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Officers of the Missionary Society of Connecticut, from the first

Wednesday of September, 1805, to the first Wednesday of Sentember, 1806.

TRUSTEES. His Honor John TreadWELL, Esq. The Honorable Messrs. OLIVER ELLSWORTH, ROGER NEWBERRY, AdRON Austin, JONATHAN BRACE, and John DAVENPORT, Esqrs. and the Rev. Messrs. Cyprian Strong, D. D. Elijah Parsons, Nashan Strong, D. P. Nathan Perkins, D. D. Samuel Nott, and Calvin Chapin.

ANDREW KINGSBURY, Esq. Treasurer.
JOHN PORTER, Esq. Auditor.

His Honor John TREADWELL, Esq. Chairman ; and the Rey, Abel Flint, Secretary of the Board of Trustees.

The Honorable JONATHAN BRACE, Esq. the Rev. Nathan Strong, and John PORTER, Esq. Committee of Accounts.

The Honorable JONATHAN BRACE, Esq. and the Rev. Messrs. Cyprian Strong, Nathan Strong, Nathan Perkins, Samuel Nott, and Abel Flint, Committee of Missions.

Thé Honorable JONATHAN BRACE, Esq. and the Rev. Messrs. Nathan Strong and Abel Flint, Book Committee.

Donations to the Missionary Society of Connecticut. October. Rey. Calvin Ingals, contributed in new settlements,

22 21 1.3 18. Rev. Seth Williston,

do.

16 3 $ 38 24 1-9

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For the CONNECTICUT EVAN-, and girls, under 12 years old,
GELICAL MAGAZINE. which were supposed to be more

than three times that number. Attempts to Christianize the In- these Indians then lived were,

The particular places where dians in New-England, &c. (Continued from p. 166, vol. iv.) At Pawmet, Billingsgate,

and Eąstham or Nauset, 264 CHAPTER II. At Manamoyet,

115 At Sackatucket and NobNUMBER xii.

scusset,

· 121 At Matakeesee,

70 The number of praying Indians At Skarnton, or Scanton, 51 in the colony of Netu-Plimouth, At Mashpee,

141 1. D 1685—Continuation of At Suckanesset,

72 the account of Mr. Eliots At Monamet,

- 110 missionary services-The con- At Salt Water Pond,

90 clusion of them--His character, At Namasket, and Titicut, 70 as briefly drawn by two gen

At Namatakeeset,

40 tlemen of distinction in civil At Moxisset,

85

- 120 life, who were cotemporary, At Cooxit,

90 and well acquainted with him— At Seconet, * Appendix, containing a Letter from Hon. Robert Boyle to the

1439 Commissioners of the united Colonies, and their answer.

In a former Number it was

briefly hinted, that Mr. Eliot, N the year 1685, Mr. Hink- at an early period, set up the

ley, Governor of Plimouth, practice of catechising the Insent the corporation in England dians, who attended his lectures. an account of the praying In- He, with many other judicicus dians then in that colony. They amounted to 1439, besides boys * Hutchinson's History, vol. i, p. 549. VOL. VI. NO. 6.

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Divines,* and, I presume, with At his lectures he catechised, the generality, was of opinion, first thechildren, then the adults. that the catechetical mode of in- He made use of the influence struction would be very useful, he had with his hearers, of variboth to children and adults. ous ages, to induce them to learn

Accordingly he composed two the catechisms he - had prepared catechisms in the Indian lan- for them. guage, containing the principles He took particular pains, in of the Christian religion ; a shor- suitable ways, to ingratiate himter for children, and a longer for self with the children, in order older persons, which were pub- to promote their best good ; lished some years before the and he had the satisfaction to New Testament, which he trans- find, that his endeavors produced lated into the Indian tongue, an happy effect. The children, was printed ; and doubtless as partly at least from their affeco early as circumstances would al- tion to him, were stimulated to low.

apply their minds with diligence, to the study of those little books

" I bless God I have seen the hap

py effects of this exercise, both in * Dr. C. Mather observes, “ Cat. the places where I was educated, echising is a noble exercise : It will whilst a child, and in those where insensibly bring a Minister into a way I was formerly fixed. I will not, at to do good that surpasses all expres- large, insist on the advantages which sion. His Sermons will be very much may attend this mode of instruction. bost upon an uncatechised people. You easily see, that it will be an enNor will people mind so much what gagement to the children to learn he speaks to them in the pulpit, as those excellent summaries of divine what he speaks to them in the more truth, when their progress in them familiar way of applying the answers is so often examined : By repeating of the catechism. Never any Min- it themselves, and hearing it rehearsister, who was a great catechiser, dided by others, it will be more deeply repent of it. Thousands have bles- fixed upon their memories: The exsed God with wonders and praises, position of it in a plain and familiar for the good success of it.” Bonifa- manlier, may much improve their cius, p. 95, 96.

understandings in the doctrines and In the advertisement profixed to duties of religion. We may hope Dr. Watts' Catechisins, there are

that by the blessing of God, some these observable words ; " More good impressions may be made upon knowledge is commonly diffused, es- the minds of children.” Ser. iii. on pecially among the young and un- Education, page 71, 72. 3d edition. learned, by the exercise of one hour,

6 I cannot but take occasion to in the way of cateshism, than by the continued discourses of many. This much neglected, has been found to

say, Catechising, though it be now so mode of instruction excites attention, be of excellent use, by laying a reand helps the understanding. For this straint upon every vicious passion, reason it is recommended to all pa- and nourishing children up in the rents and masters of families,”&c.

words of faith and of good doctrine." Dr. Doddridge, in an address to

Fam. Expos. on Eph. vi. 4. Note. parents upon the religious education of children, gives them t'ia following + That Minister, who by a pleasadvice, supported by important rea- ing, but yet dignified behavior, can

Let your children attend gain the afections and respect of the upoa our catechetical lectures, which children of the congregation, may are peculiarly intended for their ser- entertain comfortable hopes, that his vice."

labors with thein will not be in vain.

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upon divine subjects, which he preached lectures to them in a put into their hands.

stated course, and took much And this good man had the pains to Christianize and civilize pleasure to find, that both adults them.* and children made laudable pro-It being difficult, if not imficiency in Christian knowledge. practicable to supply all the vilAnd he had the happiness to un- lages of the Christianized Inderstand, that many of the prose- dians, or even the most of them, lytes, and after a time the gine- with fixed English ministers; rality, prayed in their families to remedy, in some measure, morning and evening, and that this defect, Mr. Eliot, in declinwith much apparent affection ing years, used special endeavand reverence.

ors to qualify some of the natives Mr. Eliot was desirous of to be teachers of their countrybeing as extensively useful as men. Mr. Gookin gives an acmight be to communicate the count of this in the words followknowledge of the divine Sa-ing : “ Mr. Eliot has, of late 'viour to as great numbers, as years (i. e. for some years prewas in his power: He therefore " ceding the year 1674) fallen not only visited the various vil-“ into a practice among the Inlages of the natives, as often as “ dians, the better to prepare, circumstances would allow ; but " and furnish them with abilities was careful to take journies to “ to explain and apply the scrippreach the gospel in places, “tures, by setting up a lecture where, upon special occasions,“ among them in logic and thelarge numbers of them were ology, once every fortnight, all collected ; as when, from vari- " the summer, at Natick, at ous parts, they resorted to the “ which he reads and explains best fishing places--when they “ to them the principles of those assembled to attend the court of “ arts. And God has been please the English magistrate who was “ed graciously so to bless these superintendent in their civil con- means, that several of them, cerns, &c.t

especially young men of acute So intent was he upon propa

parts, have gained much knowgating the gospel among them, ledge, and are able to speak that he used his influence, by methodically, and properly, conversation and letters, to ex- unto any plain text of scripcite other ministers and scho-1“ ture ; yea, as well as can be lars, both in the Massachusetts “ imagined such little means of and other colonies, to qualify“ learning can enable them to themselves, and to engage in “ do. From this church and the benevolent and important

« town of Natick have issued work, and prosecute it, as far as “ forth, as from a seminary of circumstances would permit : “ virtue and piety, sundry teachAnd some good success attend-ers, that are employed in seved, and followed these endea:- " eral new preaching towns." ors ; several worthy men learn- Mr. Eliot continued his mised the language of the natives, sionary labors among the In

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dians 'till very old age, and its * Gookin's Historical Collections, + Gookin, p. 186.

Gookin,

1

P 169.

p. 172.

attendant infirmities, obliged Nor was Mr. Eliot negligent him to give them over. Perhaps in making attempts to introduce to no man, since St. Paul, and regular civil government, and his inspired brethren, could the the arts of civil life among the title of, “ A Teacher, a Minis- natives ; sensible that to civil. ter, and an Apostle of the Gen-ize them, was of importance, as tiles," be affixed with greater well as to gospelize them; and . propriety, than to him. He was that the former contributed, in in the service of the gospel a- no small degree, to the advancemong them much of his timement of the latter. He paid for more than forty years in suc- careful and unwearied attention cession ; took frequent, and dis- both to the civil and religious in. tant, teclious, and perilous jour- terests of the Indians in the vanies to visit their various tribes, rious plantations which he visitand plantations. He taughted. His heart was in the work: them with plainness and fidel- He engaged in it from the most ity, the important doctrines of pure and noble motives ; and the Christianity ; and was uncom- toils, hardships, and dangers monly diligent in the work. with which it was attended, did

Through the whole of his not discourage his generous and missionary course, he acted with pious mind. And the observable that uprightness, which be- success which he met with, in came a Christian minister ; de many instances, stimulated him testing such fraudulent and dis- to pursue the service with unrehonorable measures, as have mitting vigor and diligence. been taken by certain missiona- Mr. Gookin, a friend and comries of another communion, Ipanion of Mr. Eliot, who was mean the Romish, some of whom well acquainted with many of the have been detected in using the Indians, as he was their supermost base, and unchristian ways, to induce the heathen to imbibe their doctrines, and become

and with great admiration and ex

pectation they told the Dutch of what members of their church, *

was to come to pass: The Dutch re

plied, This was no more than every Instances of this kind occur in child among them could foretel ; they historyDr. Mather communicates all knew there would be an eclipse of the the following, which he thus introdu- sun ; but, said they, speak to Monsieur, tes : “ The Popish falsity disposes that he would get the sun extinguished them to so much legerdemain in their a day before, or a day after what be applications (to the Indians) as is speaks of ; and if he can do that, believe very disagreeable to the spirit and pro- him. When the Indians thus under. gress of the gospel. My worthy stood what a trick the Frenchman friend, Mynheer Dellins, who has would have put upon them, they bebeen sedulous and successful among came irreconcilably prejudiced against the Maquas (Mohawks) assures me, all his offers ; nor have the French that a French predicator (preacher) been since able to gain much upon having been attempting to bring over that considerable people. The Newthose Indians into the interest, not of Englanders have used no such strata. our Savis sur so much as, of Canada ; gems and knaveries ; 'tis the pure at last, for a cure of their infidelity, light of truth, which is all that has told them, that he would give them a been used for the affecting of the rude sign of God's displeasure at them for people, whom it was easy to have it ; The sun should such a day be put chcated into our profession. out. This terrified them at a sad rate ;

Magnalia, h. ii. p. 204.

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