fected by what he had seen and supreme being and the nature heard, to accost the rector after of man, and adapted to all peothe services of the church were ple of every country and condifinished, but he visited him on tion, it was long before he rightthe next day, and then, as well ly understood, and cordially and as in all his subsequent inter- practically embraced the funviews, found his conversation damental and peculiar truths of and deportment in exact corres | Christianity ; the ruin of the pondence, with the doctrines world by sin, its redemption by which he publicly taught. The the atonement of a crucified Saweight of such an example was viour, and the sanctifying influhardly to be resisted by any mind ence of the Holy Spirit. The susceptible of piety or sensibili- truth was, as he now acknowlty ; and Theophilus was led by edges, that he depended too it into a train of reflection, upon much upon himself, and had the power of that religion which overlooked the necessity of praycould support human nature un- er for the divine assistance to der the deepest calamity ; and enlighten his understanding and he justly concluded, that if it purify his heart ; hence it was were founded on substantial ev. that he perused the scriptures idence, the consolation which it rather as a code of ethics than a inspired was no less rational revelation, which taught him than solid. He saw clearly that the alienation of man from God, the topics of condolence and re- and the means of his reconciliasignation, suggested by philoso- tion with his offended Maker phy, were neither sound in prin- and Judge. ciple nor efficient in practice, But the pious recior, with and that the frame of mind whom he now constantly associwhich they were calculated to ated, pointed out his errors, and produce was a sullen rather than taught him to renounce all dea rational acquiescence: whilst pendance upon himself for spirChristianity, on the contrary, in itual improvement, and to trust culcated submission without ex- in him alone who is the author tinguishing feeling, and, by the of every good and perfect gift, views and hopes which it inspir- soliciting his aid by fervent and ed, satisfied the reason whilst it frequent prayer. Theophilus alleviated the distress of the af- most readily submitted to his inflicted. He determined, there-struction, and being by the disore, to peruse the scriptures vine grace gradually enabled to with patient unprejudiced at- perceive the grand display of tention.

heavenly mercy in the redempTheophilus, with whom I have tion of man, embraced with arfrequently conversed on the in- dor the gracious invitation of. teresting subject of the progress an Almighty Saviour. of his religious convictions, las This worthy clergyman is confessed to nie, that although now no more ; he died about ten he immediately discovered in years ago, and Theophilus, who, the code of revelation, a system can scarcely mention his name of morality, equally pure, ra- without a tear, has since his tional, and sublime, founded on death liberally maintained his the justest conceptions of the children. They are placed un


der the care of a pious relation ject which has been so amply in another county; and The- detailed in my former narrative, ophilus, who has undertaken to and which describes Theophilus provide for their temporal wel as he now is; but I have learned fare, has made a particular be-one anecdote of his conduct, quest in his will for this pur- which so strongly marks his pose, lest he should not himself principles and good sense, that I survive to fulfil his engage- cannot deny myself the pleasure ment.

of relating it. There never was Theophilus having deliberate- a period in which it was more ly adopted the religion of Jesus, necessary to enforce the example determined, in humble depend which it inculcates. ance on divine support, to act up

A short time before the death both to the letter and spirit of it. of his pious instructor, a recruitHis first endeavor was to cor- ing party took up its quarters in rect himself, and to bring his a small town at no great distance mind under subjection to the from the residence of Theophigospel ; and as he was sensible lus. The commanding officer, of the natural impetuosity of his a young man of family and fashtemper, as well as of other irreli-ion, had contrived a plan for segious propensities, he labored ducing the daughter of a farmer, incessantly to subdue them. a tenant of Theophilus, who was The instruction of his family be apprised of the scheme just in came an object of his early and time to prevent the ruin of the serious attention ; he was aware girl. On this occasion he wrote both of the obligation of perform a letter of expostulation to the ing this duty, and of the inhu- officer, which the other resented manity of neglecting it. By de- as an insult, and brutally challengrees he extended his care toged him. Theophilus declined his dependants and neighbors, the defiance without hesitation, and his liberality, which was now and addressed a second letter of under the direction of his piety, remonstrance and admonition to aided the influence of his exer- the officer, which produced an tions. His progress was oppos- insulting and abusive reply. The ed by many obstacles, but he report of this transaction was cirwas not deterred by them from culated much to the prejudice of perseverance. The obnoxious my friend, and, as usually hapepithet of Methodist was applied pens in such cases, with many to him, and his gay friends a- circumstances which were wholmused themselves with impotent ly unfounded, and which remainand profane jokes upon his con- ed for a time uncontradicted : version. He had ignorance per- for Theophilus, satisfied with petually, and malice and ingrat- having performed his duty, was itude frequently, to contend silent on what had passed, from with ; but these impediments, a principle of Christian forbearinstead of inducing him to relax ance to the officer who had inhis efforts, stimulated him to re- sulted him, although he was, at double them, and he had the the same time, fully aware of the happiness, in many instances to consequences that might attend find them crowned with success. his refusal of a challenge. I shall not enlarge upon a sub- About a fortnight after this ocVol. VI. No. 4.


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currence, Theophilus was pre- shalt do no murder,'--and that it sent at a numerous ineeting of is opposed not only by the letter the gentlemen of the county, a but by the whole spirit of our few of whom had adopted strong holy religion, the

of prejudices against him on no which is love to God and man. other grounds than because the These are the principles upon invariable rectitude of his con

I have acted, and to which, duct, furnished a perpetual con- by God's assistance, I am detertrast to their irregularities. He mined ever to adhere, through remarked, what he had been pre honor and dishonor, through pared to expect, a cold formality evil report and good report. Eand reserve in their reception of ternity is of too serious importhim, little short of incivility. ance to be staked against the After a moment's deliberation, opinion of the world ; and prohe requested their attention, ex- fessing to fear him who can deplained all the circumstances of stroy both body and soul forever, the transaction which had led to I dare not offend him by the dea correspondence with the oifi- liberate commission of a crime cer, and addressed them in terms which may send me or a fellow to the following purport : creature uncalled into his pre

“ I have been given to under- sence, with the dreadful constand, what it would pain mesciousness of wilful sin, which much to believe, that my refusal cannot be repented of.” of a challenge has dapreciated This address, of which I am my character in the estimation enabled only to give you an imof some to whom I have the hon-perfect sketch, was heard with or to speak. I know that, even great surprise, but with an effect by the laws of honor, I was not much to the credit of those to bound to meet my challenger; whom it was offered. It was but I dare not take refuge from well known, that at no very disreproach in such a plea. No, tant period, Theophilus woule! gentlemen, I am called upon not have declined a challenge, publicly to avow, that in declin- and those who were disposed to ing the challenge sent to me I attribute his new principles to a acted from a 'superior motive, methodistical bias, could not refrom obedience to the law offuse their applause to his manly God, which admits of no com- avowal of them, whilst all conpromise with the rules of honor. curred in approving that conduct The master whom I profess to which had exposed him to the serve, rot only requires my obe- insult of an unprincipled liberdience, but the avowal of my al- line. Some of the company did legiance, and disclaims the hypo- not hesitate to express an uncritical service of a disciple, who qualified approbation of his beis ashamed of the name of his havior, and an old and respectLord. I shall not expatiate onable divine spoke with enthusithe absurdity, barbarity, and ille asm in favor of it, as affording an gality of duelling: to a believer example which, under similar in the doctrines of Christianity, circumstances, all were bound to it is sufficient that the practice is imitate, at the bazard of their condemned by the positive com- immortal souls. mand of the Almighty-- Thou I now revert to myself. The


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period of my residence with very power of serious reflection
Theophilus is nearly expired, and meditation.
and in a few days I must leave I have explained my appre-
my invaluable friend and bene- hensions to Theophilus, who is
factor, and return once more to pleased to find that I entertain
the mixed society of the world. them; he tells me to be strong
I am too well acquainted with in the Lord, and in the power
the power of long established of his might, praying always
habit not to feel some apprehen- with all prayer and supplication
sion of danger from the tempta- in the spirit, for the support of
tions to which I may be exposed, divine grace. He has promised to
on revisiting the scenes of my write to me frequently, and to
former dissipation. Of all my introduce me to the aquaintance
life, I can only reckon the last of a most respectable clergyman
six months as in any degree de- in London, as well as of another
voted to God, and to the care of friend of his, with an assurance
my own soul, and I feel there- that I may depend on thei
fore my want of constant aid sistance and advice, in whatever
from the society, encouragement relates to my spiritual concerns.
and example of those who live I shall leave him with unfeigned
by the rules of the gospel. This regret, but with this consolatory
aid I am not to expect from my hope, that a few months will ena-
old friends and associates. My ble me to finish the business
Dewly acquired principles are, i which calls me to the metropo-
trust, too firmly fixed, to be sha-lis, and that I may then return
ken by ridicule or sarcasm"; on

to his society ; for the benefit I
this account I have no alarms ; have already derived from which
but what I most dread is the con- I most devoutly return thanks to
tagious influence of the society God.
of those, who though not pro,

EDWARD ASIATICUS. fessed infidels, and even nominal March 24. Christians, live without God in the world. The danger of such a society is the greater because it is not as much suspected as it

In Explanation of Scriptural Types. ought to be, and there is a natural tendency to accommodate

NO. VIII. ourselves to the dispositions and Abraham and his Family Typical.

of those with whom we associate , particularly H Tous dispensation, we

are when we are not disgusted by open profaneness, immorality, furnished only with typical reor indelicacy. Our principles presentations of the person and are thus gradually undermined, work of our divine Redeemer ; for want of due care to invigo- but in the patriarch Abraham the rate and confirm them, for the subject is varied and extended, daily recurrence of frivolous and and the character of his immeworldly conversation naturally diate posterity is metaphorically tends to produce idle habits of exhibited. Though the patrithinking, and in time, if not arch may be considered as a Counteracted, to annihilate the type of Christ in being called

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from his native country and kin-promise on covenant made with dred-sojourning in a strange Abraham, and which comprised land-dwelling in a tabernacle all the subjects of the gospel ; or tent-receiving the promise so Hagar represented that cove of a numerous seed, &c. - yet it enant which God made with the is his family especially which Israelites in the wilderness by will be produced as typifying the hand of his servant Moses. evangelical subjects. That this This Agar is mount Sinai in was so designed is very manifest Arabia, and answereth to Jerufrom the declaration of the apos salem which now is, and is in tle, Gal. iv. 22. For it is writ- bondage with her children. This ten, that Abraham had two sons; is frequently termed, the law.the one by a bond-maid, the oth- The law was given by Moses. er by a free woman which This was the system of carnal things are an allegory. The a- ordinances imposed on them, postle himself hath given such the Jews, till the time of reforman explanation of this allegory, ation. As Hagar was the maid that we cannot misapprehend of Sarah, it was her place and the subjects designed by it, if use to aid her mistress, assist in we divest ourselves of prejudice training up the promised son and candidly consider his appli- and heir, and subserve the gencation. The following subjects eral interest of the family, so it are particularly contained in it. was the design and use of the I. Sarah and Hagar.

law, the covenant made at mount These saith the apostle, are Sinai, to subserve the promise, the two covenants. Of these the covenant made with Abra. the first, represented by Sarah, ham, by instrụcting and disciwas the gracious promise which plining the chosen seed, the coGod made to the patriarch, Gen. venant people, and so preparing xii. 2, 3. I will make of thee a them for the adoption of sons. great nation--and thou shalt be Gal. iv. 1-7. In allusion to Haa blessing, and in thee shall all gar, a maid, who was under the the families of the earth be bles- yoke, and from the servile state sed. This was renewed, chap. to which the law reduced the xv. 5, and xvii. 11, reduced to seed of Abraham, it is termed a the form of a covenant, and rati- yoke of bondage, and the Jews fied by a significant token. And submitting to its restraints, and ye shall circumcise the flesh obeying its precepts, are said to of your foreskin ; and it shall be be under bondage to weak and a token of the covenant betwixt beggarly elements. Gal. iv.9. me and you. This covenant thus II. Isaac and Ishmael. ratified, by way of distinction and God promised Abraham a son eminence, is called, the promise. by Sarah his wife, and to multiGal. iii. iv. chap. According to ply his seed as the stars of hear. the apostle, Gal. iii. 8. in ma- This son Isaac, with his king this promise, God preach- numerous seed, the immediate ed the gospel to Abraham, and objects of the promise, were Abraham in believing it, believ- types of Christ and believers in ed in the Lord, who counted it him, that spiritual seed and holy to him for righteousness. nation, which were the great

As Sarah represented that I objects of the covenant ultimate:


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