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riots of 1780. He afterwards became president for a time to the London Corresponding Society, and on resigning that situation suffered various vicissitudes in foreign countries. Being at Rome in the year 1812, he became acquainted with a person who had in his possession several important documents relating to the Stuart family, and to the secret history of the Papal Government, particularly with respect to its connexion with the exiled royal family. Having made this discovery, Watson communicated it to Lord Castlereagh, who authorized him to procure the documents in question at any price. After much difficulty he succeeded in obtaining them ; and a frigate was sent out by the English Government to bring him with the documents to this country. In the meantime, the Papal Government, being apprised of the existence of the documents, seized and set its seal upon them. After much negotiation, the Papal Government consented to give up those portions of the documents that related to the Stuart family and this country, on condition that it should be allowed to retain those papers which referred to its own acts in behalf of the Stuarts. In so far as Watson's death was concerned, the jury returned a verdict of “Temporary derangement.”
21.-Riots at Todmorden, caused by the refusal of Overseer Ingham to collect a rate imposed by the guardians under the New Poor Law. The constables who attempted to execute a distress warrant on Ingham were forced to promise to execute no more warrants, and then stripped and beaten.
22.-In the Court of Queen's Bench Mr. Disraeli, M.P., appeared to receive sentence for a libel on Mr. Austin, a barrister (see June 5), judgment having gone against him by default. Mr. Disraeli said : “As to my offence against the law, I throw myself on your lordships'mercy; as to my offence against the individual, I have made him that reparation which a gentleman should under the circumstances cheerfully proffer, and with which a gentleman should, in my opinion, be cheerfully content. I make this, my lords, not to avoid the consequences of my conduct ; for, right or wrong, good or bad, these consequences I am ever prepared to encounter ; but because I am anxious to soothe the feelings which I have unjustly injured, and evince my respect to the suggestions of the Bench. But as to my offence against the Bar, I do with the utmost confidence appeal to your lordships, however you may disapprove of my opinionshowever objectionable, however offensive, even however odious they may be to you—that you will not permit me to be arraigned for one offence and punished for another. In a word, my lords, it is to the Bench I look with confidence to shield me from the vengeance of an irritated and powerful profession." Apology accepted, and prayer for judgment withdrawn.
- To-day, the Attorney-General showed cuse against a rule for a criininal information
obtained by the Marquis of Blandford against the publisher of the Satirist newspaper. The Marchioness of Blandford and her children were also parties to the application on which the rule was granted. The complaint against the newspaper was for the publication of a libel impugning the legality of the marriage of Lord Blandford, and the legitimacy of his children by that marriage. The libel alleged that the Marquis of Blandford, in 1817, married Miss Susan Adelaide Law, a young lady of seven teen, residing with her father and mother in Seymour-place, Bryanston-square ; that he had a daughter by her ; and took the mother and his child to Scotland, where Miss Law was introduced to the present Marquis of Breadalbane, Sir William Elliot, and Sir Tyrwhitt Jones, as his wife; that subsequently Lord Blandford married the daughter of the Earl of Galloway, and had children by her—the present Earl of Sunderland, and others, who were illegitimate. The affidavit of Lord Blandford, on which the rule for the criminal information was obtained, denied that there had been any marriage with Miss Law; though the parties had lived together, and 400l. a year had been paid to the lady as an allowance. After consulting with the other judges, Lord Denman said that notwithstanding the misconduct of Lord Blandford, Lady Blandford and the Earl of Sunderland were entitled to have the rule made absolute.
22.- The Common Council of London vote the freedom of the City to be presented in a gold box to the venerable Thomas Clarkson, "as a small but grateful testimonial of the Corporation of London to the public services and worth of one who had the merit of originating, and has the consolation of living to witness, the triumph of the great struggle for the deliverance of the enslaved African from the most oppressive bondage that ever tried the endurance of afflicted humanity, thereby obtaining for his country the high distinction of separating her commercial greatness from principles incompatible with the exercise of the religion of mercy, and achieving a moral' victory, whose trophies shall endure while justice, freedom, the clemency of power, and the peaceful glories of civilization shall have a place in the admiration of mankind."
- Court-martial assembled at Kingston for trial of Canadian rebels. Nine were sentenced to death, and the others to various periods of banishment.
27.--Count Lobau, Marshal of France, died at Paris, aged 68.
28.-Conference at Birmingham between the “ Physical Force" and “Moral Force" Chartists. On the part of the former, Fearg:13 O'Connor explained that his language regard. ing arming had been misunderstood, and the two parties formally resolved to continue their joint action in favour of the National Petition.
89.- Preparatory to the march of the army and careful reflection, and the information that of the Indus into Affghanistan, the Governor | I have received within the last few months General makes a ceremonial visit to Runjeet with regard to Canada, make me believe, that Singh at the camp, Ferozepore. He after when Lord Durham shall lay his plans before varis accompanied “the Lion of Lahore” to the Houses of Parliament, I for one shall be his capital. The Bengal army now at Feroze able to give them my most cordial support, and pore consisted of about 9,500 men of all arms. that all real Liberals will equally be able to The levy raised for the immediate service of rally round the noble lord, and with justice Shah Soojah was then passing through Feroze acknowledge him to be their leader." pore. It comprised two regiments of cavalry, four regiments of infantry, and a troop of horse
4.-Fracas in the Tuileries garden between artillery ; in all about 6,000 men. Runjeet's Mr. Somers, M.P., and Mr. Wentworth Beautroops were to advance on Cabul from Peshawur mont. Mr. Beaumont's counsel stated in the through the Khyber Pass. As it was designed Court of Correctional Police that Mr. Somers to deal a blow at the Ameers of Scinde in pass
had made a demand for money to suppress a ing, the Company's troops were to proceed in a letter, and, on receiving a refusal, struck his south-westerly direction through the territories client with a whip. Mr. Somers was conof Bahwulpore, crossing near Subzulkote the demned in absence to two years' imprisonment frontier of Scinde, striking down to the banks and a fine of 100 francs. of the Indus, and crossing the river at Bukkur. – Disturbance at Canton, resulting in the It then took a north-westerly course, passing
stoppage of all trade. The Chinese authorities through Shikarpoor, Bhag, and Dadur to the
declined negotiation until the opium traffic was mouth of the Bolan Pass; thence through the
abolished. Pass to Quettah, and from Quettah through the Kojuck to Candahar. The troops were under 5.-A woman performed penance at the door tbe command of Sir John Keane, Commander
of Walton Church, by order of the Ecclesiasin-chief of the forces. The crossing of the
tical Court, for defaming the character of a army at Bukkur was ineffectually opposed by neighbour. Meer Roostum.
7.-John Millie, clerk in the Newcastle 30.-Queen Pomaré and the chiefs of Tahiti Savings Bank, found murdered in his office, send a letter to Queen Victoria, praying for the and Archibald Bolam, actuary of the bank, disassistance and protection of England against covered in the same room, apparently insensible the encroachments of French residents on the and slightly injured. Bolam, on recovering, islands under her sway.
sought to fix the crime upon a rough-spoken - The French Government refusing to raise
man who attacked them both, intending to rob a blockade which they had laid on the port of
the bank ; but at the inquest the jury returned Vera Cruz to enforce compensation for injuries
a verdict of wilful murder against himself. said to have been inflicted on French subjects,
12.—Sir Herbert Jenner gives judgment in Mexico makes a declaration of war against that
the case of Breeks v. Woolfrey (see Nov. 19). Power.
“ It appears," said the learned judge, “that the -- Lord Durham lands at Plymouth from whole question turned upon the point whether Quebec. Replying to an address presented praying for the dead was necessarily connected next day by the Mayor of Devonport, his lord with the Romish doctrine of Purgatory, so as ship seid “What relates to myself is of no to make them inseparable. It was the doctrine importance when compared with the interests of Purgatory that the Articles of the Church of your fellow-subjects, the inhabitants of denounced ; and beyond the Articles the British North America. To the furtherance of Court could not go. It was necessary, therethose interests I have publicly and solemnly fore, to inquire what was the Romish doctrine declared that I would devote myself with of Purgatory." The judge then went into a singleness of purpose, and independently of learned history of the origin and progress of all party considerations in this country. I am the doctrine ; and came to the conclusion that glad of an opportunity, at the very moment of it was not introduced till the year 593, whilst landing in England, to repeat that pledge. the practice of praying for the dead prevailed The necessity for this course is well understood at a much earlier period. He quoted the by the people of British America, and will, works of Jeremy Taylor, the formula of Henry belore long, be also comprehended by the the Eighth, the Book of Common Prayer propasple of England ; involving as it does the muigated by Edward the Sixth, and other very existence of British supremacy all over documents, to prove that prayers for the dead the world, and the efficient maintenance or had been duly authorized by the Protestant weak abandonment of that national policy Church of England. There could, therefore, wkich is expressed by the words 'Ships, Colo be no doubt that prayers for the dead were nics, and Commerce.'”
not considered as part of the Romish doctrine
of Purgatory, by the fathers of the English December 1.- Sir William Molesworth Reformed Church. It was, however, against writes to his constituents from Devonport : that doctrine that the 22d Article, chiefly re• The opinion that I have formed after much lied on, was directed. It was urged that the
35th Article, which set forth certain homilies as containing good and wholesome doctrine, was decisive against prayers for the dead; for the Homily No. 7, it was alleged, designated such prayers as erroneous. But though erroneous, they were not denounced as unlawful ; and on this head also he was of opinion, that there had been no violation of the Articles of the Church of England. It was again main. tained, that the words “ It is a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead,” were not those used in the English version of Maccabees : but then, he considered the main point to be, not whether they were according to the Romish or Protestant version, but whether they were consistent with the latter, and not opposed to the doctrine of the Church. The citation was also defective : it ought to have stated that the tombstone was erected without the consent of the Vicar; and the defendant might have been prepared with an answer to what was a distinct and separate offence. The citation was insufficient to raise that point. On this last head, therefore, the “articles were also inadmissible," and must be dismissed with costs.
12.–Royal proclamation issued, warning jus. tices that “great numbers of evil-disposed and disorderly persons have lately, in some parts of Great Britain, assembled themselves together after sunset, by torch-light, in large bodies and in a tumultuous manner, with banners, flags, and other ensigns, and have continued so assembled until a late hour of the night, and during the time they were so assembled have by loud shouts and noises, and by the discharge of fire-arms and the display of weapons of offence, greatly alarmed the inhabitants of the neighbourhood of such assemblies, and endangered the public peace.”
14.-Sir John Colborne, G.C.B., gazetted as Governor - General, Vice - Admiral, and Captain-General of all her Majesty's Provinces within and adjacent to the Continent of North America
15.-The Earl of Durham declines to receive a deputation from the Westminster Reform Association, on the ground that the body they represented, as appeared from their public meeting, merely wanted to use the inAuence of his name for their own ends. Explanations made by the office-bearers of the society led to the address being afterwards forwarded to Lord Durham.
10.-Came on in the Court of Queen's Bench, the case of Conroy v. Lawson, a prosecution for a libel which appeared in the Times newspaper of March 9th. The article imputed to "a certain newly-created Baronet, attached to the household of the Duchess of Kent,” mismanagement of the concerns of her Royal Highness, who had accumulated a debt of 80,oool., towards the silent discharge of which debt Parliament had voted an annuity of 30,000l. Disrespectful conduct to William IV. was insinuated against the “ Baronet ;"
who, it was said, wished to have been sent Ambassador to Sweden, but the Queen refused to give him the opportunity of exhibiting his “respectsul ” manners to the King of Sweden. And then came the two following paragraphs, in which the pith of the offence lay “Should he quit his present position, we ask, where are talents to be found capable of applying a due portion of the 30,000). to the liquidation of the 80,000l., and who can so well understand wiping off as he who has chalked on? There is another matter also worth notice. There is a certain estate in Wales, purchased and paid for not long ago. If any public inquiry should take place whence the money for the payment came, who so competent to answer the question as the Baronet ?" For the defendant, Sir John Campbell said that nothing like fraud was insinuated against Sir John Conroy, and that he ought to have presented himself in court for cross-examination if he wished to exonerate himself from the rumours in circulation. The jury returned a verdict against the defendant, and Lord Denman sentenced him to pay a fine of 2001, and suffer imprisonment for one month.
20.--Meeting in King-street, Manchester, for considering measures to be adopted to secure the total and immediate repeal of the Corn Laws. This was the beginning of the AntiCorn-Law League agitation, the Manchester Chamber of Commerce adopting a petition to. day against the monopolists.
- The second centenary of the famous Assembly of 1638 celebrated at Glasgow by a banquet in the Trades Hall.
26.-The Tory party defeated in all the Birmingham wards at the first municipal election under the new charter of incorporation. Mr. William Scholefield was elected the first mayor.
87.-Apprehension, near Manchester, of Stephens, a Wesleyan preacher, and one of the most violent agitators against the New Poor Law. At the examination it was shown that he had repeatedly denounced people by name, and sought to incite the crowds who followed him to acts of destruction. One witness said he told the people to get guns and pikes, and have them ready over their chimney-pieces. When the grand attack was to be made, they were to go to the factories with a dagger in one hand and a torch in the other. He also talked about tarring and feathering one person, and sending him as a present to the Poor Law Commissioners. Stephens was liberated on bail, and soon afterwards addressed a meeting of 5,000 at Ashton-under-Lyne, declaring that with the aid of a rural police the Poor Law Commissioners intended to destroy all children above the number of three born of poor people.
31.-The Polish leader Skrzynezki made a Belgian general, but dismissed at the instance of Austria and Prussia,
when they return to the exercise of their cooler
judgment, perceive that the intemperate course 1839.
which they have pursued is ill-calculated to promote the professed object of the meeting,
or to lessen those social evils the existence of January 1.-The Earl of Norbury shot
which they deplore." when walking in the shrubbery near his own house, Kilbeggan, county of Meath. The
11.-Earthquake at Martinique, almost enassassin was seen to escape, but in the con
tirely destroying Fort Royal. fusion managed to elude his pursuers ; nor was 13.-Duel between Lord Londonderry and his identity ever ascertained. A statement cur Mr. Grattan. Shots were exchanged without rent at the time, that the ground from which the effect. shot was fired showed the print of a well-made
14.–Commenced in the Court of Queen's boot, gave rise to much wild speculation as to the person and motive of the murderer.
Bench, the arguments of counsel in the case of A re
the twelve Canadian prisoners brought from Fard of 1,000l. with an annuity of 100l. was offered for his discovery.
Liverpool, where they were in custody of the
gaoler, to London, on writs of habeas corpus 2.-A correspondent of the Times men granted by Mr. Justice Littledale. For the tions that the authorities of London University prisoners it was contended, that there had been having intimated they could no longer tolerate no legal conviction ; that it was an old-estabthe absurd and indecent mummeries of animal lished maxim. of law that no man could suffer magnetism, Dr. Elliotson had tendered his re
punishment by his own consent, or by contract : signation.
and the authority to inflict punishment must be 7.-Violent hurricane experienced over the
derived, not from the prisoner's consent, but
from undoubted law; that in the case of the kingdom generally, but most destructive on the
prisoners, the Governor of Upper Canada had west coast and in Ireland. The Pennsylvania,
no such authority; that the privilege of pardon St. Andrew's, Lockwood, and many other vessels
in cases of high treason and murder was exwrecked, with great loss of life. The Edinburgh and Carlisle mail coach blown off the
pressly denied to Colonial Governors, and
retained for the Sovereign ; that it would be road near Selkirk. In Liverpool and neighbourhood, about 100 lives were lost; and
most impolitic to empower a Colonial Governor
to make bargains with prisoners, to impose conthroughout the south of Scotland most of the
ditions of commutation of punishment; that towns presented the appearance of having suf
such a contract was illegal; that the Governor fered a severe cannonading. The wooden road
of Upper Canada, who could not transport a way of the Menai bridge was torn up and carried away by the fury of the tempest. The
prisoner to Bermuda, or to Calcutta, had no
authority to send him to Van Diemen's Land ; anemometer of the Birmingham Philosophical Institution showed that the pressure had risen
that even supposing the power to transport
existed, the transportation had not been legally from 2 lbs. per foot on Saturday night to 30lbs.
conducted, inasmuch as the prisoners had been per foot on Monday morning.
transferred first to the Sheriff of Quebec, and - The French Academy reports on the in then to the gaoler at Liverpool, neither of vention of M. Daguerre, by which the pictures whom had power to detain them; and the of the camera lucida are rendered permanent. Governor of Lower Canada took upon himself 10.-The magistrates of King's County meet
to forward the prisoners to England, though in the Court-house of Tullamore to take into possessing no legal authority over them. Lord consideration the disturised state of the country,
Denman delivered the decision of the Judges particularly with reference to the murder of the
on the 21st, affirming the right of a single Earl of Norbury. Lengthy political speeches
Judge in vacation to issue writs of habeas were delivered by Lord Oxmantown, who pre
corpus, but on the other points was hostile sided, and Lord Charleville. Resolutions ex to the prisoners. The Court was of opinion, pressive of “horror and indignation” at the that in passing the law by which the prisoners' narder, and of condolence with Lord Norbury's
sentence was commuted by their own consent family ander “this dreadful and awful cala
from death to transportation, the Legislature of státyás were passed unanimously. In acknow Upper Canada had not exceeded its powers ; lediging receipt of the resolution, the Lord and that the officers of the Government, in Lieutenant caused Mr. Secretary Drummond
carrying the sentence of transportation into lo write: “ While his Excellency is disposed
effect, had not transgressed the law except in to make allowance for the excited feelings pro
one instance, where the name of the prisoner duced by the recent melancholy occurrence, he
was not inserted in the mandatory part of the cannot but lament that a body of magistrates,
return. called together as such, and presided over by the 15.--An extreme Chartist party being anxious lord-lieutenant of their county, should have so to force on the question of Universal Suffrage far forgotten the object of their meeting as to in preference to the Corn Laws, Feargus O'Con, convert it into a display of political feeling ; nor made an unsuccessful attempt to-day at the and his Excellency believes that those who Leeds meeting to carry a resolution : “That took a prominent part in the proceedings will. | we consider all restrictions upon the importa. tion of foreign grain as unjust in principle and | Pebruary 1.-Case of Lady Flora Hastings. injurious in its effects ; nevertheless we are of Lord Melbourne informs Sir James Clark, opinion that no salutary alteration can be made M.D., that a communication has been made by in the present system until those for whose Lady Tavistock respecting Lady Flora Hastings benefit the change is contemplated shall have a (in the Duchess of Kent's household), whose voice in the choice of those Representatives to appearance had given rise to a suspicion in the whom shall be entrusted the power of prevent- | Palace that she might have been privately maring the recurrence of so great an evil as the ried. Sir James stated, that while deprecating present Corn Law.”- At Birmingham the such suspicions he was bound to admit that Chartists were successful in carrying their re Lady Flora's appearance in some degree counsolution in opposition to the Anti-Corn-Law tenanced them, but would not venture to give party who had called the meeting.
an opinion without more ample means of ob15.-A Special Commission opened at Clon
servation than she had permitted. On the 16th
Sir James acquaints Lady Flora with the exinel for the trial of various persons charged
isting suspicions, when she stated that for these with murder, and other Whiteboy offences.
suspicions there was not the slightest ground. 18.-Three lives lost on the ice at Dud “ After the interview with Lady Flora, it redingstone Loch, Edinburgh.
mained for me," writes Sir James Clark, “lo 19.-The Sultan refusing to fulfil his en.
communicate what had passed to her Royal
Highness the Duchess of Kent. gagements regarding the cession of Aden, the
informed Lady Flora that I was going to her place is bombarded and taken to-day by a naval and military force under Captain 'H.
Royal Highness for that purpose : to the proSmith, of the Volage. This was the first
priety of this Lady Flora immediately assented. occasion in which her Majesty's forces by sea
I accordingly went to the Duchess of Kent,
and stated the nature of the interview I had and land were engaged in warfare together.
had with Lady Flora. Her Royal Highness 20.-The Chilians defeat the Peruvians immediately expressed her entire disbelief of under Santa Cruz, at Yungay.
anything injurious to Lady Flora's character, 21.-Anti-Corn-Law meeting at Manchester,
and she asked me my opinion. However reattended by many members of Parliament and luctant I felt to express any doubts on the extensive manufacturers.-Writing to-day to
subject after Lady Flora's declaration, I could his Stroud constituents, Lord John Russell
not decline giving a conscientious reply to her said : “I gave my support to the Bill of 1829,
Royal Highness's question ; and I answered to considering it an improvement on the former
the effect that the suspicions I previously enterprohibitory system ; but it is my opinion that
tained were not removed. In the course of the à moderate fixed duty would be more advan
evening of the day on which I made the comtageous, not only to trade and manufactures,
munication to Lady Flora Hastings, I received but likewise to agriculture, than our present
a note from her Ladyship, of which the followfluctuating scale. It is desirable not to alter ing is a copy :-'Saturday. --Sir, although I too frequently the laws by which the direction think you perfectly understood me this mornof capital and the channels of industry are ing, that I did not wish you to take any steps regulated ; but it is also desirable not to main without hearing from me, it is perhaps better tain a system of duties which, as experience to obviate the possibility of any mistake that I has shown, increases the high prices of dear
should distinctly say so. I shall be governed years to the consumer, and depresses the low
entirely by her Royal Highness's wishes and prices of cheap years to the producer. I give
orders. -Yours sincerely, FLORA ELIZ. HASTyou this as my individual opinion ; but it is
INGS.'-I heard nothing more on the subject one which I shall be ready to support by my
till the afternoon of the following day (Sunday, vote in the House of Commons."
February 17th), when I received another note - In the Arches Court Sir H. Jenner
from Lady Flora, of which the following is a Fust gives judgment in the case promoted by
copy :-'Sir, by her Royal Highness's comCapt. Grant against his wife, for adultery with
mand, I have written to ask Sir Charles Clarke Capt. Vincent. Separation granted.
to name an hour this afternoon to come to me.
He has answered my note by coming, and is - Great Anti-Corn-Law meeting held in now here. Could you come and meet him ? Edinburgh, presided over by the Lord Provost, Yours sincerely, F. E. HASTINGS.'-On reSir James Forrest.
ceiving this note, I immediately went to Lady 88.-The Queen goes in state to Drury Lane
Flora, and found Sir Charles with her LadyTheatre.
ship. He stated to me, in Lady Flora's pre
sence, as part of the conversation he had had - The Molé Ministry resign, but after an
with her, that he urged her, if there were any interregnum of a fortnight, during which various
grounds for the suspicions entertained, to admit attempts were made by Marshal Soult and
the fact now, as after the examination it would others to form a Cabinet, the old officials were
be too late. After this conversation, Lady recalled by the King.
Flora n quested that Lady Portman might be 28.-Died, aged 86, Sir William Beechey, called in. On her arrival, Lady Flora retired R.A.
to her charber, where her maid was in attend.