which mother is "the Jerusalem which is above1" David was anointed king several years before he assumed the kingly office; and the second David, the Anointed of GOD, had established His kingdom for His people, several ages before He appeared as their King. David was acknowledged by Judah as her king, several years before the rest of Israel submitted to his authority; but at length he reigned in Jerusalem, over all Israel and Judahh. So Christ has established His kingdom of the new and heavenly Jerusalem; and although many as yet refuse to acknowledge Him as King, yet, in the fulness of time, shall" the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together and appoint themselves one head," "one king shall be king to them all, and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all-and David shall be king over them;" "there shall be one fold under one Shepherd." And all the tribes of Israel came unto David, and said, "Behold, we are thy bone and flesh;" so the members of Christ's kingdom are "members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones"." And David made

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

a covenant with the elders of Israel before the Lord; so Christ shall establish His covenant with those who make Him their King. David obtained possession of the strong hold of Zion, and he dwelt in it, and called it the city of David P; and the seat of Christ's kingdom is called," the strong hold of the daughter of Zion," "the city of the Lord, the Zion of the Holy One of Israel." Jerusalem was the seat of David's empire, and the seat of Christ's kingdom is every where spoken of under the names of Jerusalem and Zion.

The Lord said unto David, "I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish its kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son.Thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee, thy throne shall be established for ever." This promise of the Deity had a two-fold signification: it related immediately to the temporal greatness of David's son Solomon, who erected a house for the Lord; but it related principally to Christ, "the Son of David," to whom the words are applied by the Apostlest.

2 Sam. v. 3. 1 Chr. xi. 3. P 2 Sam. v. 7, 9.

Micah, iv. 8.

Isaiah, lx. 14.

• 2 Sam. vii. 12-16.

Acts, ii. 30, 31. Hebr. i. 5.

[ocr errors]

David brought up the ark of the Lord to Jerusalem with great pompb; and, when Uzza put forth his hand to support the ark, when the oxen which drew it stumbled, "the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzza, because he put his hand to the ark; and he died before GOD." This holy symbol of Christ's covenant had long been neglected; God, therefore, in order to recall the attention of the people to the respect and veneration which were due to it, made of Uzza a signal example. David therefore, when his terror at this awful manifestation of God's anger had subsided, brought the ark "after the due order;" and they set it, with great shouting, in the midst of a tent which David had pitched for it; and they offered "burnt offerings and peace offerings before GOD 8." And David appointed ministers to minister before the ark continually, and priests to offer sacrifices," according to all that is written in the law of the Lord, which he commanded Israel." And he gave instructions to Solomon respecting the temple which Solomon was to erect for the Lord, giving him patterns of the building, and of the courts, chambers, and vessels of ministry, and of all instruments of all

b 2 Sam. vi. 1 Chr. xiii.

c 1 Chr. xiii. 9, 10.

d 1 Chr. xiii. 3.

1 Chr. xv. 13.

f 1 Chr. xv. 28.

81 Chr. xvi. 1.


1 Chr. xvi. 37-40.

manner of service. And, as Moses had provided all the things belonging to the tabernacle "according to the patternk" which God showed him, so David gave to Solomon the pattern of the temple and of the things belonging thereunto, according to the directions which he had received from the Deity; for David said, "The Lord made me understand, in writing by His hand upon me, all the works of this pattern1." And David made large offerings for the temple of the Lord, and the chief of the people offered willingly; and he made large sacrifices unto the Lord". And David offered up a hymn of adoration and thanksgiving, in which he said, "We are strangers before thee and sojourners, as were all our fathers; our days on earth are as a shadow, and there is none abiding."

Thus David considered himself but as a stranger on earth, thereby declaring, according to the argument of the Apostle, that he sought a country*. David, then, understood the pro

i 1 Chr. xxviii. 11-18.
'k Hebr. viii. 5. Exod. xxv.

40. Acts, vii. 44.

1 1 Chr. xxviii. 19.

m 1 Chr. xxix. 2, 8.

1 Chr. xxix. 21.

1 Chr. xxix. 15.

P Hebr. xi. 13, 14.

* That David was acquainted with the existence of a state of being after death, is not only to be inferred from his pos.session of that unction which teacheth all things1, from his declaration that he was a stranger upon earth, and from the general acquaintance with the Christian scheme, which ho 1 1 John, ii. 20, 27.


mise which God had made to his seed, of an everlasting kingdom, as referring to a heavenly country, to which he looked. The holy unction which he had received taught him all things, and GOD had himself explained to him the meaning of "all the works of the pattern" which gave to Solomon respecting the temple. Accordingly we find, throughout the Psalms which he wrote, beautiful and sublime descriptions and illustrations of the Christian covenant and of its divine Founder; and through him were delivered, in those sacred hymns, such minute and


manifests throughout all his writings, but also from many express declarations which he made. He bitterly lamented the sickness of his child; but, when the boy was dead, he ceased to mourn, for, said he, "Wherefore should I fast? I shall go to him." "The men of the world," he says, "have their portion in this life," thereby manifesting his belief in the existence of another life; and he adds, "As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness; I shall be satisfied, when I awake with thy likeness 4." "The righteous," says he, "shall inherit the land and dwell therein for evers." And in the passages that apply to Christ's resurrection, David speaks in his own name, thus applying a resurrection to himself also. The writer of the forty-ninth Psalm gives a striking description of the resurrection of the upright, and of the condition of the wicked after death 7.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
« VorigeDoorgaan »