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tunity to have taken him if and left him in their power, to they had been disposed for it, mock, to scourge, and to crucify or had not been restrained by him. He now neglected to insome invisible influence that terpose and rescue him, as the set time for his sufferings though he had forsaken and had not before come, and there- abandoned him. Nor do I see fore they were not permitted to any inconsistency in the supposeize upon him
; but that the sition, that God at the same time time was now come, and there withheld from his human soul fore God no longer restrained the comfortable and cheering them, but withheld the restraints discoveries and manifestations they had before been under, and of his special delight in him. permitted them with the power Though the Father was with of darkness, or under the influ- him to help him, so that he ence of that power, to proceed might successfully finish what to execute their wicked and cru- he had undertaken ; yet he was el designs that God now left not with him as a deliverer, to him in their hands.
rescue him from his enemies All the preceding part of and prevent his death. In this Christ's life, his enemies had respect he forsook him, accordo been prevented from executing ing to the import of those words their cruel designs upon him.-long before spoken by David his His heavenly Father had con- | type and in his name," My stantly guarded and defended God, my God, why hast thou him. Even when his life was forsaken me? why art thou sa sought by Herod in his early far from helping me, and from childhood, by the express order the words of my roaring ?" of God, he was carried into Psalm xxii. I. Egypt. But now the set time Now since Christ was a difor his becoming an offering and vine person, of greater dignity a sacrifice being come, instead and worth than the whole creaof being preserved, as before, tion; and since all that he suffrom the will and power of his fered he suffered for the sins of enemies, he was by God's deter- men ; it is plain that God by minate counsel delivered into treating him and forsaking him, their hands, and left in their in the manner above described, power, to mock, to scourge, and manifested and expressed great to crucify-to do what God's displeasure and wrath against the hand and counsel had determin- sins of mankind. And since these ed before to be done. In this terrible sufferings, which prorespect he was now forsaken by ceeded from, and were expreshis God, and continued to be sions and effects of God's wrath, thus forsaken by him, till he ex-fell upon Christ, it is natural to pired on the cross. Though his conclude, that thereby was excitFather was with him, to supported in his human soul such an his human soul under his dread- awful view, such an overbearing ful sufferings, and to enable him and excruciating sensation of to become perfectly obedient the dreadful wrath of God, as even unto death ; yet, as a right- no mere creature ever experieous Judge, he delivered him enced. into the hands of his enemies, Some seem to think there is
an inconsistency in supposing,
Q. and R.
IR, do not see, that God's impressing on the human soul of Christ a the opinion, that Christ is more most distressing sense of his friendly to the salvation of sin. dreadful wrath against the sins ners, than God the Father? of men, is any more inconsist- R. Rightly viewed, they do ent with his perfect love to and not. Yet an idea or feeling of delight in him, than his deliver this kind, may probably have ing up his body to the excruci- been sometimes occasioned, by ating pains of the cross is incon- partial views of what the scrip sistent therewith. But the lat-tures exhibit, of the different ter we know he has done, and characters or offices which the that too, to manifest his displea- Father and the Son sustain, and sure against sin : why then the different parts which they should we make any difficulty have to act, for the consistent in believing the former, espe- accomplishment of the great bu. cially as it appears otherwise siness of man's redemption and impossible to account for the salvation. manner in which he was affect- Q. Will you be more explied, and the words and expres- cit, and more particularly explain sions which he himself uttered? what you have now suggested ?
4. If Christ s ffered the R. To effect the great and im. wrath of God, as explained un- portant object of man's salvation, der the foregoing particulars, in a way consistent with the honthen, if we do not lose sight of or of God and the best good of the infinite dignity, worth and his moral kingdom, the scripimportance of the person of the tures exhibit God in the person sufferer, I think there will be of the Father, as sustaining the no difficulty in conceiving, that character and acting in the propGod's infinite displeasure against er form of God, to assert and sin, and other things in connec- stand for the rights of the Godtion therewith, are as fully inan- head to see to it, that the auifested and rendered as unex. thority of the divine law, and the ceptionably evident, as the pun- honor and energy of the divine ishment of sinners would have government, are properly mainmade them, in case there had tained and fully supported, and been no atonement. And con- sin properly discountenanced and sequently, the purposes design-condemned, and the divine dised to have been answered by the pleasure against it clearly expunishment of sinners, are as pressed by some substitute for effectually answered by the suf- the penalty of the law, which ferings of Christ; to be sure, will as effectually answer these in regard to all those who cordi- purposes, as the execution of ally believe in him.
The curse on the transgressors (To be continued.)
themselves. The Father is ex. Son were originally very differhibited as requiring and accept- ently affected towards them-as ing satisfaction or an atonement though the Father was their enfor sin, made by the sufferings emy, whilst the Son had the of Christ, and a righteousness most friendly and compassionate wrought by his perfect obedience feelings towards them, and interin our behalf. And God, in the posed, by his obedience and sufperson of the Son, is exhibited ferings in their stead, to soften as interposing as a Mediator be- the severity of his Father's distween God and sinful men, to position towards them, to apbring about a reconciliation ; and pease his wrath, and procure for for this purpose, as assuming them pardon, peace and happithe human nature, taking on him ness. And hence, again, some the form of a servant, and ap- probably think that they are pearing in the likeness of men, pleased with the character of and obeying and suffering, to Christ, and really love him, make an atonement for our sins, whilst they feel no delight or saand bring in everlasting right-tisfaction in God, or are even eousness for our justification ; conscious, that they have no real and in consequence of his every love to him ; but that their hearts way sufficient and perfectly ac- are rather inclined to rise against ceptable obedience and sacrifice, him. as exalted in heaven, and appear- Q. Are not these and suching in the presence of God as like ideas, thoughts and feelings, an advocate with the Father, not only erroneous, but also of and vested with full powers to hurtful or dangerous tendency? complete the redemption and sal- R. To me it appears clear vation of men, for which he laid that they are so. God the Faa foundation by his obedience ther has the same good will tounto death. He is therefore pre-wards men with God the Son. sented to view, in the endearing Thoşe, in some sense, different 'character of a Mediator, Re- views, which the scriptures exdeemer and Saviour, and of an hibit, of the Father and the Son, advocate and intercessor for us, are owing to the different offiwho hath so loved us, as to shed ces they respectively hold, and his blood, to lay down his life, for the different parts they have to us to give himself for us an act, in the great affair of man's offering and a sacrifice to God salvation ; and not to any differfor a sweet smelling savor. And ence of disposition, feeling, or the Father, as being so well affection, originally, in the Fapleased and satisfied with his ther and the Son, towards sin obedience and sufferings, that in and sinners. And whilst the consideration thereof, he freely Father is exhibited, as supportforgives and saves all those who ing the rights of the Godhead, believe in him. Hence, it is and the honor and authority of probable, that sinful men, some- the divine law and government, times at least, not duly regard- and hating and punishing sin; ing the whole representation con- and the Son, as the compassiontained in the scriptures, take up ate Redeemer and Saviour of an idea, and indulge a feeling, sinners, at the amazing expense as though the Father and the of his own obedience and blood;
special care is taken, to have it tor, showed no inclination to fastated, and declared in the most vor sinners to the dishonor of plain, express and decisive lan- God, or to the prejudice of his guage, that all that Christ doth law, and authority ; nor the least for the salvation of men, is ac- desire that they should be excording to the will of God the empted from the curse of the Father, and in execution of his law without such an atonement eternal
purpose. Yea, the as, in regard to them who bewhole plan and work of redemp- lieve and are saved, answers the tion are abundantly represented same purpose, which their sufin the scriptures, as originating fering would otherwise have anwith God, in his free love and swered. And though, acting as self-moved goodness. “God so the Redeemer and Saviour of loved the world, that he
his sinners, he expresses infinite only begotten Son, that whoso-benevolence and mercy towards ever believeth in him should not them ; yet this same Jesus, perish, but have everlasting when he comes to act the part life.” “ He loved us, and sent of the supreme and final Judge, his Son to be the propitiation in passing the last decisive senfor our sins." “ Christ also tence, and distributing rewards loved us and gave himself for and punishments, will clearly us.” Thus do the Father and prove by his conduct, that he the Son perfectly coincide in hath the same hatred of sin their love to mankind. Nor has with the Father, and the same Christ ever done, nor will he do, disposition to punish it, when a single thing in accomplishing necessary, according to its deour redemption and salvation, merit. but according to the will of God It is therefore a great misthe Father. And God's becom-take, and directly contrary to ing the Father of believers, by the plainly revealed truth, to adopting them in Christ, is the think or feel, as though God the effect of his own free purpose Father was not as benevolently and choice, according to the disposed towards sinful mankind, good pleasure of his will. Eph. as his Son Jesus Christ ; or as i. 1-6. Nothing is or can be though any were under greater more evident and certain, ac- obligations to the Son than to cording to the scriptures, than the Father, for their salvation, that the Father and the Son have and particularly, as though the the same disposition towards Father's good will towards us mankind, the same good will, was caused, procured, or purthe same benevolence and com-chasedby Christ's obedience and passion that they are equally sufferings. And if any think or disposed and engaged to effect persuade themselves, that they their redemption and salvation, are well affected and friendly to and equally opposed to their Christ, and trust in him, whilst sins, and equally resolved, that they are in heart unreconciled the honor and authority of the and opposed to God and his law, divine character, law and gov- they deceive themselves with ernment, shall, at all events, be a false persuasion. All suchperfectly supported. Accord-like ideas and feelings are deingly, Christ, acting as Media-Iceitful and delusive, and direct.
ly tend to render or keep those and giving him glory. But who admit them, blind to their while creatures and worlds had own true character and state. no existence but in his omnis.
cience and purpose, there was nothing beside himself to attract
his love and be a motive of acGod in absolute sovereignty seeks tion. He was the only being in his own glory.
the universe ;. and on him, if
other beings and things should ELF existence, eternity, in-be made, they would entirely
finite wisdom and almighty depend. In determining to crepower are essential to God. And ate them, all that he consulted omnipotence implies absolute so- was his own glory, the satisfacvereignty. It cannot be con- tion of his own benevolence, and trolled. God's prerogative is to the fulfilling of the counsel of his do “according to his will in the own wisdom. It was with him to army of heaven, and among the say, Shall creatures be made ? In inhabitants of the earth : and what form shall they have being? none can stay his hand, or say And to what end shall they tende? unto him, what doest thou ?” According to his own pleasure
Whatever his wisdom dictates, he determined their existence, or his will determines, his pow. their respective natures and proer performs. He acts wholly perties, and ordained the laws.by according to his own pleasure, which they were to be govern. and does all things to his owned. In fixing the whole plan or glory. For himself he gave ex- scheme of creation and provi: istence to worlds, creatures and dence he regarded only his own things. And he governs, and will and the glory of his own disposes of them to the honor of name. his own name. “Of him, and The
same supreme motive through him, and to him, are all governs the execution of his things; to whom be glory for purposes and decrees. He is ever.”
unchangeable in his being and Before the worlds were made counsels; “with whom is no he possessed infinite fulness, and variableness nor shadow of turnhad no need of creatures to add ing." Since creatures exist they to his, being, exaltation or hap- are all his, and he does as he piness. Unlimited in every per- will with his own. His will is fection his immensity is immea- alway good, just and wise. He surable, and can neither be in- delights in his creatures as works greased nor diminished. It it an of his hands. When he had eternal fulness, an infinitude of made the world and had crebeing, dignity and felicity. ated man, he saw what he had
His motive to create other be done that it was very good. ings originated in his sovereign The scheme of his governbenevolence. He was pleased to ment is perfect. He is prepared contemplate creatures as deriv- for all, events, and is ever ready ing existence from himself, sub- to do what will be for his glory, ject to his disposal, and accord- The fall of man was foreseen, ing to their varying capacities and mercy, was ready to interacknowledging their dependence pose to accomplish the purpose