bear testimony to the truth of with me it is in some measure æ these observations. And there personal cause ; because during are now in heaven thousands the best part of my life I have who give glory to God in the been intimately connected with. highest, that by the Society, this Society ; for ten years as a schools were erected in the High- Director, and for fourteen more lands and Islands of Scotland. as its Secretary ;-that I have

Need I say more, Gentlemen, travelled much and labored much to prove the importance of these in its service, and that still the seminaries to individuals and to largest portion of my time and the Public at large ? I appeal to attention is devoted to it. the understanding of every man The kindly expressed sentiwho hears me, whether there ments of approbation by the Gencan be a better directed charity tlemen in the Direction, and the than to contribute to their sup- Members of the Society at large, port and to the increase of their have all along animated my exnumber?

ertions; and together with the I have spoken perhaps too consciousness of endeavoring to long, and with too much earn- promote the best interests of res estness, but your good nature ligion, and of a large body of will find an apology for me in my countrymen, have proved a the interesting nature of the sub- high reward of my otherwise ject-in this perhaps too, that gratuitous services. To the above general Account of the Society, we beg leave to sub

join the following particular Statement of its Expenditure, extracted from the Appendix to Dr. Ogilvr's Anniversary Sermon, trublished in February last (1802.)

THERE are upon their establishment above 300 teachers of both sexes, who give education to 15,719 children, whose salaries amount annually to

L.3,015 Thirteen missionary ministers and catechists in various remote districts of the Highlands and Islands; their salaries amount to

326 To the aged and superannuated, among the teachers upon their establishment, is paid, in annual pensions, a considerable sum, necessarily various, but which, at an average, is computed at

1:50 To six students in divinity having the Gaelic language, bursaries or annual pensions of L.15 to each,

90 The Society defray the expense of candidates coming from remote distances to Edinburgh, for examination as to their fitness for being employed as teachers, and often of their residence for some time for their improvement. The amount cannot but be various, but may safely be estimated at

60' The

expense of the books which they send to their schools for the use of the poor scholars, viz. Bibles, New Testaments, catechisms, spelling-books, and various elementary tracts, both of religion and literature, amount at an average taken from different years, to


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The salaries of three of the office-bearers of the Socie. ty (and none of the other officers enjoy any emolument whatever,) viz. the Treasurer, Book-holder, and Clerk, fixed many years ago, the smallest perhaps ever given for such services, L.25 each, and that of the beadle or servant, L.12. In all

Repairs, taxes, and public burdens upon the houses of the Society, postages, stationary, and other casual expenses, averaged at




Explanation of Scriptural Types. kingdom ? And are not all the NO. IX.

promises of God in him, yea,

and in him, amen ? Isaac a type of CHRIST.

2. Isaąc was a son of faith Fall the eminent characters and patient expectation. Abra.

stage of human life, few have promised was able also to per, been introduced with so many form, who also would do it ; but marks of consideration, as the long was the accomplishment patriarch Isaac. While others of the promise delayed, many have been generally introduced and insuperable to nature were without any premonitions, of the trials and discouragements him so much was predicted, of his faith ; but he staggered that long before his birth, he be- not at the promise of God, came an object of ardent ex- through unbelief, but was strong pectation. How obvious in this in faith giving glory to God respect, the parallel between Much longer was the birth of him and his great antitype the promised Saviour deferred, Christ Jesus ?-of the particu- more numerous, obstinate and lars in which Isaac typified absolutely insuperable to reason Christ, the following are select- and nature were the abstacles to ed as the most important. an accomplishment of it, yet

1. Isaac was a promised son, judging him faithful who had Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a promised, in hope and patience,

He was a promised son in did the Church wait for the consuch a peculiar manner, that this solation of Israel, until the dewas a mark of distinction, and he sire of all nations entered into was called the son of the promise-- his temple. and how soon after the apostacy 3. The conception, and the was Christ promised to the sin- birth of Isaac, were attendedning parents of mankind ? The with remarkable circumstances ; seed of the woman shall bruise and eminently so were the conthe serpent's head. How many ception and the birth of the and illustrious were the promis. Lord Jesus Christ. es which went before his birth, 4. Before the birth of the concerning his person, work, promised son his parents were and his glorious and eternal directed to call his name Isaac;


joy, gladness and great was the braham must officiate as priest, joy of Abraham and Sarah at his and he stretched forth his hand birth ; and before the birth of to take the knife ; and when Christ his parents were directed Christ was to be made sin for to call his name Jesus, for he us, his Father must immolate should save his people from their him on the altar of justice, and sins, and great was the joy in he said, Awake, sword, against heaven and on earth when a the man that is my fellow. multitude of the heavenly host (7.) Abrahain accounted that praised God, and said, Glory to God was able to raise Isaac from Godin the highest, on earth freace, the dead, from whence also good will to men.

he received him in a figure ; 5. Eminently did Isaac typi- and God raised up his son Jefy Christ in being offered in sac- sus, that his holy one might not rifice. To illustrate this, mark see corruption. the resemblance between them. (8.) After this symbolic trans

(1.) Isaac was the only and action, Isaac returned to his. affectionately beloved son of his place ; and when Christ by one parents ; and Christ was the offering had purged our sins, he only begotten and beloved son ascended on high, to heaven of his Father, was daily his de- from whence he came, and for light, rejoicing always before ever sits down on the right him.

hand of the majesty on high. (2.) Necessity was laid upon (9.) In offering up. Isaac, Abraham by the command of Abraham gave the most deci-, God, to offer up Isaac his son ; sive evidence of love to God ; and it was of absolute necessity and God commendeth his love that Christ should die, the just to us, in that when we were sin-, for the unjust to bring sinners ners and without strength, to God. If there had been a Christ died for us. law which could have given (10.) For the obedience of life, verily righteousness should Abraham, God renewed his have come by the law.

promise and said, By myself (3.) When Abraham was have I sworn, saith the Lord, tried, he withheld not his son, that in blessing I will bless thee, his only son ; and so God spar- and in multiplying I will multied not his own son, but delivered ply thy seed as the stars of heahim

for us all, that with him ven, and thy seed shall possess he might freely give us all the gates of his enemies ; and things richly to enjoy.

in thy seed shall all the nations, (4.) Isaac had committed no of the earth be blessed, and beparticular crime for which he cause Christ humbled himself was to suffer ; and Christ, who and became obedient unto death, did no sin, offered himself as a

even the death of the cross, lamb without spot to God. God hath highly exalted him

(5.) Isaac bore the wood on and given him a name which is which he was to be offered as above every name, that at the the victim ; and Christ bore the name of Jesus every knee shall cross on which he was to ex. bow-hath promised that he piate the guilt of the world. shall see of the travail of his soul (6.) In offering up Isaac, A-I and be satisfied that a seed VOL. VI. NO. 7.



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shall serve him--that he shall On the death of my parents, rule in the midst of his enemies, when I was only four years old, and that they shall be made his | 1 devolved to the care of an unfootstool. Abraham called the married sister of my mother's. name of the place Jehovah-hreh, Under her protection I have the Lord will provide. There now continued for almost twelve he provided the ram which A- years, and have much reason to braham sacrificed in the room feel grateful to her for the treatof Isaac-and he has provided ment which I received. She the substance as well as the has spared no expense in 'be. type, his own son, the farab of stowing on me such an educaGod which taketh away the sin tion as the neighborhood afford. of the world.

ed ; and, indeed, excepting the It will peculiarly tend to im- great irritability and natural viopress the whole subject on our lence of her temper, of which minds, to reflect, that the scene however I have more frequentof this transaction was on one of ly witnessed the effects on oththe mountains of Moriah which ers, than experienced them of must have been Calvary or nigh myself, I have had no subject of to it. In the same place, per complaint. The great object haps, was the type exhibited, and which my aunt, till within a late the substance displayed. And period, has had constantly in in this mountain hath the Lord view, has been pleasure ; and made unto all people a feast of such' pleasures as easy circumfat things of wine on the lees ; stances,

and a

considerable of fat things full of marrow, market town, have given her and sent forth his gracious in the means af enjoying, she has vitation, Come, cat of my breach pursued with unceasing eagerand drink of the wine which I ness. Cards, company, and a have mingled, and let your soul continual suceession of engage delight itself in fatness. Amen. ments, have nearly engrossed

her whole time ; and the chief
business of her life has consisted

in forming and executing plans Fronı the Christian Observer. of amusement. But within these

two years'a very striking change Inconsistency of violent Passions has taken place in this part of with Christianity.

her character. She is no longer

devoted to the same pursuits as THOUGH I am a female, formerly. Cards are barished

and very young, yet I have from the House. Such compataken the liberty of troubling ny only are selected as are clásyou with a few lines on a point, tinguished by their serious bab. which at present occupies nruch its, atid á more than ordinary of my thoughts, and on which profession of piety. The conI am desirous of procuring versation, in which alone she some decisive information. I takes any pleasure, is entirely trust your goodness will admit of a religiours nature. Her fammy excuse, and will deem the ily are assembled to prayers subject of my letter a sufficient twice in a day; and not only apology for addressing you: the morning and afternoon ser

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vices on the Lord's Day, but the prayers, fall into a violent paslecture at night, as well as that sion with the footman, for hayon Wednesday evening are reg. ing laid the wrong table-cloth, ularly attended by her. This or for not making his spoons great alteration, I apprehend, shine so bright as he ought.-has been chiefly effected through | At another time I have known the exertions of our valuable her to break forth into expres. and exemplary rector, since | sions of vehement rage with the whose coming into the town maid for not having the tea-kettle about three years ago, a very boiling against her return from considerable improvement has afternoon service. taken place in a large portion Now, on contemplating such of the inhabitants. My aunt at scenes, the question will involfirst called him a Methodist : (untarily arise in my mind,“ Can but after some time his preach-my aunt be a true Christian ??? ing evidently began to make a The Bible plainly tells me, that deep impression on her mind, true Christians are like-minded which has, at length, terminat- with Christ. But I ask myself, ed in producing the change “ Is this the mind which was in which I have mentioned.

Christ Jesus? Is this the genBut do you know, Sir, that'leness of Christ of which St. striking as this change is, I am Paul speaks?" Our good rector half afraid that she is not yet a preached last Sunday from this true Christian. Pray, do not text, “ If any man be in Christ, deem me uncharitable for ad. he is a new creature : old things mitting such a suspicion ; but are past away ; behold, all suspend your judgment, till I things are become new.” I conhave assigned my reasons.fess I could not help applying Though my aunt is, in many the doctrine contained in this respects, so greatly altered, yet passage to my aunt. If she there is one point in which she were in Christ, she would be a continues unchanged. Her tem- new creature : and though it be per remains as irritable, her pas- true that many old things are sions as violent as they were passed away, yet while she before she became religious. I yields to these unrestrained fits almost think on some occasions and starts of passion, can it be that, in this particular, she grows said, that all things are become

The house is a contit new ? Tell me, Mr. Observer, al scene of altercation between if I ain uncharitable in my surherself and the domestics ; and misings : and show me in what the consequence is, she is so of- respect the conclusion, which I ten changing her servants, that am urged very reluctantly to no person of a good character form, is erroneous. will enter into her service. Had But before I conclude, I must you, Sir, been present at some adduce another circumstance of the scenes which I have wit- which serves very strongly to nessed, I am sure you would confirm my suspicions. My have been shocked. So ungov- aunt, I fear, does not strive to ernable is her temper, that I subdue her temper. I draw have seen her, almost immedi- this inference from the followately after rising from family I ing circumstance.

After the


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