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1871.

success.

January 1.-Severe frost; thermometers in the parks indicating 27 degrees.

The Irish Church disestablishing Act comes into force; collections made by all the congregations in aid of the Sustentation Fund.

The King of Italy returns to Florence from Rome.

Fire in the harbour of New Orleans, destroying six large steamers.

· Sir Henry M. Durand, Lieutenant. Governor of the Punjaub, killed at Tank by a fall from an elephant.

At the New Year's reception at Versailles, the King of Prussia said : “Great events must have passed to unite us on such a day and at such a place. I owe it to your heroism and to your perseverance, as well as to the bravery of the troops, that we have achieved such a

But we have not yet reached our goal; important tasks are still before us ere we arrive at an honourable and lasting peace. Such a peace will be ensured if you continue to perform deeds such as have led us to this point. Then we can confidently look to the future for what God in His gracious will may destine for us.” At the banquet which took place afterwards, his Majesty said : “I raise my glass to welcome the new year. Upon the past year we look with gratitude ; upon that now commencing with hope. Thanks are due to the army, which has sped from victory 10 victory. But my own thanks are due to the German princes present who belonged to the army before the war, and to those who have since joined it. Our hopes are directed to the crowning of the edifice-an honourable peace.” The Grand Duke of Baden said, in the course of a speech on behalf of the other princes, in which the union of Germany was alluded to as happily achieved : “ This day is destined to witness the resurrection with renewed vigour of the venerable German Empire. But your Majesty wishes only to assume the Imperial government when it has thrown its protection around all its members. We, however, regard your Majesty as the supreme head of the German Empire, the crown of which is a guarantee of irrevocable unity. He concluded his speech by a toast to King William the Victorious.”

Died at Cannes, aged 45, Alexander Munro, sculptor.

2.--The contributors to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh reject a proposal for admitting female students to the wards by 100 to 96 votes.

Addressing his constituents at Oxford, Mr. Cardwell takes occasion to vindicate the proceedings of Government with reference to the enlistment of recruits, the supply of arms, and the manufacture of powder.

2.-Prince Doria Pamfili announced as hav. ing accepted the mayoralty of Rome.

Mézières capitulates; the Prussian troops entering at noon.

King Amadeus enters Madrid and proceeds at once to the Church of Atocha, where the remains of Marshal Prim had been deposited. He then went to the Cortes, where the Regent delivered a speech, in the course of which he said that the task of the revolution was at an end, having succeeded in establishing a monarchy based upon democratic institutions. The King next took the oaths to the Constitution. Visits of condolence were afterwards paid to Marshal Prim's widow, the Duchess de Reus.

3.-Three German bankers sentenced at Berlin to terms of imprisonment varying from two years to three months, for taking up portions of the recent French loan.

Fighting at Bapaume. “At daybreak,” reported General Faidherbe, “the battle commenced along the whole line. The ist divi. sion of the 23rd Corps took the villages of Sapignies and Favreuil, supported on their left by the division of Mobilized Guards. The and division of the 22nd Corps entered, after severe fighting, into the village of Biesvillers, which had become the centre of the battle, and took the Prussian positions in the rear, which were very vigorously defended, as well as the village of Avresnes-les-Bapaume. The Ist division of the 22nd Corps captured at the same time Grevillers and Ligny Tilloy. At 6 P.M. we had driven the Prussians from the whole battlefield, which was covered with their dead."

5.-The Times announces that M. Jules Favre, who had been selected to attend the London Conference, refused to leave Paris.

A “City” meeting, thinly attended and slightly disorderly, held in Cannon-street Hotel, to express sympathy with France and reprobation of the conduct of Prussia in having, since the surrender of Sedan, continued the war " for territorial aggrandisement, with a severity alike unwise and unmerciful.”

The German batteries commence a cannonade against the forts on the south side of Paris. They were said to be throwing at this time 4,000 shells daily.

6.-Address from the Corporation of Frankfort presented to King William at Versailles, congratulating him on his election to the Im. perial Crown of Germany, and praying that his Majesty would not overlook the his. torical title of that city to be the scene of his coronation.

Republican insurrection at Bamia, in the Spanish province of Granada.

Rocroi occupied by the Germans. 7. -\ddressing the Preston Artillery Corps, Lord Derby urged the necessity of people making up their minds as to whether the forces of this country were to be used merely for

purposes of simple defence “or something more," and suggested, as a scheme for increasing the reserve forces, the assessment of every district in the country to contribute a certain proportion of men to the militia, or pay a sum of money equivalent for deficiency.

7,-Five of the Fenian prisoners leave Liver. pool for New York, as passengers on board the Royal Mail steamer Cuba.

- Bombardment of Belfort commenced.

8.-Garibaldian troops defeated near Mont. bard, by Colonel Von Dannenberg.

- Shells reported to have fallen to-day in the Jardin de Luxembourg, and upon the Invalides, Observatory, and Pantheon. Several buildings in the city were fired, and many Parisians reported to have been wounded in the streets.

9.-Disorderly meeting at Greenwich, called to urge on Mr. Gladstone the propriety of resigning his seat for the borough.

- Fighting at Villersexel, General Werder making a rapid movement against Bourbaki, and capturing over 600 prisoners, with two eagles belonging to the 20th French Corps. An attempt to recover ground between Moinay and Marat ended in the retreat of the French.

- Despatch issued by Count Bismarck to North German representatives abroad, refuting the charges brought by M. de Chaudordy against the German mode of carrying on the war. “The dictatorship (he wrote) which has assumed power in France by a coup de main, and which is neither acknowledged by the Euro. pean Powers nor by the French people, only considers the future of the country in the light of its own interests and passions. The rulers in Paris and Bordeaux suppress the loudly-uttered desire of the people for an expression of its will as forcibly as every other free utterance of opinion by word or letter. They extort from the people their money and their means to carry on the conflict, because they foresee that its end will likewise be that of their usurpa. tion. Such a Government requires for its very existence constantly to incite the passions and embitter the feelings of the two nations at war, because it requires the continuance of the war in order to retain its dominion over its fellowcitizens.”

10.-Explosion in the Renshaw Park Col. liery, Sheffield, causing the death of twenty workmen in one pit and six in another.

- Meeting at St. James's Hall, for the purpose of “calling upon the Government to recognise the French Republic, and to resist the policy of territorial spoliation."

- Addressing a person holding an official position at Bordeaux, Mr. Gladstone writes : " There is no request before us from the French Government for recognition. There never has been any since the mission of M. Thiers, several months ago, very shortly indeed after the Government was formed. Yet, for every practical pur.

pose, we have proceeded towards and with them just as if their origin had been the most formal in the world, and never by word or act have we implied that they were not entitled, in the highest degree, to our sympathy and respect."

10.-Péronne capitulates, the garrison, 3,000 strong, surrendering themselves as prie soners of war.

- The Prussians make a fourth attack on Maison Crochard on the west side of Paris, but are repulsed with serious loss. The barracks at Fort Issy were burnt next day.

- Commencement of a series of engage ments north of Le Mans, between the French Army of the West, under General Chanzy, and the "Second German Army, under Prince Frederick Charles and the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg. Next day the town of Le Mans was occupied by the Germans, and large stores seized, with bands of prisoners said to number 18,000. General Chanzy reported his position as good excepting at La Tuilerie, where the Mobiles of Brittany disbanded themselves.

- M. Jules Favre, replying to Earl Gran. ville's invitation to attend the London Confer ence, writes : “I thank your Excellency for this communication, and for the kindness shown me in facilitating the accomplishment of the duty imposed on me. It is, however, difficult for me to depart immediately from Paris, which for eight days has been given up to the horrors of a bombardment carried on against its in. offensive population, without the warning which is usual according to the law of nations I do not feel it right to abandon my fellow, citizens at the moment when they are victims of this violence. Moreover, the communications between Faris and London are by the act of the commander-in-chief of the besieging army so slow and uncertain that I cannot, notwithstanding my good wishes, reply to your appeal in the terms of your despatch. You kindly informed me that the Conference would meet on the 3rd of January, and would then probably adjourn for a week. Apprised of this on the evening of the toth, I could not profit by your invitation in proper time. Moreover, Count Bismarck, while allowing the letter to reach me, has not accompanied it with a safe-conduct, which is, however, indispensable. . . . As soon as I have this document in my hands and the situation of Paris permits, I shall proceed to London, sure beforehand of not invoking in vain in the name of my Government the principles of right and morality which Europe has so great an interest in causing to be respected.”

- Died in Paris, aged 95, Citizen Lambert, Recorder for two years to the first Revolutionary Tribunal, and Secretary to the Public Prosecutor, Fouquier-Tinville.

11.-Died, aged 72, Paul Bedford, come dian, one of the last survivors of the "old Adelphi favourites.

12.-Explosion at Luycett Colliery, New

castle-under-Lyne, causing the death of five men and serious injury to fifteen others.

12.—The Master of the Rolls gives judgment against Charles Lafitte, banker, of Paris, concerning the claim for 150,000l. made by him against the company (now in course of liquidation) which had secured a transfer of the goodwill of his business.

· Jewellery to the value of 2,500l. stolen from one of London and Ryder's assistants, in a private lodging, Upper Berkeley-street, Portman Square, by a person feigning an intention to purchase, aided by a female who stealthily placed a handkerchief saturated with chloroform over the messenger's mouth. The parties were afterwards traced to Leamington, where they were found to have been occupying for some time an apparently respectable position as Mr. and Mrs. Tarpey. She was apprehended there and conveyed to London, while he was in Bel. gium endeavouring to dispose of the plunder.

Letters from Paris announce that the bombardment of the city was increasing in severity. “From midnight until 2 A.M. about one projectile per minute has fallen in the St. Sulpice quarter. Forts Vanves, Issy, and Montrouge have been cannonaded with great violence, but our external batteries have opened a well-sustained fire, which appears to have caused great ravages in the Prussian batteries. After half-past three the enemy considerably slackened his fire, and only threw projectiles of small weight. The villages of Nogent and Fontenay were cannonaded, but only in a very feeble manner. Our forts in the east have very vigorously fired during the night, and especially about I A.M., on the whole line of the Prussian positions. The bend of the Marne was also bombarded during the night, but without any accident.”

Died at the Deanery, Canterbury, aged 61, the Very Rev. Henry Alford, D.D., a Biblical critic and commentator of established reputation.

13.-Under pretence that he was engaged in Orleanist intrigues, M. Gambetta causes the Prince de Joinville to be arrested at Le Mans, confines him in the Prefecture for five days, and then despatches him from St. Malo to England.

After a struggle protracted over six days, the army of Prince Frederick Charles captures the important position of Le Mans, and General Chanzy withdraws his troops in the direction of Alençon northward, and Laval eastward. In the course of this contest 16,000 prisoners were taken, with several guns, including nitrailleuses, six locomotives, and 200 railway waggons. Chanzy gave out that Le Mans was only given up after " some shameful cowardice and an unaccountable panic caused a portion of our troops to abandon important positions compromising the safety of us all.”

General Bourbaki reports as follows: “The villages of Arcey and St. Marie have just been carried brilliantly, and without our having suffered too great losses, considering the results

obtained. I am still gaining ground, and am highly satisfied with my commanders of Army Corps and with my troops. By manœuvring I have caused the enemy to evacuate Dijon, Gray, Lure, and Vesoul, of which my scouts took possession yesterday. The fighting at Arcey and Villersexel does great honour to the First Army Corps, which has not ceased carrying on operations for the last six weeks during the most trying weather, marching constantly, notwithstanding the cold, snow, and glazed frost."

13.-Died, aged 81, Dr. Thomas Mayo, for some time President of the Royal College of Physicians.

14.-French Rentes quoted in Paris at 51f. 50c., and the new loan at 52f. 65c.

- New sovereign authorized to be issued with the image of St. George and the Dragon on the reverse.

Prince Karageorgewich sentenced to eight years' close confinement for his complicity in the murder of Prince Michael of Servia in June 1868.

15.—The Prussians blow up the railway bridge over the Chier, on the line from Longwy to Arlon, and concentrate troops for the bombardment of the first-mentioned place.

General Trochu sends out a parlementaire with a letter to Count Moltke, remonstrating against the damage done by the fire of the batteries to schools and hospitals, which were under the protection of international humanity. Count Moltke replied it was by accident, owing to the great distance and fog, that such buildings had been struck, but that when the batteries were nearer the gunners could be more discriminate in their aim.

The General Outram, Indian coasting steamer, wrecked in a gale between Cochin China and Bombay, and about fifty people on board drowned.

16.-Count Bismarck refuses a safe conduct to M. Jules Favre to attend the London Conference, on the plea that it would be a recognition of a Government which had not been recognised by France itself. M. Favre was referred to the commander of the besieging forces, where a safe-conduct would not be open to such construction, but cautioned against leaving Paris at a time when interests of more importance than the Black Sea were at stake. Your Excellency would also leave behind in Paris the diplomatic agents and subjects of neutral States who have remained, or rather have been detained there, long after they had received permission to pass through the German lines, and who are, therefore, so much the more under the protection and care of your Excel. lency as the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Government de acto. I can, therefore, scarcely suppose that your. Excellency, in the critical position of affairs, in the establishment of which you so materially assisted, will deprive yourself of the possibility of co-operating to effect a solution the responsibility of which rests

upon you.” In answer to an application for a about mid-day, he walked with a stately step safe-conduct on the 27th November, M. Bis- through the line of soldiers, followed by his marck said that one would be placed at M. Jules son and the princes and generals of the Empire. Favre's disposal, but he must send for it, as a He bowed to the altar, and to the eight clergy German flag of truce had been fired on by the who stood on the steps, and then took up French.

· his place nearly beneath the allegorical picture, 16.-Alençon captured by the Grand Duke “Le Roy gouverne par luy même," with of Mecklenburg and the 13th Corps.

L'Ordre rétabli dans les Finances" on his 17.-At the first business meeting of the

left, and the “Building of a Navy" on his Black Sea Conference to-day a special protocol

right. The group formed round the King was signed, recording it as an essential prin

in a semicircle, of which his figure was the ciple of the law of nations that no Power can

centre. He wore a general's uniform, the liberate itself from the engagements of a treaty,

riband of the Black Eagle (yellow), many nor modify the stipulations thereof, unless with

orders, and carried his helmet in his hand. A the consent of the contracting Powers by means

chorale having been sung, the Court preacher of an amicable arrangement.

and military chaplain, Rügger, read the Lord's - In the case of the International steamer

Prayer and a Litany, to which the responses seized by Government on the ground that she

were sung by the band and by the “congrega. had on board a cable intended to be used

tion of the princes.” The 21st Psalm followed, in the military service of France, Sir R.

after which the rev. chaplain delivered a disPhillimore gives judgment confirming the claim

course, “Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin !” adof the telegraph company to have the vessel

dressed to France. Then was sung a hymn, released, on the ground that the primary object

and the Lord's Prayer was said, and next came of the cable was of a commercial character.

the chorale, “Nun danket alle Gott," &c., to the Considering, however, that there was a reason

end. Count Bismarck at the Emperor's comable cause for detaining the vessel, the learned

mand read a proclamation, stating that "the judge made no order as to costs or damages.

German Princes and Free Towns having ad:

dressed to us a unanimous call to renew and An appeal on both sides was made to the

undertake with the re-establishment of the Judicial Committee.

German Empire the dignity of Emperor, which - Rev.Dr. Currey, preacher at the Charter.

now for sixty years has been in abeyance, house, elected Master in room of the late Arch

and the requisite provisions having been indeacon Hale.

serted in the Constitution of the German Con- In answer to a request for permission of federation, we regard it as a duty we owe to certain neutrals, not members of any diplomatic the entire Fatherland to comply with this call body, to withdraw from Paris, Count Bismarck

of the united German Princes and Free Towns, writes: "For months neutrals in Paris had

and to accept the dignity of Emperor. Accor, the option of leaving the city, and certainly, as dingly, we and our successors to the Crown of far as the German commanders are concerned, Prussia henceforth shall use the Imperial title there is no foundation for the statement con

in all the relations and affairs of the German tained in the letter of the foreign Ministers of

Empire, and we hope to God that it may be the 13th, that neutrals had been prevented

vouchsafed to the German nation to lead the escaping from the dangers of the siege through Fatherland on to a blessed future, under the the obstacles placed in their way by the auspices of its ancient splendour. We under belligerents. The facilities allowed to the

take the Imperial dignity conscious of the duty, members of the diplomatic body will be con

to protect with German loyalty the rights of tinued as an act of international courtesy,

the Empire and its members, to preserve peace, although even this is difficult and disturbs the to maintain the independence of Germany, and operations of the German army; but there is

to strengthen the power of the people. We now only one way in which their numerous

accept it in the hope that it will be granted to compatriots can be released from the dangers

the German people to enjoy in lasting peace connected with the siege, and that is the

the reward of its arduous and heroic struggle capitulation of Paris." Count Bismarck, in con within boundaries which will give to the clusion, observed that “of course buildings in Fatherland that security against renewed which there are women, children, and invalids French attacks which it has lacked for cente are not intentionally fired at, but that from the

turies. May God grant to us and our succes construction of the fortresses and the great

sors to the Imperial Crown that we may be the distance of the German batteries the damage

defenders of the German Empire at all times which is accidentally inflicted cannot be

not in martial conquests, but in works of peace avoided.”

in the sphere of national prosperity, freedom 18.-King William of Prussia proclaimed and civilization.” Count Bismarck read slow! German Emperor within the Hall of Mirrors and formally, every phrase could be distinct in the palace of the French kings at Versailles, heard, and he gave full emphasis to the allusion in presence of all the German princes, under to the frontier, as though he wished thes, the standards of the army before Paris, and should be no mistake about it. The crowd surrounded by representatives of the different officers and soldiers listened breathlessly to regiments. When the King entered the hall | end, when the Grand Duke of Baden advanca

arm.”

and exclaimed in a loud voice,“ Es lebe seine history, such as Prussia can show to-day after a Majestat der deutsche Kaiser Wilhelm, hoch!” period of 700 years." The cheer was taken up with wild energy; the 20.-The King of Saxony, congratulating band playing “Heil Dir im Sieger Kranz" and King William on his accession to the Imperial “God Save the Queen.” The Emperor and

dignity, hopes that Germany, under the vigor. Crown Prince embraced thrice, and the Ger

ous and circumspect leadership of his Majesty, man princes paid homage to the former as might “enjoy its blessings in their full measure, “deutsche Kaiser.” This concluded the cere

see the unavoidable wounds of this great mony. The new Emperor then received the

struggle close, and, as an esteemed member of deputations of officers from distant corps, and

the family of European nations, also make her withdrew, accompanied by the princes, generals,

voice respected abroad on behalf of everything and other illustrious personages. The deputa

that is good and just.” tions, with other guests, were entertained by the Emperor in the afternoon, previous to their

- In giving formal notice of his elevation leaving Versailles, at the Hôtel de France. An

to the Spanish throne, King Amadeus writes to order of the day addressed to the army made

Queen Victoria that he had only decided to mention that on this day, “memorable for me

accept the honour “in the firm and unalterable

resolution to employ all our efforts and to conand my house, I take, with the consent of the German princes and the adhesion of all the

centrate all our existence to the good and pros

perity of this great people.” To the Pope he German people, in addition to my rank as King of Prussia, that of German Emperor.

wrote: “It will be our principal care, by our Your bravery and endurance, which I again re

respect and adhesion to your Holiness, to procognise to the fullest extent, have hastened the

cure that the constant relations between your work of the unification of Germany—a result

Holiness and this generous nation may he those which you have achieved by the expenditure of

which the Spiritual Father of the Faithful ought blood and lives. Let it always be remembered

to sustain with his true sons." that the feeling of mutual friendship, bravery, 21.-Thanks voted in the Italian Parliaand obedience rendered the army great and ment to the engineers of the Mont Cenis victorious. Maintain this feeling : then will Tunnel. the Fatherland always regard you with pride

- Marshal M'Mahon protests against Count as to-day, and you will always remain its strong

Bismarck's allegation in a recent circular, that

French soldiers had used explosive bullets at 18.-General Bourbaki reports an unsuc the battle of Woerth. cessful attack on the German position between

- The siege batteries on the northern line Montbéliard and Montrandois. He now com

of investment open fire against St. Denis and menced a retreat southward by the Doub Valley road, in the direction of Besançon.

its forts. His force was said to number over 120,000. - In consequence of dissatisfaction expressed - The Swedish Parliament opened by the

at a meeting of the Council of Defence, General King, who alluded to the possibility of the

Trochu resigns the leadership of the forces in present war spreading, and spoke of army organi

Paris, and is succeeded by General Vinoy. zation as the most pressing public question.

- Commencement of serious riots in Paris,

the “Reds” this evening breaking into the - Died, aged 78, Sir George Hayter, Principal Painter-in-ordinary to her Majesty.

prison of Mazas and liberating Major Flourens,

of the Belleville Artillery, disbanded some time 19.-The Times announces that Mr. Childers, since. Immediately afterwards M. Flourens for some time labouring under ill health, had and his fellow-rioters made a descent upon the sent in his resignation as First Lord of the Mairie of the 20th Arrondissement, but finding Admiralty. The rumour was contradicted in they were few in numbers and scantily provi. the evening papers.

ded with muskets, they evacuated the Mairie, - Another unsuccessful sortie from Paris after appropriating 2,000 rations of bread. At undertaken with the view of reaching Versailles noon on Sunday, 100 of the rioters, chiefly and cutting off communications. The French soldiers belonging to the National Guard, reafterwards massed near Valerien. General

paired to the Hotel de Ville, and about one

o'clock fired upon the few Mobiles to whom Trochu reported to be wounded. - General Von Goeben attacks Faidherbe's

the Hotel was entrusted, severely wounding the

adjutant of a Breton regiment in the hands and Army of the North before St. Quentin, and

arms. On seeing their adjutant fall, the Mobiles forces a retreat towards Cambrai. At night,

returned the fire, five persons being killed and French accounts stated, the men were so

eighteen wounded. Simultaneously, a musfatigued that it was impossible any longer to

ketry fire was poured into the windows of the keep them in position.

Hotel from the houses opposite, occupied by - The Upper House of the Prussian Diet the rioters; but several regiments of National congratulate the King on his accession to the Guards arrived, and order was restored after Imperial dignity. The latter replied : “May twenty minutes of anarchy. In consequence of it be vouchsafed to me to lay for a united these proceedings, the clubs were ordered to be Germany the foundation-stone of a glorious | suppressed during the remainder of the siege.

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