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its heterogeneous army into efficiency, and though the lessons of war may gradually supply that military character in which for the present it is deficient, her gros bataillons and her outpoured treasures will fail, like other armies and more ancient powers, to crush the newly-won independence of a resolute and united people.
The war, perhaps, is not one to awaken our warm sympathies for either party. The unfriendly tone of the organs of public opinion in the North, when in recent years the military prestige of England seemed for a space to wane, excited not resentment among us, but surprise that an honourable rivalry should have degenerated into jealousy, and that despotic Russia, rather than free England, should possess the sympathies of the great Anglo-Saxon Republic. Their importunate demands for our partisanship, at the same moment that they flouted our offers of mediationtheir insolent threats of finding compensation for Southern losses in aggression upon the peaceful British provinces-their loud boast ings and ignominious defeat-would have enlisted on the side of the
weaker party the generous British love of freedom and jealousy of despotism, whether wielded by an emperor or by a triumpant faction.
But that devotion to the cause of human freedom which has led us already to make so many sacrifices, has barred the way to our giving to the South that moral encouragement accorded so often to communities engaged in the struggle for independence and self-government. Recognition of their independence and close commercial relations with England, without restrictions upon trade, are earnestly desired by the people of the South; and there may be a little impatience that their nationality is as yet ignored by the civilised world. A more correct view appears, however, to be taken by the heads of the Government. "Our separation from the North," said President Davis lately, "is as complete as if it had been accomplished fifty years. But I am far from complaining of the tardy recognition of European governments. It is better for us that we should work out our own independence, and the rest will come in good time."
INDEX TO VOL. XC.
Absolutism, present position of, on the Bombay, sailing of the Persian expedi-
Achray, Loch, 490.
Act of Uniformity, the, 177.
Adams, Dr Francis, 446.
Aelfric Book Society, the, 458.
Akbar Khan, a Tungistanee chief, 348.
Alfred, King, Dr Hook on, 14,
Ambrosian Library at Milan, its origin,
AMERICAN WAR, SOME ACCOUNT OF BOTH
AMONG THE LOCHS, see Lochs.
Anne Boleyn, the execution of, 171.
Antigone of Sophocles, its reproduction,
Antiquity, the Religions of, Ernest
ANTWERP, A DAY AT- RUBENS AND
Arminianism, the introduction of, by
Arrochar, the hills at, 487.
Art, the modern English school of, 201.
the, 452 et seq.
Augustine, the mission of, to England,
AUMALE, THE DUC D', HIS LETTRE SUR
Autobiographies, characteristics of, 136.
Ballad forgeries, anecdotes of, &c., 455.
BARBARISMS OF CIVILISATION, THE, 87.
Bodleian Library, the, and its founder,
Bokhara, Wolff's journey to, 152.
tion from, 345,
Book clubs, origin of, 442.
Social Science Association, 465.
Bushire, landing of the Persian expedi-
Byron on Burton's Anatomy, 325.
Canova, the residence of, at Rome, 382.
CAPTAIN CLUTTERBUCK'S CHAMPAGNE,
CARLINGFORD, CHRONICLES OF:
DOCTOR'S FAMILY, Part I., 420-Part
Carthusians, the, Henry VIII.'s treat-
Cartwright, the Puritan leader, 175.
Catholicism, Ernest Renan on, 637.
Celtic Church, the early, in England, 4
Chakhota, expedition to, 352.
Chetham Book Club, the, 458.
Church Histories, general character of, 1.
Coburg-Gotha, the Duke of, his reforms,
Combe's Constitution of Man, anecdote
Congress, the library of, in America, 67.
Cotton, threatened failure of the supply
COWPER, SPENCER, THE CASE OF, 19.
Cranmer, character and work of, 172.
Cuthbert, Archbishop of Canterbury, 12.
Davis, Sergeant, the case of, 451.
Deduction and Induction, errors of Mr
Buckle regarding, 590.
DEMISE OF THE INDIAN ARMY, THE, 100.
DISRUPTION OF THE UNION, THE, 125.
Dodo, the song of the, 474.
Drama, the, Government neglect of, in
England, and its state in Weimar, 601.
Eel-Khanee, the, a Persian chief, 352
ENGLISH HISTORY, VAUGHAN'S REVOLU-
EPIC OF THE BUDGET, THE, 115.
Ethersey, Commodore, his death, 358.
FAREWELL OF THE SEAL, THE, &c., 32.
Flying Dutchman, the, Wagner's drama
Food, errors of Mr Buckle on the sub-
Forbes, Edward, extracts, &c., from the
Foster, Mr Birket, the paintings of, 204.
170-his portrait of Cranmer, 172.
their value in dyspepsia, 415 et seq.-
Great Britain, her position with regard
Gregory, Mr, his motion on the Galway
Gregory, Pope, his mission to England, 5.
Haslewood, Joseph, and his connection
Havelock, General, his arrival in Persia,
Havelock the Dane, the reprint of, 448.
Henry VIII., influence and position of,
Henry, Dr, Gilbert Stuart on, 249.
sia and England, 343.
Landscape, the English school of, 208.
Lawrence, Mr, on hydrophobia, 230.
L'Estrange, anecdotes, &c., from, 459.
Hereditary Transmission, errors of Mr Libraries, public, their formation, &c., 65.
Buckle regarding, 588.
HIGHLANDS, THREE DAYS IN THE, 256.
HOOK'S ARCHBISHOPS OF CANTERBURY, 1.
Hunt, Mr, the water-colour paintings of,
Hunter, John, Mr Buckle on, 595.
Iliad, the, resemblances between, and the
Inchmahome, sketches of, 492.
Independents, rise of the, in England,
India, the true defence of, against Rus-
INDIAN ARMY, THE DEMISE OF THE, 100.
Induction and Deduction, Mr Buckle
INLAND SEA OF JAPAN, THE, 613.
Jaenbert, Archbishop of Canterbury, 12,
JAPAN, THE INLAND SEA OF, 613.
Jenner, the reception of his discovery,
Jews, the modern, various opinions re-
Johnson, Dr, on manners, 155.
JUDICIAL PUZZLES: SPENCER COWPER'S
Karun river, expedition up the, 360.
Knocktarlitie, sketches at, 479.
Laing, Mr, on the depot system in re-
Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology, the,
Liebig's theory of food, adoption of, by
Mr Buckle, 583.
Liver, error of Mr Buckle regarding the,
LOCHS, AMONG THE, Chap. I., Knock-
tarlitie, 479-Chap. II., The Trosachs,
Louis Philippe, circumstances of his over-
Lungs, the, their relations to the liver,
Macaulay, T. B., his account of the case
MAD DOGS, I., Vulgar Errors, 222-II.,
Magliabecchi, the librarian, 75.
Malet, Colonel, death of, at Bushire, 348.
Mary, Queen, the reign of, 173.
childhood at Inchmahome, 494.
Microscope, the, errors of Mr Buckle
Mineral waters, value of, as a cure for
Miracles, Dean Hook on, 1.
Missionary enterprise, modern forms of,
Mohummerah, the expedition against,
MONBODDO, THe Memory of, 363.
More, Sir Thomas, the martyrdom of, 171.
Moyam, adventure of Wolff at, 149.
Nash, Mr, illustrations of the Pilgrim's
Nearchus, the voyage of Alexander's
New York Times, the, on the disruption
Newton, Mr, the paintings of, 204.
Nicolin, M., the case of, 231.
North, Roger, his Discourse on Trade,
Northcote, Sir Stafford, his speech on
Offa, King, struggle between, and the
Railways and railway travelling, 89, 91.
REBELS, A MONTH WITH the, 755.
Red Lions, origin of the, 473.
Reformation in England, the circum-
Religious Revolutions in English His-
Revolutions in Religion in England, Dr
Reynolds, Sir Joshua, art principles laid
Ohosaka, the town of, in Japan, 620 et Roberts, Mr, the paintings of, 210.
O'Neil, Mr, the paintings of, 214.
Othello, Fechter's representation of, 748.
Paganism, long hold of, in England, 17.
Paper-duties, the abolition of the, 119-
Lord Brougham on their repeal, 466.
Paton, Noel, his Luther at Erfurt, 216.
Persia, general decay throughout, 351.
Pickersgill, Mr, painting by, 215.
Pre-Raphaelitism, decline of, 207.
Press, the, its importance and power, 77.
Robertson, Principal, Gilbert Stewart's
enmity to, 249-sketches of him by
Rodgers, Dr, and the Wallace Monu-
Romberg, case of hydrophobia from, 226.
Rowland's Letting of Humors Blood,
Roxburghe Club, the, its origin, &c., 446
ROYAL ACADEMY, THE, AND THe Water-
Royal Society, the, their conduct toward
Rubens, the paintings of, in Antwerp,
Ruskin, his denunciation of Rubens, and
Russia, supposed importance of Herat
St Augustine's monastery, the origin of, 7.
St Philip Neri, anecdote of, 8.
Science, modern tendencies of, toward
SCOTLAND AND HER ACCUSERS, 267-state
Scott, Sir Walter, and the Book Clubs,
Sculptor, the, advantages of residence at
Sculpture, the English school of, 216.
Quakers, the, their literature, &c., 28 et SEAL, the FAREWELL OF THE, 32.
SEARCH, THE, 640.