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ANNALS OF OUR TIME.

1837.

of allegiance and supremacy, kneeling before

the throne. The former surrendered their seals June 20.-Accession of Queen Victoria. On of office, which her Majesty returned, and Tuesday morning, shortly after 2 o'clock, the Ministers kissed hands on re-appointment. A Archbishop of Canterbury and the Lord Cham- | declaration was drawn up, and signed by all berlain (Marquis of Conyngham) left Windsor present, stating that, “Whereas it has pleased for Kensington Palace—where the Princess | Almighty God to call to His mercy our late Victoria was residing with her mother-to in Sovereign Lord King William the Fourth, of form her Royal Highness of the King's death. blessed and glorious memory, by whose decease The details of the interview current in society the imperial crown of the United Kingdom of at the time were thus set down by Miss Wynn : Great Britain and Ireland is solely and right“ They reached Kensington Palace at about fully come to the High and Mighty Princess 5: they knocked, they rang, they thumped for a Alexandrina Victoria, saving the rights of any considerable time before they could rouse the issue of his late Majesty King William the porter at the gate ; they were again kept wait- | Fourth which may be born of his late Majesty's ing in the courtyard, then turned into one of consort : we, therefore, the Lords Spiritual and the lower rooms, where they seemed forgotten Temporal of this realm, being here assisted by everybody. They rang the bell, and de- with those of his late Majesty's Privy Council, sired that the attendant of the Princess Victoria with numbers of others, principally gentlemen might be sent to inform her Royal Highness of quality, with the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, that they requested an audience on business of and citizens of London, do now hereby, with importance. After another delay, and another one voice and consent of tongue and heart, ringing to inquire the cause, the attendant was publish and proclaim that the High and Mighty summoned, who stated that the Princess was Princess Alexandrina Victoria is now, by the in such a sweet sleep she could not venture to | death of our late Sovereign of happy memory, disturb her. Then they said, “We are come become our only lawful and rightful liege, to the Queen on business of state, and even her Lady Victoria, by the grace of God, Queen of sleep must give way to that !' It did ; and to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and prove that she did not keep them waiting, in Ireland, Defender of the Faith, saving as a few minutes she came into the room in a | aforesaid. To whom, saving as aforesaid, we do hoose white nightgown and shawl, her night- acknowledge all faith and constant obedience, cap thrown off, and her hair falling upon her with all hearty and humble affection ; beseechshoulders, her feet in slippers, tears in her ing God, by whom kings and queens do eyes, but perfectly collected and dignified.” reign, to bless the Royal Princess Victoria with Lord Melbourne was immediately sent for, long and happy years to reign over us.” Her and the Privy Council summoned to assemble Majesty was pleased to make the following a Kensington at 11 o'clock. At that hour the declaration :-*“ The severe and afflicting loss Queen, with the Duchess of Kent, entered the which the nation has sustained by the death of council chamber, attended by her officers of his Majesty my beloved uncle, has devolved state, and took her seat on a throne erected for upon me the duty of administering the govern. the occasion. The Lord Chancellor then ad- ment of this empire. This awful responsibility ministered to her the usual oaths, binding is imposed upon me so suddenly, and at so her to govern the kingdom according to its early a period of my life, that I should feel laws and customs. She thereafter received the myself utterly oppressed by the burden were I homage of her uncles, the Dukes of Cum- | not sustained by the hope that Divine Proviberland and Sussex, the Queen with admirable dence, which has called me to this work, will grace standing up and preventing the latter give me strength for the performance of it, and from kneeling. The Cabinet Ministers and that I shall find in the purity of my intentions, other privy councillors present took the oath and in my zeal for the public welfare, that support and those resources which usually for their adoption beyond such as might be belong to a more mature age and to longer requisite for carrying on the public service from experience. I place my firm reliance upon the the close of the present session to the meeting wisdom of Parliament, and upon the loyalty of the new Parliament. The debate which and affection of my people. I esteem it also a ensued was characterised by an entire unapeculiar advantage that I succeed to a sove nimity as to the merits of the late King, though reign whose constant regard for the rights and there was a wide difference of opinion regarding liberties of his subjects, and whose desire to the policy of Ministers. When the Commons promote the amelioration of the laws and insti rose to-day, 521 members had taken the oath tutions of the country, have rendered his name of allegiance to the Queen. the object of general attachment and venera

23.-At the close of a discussion to-night on tion. Educated in England, under the tender

the order of public business, Lord Lyndhurst and enlightened care of a most affectionate

took occasion to censure Ministers for their care mother, I have learned from my infancy to

lessness and incapacity. “During a session," respect and love the constitution of my native

he said, “which wanted only a few days of five country. It will be my unceasing study to

months' duration, only two Acts of distinct and maintain the Reformed religion as by law

special legislation had been passed—the Postestablished, securing at the same time to all the

Office Contracts and the Scottish Sedition Bills sull enjoyment of religious liberty; and I shall

-while there was at the present date no fewer steadily protect the rights, and promote to the

than seventy-five public bills depending in the utmost of my power the happiness and welfare,

other House. So far as the foreign policy of of ail classes of my subjects." Her Majesty

Ministers was concerned, it elicited the pity of was also pleased to take and subscribe the oath

their friends and excited the scorn and derirelating to the security of the Church of Scot.

sion of their eneniies.”—Lord Melbourne endealand. The Queen styled herself simply

voured to defend his Ministry from what he deVictoria," and not, as had been anticipated,

scribed as "the bitter and vehement" attack of “ Alexandrina Victoria," a variation which led

the learned ex-Chancellor. - In the Commons, next day to certain alterations in the written

Lord John Russell, when speaking of the Rerolls of the House of Lords and the printed

form Act, said, “Her Majesty's Ministers, form of oath used by members of the House of

while they consider it a final measure (see July Commons.

3d, 1849), do not intend that it should renain 21.-Proclamation of the Queen. Her Ma a barren Act upon the Statute-book, but that jesty left Kensington between 9 and 10 A.M. it should be followed up in such a manner as for St. James's Palace, where she was received would ennoble, invigorate, and enlarge the by members of the Royal family, Cabinet institutions of the country.” Ministers, and officers of the household. In

24.-Explosion at the Blaina Iron Works, a short time she made her appearance at the

Monmouthshire, resulting in the death of window of an ante-room adjoining the audience

twelve workmen, about a third of the entire chamber, and was received with deafening

number employed in the workings. The cheers. Her Majesty was observed to look

calamity was thought to have been occasioned fatigued and pale, but acknowledged the cheers

by one of the labourers venturing into an which greeted her with ease and dignity. She

unsafe passage with a lighted candle. was dressed in deep mourning, with white tippet, white cuffs, and a border of white lace

- Mr. Montefiore (afterwards Sir Moses) under a small black bonnet, which was placed

chosen Sheriff of London ; the first Jew elected far back on her head, exhibiting her fair hair in

to that office in England. front, parted over the forehead. Her Majesty 87.-Lord Langdale, Master of the Rolls, was accompanied to the window by Lord Mel. makes a decree on an information by the bourne, Prime Minister, and Lord Lansdowne, Attorney-General against the University and President of the Council. In the courtyard be. Corporation of Cambridge and others, relative neath the window of the presence chamber was to the mismanagement of Hobson's WorkGarter King-at-arms, with heralds, pursuivants, house and the misappropriation of the funds, and other officials in their robes of state. The especially of the sum bequeathed by John proclamation read was uniform in phraseology Bowtell for apprenticing poor boys. His lordwith the declaration signed at yesterday's Privy ship declared that the purposes for which the Council. When Garter King-at-arms had ceased workhouse was used ought not to be continued, reading, the band played the National Anthem, | and that certain salaries which had been paid and the Park and Tower guns pealed out a ought to cease. He referred it to the Master jubilant chorus. The City dignitaries then formed || to take into account and settle a scheme for :hemselves into order of procession, and marched the future management of the charity. off to proclaim the Queen at various points with - Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, in their jurisdiction.

and since the death of William IV. King 22.-A royal message laid on the table of

of Hanover, enters his kingdom. He was both Houses of Parliament, stating that it was

favourably received by the people. mexpedient, in the judgment of her Majesty, 29.-The Times, looked upon as the organ inat any new measure should be recommended of the Tory party, writes with great bitterness

inefficient Government, whenever it has of.

fered an opposition, however lukewarm and | hesitating, to projects of further change in the

system of representation or in the balance of the constituted authorities of the State.” Sir F. Burdett retired from Westminster at this time in favour of Sir George Murray, Tory, and mention is made that Maidstone was to be contested by Mr. Disraeli, the younger.

against Ministers :-“It will be observed that the anticipations of certain Irish Roman Catholics respecting the success of their warfare against the Protestant Church and State, under the auspices of these not untried Ministers, into whose hands the all but infant and helpless Queen has been compelled by her unhappy condition to deliver up herself and her indignant people, are to be taken for nothing and as worth nothing but the chimeras of a band of visionary traitors. When they boast that her Majesty will in the end turn Papist, or that she will marry a Papist, or in any manner follow the footsteps of the Coburg family, whom these incendiaries describe as Papists, it is clear enough that the circulators of such insane slanders have carefully concealed from the dupes who listen to them that the legal consequence of such lapse into Popery would be an immediate forfeiture of the British Crown.”

80.- Forty bills, public and private, received her Majesty's royal assent to-day, being the first passed in her reign. The ceremony led to some trifling mistakes in consequence of the officials of the House having been so long accustomed to say "his Majesty” and “ le Roi le veut."

- The Budget introduced to the House of Commons by the Hon. Spring Rice, Chancellor of the Exchequer. The gross income for the ensuing year he estimated at 47,240,000l. and the expenditure at 46,631,4151. The Customs he considered likely to produce 21,100,0001., and the Excise 13,8000,000l. The amount of tea cleared for home consumptinn in 1836 was 49,844,000 lbs, and the duty 3,886,0001.

- Pillory abolished by statute.

Considerable political excitement through out the country during the past ten days consequent upon the preparations for a general election to the first Parliament of the young Queen. Lord John Russell writes to the electors of Stroud : “I have endeavoured to strengthen our institutions by reforming them; to obtain complete and full liberty for every religious opinion; to give to Ireland the franchises of Great Britain. But in so doing, I have been cautious not so to innovate as to admit any principle by which our ancient institutions might themselves be endangered ; not so to define religious liberty as to weaken the Established Church; not so to provide for the wants and wishes of the people of Ireland as to break or disturb the unity of the Empire. In this spirit I must always oppose any propostion for the adoption of an elective House of Lords, or of the voluntary principle in religion.” To the electors of Tamworth, Sir Robert Peel wrote: “In cordial concurrence with that powerful Conservative party with which I am proud to boast of my connexion, looking rather to the defence of great principles than to the mere temporary interests of party, I have given a zealous support to a weak and

July 3.--A Bill for carrying on the government of the country in case of a demise of the Crown when the next heir was not in England, read a second time in the House of Lords. It provided that the great officers of state, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and an indefinite number of persons to be named by the heir-presumptive, should carry on the government in the cvent of the Queen's death.

4.-Grand Junction Railway, from Liverpool to Birmingham, opened.

5.-The King of Hanover issues a proclamation calling in question the Constitution of 1833. The Constitution, he affirmed, was neither in form or substance binding on him, and he was not satisfied that it gave any guarantee for the permanent prosperity of his subjects. Writing to the Duke of Buckingham, he says: I had a most difficult card to play, and until I could see my way plainly I could not act true to my principles. .. Radicalism has been here all the order of the day, and all the lower class appointed to office were more or less imbued with these laudable principles. . . But I have cut the wings of this democracy."

8.--The Earl of Durham having been consulted by the Reformers of his own county on the approaching elections, writes to Mr. Russell Bowlby : “I wish to rally as large a portion of the British people as possible around the existing institutions of the country—the Throne, Lords, Commons, and the Established Church. I do not wish to make new institutions, but to preserve and strengthen the old. . i. It has been my ruling principle throughout my political life to endeavour to bring all classes, especially the middle and lower-within the pale of the true, not the spurious, constitution. I have ever wished to give the latter an interest in the preservation of privileges which exclu. sion would render obnoxious to them ; to make them feel that whilst the Crown enjoyed its prerogatives, and the upper classes their honours, they also were invested with privileges most valuable to them; and, moreover, that all, separately and collectively, rested on the common basis of national utility." A Durham Ministry was spoken of at this time, and several candidates for the new Parliament avowed themselves to be supporters of his lordship's policy.

- The late King William IV. buried this evening with great solemnity in the Royal

Chapel of St. George, Windsor. Chief mourner, them in the full enjoyment of that civii and the Duke of Sussex. The Dowager-Queen political equality to which, by recent statute, Adelaide was present in the royal closet. they are fully entitled ; and her Majesty is 13.-Her Majesty and the Duchess of Kent

persuaded that when invidious distinctions are leave Kensington, and take up their residence

altogether obliterated, her throne will be still in Buckingham Palace.

more secure and her people more truly united.”

18.-The Marquis and Marchioness of Lon14.–The Peers refuse permission to the

donderry urge their Durham tenantry to vote Duke of Sussex to present a Quaker petition for the Conservative candidate (H. T Liddell against capital punishment, on the plea that at the ensuing election. “We assure all those their lordships were described as “Peers of

who answer to the solemn appeal that we make the United Kingdom," instead of “Lords

to them—who step forward with heart and soul Spiritual and Temporal.”

in the Conservative cause to rescue the country - The fourth centenary of the invention of from Radical domination that the sense of printing celebrated by a festival at Mayence, the obligation to us personally will be for ever extenıling over three days. Thorwaldsen's registered in our memories; and that the grati. statue of Guttenberg was unveiled with great

tude of ourselves and our family, to those who ceremony on the occasion. A banquet at

live around us and upon our property, will be Edinburgh, in honour of the event, was pre

in proportion to this important demand we sided over by the poet Campbell.

make upon them to prove their fidelity and

their attachment to our sentiments and confi15.-The forces of the Queen of Spain

dence in our opinions. We send these our reencounter the Carlists near Valencia, and gain

commendations to our esteemed friend, the an important victory. Don Carlos, who had

Honourable Henry Liddell, to make every use ventured incautiously near the city walls, retired

of he shall think fit; and we have begged him to the village of Brunol, and latterly to the

especially to report to us those who answer mountains.

zealously our call, and those who are unmindful 17.-Parliament prorogued by the Queen and indifferent to our earnest wishes. (Signed) in person. The Royal Speech for the occasion

VANE LONDONDERRY; FRANCES ANN VANE was prepared with unusual care, and delivered LONDONDERRY.' in a style which disarmed criticism. “It will 24.-An extraordinary and fatal parachute be my care,” her Majesty said, “ to strengthen descent was made by Robert Cocking, painter, our institutions, civil and ecclesiastical, by dis from Mr. Green's balloon, which rose in Vauxcreet improvement wherever improvement is hall Gardens about 8 o'clock. Over Kenning. required, and to do all in my power to com ton Common Mr. Green said the balloon was pose and allay animosity and discord.” The | stationary for a time, and Cocking, then swingQueen read the Speech deliberately, with a ing in his basket below, wished to know their small but sweet voice heard over all the House. altitude. “About 1,000 feet,” Mr. Green reHer demeanour was described at the time as be plied. “Very well; let me know when we ing characterised by a natural grace and modest arrive at about 1,500 feet, and at every addiself-possession. This being the first visit of the tional 500 feet, until we arrive at 5,000 feet, Queen to Parliament, an unusual amount of for that is the altitude at which I wish to enthusiasm was shown. Every spot from which descend.” This was done, and the parachute a view of the pageant could be obtained was | severed, when the balloon shot up with the densely crowded, and deafening cheers greeted velocity of a rocket. The parachute, unable the youthful sovereign at every step. Her to resist the pressure of the atmosphere, colMaiesty. was dressed in a white satin robe, lapsed round the poor inventor, and came decorated with jewels and gold, the Garter on thundering to the earth. The fall was seen by her arm, and a mantle of crimson velvet over several people in the neighbourhood of Nor. her shoulders. In the Gazette of the same wood. The unfortunate man died almost inevening appeared a proclamation dissolving stantly from the injuries he received on reachthis Parliament (the third of William IV.). ing the ground. Mr. Green and a companion Writs for the election of members to serve in made a descent at Maidstone about 9 o'clock. the new House were despatched the same even 25.-First experiment with the electric teleing. They were made returnable on the ith

graph between Euston Square and Camden September.

Town stations, the North-Western Company 18.-A letter designed, it was said, to influ

having sanctioned the laying down of wires ence the Irish elections, sent by Lord John

between those places immediately upon the Russell to the Earl of Mulgrave, expressing

taking out of the patent by Messrs. Wheat. “her Majesty's entire approbation of your past

stone and Cook. Besides these two operators, conduct, and her desire that you should con

Mr. Fox and Mr. R. Stephenson were present to tinue to be guided by the same principles on

witness the infant triumphs of this wonderful which you have hitherto acted. *The Queen

invention. willingly recognises in her Irish subjects a spirit 27.--At an election dinner at Stroud, Lord of loyalty and devotion towards her person and John Russell thus referred to the term “Con. government. Her Majesty is desirous to see servative," which the Tories were now using in

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