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lowing Chapter, that God is three persons ; and then there is no contradiction in any of these things. It is also to be observed, that the giving, proceeding, sending, and ministration of the Eternal Spirit to Christ in Glory, are terms that concern not the divine nature, but relate merely to the acts and offices, which the several persons of the blessed Trinity have mercifully condescended to take upon them, for conducting the present Economy of man's redemption and sanctification.
By this time, I take it for granted, every pious reader must have observed, how copious and conclusive the Scriptures of the Old Testament are, upon the subject of the T'rinity ; and that with. out having recourse to them upon every occasion, it is impossible for me or for any man to deal fairly and honestly by the Apostoli, cal Doctrine of the Church of England. Our Lord himself has told us, that every Scribe or teacher instructed into the kingdom of heaven, should bring forth out of his treasure, things NEW and OLD. Matt. xiii. 52. It was his own practice. He appealed, at every turn, to the Law, the Prophets, and the Psalms, for the tegtimony of his own doctrine ; and the Church has followed his example, from the days of the Apostles, almost down to the present times. And so far is the Old Testament from being no part of the Scripture, that it is the book, and the only book, the Gospel calls by the name of the Scripture. It was this book, which ihe noble and faithful Beræans searched every day of their lives, to see whether the Gospel then preached, and afterwards published in the New Testament, was agreeable to it; with the intention, ei. ter to receive or reject it, as it should appear to be recommended by this Authority. It was this Book, for his skill in which, Ahola los is praised as one mighty in the Scriptures ; the same Scriptures, of which St. Paul was bold to affirm, for the benefit of a brother Christian, that they were able to make him wise unto salvation, through Faith that is in Christ Jesus. As long as this Faiih flourished in the Church, these Scriptures were much read and profitably understood : but now it is dwindled into a dry lifeless System of Morality, they are become in a manner useless ; and some (it grieves me to say it) even of those who have undertaken to teach others, want themselves to be taught again this first Element of Christianity, that the New Testament can never be understood and explained, but by comparing it with the Old.
Of this Error and its consequences, we have a sad example in the celebrated Dr. Clarke ; a man whose talents might have adorned the Doctrine of Christ, had not his l'aith been eaten up by an Heathen Spirit of Imagination and Philosophy. He published a Book entitled, The Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity; a work of great pains and premeditation. In a short preface, he allows the Subject to be of the greatest importance in religion--not to be trece ied carelesel--but examined by a serious study of the WHOLE SCRIPTURE. And to convince the world that this and no other was his own practice, he affirins in his Introduction, p. 17. and prints it in capitole, that he has collected ALL !he Texts relating
to that matter. Yet his whole Collection is finished and shut up without a Single Text from the Old Testament ! I cannot find that he has even mentioned such a Book. “ The Christian Revelation,” says he, p. 1. " is the Doctrine of Christ and his Apostles.” This he calls, p. 4.-“ The Books of Scripture ;” and again, p. 5.-" The Books of Scripture-not only the Rule, but " the Whole and the only Rule of truth--the only foundation we “ have to go upon” And he proves it thus" because no man has “ since pretended to have any new Revelation." An argument that will prejudice few people in favor of his sincerity. For though there has been no new Revelation SINCE the Books of the New Testament, as we all confess : does it follow that there was no old Revelation BEFORE them ? and did this author never read, that the samę GOD, who apake in these last days by his Son, spake in time past unto the fathers by the Prophets ? Heb. i. l. yet he affects to know nothing at all of the matter.
And as to the use he makes of the New Testament, who would expect, that a man who has made Nothing of one half of God's Rex. elation, should be very nice in his treatment of the other ? In the first place, he has not vouchsafed to follow the Apostle's Direction of comparing spiriiual things with sfiiritual, thence to collect their true meaning ; but sets down his Texts in such an order, as makes them to be all single and independent of one another; and that gives all possible liberty to the Imagination to thrust in what sort of comment it pleases. When he refers to any parallel place (which I think is never done, but on one side of the Question) the Reader is not directed to the text itself, but to the meaning he has fastened upon it. At the beginning of every chapter, he sets down his own opinion at large, as the Title of it: and you are to believe, that all the passages of that Division do certainly prove it ; which if cleared of his comments, and compared with rother texts, are found to prove no such thing, but the very contras ry. And this he.calls The Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity : but if we call it by its true name, it is Clarke's Doctrine of the Scripture ; that is, of half the Scripture. How came it to pass, that he should thus boldly set down his own resolutions upon the most profound articie of the Christian Faith, without consulting all the Evidence that relates to it, or rightly examining any part of it : horv this came to pass,.God is to determine, to whom all things are naked and oper. All I have to do with him, is to rescue the Word of God froin such deceitful handling. And I have prevailed with myself to make these few Reflections, because I find some modern objectors of a lower Class, have used this Book in Conversation and in Print, as the Oracle of the Party, taking the Scripture upon trust as his principles would give him leave to retail it. I know it will be accounted an hard thing, and called invidious, to rake thus into the Ashes of a writer, who is not alive to answer for himself. And I confess, I am very far from taking any pleasure in it. But is it not much harder, that the ashes of this man should be scattered over the land, to breed and inflame the plague of heresy, till the whole head is sick and the
heart faint, and the whole body full of putrifying blains and sores? Arianism is now no longer a pestilence that walketh in darkness, but that brazens it out against the sun's light, and destroyeth in the moon day. It is a canker, which if it be encouraged much longer; will certainly eat out the vitals of Christianity in this kingdom : and when the faith is gone, the Church in all probability will soon follow after it ; for if the holy oil be wasted and spilt, the Lamp that was made to hold it, will be of no farther use.
E trust that there has Revival of Religion in Kingsbo
been a degree of true rerough.
ligion in this place ever since
its first settlement, which is aMESSŘS. EDITORS,
bout 20 years. A few 6 sighed MANY persons of this só- and cried” over the sins of their ciety read your Magazine, with own hearts, and the abominagreat pleasure and improve- tions which they saw around ment. And while they feel them. A small church was themselves entertained and edi- gathered about ten years ago, fied with the religious instruc- but by unhappy. divisions woun-tion and intelligence contained ded itself, and gave the enemy in the work, it is an additional great “ occasion to blaspheme. source of satisfaction and en- A minister was once settled couragement to anticipate the “ in troublous times,” but withblessings which heathen tribes, out peace to himself, or the soand probably many yet unborn, ciety. After his dismission time may derive from the Missionary wore away that animosity which Society, which is a little sup- neither reason nor argument ported by the mite, which they could remove. At length some through the liberality of the degree of union took place beEditors, annually place in the tween the broken parts of the missionary fund. With pecu- society : but very little between: liar pleasure they hear that the the broken parts of the church. gospel is spreading over the va- Their condition was sorrowful : rious parts of the earth ; that contention soured the minds of some in civilized, and some in the parents, while folly occuheathen lands are turning to the pied the attention of the chil. Lord. Revivals of religion in dren. There were some, howvarious places interest them ve- ever, who could pray, and at. ry much, and accounts of them various times some pious minisare blessed to revive the same ters of Christ were sent to refresh religion in their own souls. Ho- and encourage their hearts. But ping that they may be quicken- religion was at a very low ebb. ed by being called to remember And those, whose eyes were unwhat they have witnessed among to the Lord, could hardly hope themselves, and that others may that they should see his salvabe glad to hear that Jesus re- tion in the land of the living. gards those who live in the bor- Yet they were not altogether ders of our wilderness, I submit hopeless. In the year 1802, the following narrative to your the Rev. Pitkin Cowles, then a disposal.
candidate, labored among them, and was instrumental, as we is a reality.” Some of the
spectrust, of sowing much seed, tators drove away their fears as which, with what was sown be- soon as they could forget such fore, and watered with the tears a spectacle, and became if posof saints, has through a divine sible, more hardened than beblessing since been made to fore; others received impresbring forth fruit to the joy of sions which were instrumental many hearts. During that year of exciting their attention to the some were excited to prayer, truth, but were for a time conand induced to believe that the cealed ; and one, in particular, Lord had neither forsaken nor who did not see, but only heard forgotten them. But in the win- of tliese things, was led to ask ter of 1803, vanity and folly herself, “ what would have been seemed to be so prevalent, es- her situation, if she had died in pecially among the youth, that his stead.” saints“ hoped” almost“ against At first, however, nothing was hope.”
manifested but that general conOn the first day of April, a cern which appears under reman between fifty and sixty markable providences: the hearts years of age was seized with a which were bleeding in secret, violent disorder, which, on the were covered with a vail; and fourth, ended his days. Having Christians who earnestly desired no hope of salvation, the fears that such an awful providence of eternity which were mani- should be sanctified for the genfested by him, were such as fill-eral good, almost concluded that ed every Christian's heart with the stroke would be entirely forpity, and the hearts of all with gotten. But after a few weeks terror. lle mourned over his the groans of some whose conown foliy, bade others take warn- sciences were wounded, revived ing from him, cried earnestly hopes that some of the arrows for mercy, and entreated all of conviction had taken effect. Christians to pray for him. His Some attention, though by no horror, in view of an endless state means general, was soon exciof punishment, which he had ted to the word of God. One, sometimes tried to think a chi- after having been at the house mera, was absolutely unattera of God said, that it seemed as ble, and more fully expressed by though she could not hold up her the wringing of his hands, and head, under the preaching of other violent motions of the bo- the truth. Another, by attenddy, than by words. The words ing to the first verse of the 14th of the Saviour and Judge, which Psalm, was convinced that the will be uttered on the last day, hearts of all men are naturally seemed to lie upon his mind, for full of atheism. a time, with great weight,“ De- Such anxiety in the minds of part from me, ye cursed, into ev- some, and a general solemnity on erlasting fire, prepared for the the congregation induced me to devil and his angels.” At this think that conferences might be sight the natural unbelief of the useful. Therefore, towards the human heart seemed to yield end of April, a special meeting and be forced to say, “ Truly was appointed, and attended by an there is an hereafter,--religion / unexpected number of people
Attention to the word seemed to ly by the sovereign grace of increase during the months of God. " In that day, the loftiMay and June, but so gradually ness of man was bowed down, that it could not be said that and the Lord alone was exaltthere was a general awakening, ed.” though the minds of several It was affecting to see heads were deeply impressed with a of families, between forty and sense of sin, and the importance sixty years of age, of whom of religion. Two conferences there were many, and some of were attended in each week. the most influential characters
Several circumstances appear in the place, attending to relied to have considerable influence gion for the first time. They on society, and to a spirit of en- had lived without prayer and quiry God soon added a general without God in the world, all seriousness and solemnity which their days, except at times when had never been witnessed in the they could not silence the claplace before. Christians began mors of conscience, but at length to be more vigorous in their began to feel themselves totally prayers, and animated in their inexcusable and blameworthy. conversation. The sleeping vir Often have I been exceedingly gins began to awake, and trim affected to see those fathers, their lamps ; and some feared whose heads were white with that theirs were entirely “ gone age, seeking instruction at the out," or rather, that they were mouth of one who could not never supplied with true “ oil but feel himself a child both in olive." " A shaking" appeared years and understanding. But among the bones which had the Lord is marvellous in work
very dry.” A third con- ing, and is certainly able to maference was appointed, and all nifest his great power by the our assemblies were numerous very weakest instrument of clay. and solemnn. The doctrines He puts his treasure into “ which are most opposed to the then vessels.” human heart, such as its entire There were no outcries, or sinfulness, and the sovereignty remarkable bodily affections : of divine grace, were frequently the exercises of the mind were urged, and much hated, but ge generally expressed either by nerally victorious. Convinced the tear which could not be conpersons would long strive against cealed, or by the sigh which thein. Some, at first, would could not be suppressed. condemn them as abominable, The solemnities of eternity who would by degrees, acknow seemed to be portrayed upon ledge not only their truth, but the countenances of those, who their usefulness. And it was frequently assembled in large truly affecting to see persons, numbers to attend religious who had once opposed them meetings. The wind which rent bitterly, as discouraging, lay the mountains, and broke the down their weapons, and sub- rocks in pieces, did not seem to mit to them, freely acknow-blow upon us; but the gentle ledging that in theinselves dwelt breathings of the Divine Spirit to good thing, and that if they seemed to inspire all the happy were ever saved, it must be on- subjects. Vol. VI. NO. 12.