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suitably for their supports, in the life he had conferred upon them; with design undoubtedly to make them happy in it--That to this end, they should breath in a pure atmosphere ; the air serene; the seasons temperate ; and the fruits and juices of the earth, wholesome for their nourishment.
This is no more than what is agreeable to our nations of the divine attributes. It is indeed no more than is suitable to the description, which is given us of the paradisiacal, state; and what seems necessary for the support of creatures, calculated for a great longevity, if not fos perpetuity, in the state they were placed in, op condition they behaved well in it.
C H A P.
V!1io ori OR THE STATE Op THE EARTH
AFTER THE FALL.
HE face of nature, instead of that T chearful look
fook which every thing appeared with, muft have now
now worn a very dismal aspect; and have been much affected by this catastrophe ; "ând the whole earth must have greatly suffered on account of it,
It may feem strange, that when the Almighty had fignified his approbation of all his works in terms ofsuch complaceney, he should so soon make any considerable bis tháť Adam's transgression should affetti all the world about him. But the history
acquaints us with the cause of all this, The creature which God had made, in order to be at the head of his creation, where he placed him, and invested him with the dominion of the whole ; abusing the liberty with which he had been en: dowed, and breaking through the only restraint which had been laid upon it, re, quired now to be treated in a different
The whole creation, animate and inanimate, was made subfervient to him: He was: to have the chief enjoy; ment of it ;, and every thing conspired to promote his happiness. But he was pot to be abfolute lord and monarch of thiş em. pire, but was made amenable to him who was the Lord paramount of all. God, when he made, the world, established lasys for the government of it, natural and moral patural laws for the government of the whole; and moral laws, besides, for the government of moral agents, ; fych as man; Or rather, the whole was but one law, which had a moral tendency, with regard to moral agents. These several laws, or
parts of this law, the great Lawgiver had connected together, so as to form one whole, and to cooperate with each other to the same ends, so as to be productive of the general good; and there was no infringing of any part of them, but an infringem nt of the whole must 'necessarily
ensue. They could not be infringed, but þy man, The inanimate creation invariably pursued, or rather was made to pursue, the laws of nature imposed upon it: The brute creation consisted of necessary agents, who had it not in their power to disobey the laws by which they were governed : Man was the only free agent, who could act according to the dictates and impulse of his own will; and this freedom he was tempted to abuse by disobeying. This disobedience required to be animadverted upon : And these laws required to be altered for this end.
The creation, which had been modeled for his enjoyment, was now converted to serve the purpose of discipline: And man having grown wanton in his plenty; the
earth, which administered to it, was made to withhold that plenty from him; and not to yield her fruits, without hard labour to obtain them, in inferior kinds, and of worse qualities, than he had before experienced : And this was done, in order to mortify, and subdue those irregular appetites and passions, which he had too much indulged; to reduce him within the bounds of fobriety and moderation; and to keep him more strictly under the restraints of that government, which he had Jared to rebel against
Thus wherewithal man finned, by the same also was, he punished*. His own wickedness correćted bim, and his backsidings reproved
This punishment was inflicted upon him, not in vengeance, but in mercy; for his amendment, and the reparation of the wrongs he had done ; and perhaps for his recovery, and the restoration of nature like,'
Wisdom, ix. 16. + Jer. il. 19: