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Mr. Myers. What is the storage requirement based upon projections

of spent fuel from today's reactors?

Mr. Rusche. The latest projections of total spent fuel discharges from reactors in the United States through the year 2020 show a range of between 79,000 metric tons to 130,000 metric tons depending on the number of new reactors assumed to come on line by

that time.

The most probable range, however, is between 86,000 and

106,000 metric tons. These estimates are from the Department's Energy Information Administration. To these quantities of civilian spent fuel, we would add the equivalent of about 8,000 metric tons of high-level waste from defense activities that would be available for disposal in a repository by the year 2020.


Mr. Myers. Would the extended fuel burn-up program reduce the amount of spent fuel for permanent storage?

Mr. Rusche. Higher fuel burn-up would reduce the amount of spent fuel requiring geologic disposal. However, due to the higher thermal loading of extended burn-up fuel, it would in all probability not reduce the amount of underground area required for a repository or materially reduce program costs.

Mr. Myers. What attention have you given to our suggestion that you

consider using lead in permanent waste canisters and elsewhere in the Waste

Management Program? Could using lead assure citizens that the waste is

handled and stored safely and securely?

Mr. Rusche. We completed an internal summary on the use of lead for

the waste canisters. In addition, we have requested Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to evaluate lead for this purpose. A copy of the study and our direction to BNL is attached. In regard to lead providing additional assurance to citizens on safe storage of waste, the results of the BNL study will provide a more comprehensive basis to make this


United States Government

Department of Energy


DATE FEB 18 1987

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BNL Waste Package Scientific Support - Lead as a Waste Package Material

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In the Energy and Water Development Appropriation Bill, House Report 99-670,
(attached), the Committee on Appropriations noted that Canada and Sweden have
recognized the potential of lead for use in high-level waste disposal
containers because of its shielding abilities and corrosion resistance. The
Committee voiced concern that the United States is not similarly investigating
lead and, thus, directed the DOE to do so.

In response to this Congressional directive, the Office of Geologic
Repositories (OGR) would like BNL to take the lead to issue a report on the use
of lead in the waste package for a basalt, salt, or tuff repository. The
report should be based or. a literature survey utilizing input from the projects
on any considerations they might have given lead in the past or currently,
input from Canada and Sweden on their designs which utilize lead as a filler
material within the waste package, and input from siting and regulatory experts
on the consequences to the environment of using lead in the waste packag
Consideration should be given to the requirements and impacts of the Resource
Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) PL 94-580. In addition, the report
should include information on the planned use of lead as shielding in the MRS
and in the OCRWM transportation system; OGR will work with BNL in obtaining
this information from OSTS. A summary report an lead as a waste package
material prepared by OGR is attached for your information.

All BNL efforts should be based on data available in the literature; no experimental work should be performed. We would like the study to be conducted within the existing funds for BNL Waste Package Scientific Support.

Please provide us with a proposed outline for the report and a date for completion by March 6, 1987. Questions on this matter can be directed to Naomi Abraham on FTS 896-8980 or Alan Berusch on FTS 896-4590. Thank you for your support in this effort.

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Jury 16, 1906.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the sale of

the Union and ordered to be printed' .

Ms. BEVIL; from the Committee op Appropriations,

submitted the following


together with ADDITIONAL VIEWS

Mo accompany H.R 6162) The Committee on Appropriations submits the following report in explanation of the accompanying bill making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal your ending September 80, 1987, and for other purpovas.

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