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14.-Royal assent given to the bill affording 29,-A gardener, named Smith, attacks three summary protection to persons employed in | police-officers in the prison yard at Huddersthe publication of parliamentary papers.
field with a pruning-knife, and inflicts such 15.-Meeting in the Guildhall, to protest
injuries on Duke, the chief of the force, that against the establishment of a penal settlement
he dies in a few hours. in any part of New Zealand.
-- On resuming business after the Easter - Five footmen, in the service of noble
recess, the Cambridge Election Committee Den in London, charged at Queen-square
report that Mr. Manners-Sutton had by his
agents been guilty of bribery and treating, and with assaulting and threatening a servant in Farl Galloway's employment, because he would
that an extensive and corrupt system of treat
ing prevailed on the part of many influential not conform to the rules of the footmen's club by paying his “footing” for the use of the
members of the constituency of Cambridge.
The elections at Ludlow and Totness were also room set apart for them at the House of Lords.
declared void this session. They were fined ios. each. - Died at the Viceregal Lodge, Dublin,
30.-Marriage of the Duke de Nemours
with the Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg. Captain Thomas Drummond, Under-Secretary for Ireland, and inventor of the Drummond or lime light.
May 1.-A penny postage envelope, de
signed by W. Mulready, R.A., issued to the 17.-In consequence of the refusal of Fer
public. dinand II. of Naples, to discontinue the working of the Sicilian sulphur by private 2.-In the Court of Queen's Bench, Lord monopoly, in opposition to the treaty of 1816, Denman reverses the decision of Dr. Lushing. the British Government commence hostilities.
ton in the Braintree Church Rate case, thus The monopoly was broken up the following
affirming the power alleged to be vested in month.
a majority of the vestry. 18.-O'Connell organizes a new Society in
5.-Sir William Molesworth brings the subDublin, to be called the “National Association
ject of transportation before the Communs, in for Justice or Repeal,” and announces that the supporting two resolutions : (1) “That the first sum collected for its support amounted
punishment of transportation should be abo.
lished, and the penitentiary system of punishment to 441.
adopted in its stead as soon as practicable ;" 20.–Prince Albert thrown from his horse
| and, (2) “That the funds to be derived from in the Home Park, but injured so slightly as to the sales of waste lands in New South Wales be able to mount again immediately, and pro and Van Diemen's Land ought to be anticeed to a stag-hunt at Ascot.
cipated by means of loans on that security, for 24.-Meeting in the Freemasons' Hall, the purpose of promoting extensive emigration Earl Stanhope in the chair, to petition Par to those colonies.” No division took place, the liament against the continuance of the opium motion being simply recorded in the votes.
- Select Committee appointed by the 25.-Died at Paris, aged 58, M. Poisson,
House of Commons to inquire into the several President of the Académie des Sciences.
duties levied on imports into the United King
dom, and how far these duties are for the pro27 - The Court of Common Council, by
tection of similar articles manufactured in this a vote of 56 to 30, agree to present a piece
country, or for the purpose of revenue. Their of plate to each of the Sheriffs, in testimony of
report presented next session condemned the the Court's approbation of their patriotic and
present tariff as incongruous and diffuse, and magnanimous conduct in refusing to submit to
recommended an immediate change in the the decrees of the House of Commons instead
protective duties presently levied. of the commands of the Court, whose officers
6.-The Gresham Committee meet to dethey were.
cide between the plans of Mr. Tite and Mr. 28.-At the meeting of the Synod of Moray,
Cockerell for the New Royal Exchange. The toe “moderate” party carried a resolution
former chosen by a vote of 13 to 7. pertnitting the seven suspended Strathbogie
- Lord William Russell found murdered in ministers to vote on making up the poll, and to
his bedroom, No. 14, Norfolk-street, Parkact and vote on any business taken up by the
lane. “This morning,” said the housemaid, Synod.
“I rose about half-past six, and went down 29,- Disturbance in the Italian Opera stairs about a quarter before seven o'clock. I house, caused by Laporte's non-engagement of went into the back drawing-room, and there I Signor Tamburini.
saw his lordship's writing-desk broken open, - It is reported regarding the wood pave and his keys and papers lying on the carpet. ment in the Metropolis, that, over the portion I opened the dining-room and found the laid down in Oxford-street during the last six drawers open, and the candlesticks and several teen months, there had travelled 7,000 vehicles other pieces of plate lying on the floor. I ran and 12,000 horses, with scarcely any appearance up stairs and told my neighbour servant the of wear or change on the surface,
cook, with whom I slept, what had happened,
I also told the valet, who slept in an adjoining room, and asked him what he had been doing with the silver, for it was lying all about. He said he had been doing nothing with it, but he got up and went down stairs, when he declared the place had been robbed. I then said, “For God's sake go and see where his lordship is.' He went into his lordship's room, and I followed him, when on opening the shutters we found his lordship in bed murdered. We then ran into the street, and alarmed some of the neighbours.” Dr. Elsegood was amongst the first who went into the room afterwards. “I found his lordship in bed in the front room on the second floor, lying on his back, partially towards his right side. A towel was thrown over his face, which I removed. He appeared to have been dead about four hours. On removing the towel I found a wound extending from the left shoulder down to the trachea, four or five inches in depth, and seven inches long. The wound, which had been inflicted by some sharp instrument, must have caused almost immediate death. The deceased could not have inflicted such a wound on himself, and then placed the cloth over his face.” In a confession made in prison on the 22d June, the valet Courvoisier described the manner in which the murder was committed, thus : “As I was coming upstairs from the kitchen, I thought it was all up with me. [Lord William Russell had been complaining of his conduct.] My character was gone, and I thought murdering him was the only way to cover my faults. I went into the dining-room and took a knife from the sideboard. On going upstairs I opened his door and heard him snoring in his sleep. There was a rushlight burning in his room at this time. I went near the bed by the side of the window, and then I murdered him. He just moved his arm a little, and never spoke a word. I took a towel which was on the back of the chair and wiped my hand and the knife. After that I took his key and opened the Russian leather box, and put it in the state in which it was found in the morning. The towel I put over his face, and undressed and went to bed.”
6.-Lord Stanley postpones his motion on the Irish Registration Bill, in consequence of the absence of Lord John Russell, caused by the death of Lord William.
8.-Police-officers searching the house of Lord William Russell find two bank-notes for rol. and 51. hidden behind the skirting board adjoining the sink in the butler's pantry, and to which Courvoisier only had access. In that portion of the house they also ultimately find the missing rings, locket, and gold coins secreted in obscure corners. "The watch and seal were in my jacket pocket which I had on until the Friday morning, and then I undid the ribbon and took the seal off. Having the watch in my pocket, the glass came out ; but I did not know what to do with it, as the police
were watching me. I dropt some of the pieces of glass about the dining-room, and at different times put the large pieces in my mouth, and afterwards having broken them with my teeth spat them in the fire-place. I afterwards burned the ribbon, and put the watch under the lead in the sink.”- Confession. In Courvoisier's box were also discovered a screwdriver and chisel with which certain marks in the pantry corresponded. On the evening of the roth Courvoisier was taken into custody, and conveyed to Bow-strect.
9.-Lord Palmerston writes to Earl Granville at Paris : “Her Majesty's Government having taken into consideration the request made by the Government of France for permission to remove from St. Helena to France the remains of Napoleon Buonaparte, your Excellency is instructed to assure M. Thiers that her Majesty's Government will, with great pleasure, accede to this request."
11.--Feargus O'Connor sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment in York Castle, for libel.
12.-The Rev. G. Grantham, of Magdalen College, Oxford, killed by faliing from the window of his room on the second storey of the new buildings.
- Earl Stanhope's motion praying her Majesty to take immediate steps for the suppression of the opium trade, as dishonourable to the character and detrimental to the interests of her subjects, negatived in the House of Lords without a division.
14.-Motion in the House of Commons, by Mr. T. Duncombe, agreed to, that Stockdale and his attorney be discharged from Newgate.
15.-The Chancellor of the Exchequer (Baring) introduces the Annual Budget. He estimated the gross income for the year at 46,700,000l., and the expenditure at 49,432,000l. To meet the deficiency it was proposed to increase the Assessed Taxes 10 per cent. ; the Customs and Excise (with certain specified exceptions) 5 per cent., and to lay an additional duty of 4d. per gallon on all spirits-British, colonial, and foreign.
19.–The question of transportation discussed in the House of Lords in connexion with a resolution submitted by the Archbishop of Dublin, that such punishment be abolished immediately, completely, and finally.
20.-Lord Stanley's Registration of Voters Bill (Ireland) carried into Committee by the narrow majority of 3 in a House of 599.
- A Government measure introduced into the House of Commons for dealing with the Canada Clergy Revenues. It provided for the distribution of the proceeds of the sale of clergy lands on an equitable principle; the Church of England and the Church of Scotland to have each one-fourth, the remaining half to be distributed among the other religious denomi. nations, including Roman Catholics, at the
88.-Captain Otway, of the Life Guards, killed in Hyde Park, by his horse falling back and crushing him.
29.-Confusion and many narrow escapcs in Kensington Gardens, caused by the sudden appearance of a half-clad lunatic, on horseback, while the crowd of nobility in their carriages were listening to the band of the ist Life Guards.
30.-Intelligence reaches England of the suffocation of 600 slaves in the "middle passage,” and the death of 100 in the same vessel during her return to Mozambique for a new cargo.
discretion of the Governor and Executive Council.
20.-Feargus O'Connor, writing from York Castle, complains of the severe treatment to which he, a political prisoner, is subjected, in being compelled to associate with criminals, and perform all the menial labour usually laid on that class.
- York Minster narrowly escapes a second destruction by fire. As it was, the belfry, where the flames were first seen, was totally destroyed, and the oaken roof of the nave seripasly injured.
21,- Opening of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. The first division was on the choice of a moderator, when Dr. Makeller, supported by the non-intrusion party, was carried (in opposition to Dr. Hill, of Dailly, nominated by the retiring moderator), by a majority of 195 to 147.
- The Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand proclaims the sovereignty of these islands to be vested in the Queen of Great Britain. Auckland made the capital of the colony, Sept. Igth.
22.-Public meeting held at Edinburgh in support of the Earl of Aberdeen's bill for removing doubts respecting the allocation and admission of ministers to benefices in Scotland. Resolutions approving of the bill were submitted and carried. Next day a meeting was held in the same city to express disapproval of the bill.
25.-At a meeting of the Roman Catholic Institute, in Freemasons' Hall, an encyclical letter from Pope Gregory was read, approving of the design of the Institute, “for protecting the followers of our divine faith in freedom and security, and for the publication of works vindicating the Spouse of the Immaculate Lamb from the calumnies of the heterodox."
26.-The General Assembly discuss the ap. peal of the Strathbogie ministers against the legality of the sentence of suspension. Patrick Robertson, advocate, was heard for the ministas, and Dr. Cook submitted a motion, declaring that the decision of the Commission exceeded its powers, and ought to be rescinded. A Connter-motion, moved by the Procurator, was carried by a majority of 227 to 143. A few days afterwards this case came again before the Assembly, when it was carried by a majority, that the sentence of suspension be continued till the meeting of Commission in August next, when, if the seven ministers still continued contumacious, they should be served with a "libel."
- Died, aged 76, Admiral Sir William Sydney Smith.
27-Marshal Vallée reports serious disasters to the French army in Algeria.
- Died at Nice, aged 56, Nicholas Paginını, violinist.
June 1.-The first public meeting of the Society for the Extinction of the Slave Trade, and for the civilization of Africa, held in Exeter Hall, presided over by Prince Albert. “I sincerely trust,” he said, "" that this great country will not relax in its efforts until it has finally and for ever put an end to a state of things so repugnant to the principles of Christianity and to the best feelings of our nature." This was the first public address delivered by Prince Albert in England, and was so well received as to reward his Royal Highness for the great anxiety he felt as to its delivery. “He was nervous," the Queen writes, “before he went, and had repeated his speech to me in the morning by heart.” Mr. Fowell Buxton, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Ashley, and others, also addressed the meeting
- The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, by a majority of 64, approve of the sentence of the Commission suspending the seven ministers of the Strathbogie Presbytery. (See Dec. 11, 1839.)
2.-Serjeant Talfoard calls the attention of the House of Commons to the unnecessarily harsh treatment of Vincent and O'Connor in prison. Lord John Russell stated in reply, that certain prison regulations at present in force would be relaxed; but that the facts had been greatly exaggerated.
3.-The fancy “properties” of the Eglinton tournament sold by auction, and purchased, in most instances, by the Metropolitan theatres.
5.-Count Bertrand, in presence of a brilliant court, delivers up to Louis Philippe the arms of Napoleon, which he had been long forced to conceal, but which he now hoped to see placed on the coffin of the great Captain, under a tomb “destined to attract the observation of the universe." In reply, the King said : “I esteem myself happy that it should have been reserved to me to restore to the soil of France the mortal remains of one who has added so many glories to our triumphs, and to discharge the debt due by our common country in surrounding his bier by all the honours which are so justly due to him."
7.-Fire in Ivy-lane, Newgate-street, and loss of five lives—Mrs. Price and four children.
- Died at Berlin, in his 70th year, Frede rick William III., King of Prussia.
8.–The city of Natchez, New Orleans, to Buckingham Palace, which they reacher nearly destroyed by a tornado. About twenty | about twenty minutes past seven o'clock. In persons were killed, and the loss of property the evening large numbers of the nobility called was estimated at over 1,000,000l.
at the Palace to offer their congratulations. - In the Court of Queen's Bench, Lord 11.-On examination before the Privy Denman gives judgment in the case of Capel, Council Oxford made the following declaraVicar of Watford, who had obtained a con tion:-“A great many witnesses against me. ditional rule for setting aside a rate which Some say I shot with my left, others with my included his tithes. It was now decided that right. They vary as to the distance. After I under Mr. Poulett Scrope's Act, in spite of the fired the first pistol Prince Albert got up as if Archbishop's proviso, tithes and rent-charges he would jump out of the coach, and sat down must be rated like lands—at what they will again as if he thought better of it. Then I fired let for.
the second pistol. This is all I shall say at 9.–The Chinese attempt to burn the English
present." On searching his lodgings a quantity shipping at Canton by fire-boats.
of powder and shot was found, and the rules of
a secret society, styled “Young England," pre10.-The newspapers publish the details of
scribing among other things that every member an attempt at murder said to have been made
should, when ordered to meet, be armed with a by the Swiss governess in the household of
brace of loaded pistols and a sword, and a black the Duke of Argyll. About midnight she was noticed with a knife in her hand making for
crape cap to cover his face. The prisoner was
this day committed for trial on the charge of the Duchess's room, and secured mainly through
high treason in its most aggravated form-a the presence of mind of the youngest Lady
direct attempt on the life of the Queen. The Campbell.
surmises as to the attempt being part of a wide- Attempt to shoot the Queen and Prince spread conspiracy were not established by the Albert by Edward Oxford, pot-boy. About six careful inquiries to which the outrage led. A o'clock this evening the Queen and Prince left joint address from both Houses of Parliament Buckingham Palace by the garden gate open was agreed upon to-day at a conference. ing from Constitution-hill. They were seated
- The Court of Session grant an interdict in a very low German droschky, drawn by four
prohibiting the sentence of the General As. horses with postilions, preceded by two out
sembly from being carried into execution against riders, and followed by two equerries. A
the seven suspended ministers of the Strathnumber of people, assembled to witness her
bogie Presbytery. departure, were ranged in two lines outside the
12.-At a Court held this afternoon at Buckgate. After the carriage had proceeded a short distance up Constitution-hill, so as to be quite
ingham Palace, the joint Address from both
Houses of Parliament was presented to her clear of the crowd, a young man on the Green
Majesty, expressive of indignation at the late Park side of the road presented a pistol, and fired it directly at her Majesty. The Prince,
attempt against her life, and of heartfelt conhearing the whistle of the ball, turned his head
gratulations on her preservation. Her Majesty in the direction of the report, and her Majesty
replied, “I am deeply sensible of the mercy
of Divine Providence, to whose continued pro. at the same instant rose, but Prince Albert
tection I humbly commend myself, and I trust suddenly pulled her down by his side. “The
that under all trials I shall fmd the same conreport of the pistol,” says Perks, a witness,
solation and support which I now derive from "attracted my attention, and I heard a distinct
the loyal and affectionate attachment of my whizzing or buzzing before my eyes, between
Parliament and my people." Addresses were my face and the carriage. The moment he fired the pistol he turned himself round as if to see
also presented by many public bodies through
out the kingdom. For some weeks the exciteif any one was behind him. He then set him
ment produced by the outrage absorbed all self back again, drew a second pistol with his left hand from his right breast, presented it
other topics of public interest. across the one he had already fired, which he
13.-The effect of the attempted assassi. had in his right hand, and fired again, taking
nation on certain portions of the Irish people very deliberate aim.” Several persons at once
may be seen from the language used by the rushed upon him. He was then calm and col. O'Connellite Pilot: “There has been-we anlected, admitted firing the pistols, and went
ticipated there would be as 'soon as her Maaway quietly with two of the police to Queen
jesty was announced enceinte—there has been square station. He there gave his name as
a deliberate attempt to assassinate the Queen Edward Oxford, 17 years of age. The Queen,
and put Cumberland on the throne. Yes, as might be supposed, appeared extremely pale
Cumberland and Orangeism plotted to murder from the alarm, but, rising to show that she
the Queen. The hand of God alone saved was unhurt, ordered the postilions to drive to
her to her people. Oh, may that God long Ingestre House, the residence of the Duchess protect her life, and preserve her people from of Kent, where her Majesty and the Prince the domination of Cumberlandism and the foul remained a short time. On returning by Hyde
assassin Orange-Tory faction !” Park the royal pair were received by a large 15.—The Canada Clergy Revenues Bill rend Cathering of ladies and gentlenien, and escorted | a second time in the House of Commons.
15.-- In the Court of Queen's Bench, A. Alaric Watts was fined 501, for a libel on Admiral Omnanney, in so far as an article published in the United Service Gazette imputed to him disrespectful conduct in the reception of the Queen Dowager at Malta.
16.-In the discussion on the Church of Scotland Benefices Bill, Lord Aberdeen explained, that one leading principle of the bill was to preserve to the civil power the right of cognizance of acts of excess which the General Assembly might commit in the exercise of what they were pleased to call their right to give effect to what they considered their solemn conviction. The bill had been received with satisfaction, he said, by a large body of the clergy and laity, though it was admitted the General Assembly took a less favourable view of it. The second reading was carried to-day in the Upper House by 74 to 27 votes.
- The Atlantic steamship British Queen arrived at Portsmouth, having made the voyage from New York in fourteen days, fourteen hours, less longitude. Her last outward voyage was inade in thirteen days, eleven hours, from port to port, the quickest yet made.
17.–The Lord William Bentinck and the Lord Castlercagh, troop-ships, wrecked off Bambay.
18.-Commenced in the Central Criminal Court, before Chief Justice Tindal and Baron Parke, the trial of François Benjamin Cour. voisier, for the murder of Lord William Russell. Counsel for the prosecution, Messrs. Adolphus, Bodkin, and Chambers; for the prisoner, Mr. Charles Phillips and Mr. Clarkson. The first witness examined was the housemaid, Sarah Mancel, who spoke to the appearance of the house on the morning of the murder, and the conduct of the prisoner when they found their master murdered. On the second day an important witness turned up, viz. Charlotte Piolaine, of the Hôtel Dieppe, Leicester-square, who spoke to the fact of the prisoner (formerly a servant there) having left a portion of the missing plate with her. some days before the murder was committed. “He had a paper parcel in his hand, and asked me if I would take care of it until the Tuesday following, when he would call for it. I said, 'Certainly, I would;' and he left it with me and went away. I put the parcel in a closet, locked it up, and never as the prisoner till this day. I took the parcel cat of the closet yesterday for the first time, in consequence of a statement read by my cousin out of a French newspaper, to the effect that it
25 likely, seeing that the prisoner was a foreigner, he might have disposed of the missing plate at some of the foreign hotels in London." On the following morning the prisoner made a confession of guilt to his counsel, Mr. Phillips; but after consultation with the Judges it was considered proper to carry on the original line of defence, particularly as the prisoner himself wished this done. Mr. Phillips continued to dis. charge his irksome task to the close of the trial
on the third day, when he addressed the Court in desence of Courvoisier. The concluding por. tion of his address gave rise to sharp criticism as to the responsibilities resting on counsel with reference to prisoners who had confessed their guilt:-“It was not a strong suspicion," said Mr. Phillips, “or a moral conviction which would justify the jury in finding a man guilty of murder. 'If, notwithstanding that suspicion, they felt bound to acquit the prisoner, he was still answerable to the laws of his country for the robbery, if guilty ; and even supposing him guilty of the murder-which indeed was known to Almighty God alone, and of which, for the sake of his eternal soul, Mr. Phillips hoped he was innocent-it was better far that in the dreadful solitude of exile he should, though not in the sight of man yet before the presence of God, atone by a lingering repentance for the deed, than that he should now be sent in the dawning of his mauhood to an ignominious death, in a case where the truth was not clear. After having now travelled through this case of mystery and darkness, his anxious task was done: that of the jury was about to begin. Might God direct their judgment! One of the attributes of the Almighty was that day given to them, the issue of life and death was in their hands. To them was given to restore this man once more to the enjoyments of existence and the dignity of freedom, or to consign him to an ignominious fate, and brand upon his grave a murderer's epitaph. His had been a painful and an awful task, Lut still more awful was their responsibility. To violate the living temple which the Lord had made-to quench the fire which His breath had given-was an awful and tremendous responsi. bility. The word once gone forth was irrevocable. Speak not that word lightly. Speak it not on suspicion however strong, on moral conviction however cogent, on inference, doubt. or anything but a clear, irresistible, bright, noonday certainty. He spoke to them in no spirit of hostile admonition; Heaven knew he did not. He spoke to them in the spirit of a friend and fellow-Christian ; and in that spirit he told them, that if they pronounced the word lightly its memory would never die within them. It would accompany them in their walks; it would follow them in their solitary retirements like a shadow; it would haunt them in their sleep and hover round their bed; it would take the shape of an accusing spirit, and confront and condemn them before the judgment seat of their God. So let them beware how they acted.” Chief Justice Tindal then charged the jury, who afterwards retired, deliberated an hour and twenty minutes, and returned with a verdict of “Guilty.” The Chief Justice prefaced the sentence of death with a brief and feeling address, interrupted by his own sobs; his utterance at times was quite choked. “The age of your victim," said Chief Justice Tindal, “his situation of master, had no effect on you. To atone to society, which has received a shock by your crime, and to prevent