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receive a full reward and that we not recollect that Artaxerxes the blessing of many ready to began his reign, A. M. 3555, and perish, may come upon you. that Mordecai was carried to That while your hands are cast- Babylon, A. M. 3405, which ing into this treasury, it may be must have made him at least accompanied with your earnest 155 years old," an age altogeth. prayers to the God of all grace, er disqualifying for the public that he would smile on this and service ascribed to him in the all other Societies that are formed book of Esther. 66 We are for the spread of the glorious therefore compelled to consider gospel and the salvation of im- Ahasuerus to have been Darius mortal souls. Amen.
Hystaspis," adding reasons to B. WOOSTER,
Committee confirm his conjecture. So dif L. HAYNES,
of ferent has been the opinion of J. BUSHNELL, S Consociation. historians respecting this Ahas
'uerus, and this diversity has
the supposition, that Mordecai
was carried to Babylon with Je
coniah. Now will the public UESTION. Who was the forgive the writer if he presumes
Ahasuerus that made to suspect that these learned hisEsther his queen ? Though this torians have erred in supposing, question be not of the first mag- that Mordecai was carried away nitude, yet as historians have captive from Jerusalem to Babdiffered in their answers to it, ylon. As he would not indulge which has occasioned some con such a suspicion, without some fusion in the public mind; if it support for it in his own mind, can be satisfactorily resolved, he will not suggest it to the pubwill it not produce unanimity of lic without submitting his reaopinion, and make the perusal sons to candid consideration.of history more entertaining and Let the history be examined. agreeable? It is now proposed Esther ü. 5, 6. Now in Shuthan to attempt it.
the palace was a certain Jew, Some have contended, that whose name was Mordecai, the this Ahasuerus was the Persian son of Jair, the son of Shimei
, emperor, Xerxes, who made the son of Kish, a Benjamite, the celebrated expedition into who had been carried from Je. Greece. Others have insisted, rusalem with Jechoniah king of that it was the Persian emperor, Judah. And he brought up
HaArtaxerxes, called Longimanus. dassah, (that is Esther) his un. To this the supposed great age cle's daughter. Upon this let of Mordecai has been objected. it be enquired, The learned historian Prideaux, 1. According to a grammatiwho adopts this opinion, proposes cal construction of the
text, what various hypotheses to remove is the antecedent to the relative the objection, and reconcile the who? Who was carried to Babage of Mordecai with the eign ylon? Was it Mordecai or Kish? of Artaxerxes : and says the Is it usual in a connected senlearned and pious Mr. Brown, tence to pass three intervening * to this we should agree-did nouns and fix upon the fourth as
the antecedent to the relative ? | supply and read the text in If an instructor should demand | Esther.according to Ezra. Now of a pupil, Who was carried to there was in Shuthan the palace Babylon ? and he should reply, a certain Jew named Mordecai, Mordecai ; would he not correct the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, him, and say it was Kish? So the son of Kish, a Benjamite the following words, And he who was carried away, &c. This brought up Hadassah_accord-Mordecai, brought up Esther. ing to direct grammatical con- Does not this make it a perfect struction refer to Kish as the parallel with Ezra, move all person. But,
obscurity from the passage and 2. As Mordecai is the person make it as evident, that it was introduced, and the subsequent Kish who was carried to Babyhistory decidedly makes him the lon, as it is, that Aaron was the person who educated Esther, has progenitor of Ezra. not the grammatical construc- If it beadmitted, that it was Kish tion been disregarded ? and has who was carried away to Babyit been inadvertently received, lon, as Mordecai was the fourth that Mordecai was carried away generation from him, was not captive, when the history de Mordecai cotemporary with Arsigned only to give his genealo- taxerxes ? and of an age qualigy up to the captivity; as Luke fying him for the eminent offices gave the genealogy of Christ and services ascribed to him in to David, Abraham, &c. and the book of Esther ? and does then proceed to give a narrative not this, by obviating the objecof the facts to be recorded of tion from this supposed great him ; but affirms that it was age of Mordecai, and corroboKish, who was carried to Baby-rated by his liberal dispositioni lon. In support of this hypo- and the royal favors which he thesis let us now consider, conferred on the Jews, address
3. A parallel passage. Now satisfactory evidence to the mind, in the reign of Artaxerxes, king that the Ahasuerus who made of Persia, Ezra, the son of Seriah, Esther his queen, was Artaxthe son of Phinehas, the son of erxes Longimanus? Eleazer, the son of Aaron the
ORDAINED, on Wednesday construction make it Aaron who the 8th of January last, over the went up from Babylon, as the first religious, congregational grammatical construction of society in Marietta, (Ohio,) the Esther makes it Kish who was Rev. Samuel Prince Robbins. carried away captive to Babylon. The public exercises of the ocBut the insertions of the words, cason were performed in a sol. This Ezra, transfers the gram- emn and impressive manner. matical construction from Aaron | The Rev. Jacob Lindsly of Wato Ezra and removes all ambigui- terford made the introductory ty from the passage. Let us now prayer. The Rev. Thomas Rob.
bins of Connecticut preached the ON Wednesday March 5thg sermon from Matt. xxiv. 14. the Rey. Royal Phelps, and Rev. Several circumstances, natural- Nathaniel Dutton, at the request ly coming into view on the oc- of the committee of the trustees casion, rendered the usual ad- of the Hampshire Missionary dresses peculiarly solemn and Society, were ordained in the affecting. The Rev. Lyman meeting-house at Westfield, as Potter of Steubenville (formerly Evangelists, with particular re. from New-England) made the ference to their performing a consecrating prayer. The Rev. mission in the new settlements Joseph Badger, of the county of the ensuing season. Rev. JoTrumbull, gave the charge. The seph Lyman, D. D. of Hatfield Rev. Stephen Lindsly of Mariet- made the introductory prayer, ta gave the right hand of fellow- Rev. Timothy M. Cooley, of ship. Mr. Badger made the Granville, preached the sermon concluding prayer. A silent from Matt. xvi. 26. Rev. Soloand respectful attention was giv- mon Williams, of Northampton, en from a very numerous audi- made the consecrating prayer, ence. Vocal and instrumental Rev.Dr. Lyman gave the charge, music, performed with great Rev. Isaac Knatın, of Westfield, softness and accuracy, contribu- gave the right hand of fellowted much to the joy and solem- ship, and Rev. Enoch Hale, of nity of the occasion. The hap-, Westhampton, made the conpy union and harmony existing, cluding prayer. afford pleasing prospects to
N. B. Messrs. Phelps and the minister and society. This Dutton are expected to enter on is the oldest society in the state a tour of eighteen weeks in the of Ohio: and this the first or state of New-York; to spend dination of a congregational one half of the time in the Black minister, that has been per- river settlements, the other half formed west of the Alleghany in the counties of Onondago and mountains.
Atteints to Christianize the Ina | this, to consider him as a Minidians in New England, o. ster, connected with a particu:
lar church and congregation. (Continued from p. 333. The grace of God which we
have seen so illustriously en: CHAPTER II.
dowing and adorning Mr. Eli
ot, not only qualified him for, NUMBER xiv.
but disposed him to the employ
ment in which he spent about Rev. John Eliot's Life anel Cha- sixty years of his life, which was
racter as a Minister to a par- the service of the Lord Jesus ticular Church and Congrega- Christ in the ministry of the gostion, abridged from Dr. Cota pel. ton Mather-His Death, and Before he entered upon the some Circumstances preceding, pastoral oflice he was very cares and attending it.
ful to examine, whether he pos
sessed those important qualifiHEN we entered tipon cations, which the gospel re
this historical essay, it quires in those who propose to was proposed to include in the undertake this great and arduwork an epitome of the life and ous calling. He also weighed character of the most distin- well in his mind the difficulties guished missionaries, as far as and trials, with which it might documents could be obtained. rationally be thought it would Something of this kind has been be attended. attempted with regard to several It is believed he undertook the who were Mr. Eliot's cotempo- work of the ministry with as rarics, some of whom finished right views, and as good ends in their course, before he did his. it, as any man in our days was
We have, in former Num- actuated with. He looked upon bers, considered Mr. Eliot as an the superintendence of a church Tvangelistin the last Number as a thing no less dangerous than as a Christian.; and propose, in important ; and attended with Vol. VI. NO. 12.
30 many difficulties, temptations qualified for such a ministry. and humbling circumstances, as God may indeed prosper the that nothing but a call from the services of such a man for the Son of God could have encoura- advantage of his church : But ged him to have entered upon the unsanctified minister, how the charge. He saw, that Hesh gifted, how able soever he may and blood would find it. no very be, must have it still said to him, pleasant thing to be obliged to “ One thing thou lackest” —4 the oversight of a number, that renewed heart, a supreme love by a solemn covenant should be to God and Jesus, and an ardent enlisted among the volunteers of affection to the souls purchased the Lord Jesus Christ- That it | by his blood. With these highwas no easy thing to feed the ly important qualifications, no souls of such a people, and of doubt Mr. Eliot was richly en. the children and neighbors, dowed. However, every pious which were to be brought into man is not fit to be a public teathe same sheepfold with them; cher. God furnished him with to bear their manners with all / a good measure of learning, patience ; not being, by any of which made him capable to ditheir infirmities, discouraged vide the word aright. He was from teaching them, and from well acquainted with the learned watching and prayingoverthem; languages, and had a good in
- to value them highly as the sight into the liberal arts in geflock which God has purchased neral : But above all, he had a with his own blood,' notwithstand- most eminent skill in theology ing all their miscarriages ; and -He was one mighty in the in all, to examine the rule of word, which enabled him to conscripture for the warrant of what-vince gainsayers; and on many ever shall be done ; and to re- occasions, to show himself a member the day of judgment in “ workman, that needed not to which an account must be given be ashamed." of all that has been done ; hay- To close this article in the ing, in the mean time, no ex-precise words with which Dr. pectation of the riches and gran- Mather closed it: Though we deurs which aceompany a world- have had greater scholars than ly domination. It was also his he ; yet he has often made me opinion, That, (as the great think of Mr. Samuel Ward's obOwen expresses it) “notwith-servation, viz. “ I have observed standing all the countenance that " and found, that divers great is given to any church, by the clerks have had but little fruit public magistracy ; yet, while of their ministry ; but hardly we are in this world, those who “ any truly zealons men of God, will faithfully discharge their “ (though of lesser gifts) but duty, as ministers of the gospel,“ have had much comfort of their shall have need to be prepa- “ labors in their own, and borred for suffering ;” and it was
“ dering parishes ; being in this in a sense of these things that he gave himself up to the sa
* See Mr. David Fordyce's Art of cred ministry. A stranger to Preaching, page 100, in which this regeneration can be but poorly point is discussed in a serious and ju.