Compact city extended : outline for future policy research and design

Voorkant
Luuk Boelens, Henk Ovink, Elien Wierenga
010 Publishers, 2011 - 352 pagina's
The Netherlands first developed a policy on the compact city about twenty-five years ago, following the economic crises of the 1970s and the earlier policy of clustered dispersal. The four major Dutch cities in the western Randstad conurbation were then confronted with massive outflows of middle and higher-income residents. At the same time, there were new insights into the importance of strong cities in the emerging global network economy. Issues of rural sustainability, mobility, and quality of life were also reconsidered in relation to this urban agenda. It was against this background that a national compact city policy took shape, beginning in the mid-1980s. Now we must redefine that policy in response to globalization, information technology, economic change, and the growing importance of sustainable spatial development. This new context differs fundamentally from that of twenty-five years ago. Less financing is available, and time-tested business models are breaking down. European environmental regulations have become more rigid, all the most promising projects have already been carried out, the established roles of the public and private sectors have come into question, and there is often little if any cohesion. The articles in this collection take stock of the situation and explore a number of ways that a compact city policy can be meaningful and effective today. Contributors from the worlds of research, government, enterprise, and design propose new alliances that can enable these different sectors to achieve their goals in partnership.
 

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