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82.-Bridge over the Moselle, between 85.-Sable occupied by a German force 2.000 Nancy and soul, blown up by a band of strong Franc-tireurs.
- Longwy capitulates after a bombardment - A Garibaldian victory reported from of three days; 4,000 prisoners and 200 guns Dijon.
were captured. 23.-Another meeting in Trafalgar-square
- M. Gambetta arrives at St. Servan, to express sympathy with France.
having come from Cherbourg on board a.
French frigate which anchored in the roads - The garrison of Longwy succeed in dis
of St. Malo. lodging the Prussians from the Huart factory in a hand-to-hand fight. At Mont Saint
- The report from Paris to-day is that the Martin they attempted to take the cannon forts can scarcely reply to the enemy's bom. erected by surprise, but were repulsed.
bardment. The death-rate in the capital this
week showed a total of 4. 465. being 483 in - The Pacific Company's steamer Favorita
advance of last week. The civilians killed burned in the harbour of Callao.
within the city since the commencement of the 84.-Unveiling of the monument at Kensal bombardment amounted to 107-31 children, Green, in memory of Sir Richard Mayne, 23 women, and 53 men; the wounded to 276-erected by the officers and constables of the 36 children, 92 women, and 148 men. Metropolitan force.
26.-The first welcome result of the negotia. - Count Bismarck announced as Chan. tions now going on at Versailles was expericellor of the German Empire.
enced by the Parisians to-night in the cessation - M. Jules Favre arrives at Versailles with of the bombardment, carried on with destructive proposals for a capitulation, on condition of effect since the 5th inst. People, it was said, the garrison being permitted to march out with stole cautiously up from cellars unable to ex: the honours of war. He returned to Paris in plain the sudden change from the tempest of the evening. A rumour was industriously cir shell which had been falling on the town, and culated that M. Favre had arrived in England, several were even preparing for flight, when with the view, it was presumed, of taking part in they were informed by military authorities that the Conference, and a deputation of Republican they had three weeks' grace. In the course of admirers assembled to meet him at Charing the day several shells fell on the Church of St Cross in the name of the Reception Committee. Sulpice and the hospital of Val-de-Grâce.
25.-Rumoured capitulation of Paris, the - The Times publishes a letter addressa! Times announcing in a leader that the capital by M. Guizot to Mr. Gladstone, urging upon had fallen, and the proud city become a cap the Prime Minister the duty of interference to tive. Discussing the probability of M. Favre stop what has now become (he holds) a war of being asked to surrender not in the name of aggression and aggrandizement. M. Gmeo Paris only, but of France, the Times wrote: admitted that France was wrong at the outsel, “M. Favre will, of course, refuse, protesting and that Prussia at first showed great modera: that he and his colleagues in Paris, having tion and good sense. But he maintained that failed in defending the city, have no more after Woerth and Sedan Prussia might have authority to bind France than the commandant
made a magnanimous peace and secured er: at Belfort or at Longwy; but Count Bismarck | ceptionally favourable conditions and guardawill thereupon produce another weapon from tees for their performance. It was one of those his armoury. He will tell M. Favre that he opportunities which Napoleon I., if he had yesterday obtained from the exiled Empress, obtained a great victory, would have taken with the full consent of the captive of Wilhelms. | advantage of immediately. The real and höhe, a complete acceptance of his terms, and earnest desire of France, M. Guizot concludech that M. Favre and his associates have no choice “is for peace and the development of her but to yield and save the chance of maintaining fruitful industry. France is a country of * a Republican organization, or refuse and admit siduous agricultural, industrial, and commerce an Imperialist restoration. If M. Favre still work ; a country in which we find practică. refuses, Count Bismarck must in the end give and scientific civilization, a strong vitality, ani. way. A capitulation of Paris absolutely un yet love of peace. She now wants time to rea; conditional must to-day or to-morrow close the fruit of her past experience, and to leara their negotiations." This statement regarding the value of that political freedom for whica the Empress was afterwards authoritatively pro she has not ceased to sigh for three-fourths a nounced to be “inexact” in its details. The a century, although she has never known box money market opened buoyantly to-day, but to use it or to keep it. In such a path England hardly maintained the slight advance quoted. is her most natural and valuable ally."
- Rumours being again in circulation re -- Count Andrassy intimates, in the Lower garding the fate of Dr. Livingstone, Sir R.
House of the Diet at Pesth, that the recolhe Murchison writes to the Times of news having struction of the German Empire had been been received from Zanzibar, announcing that
accomplished with the full consent of the the explorer was alive, and had completed Hungarian Government. an extensive journey to the west of Lake - The Delegate Minister for Foreign Affairs Tanganyika
Count Chaudordy, relies to Coun! Bismar
circular of the 9th, concerning war atrocities, and charging him with refusing M. Jules Favre a safe conduct because he feared exposure at the Conference. “The presence of the Minister for Foreign Affairs coming from this great capital, the centre of European civilization, where all Germany—the King of Prussia and Count Bismarck in particular-enjoyed such a brilliant hospitality, and which city they to-day strive to lay in ruins and to reduce by fire and famine, would, by the authority alone which would attach to his statements, have caused the Chancellor of the North German Confederation lively anxiety. Count Bismarck is fully aware that the mere recital of facts brought before the tribunal of Europe would strike a mortal blow at that astute and cruel policy which draws its inspirations from the sad recollections of past ages.
26.-General Bourbaki, after passing in review the 18th Corps at Besançon, attempts to commit suicide by shooting himself. A retreat of his disorderly followers was thereafter made towards Pontarlier, but they were intercepted by the German forces stationed at Mouchard and Salins, and driven into Swiss territory. Here a formal surrender was made, and the troops disarmed in terms of the Convention of Les Verrières.
Sir Edward Thornton, in a letter to Mr. Fish, proposes, on behalf of her Majesty's Government, the appointment of a joint commission for settling the different questions which had arisen out of the fisheries, as well as those which affect the relations of the United States towards her Majesty's possessions in North America. In conformity with a desire expressed by Mr. Secretary Fish on behalf of President Grant, the design of the commission was extended so as to embrace an adjustment of the differences known as the Alabama claims, the President on his side concurring in the propriety of referring to the commission such other claims as grew out of acts committed during the civil war.
27.-M. Jules Favre again leaves Paris for Versailles, in company with General Beaufort and others, to discuss with Count Bismarck the details of an armistice intended to include the whole of France. General Trochu also assembled the chiefs of the army and explained the circumstances which had compelled the defenders to negotiate for an armistice. News from Bordeaux mention that capitulation is there looked on with great disfavour.
Decree authorized at Berlin for increasing the new loan to 105,000,000 thalers.
28.-The Italian Parliament, by a majority of 94 votes to 39, pass a bill for transferring the capital from Florence to Rome.
Mr. Monsell, the new Postmaster-General, re-elected for Limerick County without opposi
28.-Surrender of Paris after a siege carried on for 131 days. The result of the recent negotiations was forwarded in a message by the Emperor-King to Queen Augusta :-“The troops of the line and the Mobiles will be interned in Paris as prisoners of war. The Garde Nationale Sédentaire undertakes the preservation of order. We occupy all forts. Paris remains invested. It will be allowed to revictual as soon as the armistice has been delivered up. The National Assembly will be summoned to meet at Bordeaux in a fortnight. The armies in the field! retain possession of the respective tracts of country occupied by them, with neutrality zones intervening. This is the blessed reward of patriotism, heroism, and heavy sacrifices. I thank God for this fresh mercy. May peace soon follow.” On his part M. Jules Favre instructed the Delegation at Bordeaux :-“Today we sign a treaty with Count Bismarck. An armistice of twenty-one days is agreed to, and an Assembly is convoked at Bordeaux for February 15. Make this known to all France. Let the armistice be carried out, and summon the elections for February 8th. A member of the Government is leaving for Bordeaux.” Districts specially exempted from the benefit of the armistice were Belfort, the siege of which was to be continued, and the Côte d'Or, Doubs, and Jura, the scene of the operations of Bour.
French troops were to retire from the fortifications unarmed, the guns in the enceinte to be dismounted, and the carriages given up to the conquerors. The miserable condition to which the inhabitants of Paris had been reduced before resorting to capitulation was ob. served by a correspondent of the Daily News, who succeeded in entering the capital on the 31st and got out two days afterwards. The city he found orderly and decent, with a certain narrow self-restraint mastering the tendency to demonstrate, and an utter absence of crime. The pinch for food was worse than ever penda ing the result of negotiations for its supply, and future history may well concern itself with a theme so common as market rates : Two francs for a small shrivelled cabbage, i franc for a leek, 45 francs for a fowl, 45 francs for a rabbit (which might be taken for granted as cat), 25 francs for a pigeon, 22 francs for a 2lb. chub, 14 francs a pound for stickleback, 2 francs a pound for potatoes, 40 francs a pound for butter, cheese 25 francs a pound when procurable. Meat other than horseflesh absolutely not to be procured. “I was assured that if I offered 50l. down in bright shining gold for veritable beefsteak, I should have no claimant for the money! The last cow that changed hands ' for an ambulance' fetched Sol. Those left cannot now be bought for money. Owing to a miscalculation as to the supply of food 2,000,000 rations were at once sent in by authority of the Emperor William. Other supplies hastened by facilities placed at the disposal of shippers by the British Government commenced to pour into the starved city within a few days.
Eighty lives lost by the explosion of the steamer Arthur on the Mississippi.
28.-Versailles reports make mention to-day 31.--The City of London Relief Committee that at Blois Colonel Belew burnt the bridge, despatch their first consignment of provisions as the enemy on the left bank of the Loire was for Paris. pressing forward against the town. On the
- Uneasy feeling in the money market, following day the enemy withdrew again in a
caused by a report from Berlin that the German southerly direction. On the same day the
conditions of peace included the cession of Second Corps captured, at Nozeroy, a transport
Alsace and Lorraine, with Belfort and Metz, waggon. The 4th Reserve Division, on the
the payment of a pecuniary indemnity of ten 26th, advanced as far as Passavant, capturing
milliards of francs, the cession of Pondicherry 200 more prisoners. Reports from Arbois
in the East Indies, and the transfer of twenty state that the advance guard of the 14th Divi.
first-class men of war. sion of the Army of the South having come up with the retreating French army a mile
- At several meetings of electors held to. west of Pontarlier, on the Swiss frontier,
wards the close of this month, the members Sombacourt and Chaffois were taken by storm, present were interrogated regarding the conand about 3,000 prisoners and six guns captured. templated vote for å dowry to the Princess The news about General Bourbaki was still Louise, and in most instances expressed an contradictory.
intention of giving it their support. The most 29.-Rumours circulated of the suicide of prominent exceptions were Mr. Fawcett, at Generals Ducrot and Bourbaki.
Brighton, and Mr. P. A. Taylor, at Notting. - German occupation of the Paris forts completed without resistance or disturbance. - From Bordeaux M. Gambetta issues a The German Emperor forwarded to Brussels proclamation urging war à outrance, and re. the welcome intelligence that he had seen the sistance even to complete exhaustion. The Prussian colours on Fort Issy from his siege period of the armistice would be well employed batteries.
"in reinforcing our three armies with men, - At a political gathering held this after ammunition, and provisions." What Frano. noon in the great theatre, Bordeaux, a unani.
wanted, he said, was an Assembly which desired mous protest against the armistice was passed, . war, and was determined to carry it on at any and a resolution voted, demanding, firstly, cost. the maintenance of power in the hands of - M. Jules Favre intimates to the SubGambetta ; secondly, war à outrance; and,
prefect of Havre :-“ Paris has negotiated thirdly, the assembling at Bordeaux of a com
because it had no more bread. It is urgently mittee, the members of which should be elected
necessary that it should be revictualled. Every by Republican associations in the principal
facility will be given in this respect. Repair towns of France.
your railway immediately. As soon as it is 30.-In the American House of Repre clear, you will send all disposable provisions sentatives to-day a resolution offered by General and fuel by way of Rouen and Amiens. Ad Butler was passed by 172 to 21, that the Con immediately.” gress of the United States, in the name and on behalf of the people thereof, do give – M. Gambetta issues another proclamatisa O'Donovan Rossa and the Irish exiles and
from Bordeaux, followed by a decree in Dame patriots a cordial welcome to the capital and of the Delegate Government, enacting that a.. the country.
who from the 2nd of December, 1851, until - Lyons journals publish the programme of
the 4th of September, 1870, accepted the a new Ultra-republican Society formed in
functions of Minister, Senator, Councillor of Paris, under the auspices of MM. Ledru
State, or Prefect, were disqualified as repre Rollin, Delescluze, and Peyronton. They ad.
sentatives of the people in the National Assem vocated the establishment of an indivisible
bly. The decree also declared ineligible al Republic, the constitution of a sole assembly
persons who between the same dates had empowered to elect a revocable Executive
accepted official nominations, and whose names Power, the suppression of the permanent army,
appeared in the lists of candidates recott the creation of a national militia comprising all
mended by Prefects to the suffrages of the citizens, a reduction in the budget, the suppres
electors, and who were described in the official sion of all aristocratic titles, and the annulment
Moniteur either as candidates of the Goverze of privileges. It also repudiated wars of con
ment or Administration, or as official candidates. quest, and urged that no negotiations could
A third decree prescribed the electoral arrange be entered into with the enemy as long as he
ments. Count Bismarck protested against this remained in the country.
decree as arbitrary and oppressive, and stated
that only freely-elected deputies as stipulated in 31.-Another adjournment of the Black Sea
the Convention would be recognised by the Conference, owing to the indisposition of Earl
Germans as representatives of France. The Granville.
decree was also repudiated by M. Jules Favre - The Spanish troops in the capital to the and his colleagues in Paris, but the contention number of 40,000 take the oath of allegiance | between the two authorities led to the elections to the new king.
| being adjourned from the 5th to the Sth.
February 1.-Pressed by the forces of them to help each other, instead of fighting and General Manteuffel, Bourbaki's army, to the destroying one another. It was reserved to number of 80,000, enters Swiss territory at your intelligent country to give to the world Neufchâtel, and is immediately disarmed. this example of solicitude for misfortune. I “This (telegraphed the German Emperor) is beg you to be the interpreter of my gratitude the fourth French army rendered incapable of towards your fellow-citizens, towards the infurther fighting.”
habitants of London. The inhabitants of Paris - Victoria Mills, Bury, destroyed by fire,
have suffered cruelly; they still suffer much, but and five of the workmen burnt to death.
they console themselves with the thought of
having done their duty, and of being recom-- French Rentes quoted in Paris at 5of. 25c. pensed by proofs of esteem and sympathy such
2.-A postal service of unsealed letters as those which you are good enough to afford organized between Paris and the departments them.” through the German headquarters at Versailles. 3.-The first provision trains arrive at Paris, Temporary railway accommodation is also es
four entering by the Orleans, and four by the tablished to-day between Dieppe and Paris.
Lyons railway, each composed of fifty carriages - Clerical demonstration at Brussels in with 4,500 tons of beef and flour.' Between favour of the Pope's temporal power.
this date and the 7th the provisions forwarded 3.-The Black Sea Conference meet at the
to the starving people were said to have inForeign Office, and remain in deliberation five
cluded 1,057 bullocks, 3,093 sheep, 14 cows, hours.
31 pigs, 856 tons of cereals, 8,050 tons of
Hour, 500 tons of biscuits, 285 tons of preserved - Died at his residence, Eton-road, Haver beef, 162 tons of preserved mutton, 8 tons of stock-hill,'T. W. Robertson, dramatist, aged 42. salt, so tons of hams, 1,435 tons of salt pork,
- The Duke d’Aumale, addressing the 26 tons of fresh fish, 210 tons of codfish, 140 electors of France, writes, as to the question of tons of butter, nearly 1,000 tons of cheese, 74 war, “I had no share of responsibility, direct
tuns of oil, 1,270 tons of vegetables, 10 tons of or indirect, in the events or the acts which have
fruit, 27 tons of forage, 70 tons of cakes, 144 produced the war and the actual situation. I tons of various provisions, 1,740 tons of coal, have a right to stipulate my entire liberty of and 94 tons of oats. appreciation or of reserve. I am further author · 4.-For the twelve months preceding this ized in doing so by the inaction which has been date, 9,460,338 messages were forwarded from imposed upon me, when I urgently claimed the postal telegraph stations in the United Kingdom, right of fighting for my country. On the second or on an average 181,929 each week; showpoint I will explain myself with complete ing an increase on the previous year of about sincerity. When I consider the situation of 50 per cent. The outlay on works and work. France, her history, her traditions, the events ing was 720,00ol., and the revenue 600,000l. of the last years, I am struck with the ad
5.-Explosion of a powder waggon on the vantage which a Constitutional Monarchy pre
railway between Bandoz and St. Nazaire, caussents. I believe it can respond to the legitimate ing the death of sixty people, and serious injury aspirations of a democratic society, and gua
to about 100 others. rantee, with order and security, every kind of
6.-The Government of National Defence progress and of liberty. It is with a mixture of flial pride and of patriotic sorrow that I
issue a decree, disbanding the regiments of compare France in her actual state with what
the Mobilized National Guards of Paris. she was under the reign of my father. As to -- Petroleum train fired on the Hudson River this opinion, I have a right to hold it as a man, Railway, causing the death of thirty people. and as a citizen I believe it my duty to express - M. Gambetta resigns his post of Minister it ; but I do not mingle with it any spirit of of the Interior in the Delegate Government of party, any exclusive tendency. In my senti. Bordeaux, on the ground that he was no longer ments, in my past, in the traditions of my
in agreement with it in “ideas or hopes.” family, I find nothing which separates me from At the same time he advised the Prefect of the Republic. If it be under this form that | Lille that his opinion was, after mature reflec. France wishes freely and definitively to con tion, “on account of the shortness of time and stitute her Government, I am ready to bow the serious interests at stake, you would render before her sovereignty, and I will remain her to the Republic a supreme service in carrying faithful servant. Whether it be a Constitutional out the elections of February 8, with the reMonarchy or Liberal Republic, it is by political servation to adopt whatever determination may probity, patience, a spirit of concord, abnega. seem fit to you." ion, that we can save, reconstitute, regenerate - Explosion in the powder magazine at France.”
Dunkirk, caused, it was thought, by the in- Acknowledging the offer of the English cautious use of lucifer matches, and leading to Government to aid in the relief of Paris, M. the almost instant death, by fire, of over sixty ules Favre writes : “ Permit me to see in it a people, mostly women and children employed roof of that precious sentiment of union which on the premises known as the old “Etablisseught to bind all nations together, and lead ment des Bains."
7.-The Liverpool steamer Pacific wrecked Victor Hugo followed with 214,000, Garibaldi on Linga Island, off Shetland, and twenty-six 200,000, Edgar Quinet 199,000, Gambetta of the crew drowned.
191,000, and Henri Rochefort 163,000. M. - The Daily News announces the retire
Thiers, twentieth on the list, polled 102,000. ment of Vice-Admiral Sir Spencer Robinson
The Prince de Joinville headed the poll in the from the office of Controller of the Navy. This
department of La Manche. At Strasburg the resignation was authoritatively contradicted in
Mayor received the largest number of votes, next day's Times. On the oth the Times con
9,937. M. Ledru-Rollin was elected at Toulon firmed the original announcement by stating
and General Garibaldi at Nice. M. Gambetta that Captain Robert Hay had succeeded Vice
was elected at Marseilles, with Thiers, Admiral Robinson as Controller and Third Lord
Trochu, and others. In the Département du of the Admiralty. (See p. 982.)
Nord the Monarchical candidates were suc
cessful, receiving an average of 195,000 votes - Publication of the Emperor of Austria's
against 47,000 on the Republican list. letter empowering Count Hohenwart to form a
8.-The ex-Emperor Napoleon issues a pronew Cabinet. “ The Government knows that
clamation from Wilhelmshöhe :-"Betrayed by no State is stronger than Austria when on a
fortune, I have preserved since my captivity friendly footing with foreign countries, and with
that profound silence which is misfortune's a free development and a conciliatory policy at
mourning. So long as the armies of France home. Having placed all nationalities on an
and Germany confronted one another, I abequal footing, the Government will give free
stained from all steps or words which might play to all legitimate peculiarities, but, on the
have divided the public mind. I can no longer other hand, will never more make precarious
be silent in the face of the disasters of my compromises with separatism at the expense of
country without appearing to be insensible to indispensable attributes of State unity. The
its sufferings. When I was compelled to sur Government takes its stand on constitutional
render myself a prisoner I could not treat for right, upon which before all it will practise
peace; my decisions would have seemed Cicconciliation, while bringing into full play the fundamental laws of the State."
tated by personal considerations; I left to the
Government of the Regent the duty of decidiz - Acknowledging the arrival of food supplies
whether the interests of the nation required a in Paris, M. Jules Ferry telegraphs to the Lord
continuance of the struggle. Notwithstand.is Mayor of London, president of the fund for unheard-of reverses France was not subduct relieving the distress :“I have taken charge
Our strongholds still held out, few departo of the first part of this magnificent and fraternal ments were invaded, Paris was in a state of gift. The City of Paris expresses to the City of defence, and the area of our misfortunes mig? London its profound gratitude. In the ex.
have been limited. But while attention was tremity of its misfortunes the voice of the fixed upon the enemy, an insurrection broke of English people has been the first that has been in Paris. The seat of the national representa: heard by it from outside with an expression of tives was violated, the safety of the Empresa sympathy. The citizens of Paris will never was threatened, a Government installed itse forget the circumstance; and if the souls of by surprise in the Hôtel de Ville, and the the two peoples are united, we shall have faith Empire, which the whole nation had just in the future.”
acclaimed for the third time, was overthrown - Members of the Buonaparte family de abandoned by those who should have been its clared to be ineligible for election in virtue of defenders. . . . As regards myself, bruised line the laws April 10, 1832, and June 9, 1848, so much injustice and such bitter deception directed against persons who had reigned over do not come forward today to claim net France.
which four times in twenty years you free! – The whole departments of the Côte d'Or,
confirmed. In the presence of the calamita Nuits, Beaume, Arnay-le-duc, Saulieu, Pouilly,
which afflict us there is no room for person Sombernon, exclusive of the Seine, occupied
ambition. But so long as the people regularly by the troops under the command of General
assembled in its comitia shall not have mana Von Hann
fested its will, it will be my duty to address - M. Ledru-Rollin declines the honour of
myself to the nation as its real representare election to the Bordeaux Assembly, and states
and to tell it that all that may be done with that he will now bear but his “own share in this
your direct participation is illegitimate. There lamentable catastrophe, which is already suffi
is but one Government wbich has issued free ciently heavy for the responsibility of a private
the national sovereignty, and which, risas citizen." Generals Trochu and' Ducrot also
above the selfishness of parties, has the declined.
strength to heal your wounds, to reopen your
hearts to hope, your profaned churches to 8.-Elections throughout France for the
your prayers, and to bring back indust?: National Assembly called to meet at Bordeaux. concord, and peace to the bosom of the M. Thiers was found to be returned for the country." greatest number of seats, and had also the 9.--The Italian Chamber of Deputies adore largest number of votes.' In Paris M. Louis
the clause of the Guarantee Bill relating to be Blanc headed the list with 216,000 votes; | Pope's Dotation. The Library and Gallery