end God only knows. I have , into the question, how far the reason to fear, that I shall be preservation of that ancient diacast off with the present wicked lect of the Celtic, the language generation. Almost all of my of our forefathers, the primitive standing in life, appear to be inhabitants of this Island, is an travelling to a world of woe. object of just desire. Most go on merrily as if they 1 It is the earnest wish of many had a paradise in prospect ; but wise and good men, that the I find a melancholy journey of whole inhabitants of Great Bri: it; and am, notwithstanding, so tain and Ireland should speak in foolish as obstinately to pursue the same tongue, and be perfectit. I see more of the folly of itly understood by one another in than others, and am I fear, on their mutual intercourse ;-my that account, more guilty in ad- sentiment on this point differs hering to it. When I compare not from theirs. But surely while my outward behavior with that the Celtic, whether in the Irish, of others, I am apt to look on Welch, or Gaelic dialects, is the myself as less guilty than many. existing language of great bodies But when I look at my heart, of remote and ignorant people, no my secret sins, my hypocrisy, wise and good man will refuse to breach of covenant, misimprove- give them the means of instrucment of light, and the influencestion in the only language in which of the Holy Spirit, of privileges, they are capable of receiving it. ordinances, and providences, I And of all the means and modes apprehend myself among the of conveying instruction and imgreatest sinners that ever meet provement, in religion, in-morals, the boundless mercy of God. and civilization, the Scriptures How necessary is the power of are, without doubt, the best and God in conversion! How com- most effectual. In the Highlands pletely have I ruined myself!) of Scotland it is computed that How dead am I in trespasses 335,000 people speak the Gaeand sins dead to holiness, but lic language, and that of these alive to sin! A most miserable 300,000 cannot understand a disdeath, and a most miserable life!” I course, or a book written in En(To be continued.)


Proceeding upon this idea, From the Religious Monitor. our Society as soon as public

and private benevolence enabled Account of the Society in Scot-them to do so, translated and . land for Propagating Christian published the holy Scriptures in Knowledge.

the Gaelic language. But this (Concluded from p. 240) they could not do at once ; the m o one other object, which at work was great and expensive.

I present is matter of great They published the Bible at difsolicitude to our Society, I beg | ferent periods, and in detached leave for a moment to call the portions : in the year 1767 the attention of this large and most New Testament in Gaelic by itrespectable company ; and that self; and in various successive is, a proposed new edition of the years, and in separate volumes, Bible in the Gaelic language, the several books of the Old Tes• Gentlemen, I will not enter | tament.

In 1796, the first edition of the comprehend a book written, or New Testament being exhaust- a continued discourse spoken in ed, they published another, con- any other. sisting of twenty thousand copies. | Gentlemen, I speak not upon And now, some of the first print- mere information : I have traed volumes of the Old Testa- velled in the service of the Sociement are so much reduced in ty through every part of the number, that they will scarcely Highlands and Islands, and have supply the urgent demands of preached to congregations con: the Highlands in general, and sisting of many hundreds, who, of our own schools in particular, from curiosity, flocked together till a new edition can be printed. to see and hear a strange minis

The Society have it much at ter; but of whom perhaps not heart to furnish to their country-above a dozen in each, undermen in the Highlands this much stood what he said. desired work: but their own | What benevolent heart would funds, as may easily be collected not rejoice to be instrumental in from what I have already said, sending to so numerous a people, are utterly inadequate to the ex- and these our fellow citizens, the pense. The new impression, it Word of God in their native lanis proposed, shall consist of guage, and at such a rate, as the twenty thousand copies : the cal- poorest among them can afford ? culation of the expense of which, Who that is guided by a spark in printing and paper, given in of humanity, would not wish to by the Printer, amounts to convey to successive generations 22841, 168, The Members and of many thousands of children, Officers of the Society have con- this best and most effectual tributed according to their abili. means of instruction and imty, and were their subscriptions provement in every thing valuato be made known, there are few ble and important, whether rewho would not deem them libe- / garding man as a member of hural. Many among the opulent man society, or a being destined and well disposed of their coun- for immortality ? trymen, have joined them in this One circumstance claims pargood work. Near one half of the ticular attention at present. sum required, is now subscribed From a variety of combined for; but above eleven hundred causes, unnecessary to be enupounds are still wanting. Yet, merated, a rage for emigration notwithstandingthe Society to America has for some years with that trust in Providence and prevailed through the Highlands in the benevolence of the Public, and Islands. Instead of diminin which they have never been ishing, it continues to increase. deceived, have begun the work. It is computed by those who They feel the importance of has- have best access to information, tening it forward for the accom- that at least twenty thousand modation of no less than three people are engaged to cross the hundred and thirty-five thousand Atlantic during the course of the persons, of whom it is computed present season. Should this disthat three hundred thousand un-position remain, these countries derstand no other language than will, ere many years elapse, be the Gaelic, or at least cannot | deprived of their native inhabitants; and surely the climate and schools, think only of what the soil contain few attractions to Highlanders were, and what they strangers to come to supply their now are. I will not resume the place. A few solitary shepherds sad description of what they forand their dogs will constitute the merly were ; but I assert from inhabitants of the Highlands and personal knowledge and experiIslands. The mischief which, ence, that there is not now upon from this unhappy change, will the face of the earth, a people result to the empire at large, is more peaceable, more honest, or obvious to every man of the least more attached to the king and reflection."

constitution of their country. · Are not the Highlands and Compare their character with Islands the nursery of our army? that of the peasantry of a neighFrom their health-covered moun- | boring island. It is needless to tains, have not a multitude of our descend into particulars : the most gallant defenders sprung? | broad facts which constitute the Men, who in every field, and in difference, are well known, and every climate, have covered the contrast is distressing. What themselves with glory? And does is the cause ? Is it not, that the our country stand in less need of inhabitants of the one country their assistance now, when a are blessed with the means of proud and violent Foe threatens education and instruction, while to invade our coasts, and deprive | those of the other, uneducated, us of every thing dear and valu- and uninstructed, are left to all able to us, as men and as Chris-the dismal effects which ignotiansmas citizens of the happiest, rance and superstition combined, country, blessed with the noblest produce upon the mind and chaconstitution of any on the face of racter of man ? the earth?

From the schools of the SociGentlemen, is not this a time ety, besides their happy effects vhen such a people should be upon the civilization and im. soothed, and by every possible. provement of the inhabitants at means encouraged in their an- large, have issued numbers qualcient and well known attachment ified by their knowledge of letto their native country ? Much I ters, and still more by their good trust the wisdom of Government principles and sober and regular will see it necessary for them to habits, to rise in the army thro' do, for this most important pur allsubordinate gradations to even pose. And ought not we in our the highests ranks, as many of several stations, to do all in our them have actually done. power to promote the same valu- From the schools of the Sociable end? And I affirm from aety have issued many, who in thorough knowledge of these consequence of the first principeople, that we can do nothing ples of literature imbibed in more grateful to them than to them, have been enabled to prosend to them the Scriptures in secute their studies, and to be. their native language, and schools come qualified for the places of to teach their children to read trust and consequence in civil them.

life which they now occupy, Gentlemen, to be sensible of There are present some, who the value and importance of these l from their own experience, cau

bear testimony to the truth of with me it is in some measure a these observations. And there personal cause ; because during are now in heaven thousands the best part of my life I have who give glory to God in the been intimately connected with highest, that by the Society, this Society ; for ten years as a schools were erected in the High- Director, and for fourteen more lands and Islands of Scotland. as its Secretary ;-that I have

Need I say more, Gentlemen, travelled much and labored much to prove the importance of these in its service, and that still the seminaries to individuals and to largest portion of my time and the Public at large ? I appeal to attention is devoted to it. the understanding of every man The kindly expressed sentiwho hears me, whether there ments of approbation by the Gencan be a better directed charity tlemen in the Direction, and the than to contribute to their sup- Members of the Society at large, port and to the increase of their have all along animated my exnumber?

ertions; and together with the I have spoken perhaps too consciousness of endeavoring te long, and with too much earn- promote the best interests of reestness, but your good nature ligion, and of a large body of will find an apology for me in my countrymen, have proved a the interesting nature of the sub- high reward of my otherwise ject—in this perhaps too, that gratuitous services. To the above general Account of the Society, we beg leave to subjoin the following particular Statement of its Expenditure, extracted from the Appendix to Dr. Ogiltr's Anniversary Sermon, fublished in February last ( 1802.)

THERE are upon their establishment above 300 teachers of both sexes, who give education to 15,719 children, . whose salaries amount annually to ..

L.3,015 Thirteen missionary ministers and catechists in various remote districts of the Highlands and Islands; their sal- .' aries amount to . . . . . . .

326 To the aged and superannuated, among the teachers upon their establishment, is paid, in annual pensions, a considerable sum, necessarily various, but which, at an average, is computed at .

150 To six students in divinity having the Gaelic language, bursaries or annual pensions of L.15 to each, .

The Society defray the expense of candidates coming from remote distances to Edinburgh, for examination as to their fitness for being employed as teachers; and often of their residence for some time for their improvement. The amount cannot but be various, but may safely be estimated at

. . . . . . . . The expense of the books which they send to their schools for the use of the poor scholars, viz. Bibles, New Testaments, catechisms, spelling-books, and various elementary tracts, both of religion and literature, amount at an average taken from different years, to



.: The salaries of three of the office-bearers of the Socie-...

ty (and none of the other officers enjoy any emolument whatever,) viz. the Treasurer, Book-holder, and Clerk, fixed many years ago, the smallest perhaps ever given for such services, L.25 each, and that of the beadle or servant, L.12. In all . . . . . ..

Repairs, taxes, and public burdens upon the houses of the Society, postages, stationary, and other casual expenses, averaged at



Explanation of Scriptural Types. kingdom? And are not all the

promises of God in him, yea,

and in him, amen? Isaac a type of Christ.

1 2. Isaac was a son of faith Fall the eminent characters and patient expectation. Abra: U which have appeared on the ham believed that he who had stage of human life, few have promised was able also to per, been introduced with so many form, who also would do it ; but marks of consideration, as the long was the accomplishment patriarch Isaac. While others of the promise delayed, many have been generally introduced and insuperable to nature were without any premonitions, of the trials and discouragements him so much was predicted, of his faith ; but he staggered that long before his birth, he be- not' at the promise of God, came an object of ardent ex- through unbelief, but was strong pectation. How obvious in this in faith giving glory to God respect, the parallel between Much longer was the birth of him and his great antitype the promised Saviour deferred, Christ Jesus ?-Of the particu- more numerous, obstinate and lars in which Isaac 'typified absolutely insuperable to reason Christ, the following are select- and nature were the abstacles to ed as the most important. an accomplishment of it, yet

1. Isaac was a promised son, judging him faithful who had Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a promised, in hope and patience, son. He was a promised son in did the Church wait for the consuch a peculiar manner, that this solation of Israel, until the de. was a mark of distinction, and he sire of all nations entered into was called the son of the promise.. his temple. and how soon after the apostacy 3. The conception, and the was Christ promised to the sin- birth of Isaac, were attended ning parents of mankind ? The with remarkable circumstances ; seed of the woman shall bruise and eminently so were the conthe serpent's head. How many ception and 'the birth of the and illustrious were the promis- Lord Jesus Christ. es which went before his birth, 4. Before the birth of the concerning his person, work, promised son his parents were and his glorious and eternal directed to call his name Isaac;


« VorigeDoorgaan »