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1.-The Emperor of Austria crowned King of Lombardy at Milan. The ceremonies and rejoicings extended over four days.
4.-The King and Queen of the Belgians visit England as the guests of her Majesty.
6, Wreck of the steamer Forfarshire, trad. ing from Hull to Dundee, on the Fern Islands. Her machinery becoming disabled, the vessel drifted southward for about five hours, when she struck at 3 o'clock A.M. on the outer rock. The hull almost instantly parted, and, with one exception, the whole of the cabin passengers, twenty-five in number, were drowned. The captain was washed overboard with his wile in his arms. Of a crew of twenty-two, ten were drowned; eight were preserved in an open boat, and taken to Shields. Four of the crew and five steerage passengers were taken off the wreck by the dauntless intrepidity of Grace Darling and her father, the keeper of Longs one lighthouse. She induced her father to enter the lifeboat, and with great difficulty they reached the wreck, when Darling himself picked the survivors off, while his heroic daughter managed to keep the boat from being dashed to pieces.
17.-A London demonstration in favour of Parliamentary Reform, held in New Palace Yard. A petition was adopted in favour of the People's Charter, now being circulated in the form of an “Act to provide for the just representation of the People." - The Bath meeting was attended by Colonel Napier, who supported one of the resolutions. Mr. Vincent, in the course of his speech, remarked that they had been kept down by those who were knaves. Lord John Russell was a knave; Harry Brougham was a knave; Peel was a knave; the Duke of Wellington was a knave"-(Col. Sir W. Napier rushed to the front of the hustings, and with much earnestness exclaimed, “I contradict that ; the Duke of Wellington is no knave. He fought for the country nobly, bravely, and successfully ; and he is no knave.") Mr. Vincent resumed : “I say that any man, be he a Wellington, a Russell, or a Napier, who denies to me the right to vote, is a knave. The present representation is a combination to deprive the people of just and equal laws; and I call on the people to arouse, and put an end t such a state of things, and it can be done by moral force, if the people will only firmly exert themselves.” Colonel Napier said that Mr. Vincat had degraded himself by applying the term "knave” to the Duke of Wellington : “Calling names did no good to any cause. They ought to remember the force of early prejudices and impressions; and that a very honest man night be mistaken in politics. That he believed to be the Duke of Wellington's case ; but he was one of the greatest soldiers Europe had ever produced, and ought not to have had the term 'kpave' applied to him." .
- London and Birmingham Railway opened throughout.
21.-Young and Webber, two of the seconds in the Mirfin and Eliot duel, convicted of murder, and sentenced to death, afterwards commuted to one year's imprisonment.
22.-Lord Durham announces his resignation of the office of Governor-General of Canada. In answer to an address from the Delegates presented to-day, his Lordship said: “I had, as you know, devoted the most careful attention to all subjects which could affect the general interests of all the colonies ; and had brought nearly to maturity the plan which I intended to submit in the first instance to the consideration of the Provinces, and eventually of the Cabinet and the Imperial Parliament. In this, I trust, useful course, I have been suddenly arrested by the interference of a branch of the British Legislature, in which the responsible advisers of the Crown have deemed it their duty to acquicsce. Under these circumstances, I have but one step to take-to resign that authority, the exercise of which has thus been so weakened as to render it totally inadequate to the grave emergency which alone called for its existence.”
24.-John Larner, under pretence of being the proper heir, makes a forcible entry into Stanfield Hall, Norfolk, then in the possession of Mr. Isaac Jermy. The house was afterwards surrounded by military, who conveyed Larner and all his disorderly followers to prison.
-- The Duke of Sussex announces his in. tention of resigning the presidency of the Royal Society, owing to circumstances connected with his private affairs over which he had no control making it incumbent on him to leave London.
Numerous meetings held throughout Ire. land this month, in support of O'Connell's “Precursor" Society.
The French Government pressing the Swiss to expel Prince Louis Bonaparte from their territory, the Prince writes to the Executive of the Canton of Thurgovia abandoning his claim to citizenship, on the ground that he cannot under any circumstances give up his title to be considered a Frenchman. It was rumoured that he had applied to the British Envoy for passports to England.
October 1.-Lord Auckland issues a “ma. nifesto” from Simla, stating the reasons which had induced him to direct the assemblage of a British force for service across the Indus. “ After much time,” it was said, “spent by Captain Burnes in fruitless negotiation at Cabul, it appeared that Dost Mahomed Khan, chiefly in consequence of his reliance upon Persian encouragement and assistance, persisted, as respects his misunderstanding with the Sikhs, in urging the most unreasonable pretensions, such as the Governor-General could not, consistently with justice and his regard for the friendship of Maharajah Runjeet Singh, be the channel of submitting to the considcration of his Highness; that he avowed schemes
of aggrandisement and ambition injurious to festo against Dost Mahomed. It was the the security and peace of the frontiers of policy of the Government; and he might menIndia ; and that he openly threatened, in tion that the despatch which he wrote, stating furtherance of these schemes, to call in every his opinion of the course that ought to be taken foreign aid which he could command.” Re in order to meet expected emergencies, and ference was then made in the manifesto to that written by Lord Auckland inforining hiin the unjustifiable aggression of Persia upon that the expedition had already been underHerat, and the countenance which had been taken, crossed each other on the way.” given to the expedition by Dost Mahomed,
2. — The Perth and Edinburgh coach, and his brother Sirdar of Candahar. “After
“ Coburg," upset into the sea over the pier various and mature deliberation the Governor
at South Queensferry. Two passengers and General was satisfied that a pressing necessity, two horses drowned. as well as every consideration of policy and
3.--A parachute descent successfully perjustice, warranted us in espousing the cause of Shah Soojah-ool-Moolk, whose popularity
formed at Cheltenham, by an aëronaut named throughout Affghanistan has been proved to
Hampden. At an altitude of 9,000 fect he his Lordship by the strong and unanimous
freed his parachute from the balloon, and detestimony of the best authorities. A guaranteed
scended gently to the earth in the space of
thirteen minutes. independence will upon favourable conditions be tendered to the Ameer of Sindh, and the
5.--Fire in warehouses, Robert-street, Liverintegrity of Herat in the possession of its pre pool, destroying cotton, indigo, oil, turpentine, sent ruler will be fully respected ; while, by and spices to the value of 200,000l. the measures completed or in progress, it may
7.-Meeting held in the saloon of the Hayreasonably be hoped that the general freedom
market Theatre to establish an association for and security of commerce will be promoted ;
the relief of aged and infirm actors. that the known and just influence of the British Government will gain its proper foot
8.–At a banquet in Liverpool, Lord John ing among the nations of Central Asia ; that
Russell took occasion to allude to the public tranquillity will be established upon the most
meetings now in the course of being held in important frontier of India ; and that a lasting various parts of the country. There were sume, barrier will be raised against hostile intrigue perhaps, who would put down such meetings. and encroachment. His Majesty Shah Soojah
But such was not his opinion, nor that of the ool-Moolk will enter Affghanistan surrounded
Government with which he acted. He thought by his own troops, and will be supported
the people had a right to free discussion. It against foreign interference and factious oppo
was free discussion which elicited truth. They sition by a British army. The Governor
had a right to meet. If they had grievances General confidently hopes that the Shah will
they had a right to declare them, that they be speedily replaced on his throne by his own
might be known and redressed. If they had subjects and adherents; and when once he
no grievances, common sense would speedily shall be secured in power, and the independ
come to the rescue, and put an end to these ence and integrity of Affghanistan established,
meetings. It was not from free discussion, it the British army will be withdrawn. The
was not from the unchecked declaration of Governor-General has been led to these mea
| public opinion, that Governments had anything sures by the duty which is imposed upon him
to fear. There was fear when men were of providing for the security of the possessions
driven by force to secret combinations. There of the British Crown ; but he rejoices that in
was the fear, there was the danger, and not in the discharge of his duty he will be enabled
free discussion.” to assist in restoring the union and prosperity 9.-In a proclamation, dated from “the of the Affghan people. Throughout the ap Castle of St. Lewis in the city of Quebec," proaching operations British influence will be Lord Durham announces her Majesty's dissedulously ernployed to further every measure allowance of the Ordinances formerly issued. of general benefit, to reconcile differences, to “I had reason,” he writes, “to believe that I secure oblivion of injuries, and to put an end was armed with all the power which I thought to the distractions by which for so many years requisite, by the commissions and instructions the welfare and happiness of the Affghans have under the royal sign manual with which I was been impaired." A notification was at the charged as Governor-General and High Comsame time made that Mr. W. H. Macnaghten, missioner, by the authority vested in mc and Secretary to the Government, would assume my Council, by the Act of the Imperial Legisthe function of Envoy and Minister at the lature, and by the general approbation of my Court of Shah Soojah, and that Captain appointment which all parties were pleased to Burnes would be employed under his direction express. I also trusted that I should enjoy as Envoy to the Chief of Khelat or other throughout the course of my administration all States. A number of political assistants were the strength which the cordial and stedfast supalso appointed. It was of this proclamation | port of the authorities at home can alone give Sir J. C. Hobhousc said afterwards, speaking to their distant officers, and that even party officially: “Lord Auckland must not be per feeling would refrain from molesting me whilst mitted to hear the blame of the Simla mani. | occupied in maintaining the integrity of the
British Empire. In these just expectations I have been painfully disappointed. From the very commencement of my task, the minutest details of my administration have been exposed to incessant criticism, in a spirit which has evinced an entire ignorance of the state of this country, and of the only mode in which the supremacy of the British Crown can here be upheld and exercised. Those who have, in the British Legislature, systematically depreciated my powers, and the Ministers of the Crown, by their tacit acquiescence therein, have prodaced the effect of making it too clear that my authority is inadequate for the emergency which called it into existence. At length an act of my government, the first and most important which was brought under the notice of the authorities at home, has been annulled ; and the entire policy, of which that act was a small though essential part, has thus becn defeated.” On the question of the disposal of the prisoners, Lord Durham said that he was perfectly eware his powers extended only to the landing of them on the shores of Bermuda, but he presumed that Parliament would sanction their forcible detention if necessary.
12.-Upsetting of the Oxford coach at Teddington, causing the death of Mr. G. Broderick, of Brasenose College. .
- Meeting at the Jerusalem Coffee-house, presided over by Sir R. W. Horton, “to consider the practicability and expediency of forming a private company” to carry on steam communication with India. The scheme, as submitted by Captain Barber, was that a vessel should sail monthly to the three Presidencies and the Straits of Batavia ; the passage-money not to exceed that now charged by vessels passing the Cape of Good Hope. “Five steamships, of 600 horse-power each, and 1,500 tons burden, with two smaller vessels for the Bombay branch, are to be built. It is expected that the voyage to Ceylon will be performed in thirty-six days, to Madras in forty, Bombay forty-two, and Calcutta forty-three. The transit through Egypt to be performed by means of iron steamboats to Cairo, and omnibuses and vans across to Suez; skeleton carriages to be used for the land transit of goods and luggage, made to fit the same places in toth vessels, so that there will be no distorbance of packages and no uncovering till they reach the final port. In Bengal alone, 800 shares, amounting to 140,000l., had been conditionally subscribed for; which showed how much interest the subject excited in India. The amount of capital required was only 400,000/.; and, on the calculation that there would be 2,300 passengers (only half the number that went to India in 1836) and a proportionate carriage of goods, the company might
xpect a dividend of 70,000l. on their 400,000!.”
- So engrossed were the inhabitants of Montreal with their constitutional struggle, that when the Theatre was opened to-night not one
person was found in attendance. The doors were quietly closed again.
15.-Died at Cape Coast Castle, South Africa, from an overdose of prussic acid, Letitia Elizabeth, wife of Governor Maclean, famous in the literature of her time as L. E. L.
18.-The Protector, East Indiaman, lost in a storm in the Hooghiy river, with nearly all on board-116 recruits for the Company's service, a crew of 36, 9 male passengers, and 26 women and children.
22.-Fire at Harrow, destroying the residences of Rev. Mr. Wordsworth and Rev. Mr. Colenso, mathematical master.
23.--A piece of ground nearly a mile square, covering a salt mine at Northwich, Chester, suddenly sinks to a depth of between fifteen and twenty yards, and carries with it the engine-house, stables, and cottages erected thereon. Four dead bodies were dug out of the ruins.
24.-Explosion in the “John Pit” colliery at Lowca, near Whitehaven, causing the death of 35 labourers, the whole employed in the ninety-five-fathom workings. Two men and one boy, in the act of descending the shaft, were blown to pieces; another boy lighted on a bank overlooking the blazing fissure, and was rescued little injured.
- Died at New York, aged 68, from injuries received in the street, Joseph Lancaster, originator of the Lancastrian system of education.
25.—The Bishop of Durham (Dr. Maltby), in a letter to Archdeacon Thorp, defends himself from the imputation of countenancing Unitarianism, in so far as he had subscribed for a volume of sermons about to be published by a heterodox Dissenting minister named Turner. "I never have intentionally,” he writes. "countenanced any doctrine which is at variance with those of our Church, still less could I have thought of countenancing errors so grievous as I hold those of the Unitarians to be. Yet this feeling, as to the extent of their error, ought not to prevent us from showing all possible charity to their persons; and that, I assure you, was all that I contemplated by this act of courtesy, which has drawn upon me, I cannot help thinking, much unmerited censure. I need scarcely remind you that Dr. Lardner's Works, edited by Dr. Kippis, also a Unitarian, were published by subscription ; and that almost all the bishops of that day, with the leading men of the Church, were suhscribers. Yet Dr. Lardner's Works contained not merely his masterly labours on the 'Credibility,' but various sermons and tracts, including his celebrated but heterodox ‘Letter on the Logos.' Now I am not aware, and certainly I do not expect, that either you or I shall find any offensive matter in the forthcoming volume of Mr. Turner. Surely, then, I am at least as much justified in subscribing to it as the bishops and divines of our Church were in 1788, in prefixing their names to the Works of Dr. Lardner, which contained the avowal and defence of all his erroneous opinions.”
26.-John Teuton, printer, sentenced to lifteen months' imprisonment for attempting to cxtort money from the Marquis of Downshire, by the publication of a pamphlet entitled “The Secret History," relating to the late Lady Mary Hill, sister to the Marquis.
- Lord Palmerston instructs Lord Clanricarde to obtain from Count Nesselrode an explanation of the conduct of the Russian officials at the Persian Court.
28.-Severe gale on the east and west coast. Among the more serious of the disasters was the sinking of the Northern Yacht steamboat trading between Leith and Newcastle, with 10 passengers and her entire crew of 13 persons.
November 3.-Madrid declared in a state of siege. In the provinces the most severe retaliatory measures are now being put in force by Carlists and Royalists. Cabrera writes : “I have ordered all the cavalry prisoners to be shot, because they refused to give quarter to 15 volunteers who fell into their hands at the beginning of the action. The number thus shot was 161; of whom 2 were captains, 3 lieutenants, 4 sub-lieutenants, 8 first sergeants, 5 second sergeants, 12 corporals, and 132 soldiers.” Subsequently, Cabrera ordered 55 prisoners, taken at Villamefa, in Arragon, to be shot. On the other side, the National Guard at Murcia massacred 30 Carlist prisoners; and at Alicante two others-all they had—were killed. The authorities at Carthagena saved the lives of the prisoners there by putting them on board ships in the harbour.
4.-Renewal of disturbance in Canada. To-day (Sunday) the rebels made an attack on the Indians of Cochanawaga, who sallied out of the church where they were as. sembled for Divine Service, repulsed their assailants, and captured seventy prisoners. The insurgents also made an unsuccessful attempt to-day to burn the steamboat Victoria, which had taken a detachment of artillery from Montreal to La Prairie. Frustrated in this design, they marched against the village of Beauharnois, the chief place of the seigniory, and well known as the property of Mr. Edward Ellice, and drove off the inhabitants. Here also they made a prisoner of Mr. Ellice, jun., M.P., Lord Durham's Secretary, who was conveyed along with others to a nunnery at Chateauguay.
7.-Twenty-five men employed on the Ply. mouth Breakwater drowned in a squall when attempting to pass in an open boat to the Catwater.
8.-Fire at an hotel in Tamworth, and six servants of the house suffocated,
8.-Explosion at Hale's powder-mill, Oare, Faversham, causing the death of three men employed in the works, and another engaged in a field fifty yards distant.
9.–The rebel army in Canada quit their strongholds at Napiersville, and Sir John Colborne concentrates his troops there.
10.-Outrage on the British Minister at Teheran ; M. Semino, an officer who had lately received the rank of General in the Persian service, endeavouring to take forcible possession of a house occupied by Major Todd, overlooking the garden of the Minister. In answer to Mr. M Neill's report of the transaction, Lord Palmerston directed that a written and formal apology be demanded from the Persian Prime Minister. A week later another insult was offered at Bushire, a forcible entrance being effected into the house of the Residency Shroff (or agent), and the occupant treated with great indignity. For this outrage Lieut. Col. Shiel was instructed to demand satisfaction, and the punishment of the persons chiefly concerned.
12.-O'Connell commences a career of agitation in favour of the establishment of ** Precursor" Societies. To-day he spoke at Tralee, and during the week at Kanturk and Thurles.
-- Three fishing-boats upset off the coast of Suffolk. With the exception of one man, the crews, amounting to twenty-nine in number, perished.
15.–Lord Glenelg writes to Lord Durham : “The proclamation of the 9th of October, her Majesty's confidential advisers regard not merely as a deviation from the course which has hitherto been invariably pursued by the governors of the British possessions abroad, but as a dangerous departure from the practice and principles of the constitution. They consider as open to most serious objection an appeal by such an officer to the public at large from measures adopted by the Sovereign, with the advice and consent of Parliament. The terms in which that appeal has in this instance been made, appear to her Majesty's Ministers calculated to impair the reverence due to the Royal authority in the colony, to derogate from the character of the Imperial Legislature, to excite amongst the disaffected hopes of impunity, and to enhance the difficulties with which your Lordship's successor will have to contend. The Ministers of the Crown having humbly submitted this opinion to the Queen, it is my duty to inform you, that I have received her Ma. jesty's commands to signify to you Lordship her Majesty's disapprobation of your proclamation of the 9th of October. Under these circumstances, her Majesty's Government are compelled to admit that your continuance in the government of British North America could be attended with no beneficial results. I presume that before your receipt of this despatch, your Lordship will have delivered over the
government of Lower Canada to Sir John a tomb or headstone, or other monument, Colborne, to whom I shall address the requi without the consent of the rector or vicar, site instructions for his guidance."
or without a faculty for the purpose ; and that 15.-Defeat of Canadian insurgents. To
it is by the 22d Article of the Church of Eng. day Colonel Dundas reached Prescott from
land, agreed upon in 1562, declared that the Kingston, with four companies of the 83d regi
Romish doctrine concerning purgatory, pardon, ment, two 18-pounders, and a howitzer. He
and other things therein mentioned, is “a fond took up his position about 400 yards from the
thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no windmill; and with his field-pieces opened
warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to a sł.arp fire upon the stone building near
the Word of God;" that any person erecting, the mill, whilst Captain Sandom with two or causing to be erected, in the churchyard of 18-pounders in two gunboats fired upon it
any parish, any monument, without such confrom the water. After this operation had lasted
sent or faculty, ought to be peremptorily moabout an hour, a white fag was hung out from
nished immediately to remove the same; and the building, and its occupants surrendered
further, that if such monument contain any inthemselves unconditionally to Colonel Dundas. scription contrary to the doctrine and discipline There were 102 altogether, of whom 16 were
of the Church of England, and to the Articles wounded.
of the said Church, the person or persons so
offending ought not only to be peremptorily 16.-Desiré Rousselle, a native of Brittany,
monished immediately to remove the same, but attempts to assassinate a Frenchman calling
also duly corrected and punished according to himself Charles Louis de Bourbon, Duke of
law; that the defendant, notwithstanding, did Normandy, a pretended son of Louis XVI.
erect a tomb or headstone in the churchyard of and Marie Antoinette, in the house 21, Clarence
Carisbrooke, to the memory of her husband, Place, Camberwell. Rousselle escaped after
without the consent of the Vicar and without a firing at his victim, but was seized some days
faculty, and that upon such tomb or headstone later lurking about the premises.
were contained, amongst other, the two follow- Raphoe Palace, then unoccupied, de ing inscriptions—“Pray for the soul of J. stroyed by fire.
Woolfrey;" and “It is a holy and wholesome - Died at Paris, in his seventieth year, the
thought to pray for the dead" (2 MacRt. Hon. Robert Cutlar Ferguson, Judge Ad
cabees xii.) ; both which inscriptions were vocate-General and M.P. for the Stewartry of
contrary to the doctrine and discipline of the Kirkcudbright. Mr. Ferguson won a foremost
Church of England, and to the articles, canons, place at the bar, both in England and Calcutta,
and constitutions thereof, and particularly to and was one of the most prominent members
the 22d Article ; that due notice had been of the Reform party in the beginning of the
given to the defendant to remove the stone, century. He was tried along with the Earl of
but she had refused, or neglected to do so, and Thanet for aiding O'Connor in his attempted
that the same still remains, to the great scandal Escape from Maidstone Court-house, and sen and offence of the parishioners and others. tenced to twelve months' imprisonment in the
The prayer was, that the defendant be deKing's Bench.
creed and monished to remove the stone, be
canonically corrected and punished, and con. - Treaty of commerce between Great Bri.
demned in the costs. Dr. Addams, for the tain and Turkey ratified. British manufactures
defendant, entered into a long argument, and subjected to an ad valorem duty of 3 per cent.,
quoted many authorities, to prove that prayers and 2 per cent. in lieu of all other inland im
for the dead were neither unscriptural nor conposts." Charge on shipping entering the Dar
trary to the doctrine or practice of the Church danelles, Bosphorus, and Black Sea, to be
of England, nor necessarily connected with the abolished, and a free transit allowed for goods
Romish doctrine of Purgatory. The Queen's passing through Turkey for exportation.
Advocate spoke on the other side, and moved 17.-As tending somewhat to counteract the Court to issue a “peremptory monition" the proceedings of the High Church party for the removal of the monument. The at Oxford, a proposal is issued to-day from judgment of the Court was postponed. (See Magdalen Hall for the erection of a monument Dec. 12.) to Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer, “who had so large a share in restoring our own branch of
20.-Count Nesselrode acquaints Lord Clanthe Catholic Church to primitive orthodoxy, and
ricarde that Count Simovich had acted at the who, for the maintenance of the Scriptural Court of the Shah in a manner entitling Great truths which they embodied in its Articles and
Britain to complain, and that the ambassador other formularies, suffered death in this city.” had been in consequence recalled.
19.-Came on in the Arches Court, before - A coroner's jury sitting on the body Sir Herbert Jenner, the case of Breeks v. of Robert Watson, who had strangled himself Woolfrey, a suit brought by letters of request | in bed at the “Blue Anchor" tavern, St. Maryfrom the Vicar-General of the Bishop of Win at-Hill, ascertain the details of a career of chester. - The articles alleged, that by the laws, | more than ordinary interest. Deceased had customs, and usages of the realm it is for been at one time secretary to Lord George bilden to erect in the churchyard of any parish Gordon, and was deeply implicated in the