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tants; and surely the climate and schools, think only of what the soil contain few attractions to Highlanders were, and what they strangers to come to supply their now are. I will not resume the place. A few solitary shepherds sad description of what they forand their dogs will constitute the merly were ; but I assert from inhabitants of the Highlands and personal knowledge and experiIslands. The mischief which, ence, that there is not now upon from this unhappy change, will the face of the earth, a people result to the empire at large, is more peaceable, more honest, or obvious to every man of the least more attached to the king and reflection.
constitution of their country. Are not the Highlands and Compare their character with Islands the nursery of our army? that of the peasantry of a neighFrom their health-covered moun- boring island. It is needless to tains, have not a multitude of our descend into particulars : the most gallant defenders sprung? broad facts which constitute the Men, who in every field, and in difference, are well known, and every climate, have covered the contrast is distressing. What themselves with glory? And does is the cause ? Is it not, that the our country stand in less need of inhabitants of the one country their assistance now, when a are blessed with the means of proud and violent Foe threatens education and instruction, while to invade our coasts, and deprive those of the other, uneducated, us of every thing dear and valu- and uninstructed, are left to all able to us, as men and as Chris- the dismal effects which ignotians--as citizens of the happiest, rance and superstition combined, country, blessed with the noblest produce upon the mind and chaconstitution of any on the face of racter of man? the earth?
From the schools of the SociGentlemen, is not this a time: ety, besides their happy effects when such a people should be upon the civilization and imsoothed, and by every possible, provement of the inhabitants at means encouraged in their an- large, have issued numbers qualcient and well known attachment ified by their knowledge of letto their native country? Much I ters, and still more by their good trust the wisdom of Government principles and sober and regular will see it necessary for them to habits, to rise in the army thro' do, for this most important pur- allsubordinate gradations to even pose. And ought not we in our the highests ranks, as many of several stations, to do all in our them have actually done. power to promote the same valu- From the schools of the Soci. able end? And I affirm from a ety have issued many, who in thorough knowledge of these consequence of the first principeople, that we can do nothing ples of literature imbibed in more grateful to them than to them, have been enabled to prosend to them the Scriptures in secute their studies, and to betheir native language, and schools come qualified for the places of to teach their children to read trust and consequence in civil them.
life which they now occupy. Gentlemen, to be sensible of There are present some, who the value and importance of these l from their own experience cau
bear testimony to the truth of with me it is in some measure æ these observations. And there personal cause ; because during are now in heaven thousands the best part of my life I have who give glory to God in the been intimately connected with highest, that by the Society, this Society ; for ten years as a schools were erected in the High- Director, and for fourteen more lands and Islands of Scotland. as its Secretary ;--that I have
Need I say more, Gentlemen, travelled much and labored much to prove the importance of these in its service, and that still the seminaries to individuals and to largest portion of my time and the Public at large ? I appeal to attention is devoted to it. the understanding of every man The kindly expressed sentiwho hears me, whether there ments of approbation by the Gencan be a better directed charity tlemen in the Direction, and the than to contribute to their sup- Members of the Society at large, port and to the increase of their have all along animated my exnumber?
ertions; and together with the I have spoken perhaps too consciousness of endeavoring te long, and with too much earn- promote the best interests of reestness, but your good nature ligion, and of a large body of will find an apology for me in my countrymen, have proved a the interesting nature of the sub- high reward of my otherwise ject—in this perhaps too, that gratuitous services. To the above general Account of the Society, we beg leave to subjoin the following particular Statement of its Expenditure, extracted from the Appendix to Dr. Ogilvr's Anniversary Sermon, published in February last (1802.)
THERE are upon their establishment above 300 teachers of both sexes, who give education to 15,719 children, whose 'salaries amount annually to
L.3,015 Thirteen missionary ministers and catechists in various remote districts of the Highlands and Islands; their salaries amount to
326 To the aged and superannuated, among the teachers upon their establishment, is paid, in annual pensions, a considerable sum, necessarily various, but which, at an average, is computed at
150 To six students in divinity having the Gaelic language, bursaries or annual pensions of L.15 to each,
90 The Society defray the expense of candidates coming from remote distances to Edinburgh, for examination as to their fitness for being employed as teachers, and often of their residence for some time for their improvement. The amount cannot but be various, but may safely be ese timated at
60' The expense of the books which they send to their schools for the use of the poor scholars, viz. Bibles, New Testaments, catechisms, spelling-books, and various elementary tracts, both of religion and literature, amount at an average taken from different years, to
The salaries of three of the office-bearers of the Socie. ty (and none of the other officers enjoy any emolument whatever,) viz. the Treasurer, Book-holder, and Clerk, fixed many years ago, the smallest perhaps ever given for such services, L.25 each, and that of the beadle or servant, L.12. In all
Repairs, taxes, and public burdens upon the houses of the Society, postages, stationary, and other casual expenses, averaged at
Explanation of Scriptural Tjpes. kingdom ? And are not all the NO. IX.
promises of God in him, yea,
and in him, amen? Isaac a type of CHRIST.
2. Isaac was a son of faith Fall the eminent characters and patient expectation. Abra.
which have appeared on the ham believed that he who had stage of human life, few have promised was able also to per, been introduced with so many form, who also would do it; but marks of consideration, as the long was the accomplishment patriarch Isaac. While others of the promise delayed, many have been generally introduced and insuperable to nature were without any premonitions, of the trials and discouragements him so much was predicted, of his faith ; but he staggered that long before his birth, he be- not at the promise of God, came an object of ardent ex- through unbelief, but was strong pectation. How obvious in this in faith giving glory to God respect, the parallel between Much longer was the birth of him and his great antitype the promised Saviour deferred, Christ Jesus ?-Of the particu- more numerous, abstinate and lars in which Isaac typified absolutely insuperable to reason Christ, the following are select and nature were the obstacles to ed as the most important. an accomplishment of it, yet
1. Isaac was a promised son. judging him faithful who had Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a promised, in hope and patience,
He was a promised son in did the Church wait for the consuch a peculiar manner, that this solation of Israel, until the dewas a mark of distinction, and he sire of all nations entered into was called the son of the promise-- his temple. and how soon after the apostacy 3. The conception, and the was Christ promised to the sin- birth of Isaac, were attended ning parents of mankind ? The with remarkable circumstances ; seed of the woman shall bruise and eminently so were the conthe serpent's head. How many ception and the birth of the and illustrious were the promis- Lord Jesus Christ. es which went before his birth, 4. Before the birth of the concerning his person, work, promised son his parents were and his glorious and eternal directed to call his name Isaac;
joy, gladness and great was the braham must officiate as priest, joy of Abraham and Sarah at his and he stretched forth his hand birth; and before the birth of 'to take the knife ; and when Christ his parents were directed Christ was to be made sin for to call his name JESUS, for he us, his Father must immolate should save his people from their him on the altar of justice, and sing, and great was the joy in he said, Awake, O sword, against heaven and on earth when a the man that is my fellow. multitude of the heavenly host (7.) Abrahain accounted that praised God, and said, Glory to God was able to raise Isaac from Govin the highest, on earth peace, the dead, from whence also good will to men.
he received him in a figure ; 5. Eminently did Isaac typi- and God raised up his son Jefy Christ in being offered in sac-sus, that his holy one might not rifice. To illustrate this, mark see corruption. the resemblance between them. (8.) After this symbolic trans
(1.) Isaac was the only and action, Isaac returned to his. affectionately beloved son of his place; and when Christ by one parents ; and Christ was the offering had purged our sins, he only begotten and beloved son ascended on high, to heaven of his Father, was daily his de- from whence he came, and for light, rejoicing always before ever sits down on
the right him.
hand of the majesty on high. (2.) Necessity was laid upon (9.) In offering up Isaac, Abraham by the command of Abraham gave the most deci-God, to offer up Isaac his son ; sive evidence of love to God; and it was of absolute necessity and God commendeth his love that Christ should die, the just to us, in that when we were sinfor the unjust to bring sinners ners and without strength, to Cod. If there had been a Christ died for us. law which could have given (10.) For the obedience of life, verily righteousness should Abraham, God renewed his have come by the law.
promise and said, By myself (3.) When Abraham was have I sworn, saith the Lord, tried, he withheld not his son, that in blessing I will bless thee, his only son ; and so God spar- and in multiplying I will multied not his own son, but delivered ply thy seed as the stars of heahim
up for us all, that with him ven, and thy seed shall possess he might freely give us all the gates of his enemies; and things richly to enjoy.
in thy seed shall all the nations, (4.) Isaac had committed no of the earth be blessed, and beparticular crime for which he cause Christ humbled himself was to suffer ; and Christ, who and became obedient unto death, did no sin, offered himself as a even the death of the cross, lamb without spot to God. God hath highly exalted him
(5.) Isaac bore the wood on and given him name which is which he was to be offered as above every name, that at the the victim ; and Christ bore the name of Jesus every knee shall cross on which he was to ex. bow-hath promised that he piate the guilt of the world. shall see of the travail of his soul (6.) In offering up Isaac, A-l and be satisfied that a seed Vol. VI. NO. 7.
culcated, were enforced, notonly ration, of repentance, faith and by arguments drawn from rea- good works; the importance of son and revelation, but by the holiness in believers as an evi. weight and authority of an il-dence of grace, and preparatory Justrious example of true piety. for future glory ; and the cerHe manifested that he felt the tainty that all true saints will be force of them on his own mind, kept by the power and grace of and that what he taught he fully God, through faith unto salvabelieved. He went in and out tion, were doctrinal truths which before his flock, evidently in the he believed, taught, and enfor fear of the Lord, keeping him- ced. He stood boldly in de, self unspotted from the world, fence of the gospel, and endeavand carefully abstaining from ored, with wisdom and prudence every appearance of evil. His to declare the whole counsel of whole life was a standing testi- God, rightly dividing the word of mony against the enemies of truth, and giving to each one a Christ, and in favor of pure portion in due season. In preachand vital religion. In every do- ing, he was solemn, pungent and mestic relation in which he engaged-in prayer, devout and stood, he was faithful, kind and fervent-in conversation instrucaffectionate. As one set to tive in counsel, judicious-in watch for souls, he was faithful, hospitality, rich. zealous and laborious. He spar
His constitution was naturally ed no pains to promote the cause
firm, and had never been essenof his divine Master, and the ially impaired by sickness until salvation of sinners. On every he was attacked by the fatal mal, favorable occasion, he spake a word for him whose servant he and his life. This attack, at
ady, which terminated his labors, was; and the dilgent attention first, not formidable and alarmhe paid to the state of his flock, ing, by degrees assumed a more evinced his willingness to spend, threatening aspect, till it put a and be spent for the good of period to his life, September souls. Neither were his labors
19th, 1804. confined to his own particular flock; but, with a ready mind,
In the death of this truly exhe assisted his brethren on prop
cellent and worthy man, his famer and various occasions.
ily have sustained an irreparable He faithfully consulted the loss, and the church and people oracles of divine truth, that from
over whom the Holy Ghost had this source he might' learn the made him an overseer, a most will of God, and the doctrines
severe frown of Providence, which he taught. And what he Yea, in him a bright star is exclearly conceived to be divine tinguished, and a pillar fallen in truth, from faithfully searching the house of God. the holy scriptures, he shunned During the first part of his not to declare.
sickness, which continued severDivine' sovereignty and de- al months, he was greatly op crees, man's absolute depend-pressed with doubts and fears ence on God, election, the total concerning his spiritual state.. moral depravity of the human Clearer evidence of grace, and heart, the necessity of regene- a greater degree of holiness