek Lexicon (Berlin, 1839-42).

RUSSIA.

The number of periodicals in Russia amounts, the present year, to 139; and, as compared with 1841, shows an increase of 5. Of these, 95 are printed in the Russian language, 8 in French, 22 in German, 4 in English, 1 in Italian, 3 in Polish, and 3 in Livonian.

Only 3 of these journals are of a decidedly scientific tendency. Among the works whose circulation is prohibited, is Brockhaus' Conversations' Lexicon, the original of the Encyclopedia Americana.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Prof. Eiselen, of Halle, distinguished for his knowledge of statistics, gave recently, in one of his lectures, the following, as the proportion which the newspapers of different countries bear to the population. In the Netherlands, one to every 40,000 people; in Prussia, one to 43,000; in England, one to 46,000; in France, one to 74,000; in Austria, one to 376,000; and in the United States, one to 11,000.

The Parisian press produced, in the year 1841, 6300 works, 1163 engravings, 145 plans and maps, and 428 pieces of music.

The College of the Propaganda at Rome contained, in May, 90 pupils. Of these, 5 were Chinese, 10 Chaldeans, 6 Armenians, 4 Georgians, 5 Syrians, 5 Maronites, 4 Egyptians, 9 Greeks, 5 Albanians, 3 Bulgarians, 1 Illyrian, 3 Wallachians, 4 Germans, 6 Dutchmen, 4 Englishmen, 5 Scots, 5 Irishmen, 6 Americans. After a residence of 6 months, the students are expected to pledge themselves, on oath, to the cause of foreign missions. The period of study is 10 years; but sometimes it is somewhat shortened.

In Poland, M. de Uvaroff has given a new spirit and form to the public schools. In 1841, Poland contained 37 public schools of a superior character, 916 elementary, and 69 special or mechanical schools. There were, at the same time, 58 private schools of a superior class, only 5 of which were for boys, and 147 for the humbler classes. In 1840, there were, in Poland, 6 political papers, and 19 other periodicals.

Within the last thirty years, periodical publication in Paris has increased, to a remarkable degree. From less than 50 journals in 1812, there are now 493; including 35 daily, 45 weekly, 218 monthly, and others, appearing at various intervals. Fifteen are devoted to religion (6 protestant, 1 Israelite), 29 to law, 27 to medical subjects, 14 to natural sciences, 22 to fashion, to naval subjects, 10 to the drama, 4 to philosophy, 5 to moral subjects, 19 to politics, 28 to education, 37 to literature, 1 to freemasonry, 28 to advertisements, 18 to agriculture and horticulture, 10 to the book-tråde, 4 to mathematics, 4 to manufactures, 33 to trade, and 14 to music.

Sismondi, the historian, died at his villa, near Geneva, June 25, in the 70th year of his age.

Under the influence of the literary spirit of the present day, a Scandinavian Society has been founded, for the furtherance of physical sciences. Its annual meetings are held in succession at Stockholm, Copenhagen, Christiania and Götheborg. Nearly 500 learned men were present at the last annual meeting, which was held at Stockholm, in July. A government steamer was placed at the disposal of the literati of Denmark, to convey them to the place. The exercises of the meeting are scientific papers, read by various members, and dis

cussions.

The number of books in the Library of the University of Dublin, is 92,643, and 1642 volumes of manuscripts. About 1900 volumes have been added to the collection within a year.

In 1841, the original works published in Russia and Poland amounted to 717; translations, 54. Ten years ago, the translations were more than double the number of the original works. A decidedly intellectual advancement, therefore, has taken place. The foreign books imported, during the year, amounted to 540,000 volumes; pictures, engravings, maps, and music, to 996,935.

DEATHS.

QUARTERLY LIST.

OLIVER BILLINGS, Addison, Me., July 31, aged 74.

OTIS BRIGGS, of Hampden, Me., Union District, S. C., Oct. 1, aged 55. MARTIN E. COOK, Hillsborough, O.

JOSIAH B. FURMAN, Darlington, S. C., Sept. 17.

SAMUEL GLOVER, (licentiate,) Norwich, Conn., Aug. 21, aged 22.

W. D. GOODE, Va.

LYMAN W. SEELEY, Mt. Vernon, Ky., Aug. 4.

PLEASANT W. SPEAR, Liberty, Montgomery Co., Ga., June 5.

JOSEPH STOCKBRIDGE, New York, N.Y., Oct.

13.

JAMES N. SYKES, North Reading, Mass., Aug. 25.

P. S. G. WATSON, Falmouth, Pendleton Co., Ky., Aug. 28.

J. W. WEATHERBY, Erieville, N. Y. Sept. 7.

ISAAC JONES, West Jefferson, Madison Co., JOHN M. WEDGEWOOD, Shapleigh, Me., Sept.

O., Sept. 21, aged 40.

JOHN KERR, Danville, Va., Sept. 29.
THOMAS NORRIS, near Carthage, Tuscaloosa
Co., Ala., Sept. 7, aged 62.
WILLIAM TERRAR, Radnor, Delaware Co.,
O., Aug. 18, aged 53.

ORDINATIONS.

LOYAL A ALFORD, Sadsbury, Pa., Oct. 20. IRA M. ALLEN, New York, N. Y., Oct. 27. JOHN G. CARTER, Emmaus, New Kent Co., Va., Aug. 25.

CYRUS CASE, Monmouth, Me., Oct. 26. CHARLES N. CHANDLER, Elba, Genesee Co., N. Y., Sept. 28.

LUCIUS W. CHAPMAN, Punxatawney, Pa., Oct. 14.

CHARLES COX, Manasquan, N. J., Aug. 10. S. E. DECKER, Italy, N. Y., Oct. 27. ANDREW DUNN, Winchendon, Mass. Aug.30. JACOB J. DYE, Port Jefferson, Shelby Co., O., Aug. 2.

HORACE EATON, Bedford, N. H., Oct. 26. JOHN EDMINSTER, Birmingham, Hunting don Co., Pa., Oct. 5.

H. ESSICK, Newtown, Pa., Oct. 17.
ROBERT A. FYFE, Brookline, Mass., Aug. 25.
ALBERT GUY, Coventry, Chenango Co., N.

Y. Nov.

J. C. HANMER, Va.

MILO P. JEWETT, Marion, Ala., June 26.
CHARLES T. JOHNSON, Lebanen, Madison
Co., N. Y., Aug. 18.
CHARLES KAIN, Jr., Pittsgrove, Salem Co.,
N. J., Sept. 12.

THOMAS E. KEELY, Haverhill, Mass., Sept. 29.

MOSES J.KELLY, Longmeadow, Mass. Sept.14. JOHN MACOMBER, Punxatawney, Pa., Oct. 14. DAVID P. MARIOTT, Montrose, Pa. Sept. 18. BRICE A. MARTIN, Va.

JAMES T MCLAUGHLIN, Lexington, Va., May.

MYLON MERRIAM, Grafton, Vt., Oct. 6.
ISAAC MERRILL, Waterborough, Me., Nov. 2.
JOHN J. MILLIKIN, Danville, Ky., Sept. 17.
TIMOTHY PALMER, New Baltimore, Albany
Co., N. Y., Sept. 20.

JAMES A. PAYNE, Mountain Plain, Albe-
marle Co.. Va., Oct. 31.
GEORGE B. PECK, Clear Creek, Ky., Sept. 13.
ROBERT RAIKES RAYMOND, Hartford, Conn.,
Sept. 12.

JACOB REEL, Punxatawney, Pa., Oct. 14.
EZEKIEL G. ROBINSON, Norfolk, Va. Nov. 15.
ROBERT J. ROBINSON, Lower Alton, Ill.,

June 22.

MALORY ROCK, Natural Bridge, Va., Oct. EDWARD SAVAGE, Bristol, Conn., Sept. 28. L. SCOFIELD, Fort Adams, Wilkinson Co., Miss., Aug. 12.

JACOB RICHARDSON SCOTT, Petersburg, Va., Sept. 26.

HOMER SEARS, McMinsville, Tenn., Oct.

28.

SAMUEL WOOD, McMinsville, Tenn., Oct. PERLY WORK, Lansing, Tompkins Co., N. Y., Sept. 28.

WILLIAM B. WRIGHT, Lindon, Mich.,Sept.26

CHURCHES CONSTITUTED.
Decatur, O., April.

Forest Lake, Pa., May 4.
Belprey, Washington Co., O., June.
Perry, Allen Co., O., July 11.
Lancaster, Ky., July 21.
Whitewater, Wis. Ter., July 27.
Ellingham Co., Ind., July.
Fayette, Seneca Co., N. Y. Aug. 10.
Houlton, Me., Aug. 13.

Albany, N. Y., 4th Chh., Aug. 17.
Monmouth Centre, Me., Aug. 17.
Delhi, Delaware Co., N. Y., Aug. 23.
West Mendon, Monroe Co., N. Y., Aug. 24.
Corning, Steuben Co., N.Y., Aug. 25.
Jamaica Plain. Mass., Aug. 29.
North Bangor, Me., Aug. 30.
Huntingdon, Pa., Aug. 30.
Woodville, Hopkinton, Mass., Aug. 31.
Addison, Steuben Co., N. Y., Sept. 5.
Passyunk, Pa., Sept. 8.

Wells, Hamilton Co., N. Y., Sept. 14.
Old Warwick, R. I., Sept. 16.
Berwick, Pa., Sept. 25.
Braintree, Mass., Sept. 29.
Leroy, Pa., Sept. 29.

Shiloh chh., Philadelphia (colored), Sept. 30.
Washington, D. C., 3rd church, Oct. 6.
Verona, Oneida Co., N. Y., 2d chh., Oct. II.
Southbridge, Mass., Central church, Oct. 12.
Sparta, White Co., Tenn., Oct. 16.
Barnstable. Mass., Oct. 27.
Amoskeag, N. H., 2d church.
Aquinton, King William Co., Va.
St. Louis, Mo., 3d church.
Olivet, King and Queen Co., Va.

DEDICATIONS.
North Kingston, R. I., 3d church, Aug. 11.
Medford, Burlington Co., N. J., Aug. 25.
Southwark, Philadelphia, Aug 28.
Newton Falls, O., Sept. 1.
Medford. Mass., Sept. 14.
Otsego, Muskingum Co., O., Sept. 17.
Good Hope, Fayette Co., O., Oct. 1.
Montville, Conn., Oct. 4.

North Bay, Vienna, N. Y. Oct. 9.
East Washington, N. H., Oct. 12.
New Britain, Conn., Oct. 12.
Nobleborough, Me., 2d church, Oct. 13.
Clear Creek, N. Y., Oct. 19.
Salem, Conn., Oct. 25.
Barnstable. Mass., Oct. 27.
Phenix, R. I.. Oct. 27.
Gilmanton, N. H., 1st church, Nov. 3.
Braintree, Mass., Nov. 9.
Olivet, King and Queen Co., Va.
Secaucus, N. J.

INDEX

то

CHRISTIAN REVIEW.....VOLUME VII.

Antiquity of the Baptist Church, Coverdale, Myles, Memorials of,

156.

Anxious Inquirer, 313.
Attractions of Language, 624.
Augustine, his Enchiridion, 593.
B.

535; his translation, 558.
D.
Damascenus, John, his theology,
594.

Daniel, Folsom, on the prophecies
of, 631; remarks on, 1.
D'Aubigne's History of the Refor-
mation, 311.

Benedictines, 91.
Bible and Closet, 316.
Bible, translation of, by Adhelm,
540; by Bede, 540; by Alfred,
541; by Elfric, 541; by Rich-
ard Rolle, 544; by Wickliffe, Doctrinal Preaching, 454.
544; by Tyndale, 553; by Cov- Duncan, M. L., Memoir of, 625.
erdale, 558; metrical versions
of,543; Geneva, 561; Matthews',
560; Bishops', 561; Cranmer's,
560; Douay, 561; new version of,
315.

De Wette, his practical ethics, 600.
Docete, 260.

Bible, preserves Saxon language,

536.

Bossuet, 128.

Bradford, Rev. Z., his discourse,

155.

Brainard, J. G. C., his life and
poems, 154.

Brooks, his Mute Christian, 628.
Brown, Rev. J. N., his poems, 315.
Bunyan's Holy War, 181.
Butler, his Analogy, 308.

C.

Catholic Sermons, 297.
Cerinthus, 260.

Channing, Rev. Dr., his sermon,
1 137.

Christ, our Law,628.

Christian Citizen, 630.

E.

Eaton, Prof. G.W.,'his Address,142.
Edwards, Works of Pres., 311.
Emmons, Dr., Works of, 520.
Essenes, 74.

F.
Fisher, Rev. S. W., his Discourse,

157.

Fiske, Life of Willbur, 400.
Flechier, 133.

Four Kingdoms, Daniel's, 3.
Funeral Orations, 124.

G.
Gaussen, on Inspiration, 311.
German Grammar, Noehden's, by
Prof. Sears, 617.

Gnostics, 86, 259.

God's Hand in America, 275.
Goldsbury, J. J., his English Gram-
mar and Supplement, 629.
Gospels, Object of the Writers of
the, 246.

Great Awakening, 310.

Christian Doctrine, essential to Greek Testament, by Tittmann &

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nent in, 161.

Hahn, 158, by Lachmann, 619.

H.

Christianity, Transient and Perma- Hague, Rev Wm., on Christian

Claims of Jesus, 314.

Canobites, 76.

Collegiate System in United States,
Dr. Wayland, on the, 466.
Commission, The Great, 316.

Union, 342.

Harris, Rev. J., Great Commis-

sion, by, 379.

Hebrew Concordance, Furst's, 159.
Herculaneum and Pompeii, 299.
Hermas, Pastor, 590.

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