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a good measure according to the fers, Heb. vii. For this Melchigospel.
sedec, king of Salem, priest of The briefness of these re- the most high God, who met marks prevents that particular- Abraham returning from the ity which in accounts of this kind slaughter of the kings and blesis indeed desirable ; it must also sed him. Avoiding all quesbe confessed that the account tions concerning this very extraitself comes far below the reali- ordinary man, as foreign from ty. But in review of this sub- the present design, the scripject we see,
tures very obviously exhibiting 1. The exceeding greatness him as an eminent type of Christ, of divine mercy. The blasphe- let us consider wherein the typming and injurious infidel, who ical representation consists.has long provoked God, and been Does it not consist in the folcontrary to all men, is not be- lowing particulars ? yond the reach of sovereign grace.
He was without father, with 2. Let not the Christian who out mother, without descent, has an unbelieving companion having neither beginning of days, despair. Though past labors nor end of life. In this did he may have been fruitless, yet the not peculiarly represent him human heart is in the hand of whose goings forth have been God; he turneth it as the rivers from of old, from everlasting ? of water are turned.
The eternity and self-existence R. of the divine nature of Jesus
Christ, who affirms of himself,
Prov. viii. 27, When he preparAn Explanation of Scriptural 7ypes. ed the heavens I was there NO. VI.
when he established the clouds
above, then was I by him, as MELCHISEDEC a type of CHRIST: one brought up with him, I was
daily his delight-who, respectF Melchisedec we have the ing the two natures, divine and
I. His person.
concise terms, Gen. xiv. Amra- person as Mediator, as God, phel king of Shinar with his as- had no mother, and no father as sociates, having overcome the man? kings of Sodom and Gomorrah, II. In his offices. took Lot prisoner and carried 1. As king in a twofold reshim away with the other cap- pect. tives. Abraham being inform- (1.) His name was Melchiseed of the calamity of his nephew, dec, by interpretation, king of divinely directed no doubt, pur- righteousness, and his character sued the victorious king with his corresponded with his name. confederates, defeated them and Eminently righteous in his perrecovered Lot with the spoil. On son, he administered justice and his return he was met by Mel-judgment on the throne, and chisedec, who brought forth promoted truth and righteousbread and wine for his refresh-ness among all his subjects. In ment, and blessed him and his this office was he not an illustriGod.--To this the apostle re- ous type of that righteous branch
which God raised up to the produces him, Heb. vii. for the house of David? Who, perfectly purpose of exhibiting him as an righteous in his person, did no eminent type of the priesthood sin, neither was guile found in of Jesus Christ, let us consider his mouth-and by fulfilling all this typical representation of him righteousness, becomes the Lord, more minutely. the righteousness of his people, (1.) He was without descent, and who of God is made to them, had no progenitor, no predeceswisdom and righteousness. Of sor in the priesthood and Christ whom it was proclaimed, Be- viewed in his mediatorial, spirhold, a king shall reign in right-itual priesthood, was without faeousness, and princes shall rule ther, without mother ; and viewin judgment.
ed according to the flesh he was (2.) He was king of Salem, of the seed of David and the that is, king of peace.
tribe of Judah, of which tribe As a peaceful king and sup-Moses said nothing concerning porting a peaceable kingdom, the priesthood. did he not peculiarly typify him (2.) Melchisedec was priest whose name should be called, of the most high God. God the everlasting father, the prince raised him up, qualified him for of peace-upon whose appear- the office, installed him in it, and ance in the world it was pro- he performed the various serclaimed, Glory to God in the vices of it according to immedihighest, on earth peace, good will ate divine direction. In this did toward men ? Who is our peace he not eminently typify the as the great agent of restoring priesthood of ourdivine Redcempeace between God and men-er, who was provided and set of slaying the enmity and intro- forth of God, to whom he comducing peace between Jews and municated the spirit without Gentiles ;-whose benign and measure, furnishing him with peaceful influence tames the few those gifts and graces which perrocious passions of men, so that fectly fitted him for the sacerfiguratively, the wolf dwells with dotal office, consecrated him to the lamb, and the leopard lies the work, by anointing him with down with the kid--who bless his holy oil-prescribed the maneth peace-makers—in whom his ner in which he should perform people find rest and peace a-it-who presented the sacrifice midst all the tribulations of this which he had appointed, and present evil world--and to whom performed the various services he hath bequeathed divine, holy, of it, as the father gave him comheavenly peace, for their daily mundment ? refreshment and everlasting con
(3.) In the immutability and solation ? Peace I leave with perpetuity of his office. you, my peace I give unto you,
Melchisedec had no successnot as the world giveth give I or in office. His was an unto you, let not your heart be changeable priesthood. In this troubled, neither let it be afraid. did he not peculiarly repre
sent the sacerdotal character of As his interview with Abra- him who is consecrated foreverham appears to have been di- more, according to the word of vinęly directed, and the apostle the oath, The Lord sware and
2. As priest.
will perform it, thou art a priest he hath mingled, the riches of for ever after the order of Mel- grace, with which Christ daily chisedec ?
refreshes his fainting people, a. From the transactions between midst the trials and conflicts of Melchisedec and Abraham, the this present evil world—or that apostle draws two inferences divine repast which will satiate which are so important and in their weary souls, when, returnstructive, that it will not be im- ing to heaven victorious, yea pertinent briefly to suggest them. more than conquerors over all
1. The dignity and excel- their spiritual enemies, through lence of Christ's person and him who has loved them and dipriesthood. From Melchisedeced for them, he will give them even Abraham the renowned to eat of the tree of life, the hidpatriarch, the constituted father den manna, as their honorable of all them that believe, receiv- reward and everlasting portion? ed the blessing ; and without all IV. When Melchisedec met contradiction the less is blessed Abraham, he said, Blessed be of the better. To him also A- Abram of the most high God, braham gave tithes as a tribute possessor of heaven and earth. due to 'his character and pre- And doth not Christ bless eminence ; consider then how his people, with all spiritual blesgreat Melchisedec was ; but sings in heavenly places ? and Melchisedec, great as he was, will he not peculiarly bless them was only a type, a shadow of when he will make them kings Christ. What high and honora- and priests unto God, that they ble thoughts should we enter- may live and reign with him tain of the substance, of Christ for ever and ever ? himself, who is exalted far above all heavens and filleth all
Extract. things? Wherefore, holy breth- T was Sunday, as I travelled ren, consider the apostle and high priest of our profession, that my eye was caught by a Christ Jesus.
cluster of horses tied near a ru2. He is infinite in ability to inous old wooden house, in the
forest not far from the road side. Possessing an unchangeable Devotion alone should have stopand everlasting priesthood, and ped me to join in the duties of officiating efficaciously in it, he the congregation ; but I confess is able to save to the uttermost that curiosity to hear the preachall them that come to God by er of such a wilderness, was not him, seeing he ever lives to make the least of my motives. On intercession for them.
entering I was struck with his III. When Abraham was re- preternatural appearance. He turning from the slaughter of was a tall and very spare old the kings, Melchisedec brought man ; his head which was covforth bread and wine for the ered with a white linen cap, refreshment of the patriarch and his shrivelled hands, and his his weary troops. May we not voice, all shaking under the inunderstand this bread and wine to fluence of a palsy, in a few mo." represent that royal bounty, that ments ascertained to me that he meat indeed, and that wine which I was perfectly blind. The first
emotions which touched my | Rousseau : “ Socrates died like -breast were those of mingled a philosopher, but Jesus Christ piety and veneration. It was a died like a God!!" Never before day of the administration of the did I completely understand sacrament, and his subject was what Demosthenes meant by lay. the passion of our saviour.--As ing such a stress on delivery.he decended from the pulpit to You are to remember the pitch distribute the mystic symbols, of passion and enthusiasm to there was a peculiar, a more which the congregation were than human solemnity in his raised and then the few minair and manner, which made utes of portentous, death like my blood to run cold and my silence, which reigned throughwhole frame to shiver. He out the house the preacher rethen drew a picture of our Sav- moved his white handkerchief iour- his trial before Pilate from his face--and slowly stretchhis ascent to Calvary his Cru- ing forth the palsied hand that cifixion, and his death. His en holds it, begins the sentenceunciation was so deliberate, that Socrates died like a philosohis voice trembled on every syl- pher,”—then pausing, raising lable ; and every heart trembled the other, pressing them both in unison. His peculiar phrases clasped together, with warmth had that force of description, and energy to his breast, lifting that the original scene appear his “ sightless balls” to heaven, ed to be at that moment acting and pouring his whole soul into before our eyes. We saw the his tremulous voice—“but Jesus very faces of the Jews the start-Christ like a God!" The flood ing, frightsul distortions of mal- which, just before, had rushed in
We saw the buf- a torrent upon my brains, and in fet-my soul kindled with a the violence and agony of my fame of indignation, and my feelings, held my whole system hands were involuntarily and con- in suspense; now ran back into vulsively clenched. But when my heart with a sensation which he came to describe the patience, I cannot describe, a kind of shuda the forgiving meekness of our dering, delicious horror! The Saviour-when he drew to the paroxysm of blended pity and life, his blessed eyes streaming indignation to which I had been in tears, turned to heavenhistransported, subsided into the voice breathing to God a soft and deepest self abasement, humility gentle prayer of pardon on his en- and adoration ! I had just been emies," Father, forgive them, lacerated and dissolved by symfor they know not what they do" pathy for our Saviour as a fellow -the voice of the preacher, creature; but now, with fear and which had grown fainter and trembling, I adored hiin—"a fainter, until his utterance being God! entirely obstructed by the force of his feelings, he raised his Extracts from the Preface to the handkerchief to his eyes, and Christian Observer. burst into a loud and irresistible flood of grief. The first sentence THE Christian Observer has with which he broke the awful been vehemently accused silence, was a quotation from of having an Antinomian tenden
ice and rage.
cy. We believe that this is the small proportion of their atcharge, of all others, against tention on this important part which it is most easy to make of their religion. We wish to our defence. To be an Anti- place before the eyes of such nomian, in the proper sense of persons the universal excellence the word, is to derive from the of that life to which they should doctrine of the grace of God en- aspire, and to delineate that couragement to sin. To our Christian temper in which, perreaders it seems superfluous to haps, they are more particularstate, that we, on the contrary, ly apt to fail. We wish to rehave uniformly represented the mind them, that when cvangeliundeserved mercy of God in Je- cal doctrines are popular among sus Christ as the grand motive large bodies of men, as they unto obedience ; affirming that a questionably are at this period, true faith in the Redeemer ne- a growing laxity of practice is cessarily produces love to him very likely to accompany a conwho died for us; and that if God siderable degree of religious hath so loved us, we ought also knowledge : and that a man may to love one another.
feel much complacency in the We have intimated that we consciousness of the orthodoxy are enemies to Antinomianism. of his faith, even while his life is This pestilent heresy has many not superior to that of many shapes, and we are hostile to it whom he condemns as unbes under every form. First, we lievers. He learns, perhaps, to would resist that Antinomianism deplore his sins instead of sorwhich professes, in plain terms, saking them: and to acknowlthat the law of God is no rule of edge the corruption of his naconduct for the believer, a senti- ture, instead of heartily resistment, indeed, which we trust is ing it. He, at the same time, not very common; and we would confidently repels the charge of likewise oppose every doctrine Antinomianism which men igand expression bordering on this norant of the gospel bring asentiment. We would inculcate gainst him ; and because he carefully, zealously, and plainiy, knows that there is nothing lax that the man, who being justifi- or licentious in his creed, he ed by faith is freed from the con- does not suspect the latent Andemnation of the law, is still tinomianism of his heart. Mean“ under the law to Christ;” and while his faith is not productive that his faith will be made man- of good works. It is therefore, ifest, both to himself and to the that faith which the Scriptures world, by his obedience. denominate « dead, being alone,"
We would also contend against and which cannot save him. an Antinomianism of another But there is an Antinomianism kind, which is somewhat more
which is still more coinmon, and prevalent. Many persons em
which calls, perhaps still more loudly, brace a system of evangelical
for the attention of The Christian
Observer. We now allude to that doctrine, and even connect with multitude of persons, who, though it a certain degree of moral prac- little acquainted either with the doctice ; but a practice, at the same trines or practiee of Christianity, netime, by no means sufliciently vertheless confidently lay claim to a Christian : they bestow only
participation of its eternal rewards,