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the recurrence of it, you must suffer an ignominious death. What may have been your precise or actual motive it is impossible to state. I fear it has been the lust of filthy lucre. It has been demonstrated in this instance by the providence of God, in no ordinary manner, that the crime committed in darkness should be brought to light." The prisoner was sentenced to be executed on the 6th of July. He looked very pale, but in other respects betrayed little emotion.
18.-Edward Oxford writes from the prison of Newgate, to Mr. Pelham, his solicitor : “Have the goodness to write to Lord Normanby, and ask him to let me have some books to read; such as 'Jack the Giant-Killer,' • Jack and the Bean-stalk, Jack and his Eleven Wives,' 'My Little Tom Thumb,' 'The Arabian Nights' Entertainment,' and all such books from such celebrated authors. And ask him, as a prisoner of war, whether I may not be allowed on a parole of honour ? and on what grounds, ask him, does he detain one of her Majesty's subjects ?”
20.-Severe strictures passed on the Tory press for affecting to believe that the attempt of Oxford was a mere Whig trick to secure the Ministry in office.
21.–General thanksgiving for her Majesty's recent escape.
24.-Sir J. J. Gordon Bremer issues a notice declaring the river and harbour of Canton in a state of siege.
25.–Mr. Fitzroy Kelly obtains leave to introduce a bill abolishing the punishment of death in all cases except murder and treason.
89.–Tried at Durham Sessions, Robert Taylor, under twenty years of age, charged with six acts of bigamy, and obtaining money under the pretence of being heir to large properties. Two cases were proved against him, and he was sentenced to imprisonment for two years and a half.
- Experiments with Glegg and Samuda's atmospheric railway at Wormwood Scrubbs.
- Died at Viterbo, near Rome, aged 65, Lucien Buonaparte, Prince of Canino, brother of Napoleon I.
30.-The Canada Government Bill read a second time in the House of Lords to-day; but the Duke of Wellington warned the Government of opposition in Committee, on the ground that the present was not the time, nor the measure before the House the method, of permanently settling the Canadian lifferences.
Burrel. The capital, Ting-hae-heen, was given over to the pillage of our troops.
6.-Execution of Courvoisier. His appearance upon the scaffold was the signal for a shout of execration from the thousands assembled below, but he appeared totally unmoved, and stood firm while the executioner fastened the noose. He died after a brief struggle.
- Lord Stanley intimates his abandonment of the Irish Registration Bill, which had undergone the ordeal of ten divisions in the House, and been successful in nine.
8.-The trial of Edward Oxford, for high treason, commenced at the Central Criminal Court, before Lord Denman, Baron Alderson, and Mr. Justice Patteson. Parties were admitted by ticket to the body of the Court, and on and around the bench several members of the aristocracy were accommodated with seats. When Oxford was brought into Court he advanced with a smile to the bar, cast his eyes quickly around, and then commenced playing in a listless manner with the herbs strewn in front of the dock. The Attorney-General stated the case for the Crown, which was based mainly on his statements and confession. (See June 10, 11.) For the defence, the plea of insanity was set up by prisoner's counsel. Mr. Sidney Taylor, and it was sought to be established in evidence that the fact was well known to his relatives and acquaintance. His grandfather had been repeatedly confined in a lunatic asylum, and his father was subject to fits of mental aberration. So far as connexion with any secret society was concerned, the Crown had not been able to establish one single circumstance even of suspicion, and it was now urged in defence that the regulations and threatening letters found in the prisoner's possession had all been written by himself, while labouring under the delusions to which he was subject. Chief Justice Denman charged the jury on the roth. On the subject of insanity he said: “If they thought the prisoner was at the time labouring under any delusion which prevented him from judging of the effects of the act he had committed, they could not find him guilty. He might be labouring, perhaps, under a delusion which affected every part of his conduct, and was not directed to one object alone. If that were the case, and if the disease affected him at the time the act was committed, then he could not be held accountable for it. One cannot say what a person labouring under such a delusion may do ; and the motive, in that case, would not be apparent. With regard to the motive, a love of notoriety had been sug. gested ; but might this absurd sort of love of notoriety not as well have been gratified by firing pistols unloaded as loaded? And if they were unloaded, there could not be an offence. But although he laboured under a delusion, if he fired the loaded pistols at the Queen know. ing the result which would follow his conduct, although forced by his morbid desire for notoriety to the act, he would be responsible
July 2.-O'Connell's motion, that it be an instruction to the Committee on the Registration of Irish Voters to make provision for defining the qualification entitling persons in Ireland to register, rejected by 311 to 162 votes.
5.-The Island of Chusan captured by the British force, under the command of Brigadier
for his conduct, and liable to criminal punish sion was made to acquisitions in China or Aff. ment. ... It is for you to determine whether ghanistan. the prisoner did fire the pistols, or either
13.-The Canada Government Bill read a of them, at her Majesty, and whether the
third time in the House of Lords, the most pistols, both or either of them, were loaded
important of the alterations made in committee with a bullet. Supposing, gentlemen, that
relating to the extension of time for proclaimyou should come to a satisfactory conclusion
ing the Act. The amendments were afterthat the pistols, or one of them, were levelled
wards accepted by the Commons, and the Bill at her Majesty, and that they or either of them were loaded, then the defence which
received the Royal Assent. has been set up raises the further inquiry
- A Royal Message read in the House of whether, at the time the prisoner committed
Lords, recommending the introduction of a the act, he was responsible for it.” The jury
Regency Bill to the attention of their lordships. then retired to consult, and having been absent
In compliance therewith, a bill was introduced about three-quarters of an hour, they returned
by the Lord Chancellor, constituting Prince the following special verdict : “We find the
Albert sole regent in the event of her Majesty's prisoner, Edward Oxford, guilty of discharging
demise before her offspring attained legal age. ihe contents of two pistols, but whether or not - Crowded meeting of the Loyal Na. they were loaded with ball has not been satisfac. tional Association of Ireland held in Dublin, torily proved to us; he being of unsound state of when O'Connell delivered a speech, promising mind at the time." Some discussion then took Repeal within a year. place on a motion by the Attorney-General for
14.–Mr. Hume's motion for an address to confining the prisoner under the 40th Geo. III.,
the Queen praying for the opening of the during her Majesty's pleasure ; which was resisted by Mr. Taylor, on the ground that the
British Museum and National Galleries on jury had acquitted the prisoner of the offence
Sundays, rejected by 82 to 44 votes. with which he was charged by negativing the 15,-Convention signed at London between fact that the pistols were loaded with bullets. the Courts of Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, The jury again retired, and were absent nearly and Russia, on the one part, and the Ottoman an hour, when they returned with a verdict of Porte on the other, for the pacification of the “Guilty, prisoner being at the time insane.” Mr. Levant. To the surprise of many, France was Baron Alderson : “ Then you find the prisoner not included in the alliance. The terms anguilty but for his insanity'?” The Foreman : nexed to the Convention were, that Mehemet * We do, my Lord.” Lord Denman: “The Ali should within ten days accept from the Court asked you this question, Do you acquit Sultan the administration of the Pashalic of the prisoner on the ground of insanity ?" The Egypt, with the command of the fortress of St. Foreman : “Yes, my Lord, that is our inten Jean d'Acre, and pay an annual tribute corretion." Lord Denman : “Then the verdict will sponding to the extent of territory placed under stand thus, Not guilty, on the ground of his protectorate. The fifth condition prescribed insanity.' » The Attorney-General: “That that all the treaties and all the laws of the being the case, I have now humbly to move Ottoman Empire should be applicable to Egypt your Lordships, on behalf of the Crown, that and the Pashalic of Acre, but the Sultan conthe prisoner at the bar, Edward Oxford, be sents "that, on condition of the regular payment confined in strict custody during her Majesty's of tribute above-mentioned, Mehemet Ali and pleasure.” Lord Denman : “That is a matter his descendants shall levy imposts in the name of course." The prisoner, who had remained of the Sultan, and as the delegate of his Highunmoved during the whole of this argument, ness, in the provinces of which the administrawalked briskly from the bar, apparently glad tion is to be to him confided. It is further that the trial was over.
understood, that, on the condition of receiving 8.-A formal union completed between the
the above taxes and imposts, Mehemet Ali Synod of Ulster and the Secession Synod,
and his descendants shall provide for all ex
penses of the civil and military administration numbering together about 700,000 Presby
of said provinces.” Larians.
The terms were rejected
by Mehemet Ali, and warlike proceedings at - Lord Aberdeen withdraws his Scotch
once took place along the Syrian coast. Lord Beachces Bill.
Palmerston, in a note to M. Guizot, thus 11.-Lord Keane entertained by the East alludes to the withdrawal of France as a party India Company at the London Tavern. In to the Convention : "The Four Powers, in the course of the evening, the President of the signing this Convention, could not but feel the Board of Control (Sir J. C. Hobhouse) an
greatest regret to find themselves thus momennounced that within these last few weeks, the tarily separated from France in an affair so Government of India “had been enabled to essentially European; but this regret is dinii. make an addition to its territory, the vast con nished by the reiterated declarations which the sequences of which could scarcely be imagined French Government has made to them that in the wildest dreams of fancy, and which for
it has nothing to object to the arrangements centuries would be of advantage to the empire." which the Four Powers desire to make Mehemet It was not generally understood whether allu- | Ali accept, provided Mehemet Ali consents to
them ; that in no case will France oppose the countrymen would be relieved.” A few weeks measures which the Four Courts, in concert later : “ If the British Government would only with the Sultan, might judge necessary to play the grand game-help Russia cordially to obtain the assent of the Pasba of Egpyt; and all she has a right to expect-shake hands with that the only motive which has prevented Persia-get her all possible amends from the France from uniting with the other Powers Oosbegs, and secure her such a frontier as would on this occasion is derived from considerations both keep these savages and man-stealers in of various kinds, which rendered it impossible wholesome check, and take away her pretext for the French Government to take a part in for pushing herself and letting herself be pushed coercive measures against Mehemet Ali. The on to the Oxus—force the Bokhara Ameer to be Four Courts entertain, then, the well-grounded just to us, the Affghans and the other Oosbegs hope that their separation from France on this states, and his own kingdom. ... The necessity subject will be only of short duration, and will of them will be seen, and we shall play the noble not in any manner interfere with the relations part that the first Christian nation of the world of sincere friendship which they so earnestly ought to fill." desire to preserve with France; and moreover,
28.-The column of July inaugurated at that they anxiously address themselves to the
Paris. French Government in order to obtain its moral support, notwithstanding they cannot
-- Died at Cowes, aged 48, John George hope for its material co-operation.”
Lambton, first Earl of Durham. He had been
in failing health almost since his return from 20.-The Chancellor of the Exchequer
America in 1839. carries a resolution making the duty payable on sugar manufactured within this country
29.-Ovation in Manchester to the Glasgow from any material whatever, the same as that
cotton-spinners on their return from transon sugar extracted from beetroot.
portation. - The line of the Great Western Railway
31.-Action commenced at Lewes Assizes further opened from Steventon to the Faringdon by Captain Richard Heaviside against Dı. Road, a distance of sixty-three miles from
Lardner, for compensation for the seduction of London.
his wife. In suriming up, Baron Gurney said
one point urged in favour of the defendant 21.-On the occasion of the second reading
was, that he was chastised by the plaintiff ; and of the Regency Bill, the Duke of Sussex took
if he had put the defendant's life in danger, it occasion to allude to his own relation to the
would certainly go in mitigation of damages; Queen, not because he was ambitious of being
but under the peculiar circumstances he would included in the Regency, but because he
leave that entirely to the jury. They must not thought the position of the Royal Family
estimate the damages by the pecuniary reshould not be altogether overlooked.
sources of the defendant, but by the injury 22.-The Morning Chronicle announces that the plaintiff had sustained. He had lost an the Rev. Connop Thirlwall, D.D., has been affectionate wife, and his children were deappointed Bishop of St. David's.
prived of the instruction and example of a 23.–Royal Assent given to the Protestant
mother. Damages, 8,000l. Episcopal Church Bill, permitting clergymen In explanation of the differences presently of that communion in Scotland to officiate in existing between the Ottoman Court and England under certain conditions.
Mehemet Ali, the latter despatches a circular 24.--Discussion in the House of Commons
to all the Pashas of the empire, intimating, that, on the case of John Thorogood, confined in
Khosreff Pasha's intrigues were the cause of Chelmsford jail for refusing to pay 5s. 6d. as
his troops being attacked by the Sultan's ; that,
on learning the accession of Abdul Medjid, he church rates.
(Mehemet) had ordered Ibrahim not to follow -- Mr. Simpson, a distinguished geographer
up his advantages ; that on learning that in the employ of the Hudson's Bay Company, Khosreff was appointed Vizier, he (Mehemet) shoots himself at Turtle River, while in a state felt convinced the ascendency of that ininister of mental excitement brought on by recent
must be destructive to the empire ; that Ahmet successful discoveries in connexion with the
Capitan Pasha had formed the same opinion, North-West passage. He had previously shot
and acted upon it by keeping his fleet out of two of his travelling companions.
the power of Khosreff, and uniting it with the -- Arthur Conolly appointed to proceed fleet of Alexandria, in order that the conjoined from Cabul on a mission to Bokhara, and the fleets might be in a condition to serve the courts of other Trans-Oxian Khans. “Poor sovereign and the nation. The circular adds, Stoddart's health,” he wrote, “was drunk last that Mehemet Ali had received the Capitan night at the Ghuznee anniversary dinner, after Pasha with distinction; had written to Khosreff a briefly eloquent speech by Sir Alexander Pasha, urging him to tender his resignation to [Burnes), who concluded by expressing a hope the Sultan ; and had at the same time addressed that, if the last of Sir W. Macnaghten's | letters to the mother and aunt of the Sultan amiablc endeavours to bring the Ameer to the Sceich-ul-Islam and Habil Pasha, conreason should fail, our gallant and unfortunate juring them to co operate for the removal of
Khosreff from the administration in order to save the country. A few days afterwards, six of Mehemet's couriers, with the above letter in their possession, were seized and detained at Salonica.
August 4.-Lord Ashley carries a motion for an address to the Crown concerning the employment of the children of the poorer classes in mines and factories ; "and to collect information as to the ages at which they are employed, the number of hours they are engaged in work, the time allowed each day for meals, and as to the actual state, condition, and treatment of such children, and as to the effects of such employment both with regard to their morals and their bodily health.”
6.-At a forenoon meeting at Tuam, O'Connell describes Lords Lyndhurst and Stanley as the greatest traitors in the Queen's dominions : and in the evening, after dinner, thus alluded 10 the honour reserved for himself : “Oh, it will be a glorious day when the Repeal comes ! A column commemorative of that proud event --that glorious triumph-shall be erected on that spot where stands at present that monument to bigotry and intolerance, the statue of King William. Perhaps its summit will be adorned by a figure which has become familiar to you." 'At Dublin, he said: “The overwhelming kindness of my countrymen sometimes now gives me the name of the Liberator : I have never taken it, or written it; I have scarcely allowed my pride to encourage it; but if I live to repeal the Union—if I live to see the emancipated Irish people assembled in College Green, to witness the opening of the new Parliament-and if I hear the shout of joy which will arise from them when they get their own, for it is no more, and when they see the procession coming to the House--if I live to see that day, then let one word be written on my tomb, and let that word be “The Libe
out, and carried to the guard-house, along with General Montholon and Colonel Vaudrey. The whole of the survivors were arrested during the day, and the steamer taken possession of till it could be ascertained whether the owners were aware of the purpose for which she was chartered. A London morning paper, speaking of the attempt, says, “The maniac Louis Napoleon is said to be in the
present instance nothing but an unfortunate | instrument in the hands of certain Stock Exchange adventurers.
7.--Act of Parliament passed prohibiting the use of climbing-boys as chimney-sweeps.
- In the case of the College of Glasgow v. the Faculty of Physicians the House of Lords decide that the latter could grant degrees in surgery without the interference of the Senatus
- The Irish Corporation Bill passed by the House of Commons, the amendments moved in the Upper House by Lord Lyndhurst being reluctantly assented to by Government.
- Accident near the Howden Station of the Hull and Selby Railway, caused by the accidental fall of a huge iron casting from one of the trucks. Five passengers were killed. The coroner's jury returned a verdict of accidental death, but laid a deodand of 500l. on the engine and carriages.
8.-Mr. Coppock, Secretary to the Reform Club, tried and acquitted at Shrewsbury Assizes, for bribing a voter named Cook at the Ludlow election in 1839.
11.–Parliament closed by the Queen in person. Prince Albert was seated near the Throne, and among the courtly circle surrounding her Majesty were the King and Queen of the Belgians. The most important sentences in the Address made reference to the negotiations engaged in for the pacification of the Levant, and the reparation which had been demanded from the Chinese for indignities.
- Mr. P. Thomson, Governor-General of the Canadas, gazetted a Baron with the title of Baron Sydenham of Sydenham and Toronto.
12.-The seven suspended ministers of the Strathbogie Presbytery declining to appear before the Commission of the General Assembly, a committee of that body was appointed by a majority of 114, to prepare a libel against them.
-Sir W. Macnaghten advises Lord Auckland to annex Herat and claim a right of passage through the Punjaub. “A vigorous policy,” he wrote, “is now that which ought to be pursued.”
13.-Riots at Calne, Wilts, arising out of the opposition of the poorer classes in the district to the new constabulary force. One special constable killed, others injured, and several houses sacked.
- The Canada Clergy Reserve Bill read a third time in the House of Lords.
- Louis Napoleon's attempt on Boulogne. This morning, about 4 o'clock, the City of Edinburgh steamer from the Thames arrived off Boulogne, with Prince Louis Napoleon, fifty-eight followers, eight horses, and two Carriages. On landing, the party immediately proceeded to the barracks, where, having secured the sentinel, the Prince made overtures to the soldiers, and offered them a considerable increase of pay. This, however, had no effect, and he then went through the town, distributing proclamations to the citizens and soldiers. Few joined them; and very soon the National Guard were assembled, and the party driven to the sands. Here some of them attempted to regain the steamer, but the buat upsetting they were precipitated into the water, when the National Guard fired and killed several. Some were drowned ; and Prince Louis himself was picked up half a mile
15.--The foundation-stone of the Scott monument, at Edinburgh, laid with masonic honours by Sir James Forrest, Grand Master, and provost of the city. The inscription on a plate inserted in the stone recorded that the admi. rable writings of Sir Walter Scott were allowed to have given more delight, and sug. gested better feeling, to a larger class of readers in every rank of society, than those of any other author, with the exception of Shak, speare alone, and were therefore thought likely to be remembered long after this act of gratitude on the part of the first generation of his admirers should be forgotten.” Addresses were delivered by the Grand Master and Sir William Rae.
17.-The King of the French visits Boulogne to thank and reward the inhabitants of that town for their loyalty on the late attempt of Louis Napoleon to disturb the peace of the country. A heavy sea preventing him from landing at the port, he proceeded after some delay to Calais, and then by land to meet the Boulonnais.
19. The steamer Ontario, afterwards named the Lord Sydenham, navigated down the rapids between Prescott and Montreal.
24.-A man named Moore executed at Waterford, for the murder of Edward Casheen at Lismore. On the scaffold he was permitted to make a declaration of innocence, and ask the prayers of the spectators. While the people were kneeling a priest in attendance came to the front of the drop, and declared his belief in the truth of the statement made by the criminal.
25.--Festivities at Antwerp, on the occasion of unveiling the model of a statue to be erected to the painter Rubens, a native of the city.
27.–Attempted murder of William Mackreth, in a bedroom of the Angel Inn, Ludlow. There was a severe wound in the throat, but not sufficient to cause death. It was generally believed the criminal in this instance had made a mistake, the intended victim being one Ludlow, a Birmingham cattle-dealer.
Died at Donare, county of Kildare, Mrs. Martha Rorke, reported to be 133 years of age.
28.- Presentation of the freedom of the City of London to Prince Albert. “I shall always,” said the Prince in reply, “remember with pride and satisfaction the day on which I became your fellow-citizen, and it is especially gratifying to me as marking your loyalty and affection to the Queen." A banquet took place afterwards, at which, however, the Prince was not present.
Lord John Russell writes from Drumlanrig Castle, where he was on a visit to the Duke of Buccleuch, expressing his inability to attend a banquet designed to be given in his honour in Edinburgh.
29.-Rev. Hugh Stowell tried at I iverpool, for a libel on a Catholic clergyman in Man. chester, who had, he declared, subjected one of his people to the indignity of walking on his hands and knees two hours a day for nine days, as a penance for sin. Verdict for the plaintiff, damages 4os. This judgment was reversed after a re-hearing before Lord Chief Justice in the Court of Queen's Bench, Nov. 27, 1841. The plaintiff was also condemned in costs.
30.-Collision on the river Lea between two small boats. They were both upset, and ten out of thirteen passengers drowned.
31.-Bath and Bristol Railway opened. September 3.-Came on at Tulle the trial of Madame Laffarge, charged with murdering her husband, by administering poison to him at various times in cake and fowl. On the 9th, chemists reported that no arsenic could be found in the remains; but on the 14th, Orfila and others stated that the poison was found in every part of the body submitted to them. The jury found her guilty with extenuating circumstances, and she was sentenced to hard labour for life, with exposure in the pillory.
5.-Mehemet Ali refuses the terms of the Convention of July 15.
Envoy Macnaghten writes from Cabul to Lord Auckland : “We have just heard that the whole country between this and the Oxus is up in favour of Dost Mahomed Khan. Our troops have retired upon Baneean, and if the enemy attack them in that position, I should have little fear of the result.
The Kohistan is also ready to rise.” A week later, he reported that one entire company of Captain Hopkins' corps, with its arms and accou. trements, had gone over to the Dost.
7.-The bombardment of Beyrout com. menced by the allied fleet.
10.-Riots in Paris, caused by disorderly as. semblies of workmen called together to put down the system of “middle-men, which had greatly aggravated the recent reduction in wages.
11.-Prince Albert introduced and sworn of her Majesty's Privy Council.
12.—The French Moniteur publishes an ordinance for the fortification of Paris.
Duel on Wimbledon Common between Lord Cardigan and Lieut. Tuckett, in conse. quence of the Earl obtaining information that Lieut
. Tuckett was the author of certain letters in the newspapers reflecting, as his lordship supposed, on his character as an officer and a gentleman. The first shot was ineffectual on both sides. Mr. Tuckett received his adversary's second ball in the back part of the lower ribs. The ball was extracted, and no fatal result followed. The miller of Wimbledon, with his wife and son, witnessed the duel from his mill, and being a constable, took the parties