« VorigeDoorgaan »
place of the old name :-“If they are really Her mother married a second time, and asterand truly Conservatives as regards the general wards went on the stage, taking young Harriet institutions of the country, no name is deserving with her for juvenile characiers. She conof more adherents, or would meet with more tinued on the stage, meeting with great favour, general approval ; but with them it is a mere till her marriage with Mr. Coutts, the banker, change of name, a mere alias to persons who in 1815. He died in 1822, at the advanced do not like to be known under their former age of eighty-seven, leaving her universal designation, and who under the name of legatee, with a share in the business of the Conservatives mean to be conservative only of banking-house. The personalty was sworn every abuse-of everything that is rotten-of under 600, cool. In 1827 she married William, everything that is corrupt. If that, then, is Duke of St. Albans, then in the twenty-seventh the name that pleases them,-if they say that year of his age, and on her death bequeathed the distinction of Whig and Tory should no to his Grace 10,oool. per annum, Sir Francis longer be kept up-I am ready, in opposition Burdett's house in Piccadilly, and an estate at to their name of Conservative, to take the Highgate. name of Reformer, and to stand by that oppo
7.-A meeting held at the “ King's Head," sition. (Cheers.) And in looking back to
Poultry, in aid of the Paisley weavers, 14,000 history, taking their sense of the denomina
of whom had been out of employ for four tion of Conservative, I think one may be as proud of the name of Reformer as they can be
months. of the name of Conservative. What was
- At a dinner in the Town Hall, TamLuther? Luther was a Reformer. Leo the worth, held to celebrate the return of Tory Tenth, who opposed the Reformation, was a candidates, Sir Robert Peel warned his hearers Conservative. What was Galileo ? Galileo,
that they had now a duty to perform to the who made great discoveries in science, was a
Constitution. “ It might be disagreeable, and Reformer. The Inquisition, who put him into
indeed inconvenient, to them to attend to the prison, was Conservative. The Christians who registration of vi ters which annually took place suffered martyrdom in Rome were Reformers.
throughout the country. All this might be The Emperor who put these Christians to
revolting to them; but they might depend upon death, Nero, was a Conservative." The term
it that it was better they should take that here commented on was thought to have been
trouble than that they should allow the Constifirst applied to a political party by Mr. Croker
tution to become the victim of false friends, or in an article in the Quarterly Review for Jan.
that they should be trampled under the hoof of 1830. “We despise,” he wrote, “and abom
a ruthless Democracy. The advice which had inate the details of partisan warfare, but we
been given to some persons was, 'Agitate, are now, as we always have been, decidedly
agitate, agitate!' The advice which he would and conscientiously attached to what is called
give to them would be this : ‘Register, the Tory, and which might with more propriety register, register !'" be called the Conservative, party.” Reviewing 12.-General Espartero enters Madrid at Iramont's “Mirabeau "in July, 1832, Macaulay the head of the Royal troops, but is coldly described “Conservative" as a new cant word. / received.
29.-In the elections up to this date, the 14.-Lord Durham writes to the Sunderland Whig and Tory gains and losses were nearly electors :-“Be assured of this, that in all cirbulanced. In the City of London Mr. Grote cumstances--at all hazards—be the personal was elected by a majority of 6 over Mr.
consequences what they may - I will ever Palmer) along with Wood, Crawford, and respond to your call. Whenever my aid to Pattison. Mr. Disraeli was successful at the cause of Reform and liberal principles is Maidstone (along with Mr. Wyndham Lewis) required, it shall be freely and cordially given.” isy 688 votes against Colonel Thompson's 529.
- A boy three years and a half old mur. Mr. Lewis was unseated on petirion, and Mr.
dered in the playground at Leeds by an Hector, Tory, elected after a contest. Roebuck
idiot youth named Jeffgate. and his colleague Palmer were defeated by two Tories at Bath, Sir James Graham in
16.—The Gravesend steamboat Medway, Camberland, and Hume in Middlesex. The
with about 150 passengers on board, takes fire latter afterwards found a seat at Kilkenny,
in the Thames off Northfleet. One person was rendered vacant by the election of O'Connell for
drowned and another burnt. 1 alin. The West Riding of Yorkshire was car - Died, aged 68, William Daniell, R. A. ried after a keen contest by two Whig candidates,
18.-An extraordinary session of the Par. Lad Morpeth and Sir George Strickland.
| liament of Lower Canada opened by the Earl August 1.--Died at Edinburgh, aged 61, of Gosford, Governor-in-chief. M. Papineau, Vilijam Geikie, designer of popular etchings. Speaker of the Lower House, led the opposition
5.-Died at her residence in Piccadilly, to the Government proposals regarding the Harriet, Duchess of St. Albans, aged sixty application of the revenues of the province. 51x. Her father, Matthew Mellon, held a
19.-The elections being now over, it is commission in the East India Company's found that the Liberals replaced by Tories service, but died shortly before she was born. amounted to 66, and the Tories replaced by
Liberals to only 53. The Liberal majority elected to the last Peel Parliament was 356 to 302 ; the majority in the present Melbourne Parliament, 336 to 322. The petitions presented against returns amounted to 60. In the case of 14 the members were declared not duly elected, and the seats transferred ; 25 were declared duly elected, and 21 pettions were not proceeded with
23.-A lighter laden with gunpowder explodes off East Greenwich, causing considerable damage to shipping in the river, and injury to several people.
- Irruption of water into the Thames Tunnel. One of Mr. Brunel's assistants writes : “Seeing a quantity of loose sand falling near the gallery, I gave the signal to be hauled into the shaft. I had scarcely done so when I observed the ground give way, and the water descending in a thousand streams, like a cascade.” Within an hour the Tunnel was entirely filled. No lives were lost.
86.-Railroad from Paris to St. Germains (the first in France) opened.
started in H.M. ship Terror in June 1836, and | from which he was now returning.
14.-Fire at an india-rubber and shell shop in the Strand. Three inmates on the second floor-Mr. Harris, his child, and servant-lo.it their lives.
19.-Musical festival at Birmingham, ex. tending over four days, and remarkable, among many similar displays, for Mendelssohn's playing of one of Bach's preludes and sugues. The great composer's own oratorio of St. Paul” was perforined on the second day of the fes, tival, and Handel's “ Messiah" on the third.
20.-Captain Alexander Burnes—“ Bokhara Burnes," as he was known in London society, from his travels in Central Asiaarrives at Cabul as head of the commercial mission sent thither by the Governor-General, Lord Auckland. He was received with great honour by Akhbar Khan, and conducted to the court of his father Dost Mahomed. At a conference on the 24th, the Ameer said : “Instead of renewing the conflict with Runjeet Singh, it would be a source of real gratification to me if the British Government would counsel me how to act--none of our other neighbours can avail me; and in return I would pledge myself to forward its commercial and political views.” Burnes thereupon assured him, that the British Government would exert itself to secure peace between the Punjaub and Affghanistan; and added, that although he could not hold out any promise of interference for the restoration of Peshawur, which had been won and preserved by the sword, he believed that the Maharajah intended to make some change in its management, but that it sprang from bimself and not from the British Govertiment.
- The Duke of Terceira and his friends seek refuge in England after their unsuccessful attempt to restore the Charter of Don Pedro at Lisbon.
29.-Foundation stone laid of the new University Library, Cambridge.
30.-The first anniversary meeting of the British Medical Association held in the London Coffee House, presided over by Dr. Webster. A petition was adopted for the institution of a National Faculty of Medicine.
September 5.- Collision in the Thames between the Apollo steamer, from Yarmouth, and the Monarch, a Leith packet. The Apollo sank, but those on board, with the exception of the stewardess and two children, were saved by the Monarch crew.
- The first session of the twenty-fifth Congress of the United States opened with a message from the new President, Martin Van Buren. The document dealt mainly with one subject, the financial embarrassment of the country, for the consideration of which Congress had been especially convened three months earlier than usual.
- Died at his cottage, near Durham, aged 98, Count Barowloski, the well-known Polish dwarf. His height was under thirty-six inches, but his body was of the most perfect symmetry, and his mind cultivated to an extraordinary degree by travel and study.
8.-Died at Geneva, aged 75, Sir S. Egerton Brydges, critic and genealogist.
9.-Collision at the Kenyon Junction of the Liverpool and Manchester railway, causing the death of one woman and an infant, and injury to several passengers.
- News received of the mutiny and murders on board the British ship Fanny Captain M'Kay. A mixed crew of Manilla men and Lascars fell upon the Europeans, murdered the commander and other officers, and plundered the ship, which they afterwards sunk:
13.-Letter received by the Geographical Society from Captain Back, R.N., describing the obstacles which prevented his carrying out the mission of discovery on the N.W. shore of the Hudson Bay territories, on which he had
October 3.--The old royal stud, bequeathed to the Fitz-Clarence family by the late King, sold at the Hampton Court paddocks. Total realized, 15,692 guineas.
4.-The Queen leaves Windsor for Brighton, where she met with a reception of surpassing splendour, and was presented with an address.
5.-Died at Aremberg, aged 54, Hortense Eugénie de Beauharnais, ex-Queen of Holland, mother of Prince Louis Napoleon.
8.-Died, in his 72d year, Samuel Wesley, musician, son of Charles Wesley and nepiew of the founder of Methodism.
13.–The French in Algeria. To-day Ge Lord Durham referred to the late defeat which neral Dameremont attacks Constantina, the his party had sustained in his own county. stronghold of Achmet Bey and the capital of “Having been abroad for a considerable time," ancient Numidia, which is carried by assault he said, “I am not prepared to trace all the after a desperate resistance.
small and minor causes which have led to that 15.-Major Rawlinson encounters the Rus
temporary eclipse of your former Liberal as. sian agent Vickovich journeying with presents
cendency; suffice it to say that it has happened,
and that if I live it shall never happen again.” to the camp of Mahomed Shah, at Herat. "I tracked them,” he writes, “ for some dis
Lord Durham expressed himself as favourable tance along the high road, and then found that
to the ballot, if no other means could be devised they had turned off to a gorge in the hills.
of protecting the voter. Then at length I came upon the group, seated
17.- Died at Weimar, aged 59, Johann at breakfast by the side of a clear sparkling Nepomuk Hummel, composer and pianoforte rivulet. The officer, for such he evidently was, player. was a young man of slight make, very fair com
23.-Meeting of the Six Counties at St. plexion, with bright eyes, and a look of great Charles, Lower Canada, to protest against the animation. He rose and bowed to me as I
threats of the English Parliament to annihilate rode up, but said nothing. I addressed him in
the fundamental laws of the colony. French--the general language of communication between Europeans in the East, but he shook
85,-Heard in the Court of Common Pleas his head. I then spoke English, and he
the case of libel raised by Mr. Easthope, M.P. answered in Russian. When I tried Persian,
one of the proprietors of the Morning Chronicle, he seemed not to understand a word ; at length
against C. M. Westmacott, of the Age. The be expressed himself hesitatingly in Turcoman,
libel was contained in a placard issued for of Uzbeg Turkish. I knew just sufficient of
electioneering purposes, and insinuating that this language to carry on a simple conversation, |
the plaintiff had failed to repay money borbut not enough to be inquisitive. This was rowed from a friend. A verdict for 40l. damage evidently what my friend wanted, for when he
was given against the defendant. found I was not strong enough in Jaghatai to 26.—Meeting at Manchester to promote a proceed very rapidly, he rattled on with his | system of national education. rough Turkish as glibly as possible. All I 27.-Don Carlos arrives at Durango in his could find out was that he was a bona fide |
flight to the north side of the Ebro. Russian officer carrying presents from the E.nperor to Mahomed Shah. More he would
29.-From Cabul, Burnes writes to Captain not adinit; so, after smoking another pipe
Jacob :-“With war come intrigues, and I have with him, I remounted, and reached the royal
had the good fortune to find out all the doings camp beyond Mishapoor before dark. I had
of the Czar and his emissaries here, where they an immediate audience of the Shah, and in
have sent letters and presents. After proving the course of common conversation, mention
this, I plainly asked the Governor-General if ing to his Majesty my adventure of the morn
such things were to be allowed, and I got a ing, he replied, Bringing presents to me!
reply a week ago altering all my instructions, Why, I have nothing to do with him; he is
giving me power to go on to Herat, and anysent direct from the Emperor to Dost Mahomed
where, indeed, I could do good. The first of Cabul, and I am merely asked to help him
exercise of this authority has beer. to despatch on his journey." " Major Rawlinson at once
a messenger to Candahar, to tell them to disreturned to Teheran to acquaint Mr. M'Neill
continue their intercourse with Persia and with the communication which was going on
Russia, on pain of displeasure ; and not before between St. Petersburg and Cabul.
it was time, for a son of the chief of the city,
with presents for the Russian ambassador, is 17.-Sir F. B. Head writes from Toronto
ready to set out for Teheran.” Next day :to Sir J. Colborne, Lower Canada :-"In re
“Here a hundred things are passing of the ference to that part of your letter of the 10th
highest interest. Dost Mahomed Khan has instant (this moment received) in which you
fallen into all our views, and in so doing has state that you have made arrangements for
either thought for himself or followed my assembling troops at certain points to aid the
counsel, but for doing the former I give him avil authorities, and to encourage the loyal,
every credit, and things now stand so that I which will compel you to withdraw from
think we are on the threshold of a negotiation Cpper Canada as many companies of the
with King Runjeet, the basis of which will be 24h as I can spare you, to show a good front his withdrawal from Peshawur, and a Barukat this crisis, I have pleasure in being able to
zye receiving it as tributary from Lahore, the inform you, that excepting the small detach chief of Cabul sending his son to ask pardon. ment at Bytown, I consider that this province
What say you to this, after all that has been can dispense with as many of the troops as you
urged by Dost Mahomed Khan's putting forth may deem it desirable to require.” 'About a
extravagant pretensions ? Runjeet will accede month later Sir Francis was in danger of being
to the plan, I am certain. I have on behalf of made a prisoner in his own capital.
Government agreed to stand as mediator with - Addressing a meeting of local Reformers, the parties, and Dost Mahomed has cut asunder all his connexion with Russia and Persia, and 9.-Moses Montefiore knighted by the Queen, refused to receive the ambassador from the being the first Jew who had received this Shah now at Candahar.'
honour. 31.-The Irish National Association meet 13.-Serious disturbances throughout Ca• in Dublin for the last time, O'Connell carrying nada, arising from the opposition offered in the a motion expressing confidence that the present Legislature to resolutions carried in the House Administration would give full effect to the of Commons in March 1836, declining to make wishes of the people of Ireland.
the Council of Lower Canada elective, conNumerous political meetings held during
tinuing the Charter of the Land Company, and this month in favour of the ballot and triennial
authorizing the Provincial Government, indeParliaments
pendent of the Legislature, to appropriate the money in the treasury for the administration of
justice and the support of the civil governNovember 1.-Decree of the King of
ment. Lord Gosford had some months since Ilanover annulling the Constitution of 1833. written to the Colonial Secretary : “In con
2.- The Fitzwilliam Museum buildings, sequence of meetings held and about to be Cambridge, commenced.
held in different parts of the Province, I 3.-Another irruption of water into the
cannot conceal from you my impression that a
system of organization, under the influence and Thames Tunnel : one man drowned.
guidance of M. Papineau and a few designing 4.-The Queen returns from Brighton to individuals ready to execute his purposes, is at Buckingham Palace.
this moment going on. The primary and osten8.-In the Consistory Court Dr. Lushing
sible object of M. Papineau's plan seems to be, ton gives a decree in favour of the right of
to procure a public expression of indignation the churchwardens of Braintree to levy a
against the Ministerial measures, and eventuchurch rate on the parishioners, and in opposi
ally to excite a hostile feeling against the tion to the decision of a majority of the latter
Government, and to establish a convention,
which he expects will overawe the constituted assembled in vestry.
authorities, and thus carry all his destructive 9.-This being the first Lord Mayor's Day views into execution. Under this conviction, since her accession, the Queen proceeded I am prepared to adopt prompt measures, through the City in state to dine with his lord should they be necessary, to check the evil in ship (Sir John Cowan, Bt.) at Guildhau. The its infancy. I contemplate therefore issuing a Queen lett Buckingham Palace at 2, accom proclamation, warning the people against the panied in the state carriage by the Duchess of misrepresentations and machinations of the Sutherland, Mistress of the Robes, and the designing, and exercising the discretion you Earl of Albemarle, Master of the Horse. The confided to me, for increasing the military Royal family, ambassadors, Cabinet Ministers, force here, by despatching your letter to Sir and nobility followed in a train of two hundred Colin Campbell, with a request for one of the carriages, extending nearly a mile and a half. regiments now stationed at Halifax. I must The day was kept as a holiday throughout repeat, that these steps would not be dictated London, and, though the weather was bad, by the apprehension of any serious commotion, nothing could exceed the enthusiasm with which
for I have every reason to believe that the mass her Majesty was greeted by the dense crowds of the Canadians are loyal and contented; but she passed through. At Temple Bar the Lord from the persuasion that the presence of a larger Mayor delivered the keys of the City to the military force in this province might of itself Queen, which she restored in the most gracious prevent the occurrence of any disturbance, by manner to his lordship, who then took his deterring the ill-disposed, securing the waverplace immediately in front of the royal carriage. ing, and giving confidence to the timid.” ToOn passing St. Paul's, the senior scholar of day warrants were issued at Quebec for the Christ's Hospital delivered an address of con arrest of five ringleaders, on a charge of gratulation, and the National Anthem was treason. A party of eighteen of the Montreal sung by the pupils. Guildhall was reached Volunteer Cavalry were despatched to St. about half-past 3 o'clock. A throne and chair John's to seize two other suspected persons, of state were placed upon a raised platform at | When returning with their prisoners they were the east end of the banqueting-hall. The Queen attacked. near Chambly by about 300 men wore the order of the Garter, and a magnificent armed with rifles, who fired upon them from diamond circlet on her head. After the ban behind a breastwork of felled trees. After a quet, the Lord Mayor proposed “The health short resistance the cavalry fled, leaving their of her most gracious Majesty," which her prisoners in the hands of the assailants. Majesty acknowledged, and gave in return Colonel Wetherall thereupon marched against "The Lord Mayor, and prosperity to the City St. Charles, where the Papineau party or of London.” The only other toast, “The “Liberty boys” had taken refuge, and with Royal Family," was given by the Lord Mayor. the assistance of a large body of Canadians Her Majesty left for Buckingham Palace at drove them into the woods. Colonel Gore half-past 8. The City was illuminated in the made an attack on St. Denis, but the rebels evening:
| resisted successfully till they heard of Wether.
all's success at St. Charles, when they retreated 1 of the House to the appointment of a Com. from their stronghold.
mittee to settle a new Civil List. 15.-The new Parliament opened by com 27.-Mr. Charles Buller's motion for ameni. missioni, for preliminary business. The Righting the law relating to the trial of election petiHon. James Abercroinby re-elected Speaker. tions read a second time, by a majority of 214 Next day he reported himself to the House of to 160. He proposed to reduce the number of Lords, and claimed the free exercise of all the members composing the committee from eleven ancient and undoubted rights possessed by the to five, and that an assessor named by the Commons.
Speaker, but subject to the approval of the
House, should preside as chairman and explain 20.-Parliament opened by her Majes'y.
the law. An important paragraph in the Royal Speech related to the Civil List. “I place unreservedly December 2.-In consequence of disputes at your disposal those hereditary revenues with the local governor concerning the opium which were transferred to the public by my trade, Capt. Elliot, the British Superintendent immediate predecessor; and I have commanded at Canton, removes his flag to Macao. that such papers as may be necessary for the 5.-The Lord Chancellor's bill abolishing full examination of this subject shall be pre
imprisonment for debt read a second time in the pared and laid before you. Desirous that the
House of Lords. expenditure in this, as in every other depart: ment of the Government, should be kept
– The Canadian disturbances extend to the within due limits, I feel confident that you Upper Provinces, and Sir Francis Head issues will gladly make adequate provision for the warrants for the arrest of several prominent support of the honour and dignity of the citizens of Toronto. An vasuccessful attempt Crown." The speech concluded 3" In meet. was made to-day to seize the city. ing this Parliament, the first that has been - The usual session of the United States clected under my authority, I am anxious to Congress opened at Washington. declare my confidence in your loyalty and
6.-The House of Commons, when diswisdom. The early age at which I am called
cussing certain points of order connected with to the sovereignty of this kingdom renders it
Irish election petitions, forgets its decorum so a ingre imperative duty that, under Divine
far as to compel the Speaker, on the following Providence, I should place my reliance upon
evening, to intimate his intencion of resigning your cordial co-operation, and upon the love
should such a scene be repeated. The subject and affection of all my people.” The Ad.
was introduced by Mr. Smith O'Brien, who dress, moved by the Duke of Sussex and seconded by Lord Portman, was carried in the
presented a petition from himself, complaining
of the public subscription set on foot to defray Lords without a division. In the Commons, an amendment moved by Mr. Wakley and
the cost of petitions against the Irish members ;
and especially of the conduct of Sir Francis seconded by Sir W. Molesworth, relating to
Burdeti, who, by contributing to the subscripthe representation of the people, was defeated
tion, had made himself a party in a cause by a majority of 509 to 20. Speaking on the subject of Reform, Lord John Russell said :
which he might be called upon to judge. "I think that the entering into this question 7.-In the course of another irregular and of the construction of the representation so noisy debate on the legality of the Irish election soon again, would destroy the stability of our petition fund, Mr. B. Disraeli (following Mr. institutions. It is quite impossible for me, O'Connell) made his first speech in Parliament. having been one who brought forward the He contended that the subscribers to the Spotmeasure of Reform-who felt bound by the tiswoode fund were men anxious to work out declarations then made-to take any part in the Reform Act, by putting an end to the systhese large measures of reconstruction, or to tem of boroughmongering, which in a different unsent to the repeal of the Reform Act, shape prevailed more extensively than ever. without being guilty of what I think would be The mortified feelings of these individuals a breach of faith towards those with whom I should be taken into consideration, before the w then acting. If the people of England inquiry was instituted. (Here Mr. Disraeli ae not of that mind, they may reject me. experienced much interruption, and repeatedly They can prevent me from taking part either implored the House to grant him a hearing.) in the Legislature or in the Councils of the He had something to say in vindication of her Sovereign; they can place others there who Majesty's Government, and wished the House malay have wider and more extended, enlarged, would give him five minutes : "I stand here and enlightened views; but they must not
to-night, Sir, not formally, but in some degree expect me to entertain those views."
virtually, the representative of a considerable
number of Members of Parliament. (Bursts 23.–The Persians, urged on, as was believed
of laughter.) Now, why smile? (Continued * the time, by Russia, renew the siege of the
laughter.) Why envy me? (Here the laughter Affghan city of Herat.
became long and general.) Why should not I - The Chancellor of the Exchequer, after have a tale to unfold to-night? (Roars of a debate of some length, obtains the consent laughter.) Do you forget that band of 158