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may be said to come forth to the dience unto death, and of his resurrection of death--the se- resurrection as their head. Therecond death, that death which is føre, the apostles, after the last emphatically, the wages of sin. cited words, so in Christ shell alt Is it possible, then, to conceive be' made alive, immediately adds, of the resurrection of the wick- " But every man in his own ored, as à privilege or blessing, der: Christ the first fruits ; afprocured for them by the media-terward they, that are Christ's at tion of Christ?
his coming." And by them that Q. But doth not the apostle are Christ's the apostle, elsespeak of it in this light? where where explaing himself to mean,
“ But now is Christ them that are in Christ, who walk risen from the dead, and become not after the fleshy but after the the first fruits of them that slept. spirit-in whom the Spirit of For since bý maii came death, God dweHs who have the Spiby man came also the resurrec- rit of Christs and through the tion of the deal. For as in Ad- Spirit mortify the deeds of the am all die, even so in Christ shall body, and crucify the Aesh. With: all be madle alive.” I Cor. xv. the affections and lusts ;, in op20, 21, 22.
position to those who indulge, R. I am sensible tirat some and live in, and practise the consider these words as proving, works of the flesh; and who of that the résurrection of oli mah-course, shall not inherit the kind is a fruit of Christ's media- kingdom of God.* It is accordtion or redemption, and to be ingly remarkable, that throughconsidered as a benefit wlrich out this fifteenth chapter to the he hath obtained for every one Corinthians, the apostle speaks of the human race. But how of the resurrection of none exthat resurrection, which is not cept them that are Christ's-of to life, but to damnation-lo suf- none but true believers and real fer the pains of the second death, Christians, whose bodies will be in the lake which burneth with raised in glory's spiritual, incorfire and brimstone, can be justly ruptible, and immortal. Of these considered as a privilege or ben-only, and of this blessed resurrecefit of Christ's mediations to the tion of life, doth the apostle treat subjects of it, I do not under- in this chapter ; but says not a stand, nor can I conceive. Nor word about the resurrection of clo I think the apostle, in the any other characters, or of any cited passage, or in any other, other resurrection, than that meant to teach any such thing which will be unto life, and a But the apostle's meaning is to happy and glorious immortality. this effect, viz. As in Adam, all Nor should we certainly know, that are his, even all his poster-that any others, or any of the fiity, die, in consequence of hisnally wicked, would be raised disobedience : so in Christ, all from the dead, if it was not rethat are his, all whom the Fa- vealed in and confirined by other ther gave him effèctually to re- passages of scripture. deem and save, and who become Q. But since death, even temvitally united to him by faith, really in him, shall be made * See Rom. viii. 1, 9, 13, and Gal. alive, in consequence of his obe- v. 19--91.
porul or bodily death, came by shalt surely die." But the sersin, would not Adam's offspring tence upon Adam, particularly, have been subject to it, in case was in these words, “ Because there had been no mediator or thou hast hearkened unto the redemption ? But in that case, voice of thy wife, and hast eatCan it be supposed that they en of the tree of which I comwould be raised again ? And manded thee, saying, Thou shaft Will it not, therefore, follow, that not eat of it ; cursed is the the resurrection of even the ground for thy sake : in-sorrow wicked, is a fruit of Christ's me shalt thou eat of it all the days diation or redemption ?
of thy life. Thorns also and R. We cannot tell what would thistles shall it bring forth unto have been, in case no mediator thee : and thout shalt eat the had been appointed, nor any herb of the field. In the sweat provision made for the redemp- of thy face shalt thou eat tion or salvation of fallen man. bread, till thou return unto the Whether, in that case, Adam, ground; for out of it wast thou after his fall, would have been taken: for dust thou art, and continued on the earth, to propa- unto dust shalt thou return. gate his race-whether he would In this sentence, the word have had any posterity or not, death, or die, is not once used, are questions, which we are to- and perhaps no other word sig:tally unable to answer. But as nifiying the same thing, that was God had appointed a mediator, intended by dying, in the penaland determined upon the planty originally annexed to disobeof redemption by Christ, he was dience.--Is it not most agreeable pleased, after man's disobedience, to the tenor of the scriptures, to before he passed any sentence view the case pretty much in apon him, to intimate his gra- this point of light? viz. That cious design, by the declaration in consequence of the mediato“. in the sentence passed on the rial interposition of Christ, the serpent, that the seed of the wo- full execution of the original man should bruise his head. And penalty was suspended, and man in consequence of the mediato- placed in
state of trial upon rial interposition, things were the mediatorial plan, which was placed upon a new footing with to continue several thousands of respect to-man, and a new state gears, and in which all those of trial commenced, under cir- things were to take place, which cumstances very different from were but best calculated to anwhat was otherwise to have been swer all the purposes designed expected. It is accordingly ob- by God to be accomplished unservable, that when God had ar- der this new dispensation and raigned our first parents, and state of trial : and particularly, brought them to a confession of various testimonials and exprestheir transgression, after inti- sions of his holy displeasure amating his gracious design, he gainst mankind for their sin: and passed a sentence on them, but that among these testimonies of in language very different from God's displeasure, this of their that of the original threatening. returning to the dust, one after The threatening was “ In the another, in constant succession, day that thou eatest thereof, thou should hold a distinguished place; as a very striking evidence and sensible expressions of God's inproof of his great and constant dignation and wrath. displeasure at their wickedness, Q. But temporal, bodily death and of its certain issue in the ut- came by sin. ter and everlasting ruin of all, R. True, it did. So likewise who do not repent, and obtain did the thorns and thistles, and forgiveness in the revealed way, all the noxious plants and weeds, through a mediator. And fur- with which the earth hath ather, that when all the purposes bounded, since man transgressed, are accomplished, which God and God cursed the ground for designed to have effected under his sake. And so likewise do this new dispensation, then Christ all the pains and sorrows and afwill come to make a final settle- flictions of every kind, with ment, and raise up all who had which any are distressed in the returned to the dust, to receive present life: All these come by their respective rewards--that sin, are procured by it and fruits he will then raise those, who, and consequences of it, and exby faith in him and obedience pressions of God's holy displeasto the gospel, complied with the ure against it. But it doth not: proposed terms of forgiveness from hence follow, that these and eternal life, to enter upon are the very same evils, either and inherit the kingdom prepar- in kind or degree, that were ined for them, as the effect of tended by death or dying in the God's free love, and as the fruit original threatening. So, altho and reward of his mediation and bodily death came bý sin, yet it merits-and those, who, by un- doth no more follow from thence, belief and continued disobedio that it is the very same thing ence, rejected the proposed plan that was meant in the first threatof forgivness and salvation, and ening; but, like the thorns and died in their sins, to receive the thistles and numerous afflictions, wages, the due reward of sin, it may be a temporary thing's prea the penalty of disobedience, by culiar to the state of trial introenduring the pains of the seco duced by Christ's mediatorial inond death in the burning lake, terposition, and suited to answer with such increased intenseness, the purposes of divine Provias will be answerable to the in-dence during the continuance of, creased guilt of those, who lived this state. And as the sacrifices under, and slighted and abused, offered for sin, before the coming the light and grace exhibited in of Christ, were called atonethe gospel. And thus the death ments, not because they made a at last inflicted on those, who re- real and satisfactory atonement ceived not the benefits of Christ's for sin, but because they prefigredemption, may explain what ured and represented, and were was meant by dying, when or- shadows or types of the true a. iginally threatened as the penal-tonement, which Christ hath ty of disobedience, the wages of since made by his own blood ; sin-even complete everlasting so man's return to the dust, misery of the whole man in when, to the eye of sense, he is both soul and body, in a total totally and finally cut off from exclusion from all good and a- life and all good, and all his hope bandonment to all evil, under and happiness destroyed and
entirely gone for ever, might | tion, to suffer the second death, perhaps obtain the name of is not a benefit flowing to them death, in part at least, because it from his redemption, nor to is the most striking and effect them an object of desire and ing emblem and figure, of any hope, but, rather, of dread and thing actually seen here, of the horror. complete everlasting, separation Q. I thank you for the pains of the whole man from all good to you have taken to explain your all evil, under sensible express-ideas; but must take some time ions of divine wrath, in which to consider and weigh what you consists that eternal death which have stated, before I express an is the wages of sin.
opinion on the subject of this Q. Is not Christ vested with conference. And as it is probthe high anthority and honor and able, that I shall not have anothpowers of the supreme and final er interview with you very soon, Judge of the quick and the dead, if ever ; in case there shall apand will he not exercise and dis- pear to me to be any serious play the same, in raising the and really weighty objections to dead and passing and executing your sentiments, possibly I may the final sentence, in regard to communicate them in a letter. both tlie righteous and the wicked R. If my sentiments are not 128 a reward of his obedience and according to truth, I wish they sufferings for the redemption may be corrected, and become and salvation of sinful men ? agreeable to it. And therefore, R. I readily admit that this if to you, or to others, it shall
Yet whilst true be- appear, that the leading ideas lievers, who have done good, which I have expressed, are liacome forth to the resurrection able to serious and really weighty of life, as a blessed and glorious objections ; I would willingly privilege procured for them by see them clearly stated, and hope his mediation, and to be enjoyed I may be able to consider and by them as a fruit of his redemp- examine them with candor, and tion; the wicked will, by his an honest desire to know the almighty power, be raised up, truth. and come forth to the resurrection of damnation. And although Christ, by what he hath done in
Q. and R. his mediatorial character, hath obtained for himself, to be exer
DIALOGUE. cised in his incarnate person, on the import of 2 Cor. xii. 16. the distinguished privilege and high Q. IR, raising
in but also, of-raising the wicked observation to the Crointhians, dead, and passing and executing that, being crafty, he caught the sentence of final condemna-) them with guile, with Peter's ex
them; and in this hortation, to lay aside all guile ; sense, his raising them is a fruit and with Paul's own words in anof his medration, and an honor other part of his same epistle, and matter of joy to his church ; where, speaking of the manner yet to the wicked their resurrec- in which he and his fellow-laVOL. VI. NO. 4.
is the case.
borers officiated in the gospel mentioned in the preceding ministry, he sail, “ We have chapter, who labor to destroy renounced the hidden things of my character and influence adishonesty, not walking in crofii- inong you, say or suggest, ness, nor handling the word of that, being a designing crafty God deceitfully ; but, by mani. man, I artfully obtained considfestation of the truth, commend- erable sums from you through ing ourselves to every man's the agency of others, whom ! conscience in the sight of God.” employed for that purpose.With this aceount, his declara- But was this the case? Did I tion, that, being crafty, he caught make a gain-did I obtain any them with guile, seems to be in- thing of you, by those whom I consistent ; as well as with the sent among you ? I did not.— words of the apostle Peter. I desired Titus to visit you, and
R. Had Paul meant to tell the sent another brother and fellow Corinthians, that he, being craf- laborer with him. Did Titus ty, had in fact caught them make a gain of you, by persuadwith guile, I do not see how his ing you to contribute any thing words could be well reconciled in return for his services, either with the other passages you have for his own use, or for mine? mentioned. But I conceive Paul Did not he, and I, and the other did not mean to assert any such brother, manifest the same spirit thing.
and express the same disinterestQ. Did not mean to assert ed regard for your best good, and any such thing But his de- pursue one and the same course, claration was express. He said in ministering to you: freelyin so many words, Being craf- gratuitously--without exacting ly, I caught you with guile.” or taking any pecuniary reward? 2. Cor. xii. 18.
You know that this was the case. R. Though Paul wrote these and therefore the suggestion words ; yet they are not to be of those deceitful workers and viewed as a declaration of what false apostles, that, being crafty, he actually did"; bat of what I caught you with guile, is unhis enemies falsely suggested founded and false. That such concerning him. The 16th, is the general import of the 17th, and 18th verses run thus : passage, will, I think, appear “ But be it so. I did not bur- clear and indisputable, bya careful den you': nevertheless, being attention to its scope, and con crafty, I caught you with guile. -nection with the preceding conDid I make a gain of you by any text, and with the things conof them whom I sent unto you? tained in the eleventh chapter I desired Titus, and with him I of this epistle, and in the ninth sent a brother : did Titus make chapter of his first epistle to the. a gain of you? walked we not in same church. the same spirit ? walked we not Q. Sir, If your explanation in the same steps ?"-As if the exhibits the true meaning of the apostle had said, Though it be me, as Iam rather inclined to true, that I did not burden you beileve it does, I think the adwith the expense of my support, vocates for pious frauds, can dcwhen I preached the cospel to rive no support from this examyóú ; yet the false apostles, I ple of Paul.