« VorigeDoorgaan »
promised, and at the burial of the body the niary engagements with, or made any pecuofficiating clergyman, being apprehensive of a niary promises to, the electors of Maidstone ; disturbance on this ground, omitted that por and therefore I cannot have broken any, or tion of the service relating to the resurrection left any unfulfilled. The whole expenses of of the dead.
the contest in question were defrayed by my 28.–The Earl of Durham, family, and suite lamented colleague ; and I discharged to him arrive at Quebec. Next day, having taken the my moiety of those expenses, as is well known necessary oaths, the Earl issues a proclamation to those who are entitled to any knowledge on announcing that he had assumed the adminis
the subject. Sir, I am informed that it is quite tration of the Government of Canada ; that he useless, and even unreasonable, in me to expect would protect and encourage all loyal subjects
from Mr. Austin any satisfaction for these imwithout regard to party, race, or politics ; that pertinent calumnies, because Mr. Austin is a he would unsparingly use the power he held,
member of an honourable profession, the first civil and military, to punish the violators of
principle of whose practice appears to be that the law; and that he invited the co-operation they may say anything provided they be paid of the people of British America in the work for it. The privilege of circulating falsehoods of constructing a system of government that
with impunity is delicately described as doing should protect the rights and interests of all
your duty towards your client; which appears classes.
to be a very different process to doing your
duty towards your neighbour. This may be 31.-The General Assembly of the Church
the usage of Mr. Austin's profession, and it of Scotland, in the course of a discussion
may be the custom of society to submit to its touching the settlement of Mr. Young in
practice; but, for my part, it appears to be Auchterarder, resolved, by a majority of 183
nothing better than a disgusting and intolerable to 142, that it would regard any application
tyranny; and I for one shall not bow to it in to a civil court by its members as a breach of
silence. I therefore repeat, that the statement ecclesiastical discipline.
of Mr. Austin was false; and inasmuch as he
never attempted to substantiate it, I conclude June 3.-Rupture between Great Britain
that it was on his side but the blustering artifice and Persia. For the purpose, apparently, of
of a rhetorical hireling, availing himself of the lessening - British influence at Herat, the vile licence of a loose-tongued lawyer, not only Ambassador at the Shah's camp was treated
to make a statement which was false, but to with studied disrespect, and some members
make it with a consciousness of its falsehood.” of the mission directly insulted. To-day Mr.
(See Nov. 22.) M`Neill addressed a letter to the Foreign Minister at the Persian camp, announcing his
11.–At a banquet given in Manchester to intention to depart for the frontier on the
Mr. Fielding, M.P. for Oldham, the Rev. J. following day. “I feel myself called upon,"
R. Stephens thus sought to excite his hearers he concluded, “to inform you that, until the
against the New Poor Law :-"I do think the reparation and satisfaction I have demanded
country needs the stalwart arm, the mighty for the indignities already offered shall have
tongue, and the powerful energetic movements been fully given, the Queen of England cannot
of brave people with arms in their hands, to say, receive at her Court any Minister who may be
• We will shed the last drop of our blood on the sent thither by the Shah of Persia.”
field rather than submit to that law of devils.'
Unless the people of England arm, and use their 5.-Mr. B. Disraeli writes to the Editor of
arms, if needs be, there will be no doubt of the the Morning Post :-“In opening the case of
fact, that the New Poor Law Bastiles are inthe petitioners against the return of Mr. Fector
tended to be a chain of barracks round the for Maidstone on Friday last, Mr. Austin stated,
country, each capable of holding from five that Mr. Disraeli, at the general election, had
hundred to a thousand men, and each intended entered into engagements with the electors of
to be garrisoned in part by the regular military, Maidstone, and made pecuniary promises to
and in part by the Russellite Rural Police.” them, which he had left unfulfilled.' I should
14.-Riot in the streets of Lisbon while the have instantly noticed this assertion of the learned gentleman had not a friend, to whose
King with his Court and ecclesiastics were opinion I was bound to defer, assured me that
engaged in celebrating the festival of Corpus
Christi. Sa da Bandeira was wounded in his Mr. Austin, by the custom of his profession,
carriage. Next day several battalions of the was authorized to make any statement from his brief which he was prepared to sub
National Guard were disbanded. stantiate, or attempt to substantiate. The
16.-Duel at Wormwood Scrubbs between inquiry into the last Maidstone election has
Lord Castlereagh and M. de Melcy, husband naw terminated ; and I take the earliest op
of Madame Grisi, arising out of a declaration of portunity of declaring, and in a manner the attachment made to the latter by his lordship. most unqualified and unequivocal, that the He was slightly wounded by the first shot, statement of the learned gentleman is utterly
after which the parties left the ground mutually false. There is not the slightest shadow of
satisfied. foundation for it. I myself never, either 19.-In the course of a debate raised by the directly or indirectly, entered into any pecu- | Marquis of Londonderry regarding the treatment of the British Legion in Spain, an alter chanted “Vivat Victorii Regina." On reachcation causing considerable excitement in the ing a chair placed midway between the chair House takes place between the Marquis and of homage and the altar, the Queen knelt, Lord Lyndhurst with reference to the phrase and repeated her private prayers. The “ Re "catastrophe" or "dire catastrophe" used by cognition " then took place by the Archbishop the latter. The noble Marquis vehemently pro of Canterbury : “Sirs, I here present unto tested against the frequent interruption to which you Queen Victoria, the undoubted Queen he was subjected.
of this realm ; wherefore all you who are 19.-A British expedition enters the Persian
come this day to do your homage, are you Galf, and takes undisputed possession of Kar
willing to do the same?" The universal acrack. The expedition was despatched by Lord
clamation then burst forth, “God save Queen Auckland to hold itself in readiness for any
Victoria !” The prescribed prayers, Litany, service upon which Mr. M'Neill might deem it
and Communion Service were then said by expedient to employ it upon "with a view to
the Archbishop ; and a sermon, on 2 Chron. the maintenance of our interests in Persia."
xxxiv. 31, preached by the Bishop of London.
Then followed the administration of the Oath, 21.–Fire in the Christian quarter of Cairo, the Veni Creator, the Anointing, and the destroying two streets.
Coronation. The Dean of Westminster took 23.—Twelve coronation peerages gazetted.
the crown from the altar, and passed it to the 24.–The Persians make a desperate attack
Archbishop, who reverently placed it on the on Herat, but are driven back by the Affghan
Queen's head. From every part of the crowded
edifice there then arose the enthusiastic cry, garrison, aided greatly by the courageous
“God save the Queen !” The peers and peerexample of young Eldred Pottinger, who had been within the city for weeks as the adviser of
esses put on their coronets, the bishops their Yar Mahomed.
caps, and the kings of arms their crowns;
trumpets sounded, drums were beat, and the 25.-Great storm in Lancashire, accom Tower and Park guns fired by signal. The panied by destruction of life and property. presentation of the Bible, Benediction, and 26.—Sir E. Knatchbull obtains the appoint.
Homage were the next features in the cerement of a select committee to inquire into all
mony, after which the Queen received the two the circumstances connected with the discharge
sceptres, and an anthem, “This is the day,”
was sung. The Sacrament was then adminis. of Thom, alias Courtenay, from Kent Lunatic
lered, at the conclusion of which her Majesty Asylam.
was invested in her royal robes by the Lord - Lord Auckland involves Great Britain
Chamberlain, and proceeded to the west door in the politics of Affghanistan, a treaty of
of the Abbey, wearing her crown, and holding alliance and friendship being executed this day
the sceptre with the cross in her right hand between Maharajah Runjeet Singh of Lahore and
and the orb in her left. It was about a quarter the exiled ruler of Affghanistan, Shah Soojah.
to 4 o'clock when the royal procession passed ool-Moolk, “with the approbation of, and in
through the nave in the same order in which concert with, the British Government.” The
it had entered. In their return to the Palace main design of the treaty was the destruction of
the Queen wore her crown, and the royal the power of the Barukzye Sirdars, as repre
and noble personages their coronets. Among sented by Dost Mahomed, and the replacing of
many foreigners of distinction present, Marshal the old King on the throne. It was also pro Soult (French Envoy Extraordinary) was par. vided that Shah-Soojah's rights over Sindh
ticularly noticed and applauded. In the even. and Shikarpoor should be arbitrated and ad. ing the Queen entertained a dinner-party, and justed by the British Government.
witnessed from the Palace the discharge of 28.-Coronation of Queen Victoria. The fireworks in the Green Park. The Duke of morning (Thursday) dawned rather un Wellington also gave a grand ball at Apsley towardly, but cleared up in the forenoon, House. The theatres and nearly all the other end continued favourable throughout the day. places of amusements were, by her Majesty's The procession left Buckingham Palace soon command, opened gratuitously for the evening. after 10 o'clock, and passed up Constitution A fair was also commenced in Hyde Park hill, along Piccadilly, St. James's-street, Pall which continued to the end of the week. The Mall, Charing Cross, and Parliament-street, to immense concourse of people which filled LonWestminster Abbey, which was reached about don during the day conducted themselves with half-past 11. Her Majesty was received with the greatest order, and no accident of any enthusiasm by the multitude of eager spectators moment occurred. who lined the route. At the west door of the
28.-During the Coronation rejoicings at Abbey she was received by the great officers of
Liverpool the first stone of St. George's Hall state, and then proceeded to her robing chamber.
was laid. At 12 o'clock the grand procession passed up the nave into the choir. As the Queen ad - Lord Durham calls together his first vanced slowly towards the centre of the choir Special Council, consisting for the most part of to the chair of homage, the anthem “I was members of his own suite, and issues an “Ordi. plad” was sung, and the Westminster boys | nance to provide for the security of the Province
of Lower Canada." This Ordinance decreed that five of the most prominent rebels who had “ acknowledged their participation in high treason, and submitted themselves to the pleasure of her Majesty," and sixteen others, among whom were Papineau and Nelson, who had absconded, were ordered to be transported to Bermuda during pleasure. The Ordinance further enacted, “That if any of the above-mentioned who have been so condemned, or against whom warrants have been so issued, shall at any time hereafter, except by permission of the Governor-General of her Majesty's provinces on the continent of North America and High Commissioner for the adjustment of certain important questions depending in the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, or, if there shall be no such GovernorGeneral and High Commissioner, by the permission of the Governor-in-chief, or Governor, or other person administering the government of this province as hereinafter provided, be found at large, or come within the said province, they or he shall in such case be deemed and taken to be guilty of high treason, and shall on conviction of being so found at large or coming within the said province, without such permission as aforesaid, suffer death accordingly.”
29.-Died at Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, Alexander Jolly, Bishop of Moray, in the eighty-third year of his age and forty-second of his episcopate. During his long life he presented a rare union of simple piety with profound learning.
30.--Musical Festival commenced in West. minster Abbey, where the Coronation decorations were still kept up. The rehearsal was on this day and the performance on July 2.
- Mrs. Fitzherbert's marriage to the Prince Regent. Lord Stourton writes to-day to the editor of the Edinburgh Review : “The ceremony was performed, not out of the kingdom, as you have stated, but in the drawing-room of her house in town, in the presence of an officiating Protestant clergyman, and two of her own nearest relatives. All the parties being now deceased, to ordinary readers this discrepancy will appear of little moment ; as the ceremony, wherever it was performed, could confer no legal rights; and no issue followed this union. But when I inform you that, in the one case that stated in your article--it would have been an invalid marriage as affecting the conscience of Mrs. Fitzherbert in the sight of her own Church ; and that, in the other case, it formed a conscientious connexion in the opinion of such portions of Christendom as hold communion with the see of Rome, I am confident you will permit this statement, under my name and responsibility, to appear in your journal. I shall, moreover, add, that the conscientious validity of the contract depended upon the fact that the discipline of the Council of Trent as to marriage has never been received in this country."
July 5.-Review of Artillery and Engineers at Woolwich, for the entertainment of distinguished foreigners present at the Coronation.
9.-Review of Cavalry and Infantry in Hyde Park, attended by the Queen, the Duke of Wellington, Marshal Soult, Princes Esterhazy and Schwartzenberg, and other foreigners of distinction.
- Died at Dupoorie, East Indies, aged 53, the Right Hon. Sir Robert Grant, Governor of Bombay.
12.-John Rickey, a soldier, tried for shoot. ing Sergeant Hamilton of the 12th Lancers, at Hampton Court. He was found guilty, and sentenced to death, but afterwards received a pardon.
- Hostilities break out between France and Mexico.
13.-Banquet at Guildhall to Ambassadors Extraordinary, and other foreign visitors. The Duke of Wellington and Marshal Soult were toasted together.
17.-The Court of Chancery decided the Leeman baronetcy case, and the immense accompanying fortune, in favour of a poor Nottingham mechanic of that name.
18.–The Rev. Mr. Gathercole convicted at York Assizes of publishing in The Watchman a libel imputing improper practices to nuns at Darlington and Stockton.
19.-Discussion in the House of Commons on the Million Loan (Ireland) Bill and the payment of Irish tithe arrears. In opposition io an amendment proposed by Mr. Hume, Lord John Russell, by a large majority, carried his motion : “ That Exchequer Bills, to an amount not exceeding the residue of the sum of one million, remaining unappropriated under an Act of the 3d and 4th of King William the Fourth, chapter 100, and under an Act of the 6th and 7th year of his said Majesty, chapter 108, be issued and applied, together with the instalments paid, or which may be paid, under the first-mentioned Act, to the relief of the owners of compositions fur tithes in Ireland, for the years 1836 and 1837 : and that the Commissioners of her Majesty's Treasury be authorized to remit such instal ments in such cases.”
20.--Marshal Soult, his son the Marquis of Dalmatia, and a party of French gentlemen, leave London for a tour in the manufacturing districts.
- Died, at East Lodge, Enfield, aged 80, Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm, G.C.B. He commanded the Donegal from 1805 to 1811, and was engaged at Trafalgar, where he took a Spanish three-decker. Among his last important appointments was that of Coinmanderin-chief on the St. Helena station during the residence of Napolcon.
83.-The Irish Tithe Bill read a third time in the House of Commons by a majority of 148 to 30.
26.–The first stone of two new wings to Bethlehem Hospital laid by Sir P. Laurie.
– The Internal Discipline of the Church Bill read a third time in the House of Lords, the object of the measure being to abolish the jarisdiction of diocesan courts in certain cases, add to bring clergymen charged with offences at once before the Arches Court.
29.-Departure of Marshal Soult for France.
30.-Lord Brougham draws the attention of the House of Lords to the highly illegal character of the Ordinances issued by Lord Durham for securing the peace of Lower Canada. “Even with persons," he said, “who had committed the crime of rebellion, they ought to have been tried; they could not be put to death without trial, and without sentence of death in due course of law. Even if the Queen—if the Crown-had in a certain case commuted the sentence of death to that of banishment, the man returning from banishment could not be put to death It was only after trial that a man could be ordered to be put to death. The retaming from transportation was made a capital felony by Act of Parliament in certain cases; ba: bere death was ordered without a trial, and wibout the regular sentence of the law to sanction it. This, however, was going upon the valgar error, that a man who returned before the period of his banishment had expired could be put to death by any one. There was, then, the case of M. Papineau and one or two others, sba had not confessed themselves guilty of any cine.”—Lord Lyndhurst : “ Their confessions Tould only be evidence.”—Lord Brougham :
Eat they had not confessed ; and men had been acquitted notwithstanding their confession. te Papineau and the others were to be put to deb, pot confessing anything, and not having been tried. Nothing was more monstrous than tis The Act authorized Lord Durham to zake a general law, but not to hang men without the form of law.” The subject was resumed in the Lords on the 5th August, when Lord Brougham introduced a bill declaring the the intent and meaning of the Act passed by the British Parliament, making temporary proTigon for the government of Lower Canada. Ld Glenelg admitted the illegality of that part of the Ordinances which related to Ber2_1a; bat the best course would be to write ser to the Governor, informing him that the 7500€rs were free. The second reading of Le bil was carried against Ministers by a zany of 18 in a House of 90.
31.–The Marquis of Waterford, and others, pied at the Derby Assizes, on the charge of Troas and disorderly conduct near Melton Nowbray, on 5th April last. Fined 100l. each. - International Copyright Act passed.
August 1.-The negro population of Jamaica cnter on the full enjoyment of their
freedom. The governor and the bishop of the island both describe the conduct of the people as in the highest degree praiseworthy. The event was celebrated in a festive manner in various towns throughout England.
1.-Great eruption of Vesuvius commenced.
4.—John Drew Woods, pedlar, murdered at Dundee, whilst in a state of intoxication. His father and mother were afterwards tried for the crime, and the former condemned to death.
6.-A Radical meeting held at Birmingham, and addressed by Attwood, Scholefield, and Feargus O'Connor. Resolution adopted, praying the House of Commons to use their utmost endeavours to get a law passed granting to every male of lawful age, sound mind, and unconvicted of crime, the right of voting for members of Parliament, and enacting voting by ballot, annual parliaments, the abolition of all property qualifications by members of the House, and the payment of those attending to its duties. This manifesto came to be known as the National or Chartist petition.
9.-A number of the followers of Thom, or Courtenay, tried before Lord Denman, at Maidstone Assizes, for the murder of Constable Mears and Lieut. Bennett. They were all sentenced to death, but their punishment was commuted to various terms of imprisonment.
10. Lord Melbourne announces that Ministers had resolved upon disallowing Lord Durham's Ordinances, and would accept Lord Brougham's Indemnity Bill with certain altera. tions. On the third reading of the measure the Lord Chief Justice (Denman) said the proceedings of Lord Durham were perfectly indefensible, and a violation of the first principles of the Constitution.
11.-Colonel Stoddart arrives in the Persian camp with an ultimatum that the Shah must quit Herat or fight Great Britain. The Shah undertook to raise the siege, and called off his troops in the direction of Teheran early in the following month. Towards the close of the year Stoddart was despatched by Sir J. M'Neill on a mission to the Ameer of Bokhara, from which he never returned. He was at first received favourably; but the tyrant Ameer, taking offence at his letter to the Queen being answered by the Governor-General of India, afterwards treated the mission with disrespect and cruelty.
13.-Report presented by the Select Conimittee appointed to inquire into the present rates and mode of charging postage, with a view to such a reduction thereof as may be made without injury to the revenue ; and for this purpose to examine especially into the mode recommended for charging and collecting postage in a pamphlet published by Mr. Rows land Hill. The Committee sat sixty-three days, and, exclusive of Post-office officials, examined 83 witnesses of various occupations, professions, and trades. The petitions presented during the
session amounted to 320 in number, bearing I trust, likewise, that the Act which you have 38,709 signatures. So far as Mr. Rowland passed relating to the Compositions for Tithe in Hill's plan was concerned, the Committee re Ireland will increase the security of that proported "That considerable time would be saved perty, and promote internal peace.” During in the delivery of letters; the expenses in almost ihis session the House sat 173 days, and spent every branch of the department, but principally 1,134 hours in public business. in the Inland and Letter-carrier offices, much
22.-Duel on Wimbledon Common, between reduced ; the complex accounts of the Bye and
John Flower Mirfin and Francis L. Eliot, the and Dead-letter offices greatly simplified, and
former of whom died from his wounds.
That the the expenses greatly diminished.
parties had previously quarrelled at Epsom system of accounts between the deputy postmasters, which presents so many opportunities
races, and again in town, at a disreputable and facilities for combination and fraud, would
haunt known as the Saloon. disappear; the labour and responsibility of sur 24.- The Duchess of Orleans delivered of a veyors be curtailed ; a system of complex and son, the Count de Paris. intricate duty, inseparable from the existing
27.--At a dinner at Cork O'Connell tells nature of the country part of the Post-office,
his hearers that matters are continually growgive way to one of simplicity and uniformity;
ing worse for Ireland in the British Parliaand the entire principle and machinery of the
ment. “They fancy we will be put down. I Post-office be changed in its character, greatly
tell you we will not.' i'll raise my voice, and it contributing to the security, comfort, and ad
shall sweep from the Giant's Causeway to Cape vantage of the community, in its connexion
Clear, and Connemara to the Hill of Howth. with the public correspondence. That in the
I'll raise all Ireland to determination. We opinion of all the witnesses, excepting most of
will complain of the Tithe system. Without the officers of the Post-office, the adoption of
its extinction there can be no religious liberty. Mr. Hill's plan would occasion a very great
No man should contribute to that from which increase in the number of letters posted ; and
he derives no benefit or instruction. It was said in the opinion of most of them, a far greater
I approved of it. I never did. I said directly increase than would be required to maintain
the reverse. I said it shifted Whiteboyism the revenue at its present amount.”
from rags and friezes to Whiteboyism in broad 14.-Inquiry regarding an explosion on cloth. I promise you that from Moore Park board the Victoria steamship, results in a to Bantry you will no longer see Peep-o'-dayverdict condemning the construction of the boys, but in the full noontide of the sun will boiler. A deodand of 1,500l. levied on the be coming forward meetings-influential meet. boiler and steam-engine.
ings—to prove that rent-charge means tithes,
and that abolition is the remedy for both one 16.-Parliament prorogued by the Queen in
and the other." person. In the Royal speech reference was made, as usual, to the principal measures of
30.-Died at Oodypore, the Maharajah Ju. the session. “The disturbances," it was said,
wan Singh. Two queens and six concubines " and insurrections which had unfortunately were burnt on his funeral pyre. broken out in Upper and Lower Canada have 31.--A report being busily circulated that been promptly suppressed ; and I entertain a Dr. Hook, Vicar of Leeds, had been dismissed confident hope that firm and judicious measures from his post of Chaplain at the Chapel Royal, will empower you to restore a constitutional on account of certain passages in a sermon, form of government, which unhappy events afterwards published with the title of “Hear have compelled you for a time to suspend. I the Church,” the Doctor writes to-day: “I rejoice at the progress which has been made in have received no notice whatever to that effect; my colonial possessions towards the entire nor have I any reason to suppose that her abolition of Negro Apprenticeship. I have Majesty is otherwise than pleased with what I observed with much satisfaction the attention stated in my sermon when I was last in waiting which you have bestowed upon the amendment I thought it necessary to publish that sermon, of the domestic institutions of the country. I because many false reports of what had been trust that the mitigation of the law of Impri advanced in it were spread abroad ; and it is to sonment for Debt will prove at once favourable these that allusion is made in the note which is to the liberty of my subject, and safe for commercial credit ; and that the Established Church will derive increased strength and September 1.-. She aggregate average of efficiency from the restriction of granting bene the price of wheat for the six weeks ending on fices in plurality. I have felt great pleasure in Saturday last was 725. uid. per quarter, being giving my assent to the Bill for the Relief of within a penny of the mark at which the duty the Destitute Poor in Ireland. I cherish the would have been lowered from 28. 8d. to is. expectation that its provisions have been so A week later 735. was reached, and foreign cautiously framed, and will be so prudently corn was offered in market as “duty free.” executed, that, whilst they contribute to relieve There was said to be a good demand for all distress, they will tend to preserve order and descriptions, and a slight advance on previous to encourage habits of industry and exertion. | rates was obtained.
prefixed to it."