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day indeed a happy New Year. strengthen and beautify the
Would miserable hypocrites, house? What joy would there who have a name to live while be in heaven ? What joy athey are dead, properly consid-mong the saints, and returning er their danger: That while the prodigals on earth ? How would Father purges all such branches glory be given to God in the in Christ as bear fruit, and caus-highest ? Shall we not all therees them to bear more fruit, he fore unite our importunate, intakes all those branches away cessant prayers, and persevering which bear nonet : That now exertions thus to cleanse, enthe ax is laid to the root of the large and strengthen the sanctutrees, and that every tree there- ary
? fore which bringeth not forth These, generous readers, are good fruit is hewn down and the happy purposes, which we cast into the firef: That even the editors wish and pray to this year, they may be cut a- subserve. These are the medsunder, and have their portion itations, views, exercises and assigned them, with their fellow resolutions with which we wish deceivers, in the pit where there to begin the year ourselves, and isno redemption, and now repent which we wish to excite and and become Christians indeed, promote in you. Great indeed how would this cleanse the sanct- have been the goodness and foruary ? How would this wipe bearance of our heavenly Father away the spots in our holy towards us, in sparing us anothfeasts? How joyfully might we er year, and especially in the six then hail the day when the Ca- successive years in which we paanite shall be no more in the have been allowed to address house of the Lord|| ? When the and congratulate you on the rename of the city shall be, THE turn of the New Year. We LORD IS THERE* ?
acknowledge bis kind providence Would thoughtless, secure in the success which he hath sinners, who have spent all their given to this magazine; and feel years in vanity and sin, and our obligations exceedingly inhave always been despising the creased to live wholly to him, riches of the divine goodness, and to employ all our powers forbearance and" long-suffering, and opportunities to his glory, and after their hardness and im- and to serve our generation acpenitent heart, been treasuring cording to his will. While we up unto themselves, wrath a congratulate you, generous readgainst the day of wrath, anders, on the return of a New revelation of the righteous judo- Year, and express our grateful ment of God, now so think up- acknowledgments to on their ways as to turn their who have been the encourfeet unto God's testimonies, and agers and supporters of this to make haste, and delay not to work, we wish to make you in keep his commandments, how return the most ample and lastwould this cleanse, enlarge, ing compensation. But with
silver and gold we can never † Johnxy. 2. Matth. iii. 10. compensate you. We pray to Zecheriah xiv. 21,
God to be enabled to do it with * Ezek, Hi. 35.
that which is far more valuable ;
to sit together in heavenly : Q
To be helpers of your faith and A Dissertation on the Atonement,
(Continued from page 222.]
UERY II. Did Christ suf. ces in Christ Jesus ; to shine fer the same evils, in kind as monuments of the Redeem- and degree, which sinners must er's love and glory, more pre- have suffered, if he had not died cious and beautiful than gold, for them? when the pillars of brass and It is not pretended that Christ marble shall be mouldered away, suffered as great a degree of and the sun shall have lost his quantity of misery, as the everlustre. And shall we for this lastiog punishment of all those purpose add, that these are ex- for whom he made atonementy ercises which are always, in a would have been. Neverthegreater or less degree matter of less, no solid objection can from duty, to which we are obligated thence be raised against the sufby the perfections, the com- ficiency of his atonement. For mands, the patience and good as in regard to his obedience, ness of God; and especially, at so likewise in regard to bis sufthe commencement of the year : ferings, it may justly be observ. That they give peace and joyed, that the infinite dignity and to the soul ; that they will glo- worth of his person added an imrify God, and cause others to portance and worth to both the glorify him, while they behold one and the other, of which they your good works shining before would otherwise have been desthem. Such a beginning of titute. And with respect to the your years, will have great influ- kind of evil suffered by Christ, ence, through the grace of God, it is obvious that he did not, in to prepare you for the duties and every particular, suffer the same events which are before you ; to evil in kind, which those who give you peace and triumph in are saved by him must have sufyour last hours ; to add lustre fered, to your crowns, and fulness to Christ nerer felt the stings of your joys, when time and years a guilty conscience, with which shall be no more. With what sinners will be tormented in the earnestness therefore should we state of punishment. : Nor have plead with you thus to begin the we any reason to think, that he year? Were you the fruit of ever experienced the distresses our own bodies, were this, as it of total despair, which will doubtindeed may be, our last address less be a very aggravating ingreto you, what could we recoin-dient in the torments of the dammend more in character, more ned. This, however, doth not interesting or beneficial to your at all affect the sufficiency of selves, more for the divine hon- the atonement, provided his sufor, or for the prosperity of Zion ? /ferings manifest the same things If therefore you love yourselves, and effectually answer the same your Redeemer, or the house of ends, that were otherwise to have God, we plead with you, by all been answered by the punishmeans, on this first day of the ment of sinners. If the same first month, to arise and cleanse ends are as effectually answerile sanctuary. AMEN.
ed, it is immaterial whether they
are answered by Christ's suffer- sel had determined before to be ing precisely the same evils in done. Acts ii. 23, and iv. 27, kind, or those which are in 28. And the prophet Isaiah some respects different. tells us expressly, “ It pleased
But the query, to which we the Lord to bruise. him ; he hath are attending, was especially de- put him to grief.” And another signed to have it considered, prophet introduces God, as givwhether Christ suffered the ing the order for his execution wrath of God. Mankind, if no in these words, “ Awake, O atonement had been made, were sword, against my shepherd, and to suffer the wrath of God ; but against the man that is my
fel. did Christ suffer this? I answer, low, saith the Lord of hosts : he did in some sense, though smite the shepherd, and the not precisely in the same sense sheep shall be scattered."-But in all respects, that sinners were it is needless to multiply quoto suffer it. But to contribute tations. It is plain that the sufsomething towards setting this ferings of Christ were designed matter in a just light, I would by God, and inflicted according observe the following things. to his purpose. The cup which
1. God never was angry or he drank, was the cup which his displeased with Christ; nor have Father gave him. He spand we any reason to think, that not his own Son, but delivered Christ ever viewed him as being him up, that is, to the death of so ; but much to the contrary. the cross. Whereas. God is highly dis- Such dreadful sufferings as pleased with sinners. His an- those to which Christ was delive ger against them is exceedingly ered up by God, and which he great, and in the state of pun: underwent according to the deishment, if not before, they will sign, and in conformity to the have a very distressing and tor- will of tỊe Father, are certainly menting sense of his wrath a- effects and expressions of great gainst them. In this respect they displeasure in God against someare to suffer the wrath of God thing. His treating his Son in in such a sense as Christ did such a manner, and delivering not. But
him up to such dreadful suffer2. Christ suffered those things ings, are a full proof of great inwhich proceeded from and were dignation and wrath. The scripexpressions of God's wrath: he tures assure us, that he was well suffered the effects of God's dis- pleased with his Son. They alpleasure and wrath against sin. so assure us, that Christ was de
Though Christ suffered vol- livered up for us that he suf, ụntarily, or by his own free con- fered for sins, the just for the sent, he nevertheles suffered unjust. Therefore the displeaaccording to the will and com- sure of God, expressed by the mand of God. All the suffer- sufferings of Christ, had for its ings which wicked men were object the sins of men. Those instrumental in inflicting upon dreadful sufferings, to which he him, took place according to the delivered up his own Son, were determinate counsel and fore- effects and expressions of his knowledge of God, and were no wrath against sinners, for whom more than God's hand and coun-Christ became a sacrifice. It is VOL. VI. NO. 7.
evident, then, that Christ did | actually gone through as great suffer those evils, which are the bodily sufferings, as Christ eneffect, which proceeded from and dured from the hands of men, were expressive of the wrath of not merely without amazement, God. And in this sense it may, terror or distress of mind, but with propriety, be said, that he with unshaken fortitude, exulsuffered the wrath of God. tation and triumph. But in the Again,
passages now recited, we find 3. It appears difficult, if not words made use of, relative to impossible, to account for the the state of Christ's human soul manner in which Christ was af- in the near prospect of his suffected, without admitting that he ferings, naturally expressive of had an enlarged view, and an great amazement and astonishextremely painful sense of the ment, and the most extreme anwrath of God against the sins of guish. From his own declaramen, for which he suffered. tion we learn, that his soul was
In the near prospect of his pressed with sorrow unto death sufferings, we are told, “ He be- -a mortal, a deadly sorrow, gan to be sore ainazed, and to be which would issue in his death: very heavy"_éxbau@tobal sejád We find, that although an anspoveñv. to be greatly astonished gel was sent from heaven to or afrighted, as one that is thun strengthen him, yet the agony derstruck, and extremely dis- of his mind was so extreme, as tressed. He therefore said, “My to force his blood through the soul is exceeding sorrowful un- pores of his body in such large to death”-Tegínotos èws Javalo. quantities, that in great drops, The distress and anguish of his it fell down to the ground. We sont was like the agonies of death, find that these things took place, and such as would issue in it, before his bodily sufferings such as would kill him. Mark from the hands of men began, xiv. 33, 34. After thus declar- and even before he was appreing his mortal sorrow, he with hended and taken into custody drew a small distance from his by his enemies. Now is it posdisciples, and prayed his Father, sible to account for the unparthough with perfect resignation, alleled sufferings and agony to remove that cup from him. of Christ's soul, without admitWhereupon, as we are inform- ting the influence of some exed by Luke, “ There appeared traordinary and peculiarly pow. an angel unto him from heaven, erful cause ? The view and prosstrengthening him. And being pect of the bodily pains and in an agony, he prayed more ear-deathwhich he was about to nestly: and his sweat was as it undergo, do not appear to be a were great drops of blood falling cause sufficient for the producdown to the ground.” So great tion of such amazement and was the agony, the distress and extreme distress and anguish of ánguish of his soul, that his blood soul : because mere men have was pressed through the pores endured not only the near prosof his body.
pect, but even the reality, of as Many Christian martyrs lave great corporeal or bodily suffernot only expected, but, so far asings, without any such-like concould be visible to men, have I sternation and distress of mind
-without such sorrow in their bare thought, or certain prossouls. How then, can we ac- pect, of being mocked and count for the manner in which scourged and spit upon and cruChrist's soul was affected, and cified by men, could produce that even before his bodily suf- such unparalleled distress and ferings began, without admitting agony, and mortal sorrow, in that God did, in some way or the perfectly holy soul of the other, excite in his human soul Son of God, whilst conscious of a most distressing and overbear- and sensibly enjoying the aping sensation of his great dis- probation and complacency of pleasure and dreadful wrath his Father and his God ?--espeagainst sin ? If nothing of this cially when it is remembered kind took place, the unparallel- that as great corporeal sufferings ed distress and agony of his have produced no such-like efsoul must be supposed to have fects in the souls of mere men ? been the effect of a view of the Such a supposition seems irrareproach and pains and bodily tional. I am constrained to death, which he was soon to un- think that the unparalleled agony dergo. If he had no distressing of Christ's human soul sensation of God's wrath against caused by the wrath of God sin, it seems as though his suf- by such an overbearing sense ferings must have consisted of his dreadful wrath, as merely in the reproach and mere man ever experienced. bodily pains which he endured, Nor do I see that this is incontogether with such distress of sistent with his being at the mind as these might occasion same instant the object of his or produce.
Father's approbation and deTo say, that the dreadful ago- fight, and believing himself to ny of Christ's soul, consisted in be se. For he knew that the or proceeded from his great divine wrath, of which he had anxiety and concern about the such a dreadful sensation, was success and issue of his under-caused, not by any thing which taking, is by no means satisfac- he had done, but, by the sins of tory; as it does not appear men, for whom he gave himself agreeable to the plain account, an offering and a sacrifice. given by the evangelist, of the To the chief priests, captains object of his prayer at that time. and elders, who came to appreHis prayer was, that if it were hend him, Christ said, “ Be ye possible, if it were consistent come out as against a thief, with with the will of his father, that swords and staves ? When I cup might be removed from was daily with you in the temhim. It is evident then, that ple, ye stretched forth no hands the cup which the Father had against me : but this is your given him to drink, the suffer-hour, and the power of darkings to which he delivered him ness"-plainly intimating, that up, were the things which filled he had not appeared like one his soul with sorrow unto death, afraid of being apprehended and and threw him into such an ag- punished for any crime--that he ony as produced that surprising had appeared openly in the tembloody sweat. But can it be ple from day to day, and therereasonably supposed, that the by given them sufficient oppor