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from Casiri's Biblioth. Arnb. Hispan. in the Appendix to the feathers of the humma, according to the practice of Berington's Literary History of the Middle Ages. his family.. - Wilks's South of India. He adds in a

note: --The humma is a fabulous bird. The head over Note 61, page 19, col. 2.

which its shadow once passes will assuredly be circled Discharge, as from a kindled naptha fount.

with a crown. The splendid little bird, suspended over See Hanway's Account of the Springs of Naphtha at Baku (which is called by Lieutenant Pottinger Joala the throne of Tippoo Sultaun, found at Seringapatam

in 1799, was intended to represent this poetical fancy,. Mookhee, or the Flaming Mouth), taking fire and running into the sca. Cooke, in his Journal, mentions

Note 66, page 23, col. 2. some wells in Circassia, strongly impregnated with this Whose words, like those on the Written Mountain, last for ever. inflammable oil, from which issues boiling water. • To the pilgrims to Mount Sinai we must attribute • Though the weather, he adds, • was now very cold, the inscriptions, figures, etc. on those rocks, which have the warmth of these wells of hot water produced near from thence acquired the name of the Written Mounthem the verdure and flowers of spring..

tain. - VOLNEY. M. Gebelin and others have been at Major Scott WARING says that naptha is used by the much pains to attach some mysterious and important Persians, as we are told it was in hell, for lamps. mcaning to these inscriptions; but Niebuhr, as well as

Many a row

Volney, thinks that they must have been executed at Of starry lamps and blazing cressets, fed

idle hours by the travellers to Mount Sinai, - who were With naptha and asphaltas, yielded light

satisfied with cutting the unpolished rock with any As from a sky.

pointed instrument; adding to their names and the Note 62, page 21,

date of their journeys some rude figures which bespeak Thou seest yon cistern in the shade-t is fill'd

the hand of a people but little skilled in the arts, » With burning drugs, for this last hour distillid.

NIEBUIR • Il donna du poison dans le vin à tous ses gens, et se jeta lui-même ensuite dans une cuve pleine de drogues

Note 67, page 23, col. 2. brûlantes et consumantes, afin qu'il ne reståt rien de From the dark hyacinth, to wbich Hafez compares his mistress's hair. tous les membres de son corps, el que ceux qui restaient

See Nott's Hafez, Ode v. de sa secte pussent croire qu'il était monté au ciel, ce

Note 68, page 23, col. 2. qui ne manqua pas d'arriver. ----D'HERBELOT.

To the Cámalati, by whose rosy blossoms the heaven of India is

scepted. Note 63, page 22, col. 1. To cat any mangoes but those of Mazagong was, of course, impossible.

* The Cámalatá (called by Linnæus, Ipomæa) is the

most beautiful of its order, both in the colour and form The celebrity of Mazagong is owing to its mangoes, which are certainly the best fruit I ever tasted.

of its leaves and flowers; its elegant blossoms are 'ce

The parent tree, from which all those of this species have lestial rosy red, Love's proper hue,

' and have justly probeen grafted, is honoured during the fruit season by a

cured it the name of Cámalatá, or Love's Creeper..

Sir W. Jones. guard of sepoys; and, in the reign of Shah Jehan, couriers were stationed between Delhi and the Mahratta

+ Cámalatá may also mean a mythological plant, by

which all desires are granted to such as inhabit the coast, to secure an abundant and fresh supply of man

heaven of India, and if cver flower was worthy of Pagoes for the royal table. --- Mrs GRALAM's Journal of a Residence in India.

radise, it is our charming Ipomaa.»Ib. Note 64, page 22, col. 1.

Note 69, page 23, col. 2.

That Flower-loving Nymph, whom they worship in the temples of His fine antique porcelain.

Katbay. This old porcelain is found in digging, and « if it is

According to Father Premare, in his tract on Chiesteemed, it is not because it has acquired any new de- nese Mythology, the mother of Fo-hi was the daughter gree of beauty in the earth, but because it has retained of Heaven, surnamed Flower-loving; and as the nymph its ancient beauty; and this alone is of great importance in China, where they give large sums for the small- herself encircled by a rainbow, after which she became

was walking alone on the bank of a river, she found est vessels which were used under the enperors Yan and Chum, who reigned many ages before the dynasty of a son radiant as herself. » — Asiat. Res.

pregnant, and, at the end of twelve years, was delivered of Tang, at which time porcelain began to be used by the Emperors , (about the year 442). – Dunn's Collec

Note 70, page 24, col. 1. tion of Curious Observations, etc.-a bad translation of

On the blue Cower, which-Bramins saysome parts of the Lettres Edifiantes et Curieuses of the

Blooms no where but in Paradise. Missionary Jesuils.

* The Brahmins of this province insist that the blue

Campac flowers only in Paradise., Sir W. Jones. It Note 65, page 23, col, 1.

appears, however, from a curious letter of the Sultan That sublime bird, which fies always in the air.

of Menangcabow, given by Marsden, that one place on • The Humma, a bird peculiar to the East. It is sup- earth may lay claim to the possession of it. This is the posed to fly constantly in the air, and never touch the sultan, wbo keeps the flower Champaka that is blue, ground: it is looked upon as a bird of happy omen; and to be found in no other country but his, being yeland that every head it overshades will in time wear a low elsewhere.. -- MARSDEN's Sumatra. crown.o-RICHARDSON. In the terms of alliance made by Fuzzel Oola Khan

Note 71, page 24, col. 1. with Hyder, in 1760, one of the stipulations was, . that

I know where the Isles of Perfume are. he should have the distinction of two honorary attend

Diodorus mentions the Isle of Panchaia, to the south ants standing behind him, holding fans composed of of Arabia Felix, where there was a temple of Jupiter.

On the brink

This island, or rather cluster of isles, has disappeared, come down to eat human flesh in the dark in safety.» sunk (says GRANDPRÉ) in the abyss made by the fire - BRUCE. beneath their foundations. » – Voyage to the Indian

Note 78, page 26, col. 1.

But see, -wbo yonder comes.
72, page 24, col. 2.

This circumstance has been often introduced into
Whose air is balm; whose ocean spreads

poetry ;-by Vincentius Fabricius, by Darwin, and lately O'er coral rocks and amber bods; etc. • It is not like the Sea of India, whose bottom is rich

with very powerful effect, by Mr Wilson. with pearls and ambergris, whose mountains of the

Note 79, page 27, col. 1. coast are stored with gold and precious stones, whose

The wild bees of Palestine. gulfs breed creatures that yield ivory, and among the

« Wild bees, frequent in Palestine, in hollow trunks plants of whose shores are ebony, red-wood, and the or branches of trees, and the clefts of rocks. Thus it wood of Hairzan, aloes, camphor, cloves, sandal-wood, is said (Psalm 81), "honey out of the stony rock,'» Buzand all other spices and aromatics; where parrots and Der's Oriental Customs. peacocks are birds of the forest, and musk and civet are collected upon the lands.»Travels of Two Nahom

Note 80, page 27, col. 1. medans.

And, Jordan, those sweet banks of thine,

And woods so full of nightingales.
Note 73, page 24, col. 2.

The river Jordan is on both sides beset with little,
Thy pillar'd shades.

thick and pleasant woods, among which thousands of In t be ground

nightingales warble all together. — TueveNOT.
The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow
About the mother tree, a pillar'd shade,

Note 81, page 27, col. 2.
High over-arch'd, and echoing walks between.


Of a small imaret's rustic fount. For a particular description and platc of the Danyantree, see CORDINER'S Ceylon.

«Imaret, hospice où on loge et nourrit, gratis, les

pélerins pendant trois jours. » Toderini, translated by Note 74, page 24, col. 2.

the ABBÉ DE COURNAND. See also CASTELLAN'S Mæurs Thy monarchs and their thousand thrones.

des Othomans, tom. v, p. 145. • With this immense treasure Mamood returned to Ghisní, and, in the year 400, prepared a magnificent

Note 32, page 27, col. 2. festival, where he displayed to the people liis wealth

The boy has started from the bed

or flowers, where he had laid his head, in golden thrones and in other ornaments, in a great

And down upon the fragrant sod plain without the city of Ghizni.. - Fenishta.

kpeels. Note 75, page 25, col. 1.

• Such Turks as at the common hours of prayer are Blood like tbis,

on the road, or so employed as not to find convenience For liberty sbed, so holy is.

to attend the Mosques, are still obliged to execute that Objections may be made to my use of the word li- duty; nor are they ever known to fail, whatever busiberty, in this and more especially in the story that fol

ness they are then about, but pray immediately when lows it, as totally inapplicable to any state of things the hour alarms them, whatever they are about, in that that has ever existed in the East ; but though I cannot, very place they chance to stand on; insomuch that of course, mean to employ it in that enlarged and noble when a janissary, whom you have to guard you up and sense which is so well understood in the present day, down the city, hears the notice which is given him from and, I grieve to say, so little acted upon, yet it is no

the stecples, he will turn about, stand still, and beckon disparagement to the word to apply it to that national with his hand, to tell his charge he must have patience independence, that freedom from the interference and for a while; when, taking out his handkerchief, he dictation of foreigners, without which, indeed, no li spreads it on the ground, sits cross-legged thereupon, berty of any kind can exist, and for which both Hindoos and says his prayers, though in the open market, which and Persians fought against their Mussulman invaders having ended, he leaps briskly up, salutes the person with, in many cases, a bravery that deserved much bet- whom he undertook to convey, and renews his journey ter success.

with the mild expression of ghell ghonnum ghell, or, Note 76, page 25, col. 1.

Come, dear, follow me.,-Aaron Hill's Truvels.
Afric's Lupar Mountains.

Note 83, page 29, col. 1.
Sometimes called,» says JACKSON, Jibbel Kumrie,

The Banyan Hospital. or the white or lunar-coloured mountains: so a white horse is called by the Arabians a moon-coloured horse.»

This account excited a desire of visiting the Ban

yan Hospital, as I had heard much of their benevolence Note 77, page 25, col. 2.

10 all kinds of animals that were either sick, lame, or Only the fierce hvæna stalks

infirm, through age or accident. On my arriva! there Throughout the city's desolate walks.

were presented to my view many horses, cows, and • Gondar was full of hyænas, from the time it turned oxen, in one apartment; in another dogs, sheep, goals, dark till the dawn of day, seeking the different pieces and monkeys, with clean straw for them to repose on. of slaughtered carcases which this cruel and unclean Above stairs were depositories for seeds of many sorts, people expose in the streets without burial, and who and flat broad dishes for water, for the use of birds and firmly believe that these animals are Falashta from the insects --Parsons. neighbouring mountains, transformed by magic, and li is said that all animals know the Banyans, that the most timid approach them, and that birds will fly jessamines, and honeysuckles, make a sort of green nearer to them than to other people.-Sce GRANDPRÉ. wall; large trees are plantcd round this place, which Note 84, page 29, col. 1.

is the scene of their greatest pleasures.»--Lady M. W.

Whose sweetness was not to be drawn forth, like that of the fragrant
Grass near ihe Ganges, by crushing and trampling upon them.

Note 93, page 31, col. 2. • A very fragrant grass from the banks of the Can

Before tbeir mirrors count the time. ges, near Heridwar, which in some places covers whole The women of the East are never without their lookacres, and diffuscs, when crushed, a strong odour.:- ing-glasses. «In Barbary,” says Shaw, « they are so Sir W. Jones on the Spikenard of the Ancients. fond of their looking-glasses, which they hang upon Note 85, page 29, col. 2.

their breasts, that they will not lay them aside, even Artisans, in cbariots.

when, after the drudgery of the day, they are obliged Oriental Tales.

to go two or three miles with a pitcher or a goat's skin Note 86, page 29. col. 2.

to fetch water.»- Travels, Waved plates of gold and silver flowers over their beads.

In other parts of Asia they wear little looking-glasses « Or, rather,, says Scort, upon the passage of Ferish. on their thumbs. « Hence (and from the lotus being ta, from which this is taken, - small coin, slumped with considered the emblem of beauty) is the meaning of the the figure of a flower. They are still used in India to following mute intercourse of two lovers before their distribute in charity, and, on occasion, thrown by the parents.

• He with salute of deference dne purse-bearers of the great among the populace.»

A lotus to his forehead pressu;
Note 87, page 29, col. 2.

Sbe rai.ed ber mirror to his view,
His delectable alley of trees.

Then turn'd it ioward to her breast..

Asiatic Miscellany, vol. ii. This road is 250 leagues in length. It has « little pyramids or turrets,» says Bernier, « erected


Note 94, page 32, col. 1. leaque, to mark the ways, and frequent wells to afford

The unirodden solitude

of Ararat's tremendous peak. drink to passengers, and to water the young trees,»

STRUY savs, «I can well assure the reader that their Note 88, page 3o, col. 1.

opinion is not true, who suppose this mount to be inOn the clear cold waters of which floated multitades of the beauti-accessible.” He adds, that « the lower part of the ful red lotus.

inountain is cloudy, misty, and dark, the middlemost « Here is a large pagoda by a tank, on the water of part very cold and like clouds of snow, but the upper which float multitudes of the beautiful red lotus; the regions perfectly calm.» It was on this mountain that flower is larger than that of the white water-lily, and is

the Ark was supposed to have rested after the Deluge, the most lovely of the nymphæas I have seen.»— Mrs

and part of it, they say, exists there still, which Struy Granam's Journal of a Residence in India.

thus gravely accounts for :

« Whereas none can reNote 89, page 3o, col. 2.

member that the air on the top of the bill did ever Who, many bundred years since, had fled bither from their Arab change, or was subject cither to wind or rain, which conquerors.


presumed to be the reason that the ark has endured « On les voit, persecutés par les Khalifes, se retirer so long without being rotten.» See CABRERIS Travels, dans les montagnes du Kerman: plusieurs choisirent where the Doctor laughs at this whole account of Mount pour retraite la Tartaric et la Chine; d'autres s'arrê- Ararat. tèrent s'ır les bords du Gange, à l'est de Delhi. - M. AN

Note 95, page 33, col. 2.
QUETIL, Mémoires de l'Académie, tom. xxxi, p. 346.

The Gbeber belt that round him clua;.
90, page 3o, col. 2.

« Pour se distinguer des Idolâtres de l'Inde, les Guebres As a native of Cashmere, which had in the same manner become the se ceignent tous d'un cordon de laine, ou du poil de prey of strangers.

chameau.»Encyclopédie Française. « Cashmere (say its historians) had its own Princes

D'Herbelot says this belt was generally of leather. 4000 years before its conquest by Akbar in 1585.

Akbar would have found some difficulty to reduce this

Note 96, page 34, col. 1. paradise of the Indies, situated as it is, within such a

Who, morn and uven, fortress of mountains, but its monarch Yusef Khan was

Hail their Creator's dwelling-place

Among the living lights of heaven! bascly betrayed by his omrahs.»—PENNANT.

« As to fire, the Ghebers place the spring-head of it Note 91, page 3o, col. 2.

in that globe of fire, the Sun, by them called Mythras, His story of the Fire-worshippers.

or Mihir, to which they pay the highest reverence, in Voltaire tells us, that, in his tragedy « Les Guébres,» gratitude for the manifold benefits flowing from its he was generally supposed to have alluded to the Jan- ministerial omniscience. But they are so far from consenists; and I should not be surprised if this story of founding the subordination of the Servant with the the Fire-worshippers were found capable of a similar majesty of its Creator, that they not only attribute no doubleness of application.

sort of sense or reasoning to the sun or fire, in any of Note 92, page 31, col. 2.

its operations, but consider it as a purely passive blind Who, lull'd in cool kiosk or bower,

instrument, directed and governed by the immediate « in the midst of the garden is the chiosk, that is, impression on it of the will of God; but they do not a large room, commonly beautified with a fine foun- even give that luminary, all glorious as it is, more than tain in the midst of it. It is raised nine or ten steps, the second rank amongst his works, reserving the first and inclosed with gilded lattices, round which vines, for that stupendous production of divine power, the


mind of man.»-Gros E. The false charges brought dous chain » of which I suppose it a link does not exagainst the religion of these people by their Mussulman tend quite so far as the shores of the Persian Gulf. Tyrantsis but one proof among many of the truth of this « This long and lofty range of mountains formerly diwriter's remark, «that calumny is often added to op- vided Media from Assyria, and now forms the boundary pression, if but for the sake of justifying it,»

of the Persian and Turkish empires. It runs parallel Note 97, page 34, col. 2.

with the river Tigris and Persian Gulf, and almost disThat enchanted tree, which grows over the tomb of the musician appearing in the vicinity of Gomberoon (Harmozia),

seems once more to rise in the southern districts of Ker« Within the enclosure which surrounds this monu

man, and, following an casterly course through the ment (al Gualior) is a small tomb to the memory of centre of Meckram and Balouchistan, is entirely lost in Tan-Sein, a musician of incomparable skill, who flou- the deserts of Sinde.»—KINNIER'S Persian Empire. rished at the court of Akbar. The tomb is oversha

Note 104, page 36, col. 2. dowed by a tree, concerning which a superstitious notion

That bold were Moslem, wbo would dare prevails, that the chewing of its leaves will give an ex

At twilight hour to steer his skiff traordinary melody to the voice.» — Narrative of a

Beneath the Gbeber's lonely cliff. Journey from Agra to Outein, by W. HUNTER, Esq. « There is an extraordinary hill in this neighbour

hood, called Kohé Gubr, or the Guebre's mountain. It Note 98, page 34, col. 2a

rises in the form of a lofty cupola, and on the sunmit The awful signal of the bamboo-staff. « It is usual to place a small white triangular flag, of it, they say, are the remains of an Atush Kudu, or fixed to a bamboo-staff of ten or twelve feet long, at the Fire Temple. It is superstitiously held to be the resi

dence of Deeves or Sprites, and many marvellous stories place where a tiger has destroyed a man. It is common

are recounted of the injury and witchcraft suffered by for the passengers also to throw each a stone or brick

those who essayed in former days to ascend or explore near the spot, so that in the course of a little time, a

it »-POTTINGER's Beloochistan. pile equal to a good waggon-load is collected. The sight of these flags and piles of stones imparts a certain me

Note 105, page 37, col. 1. lancholy, not perhaps altogether void of apprehension.»

Btill did the mighty flame burn on. -Oriental Field Sports, vol. ü.

« At the city of Yezd in Persia, which is distinguished Note 99, page 34, col. 2.

by the appellation of the Darûb Abadut, or Seat of ReBeneath the shade, some pious hands bad erected, etc.

ligion, the Guebres are permitted to have an Alush « The ficus Indica is called the Pagod Tree and Tree Kudu or Fire Temple (which, they assert, has had the of Councils, the first from the Idols placed under its sacred fire in it since the days of Zoroaster) in their own shade; the second, because meetings were beld under compartment of the city; but for this indulgence they its cool branches. In some places it is believed to be

are indebted to the avarice, not the tolerance of the Perthe haunt of spectres, as the ancient spreading oaks of sian government, which taxes them at twenty-five rupees Wales have been of fairies: in others are erected, becach man.»—Pottinger's Beloochistan. neaih the shade, pillars of stone, or posts, elegantly

Note 106, page 37, col. 2. carved and ornamented with the most beautiful por

While on that altar's fires celain to supply the use of mirrors.»—Pennant.

They swore.
Note 100, page 35, col. 1.

«Nul d'entre eux n'oserait se parjurer, quand il a pris à The nightingale now bends her flight.

témoin cet élément terrible et vengeur.»—Encyclopédie « The nightingale sings from the pomegranate-groves

Française. in the day-time, and from the loftiest trees at night.»

Note 107, page 37, col. a.
Russel's Aleppo.

The Persian lily shines and towers.
Note 101, page 36, col. 1.

« A vivid verdure succeeds the autumnal rains, and Before wbose sabre's dazzling light, etc.

the ploughed fields are covered with the Persian lily, « When the bright cimitars make the eyes of our he- of a resplendent yellow colour.»—Russel's Aleppo. l'oes wink.»- The Moallakat, Poem of AMRU.

Note 108, page 39, col. 1.
Note 102, page 36, col. 1.

Like Dead Sea fruits, that tempt the eye,
As Lebanon's small mountain-flood

But turn to ashes on the lips.
Is render'd holy by the ranks
Of sainted cedars on its banks.

« They say that there are apple-trees upon the sides In the Lettres Edifiantes, there is a different cause of this sea, which bear very lovely fruit, but within are assigned for its name of Holy. « In these are deep ca

all full of ashes.»- THEVENOT. "The same is asserted of verns, which formerly served as so many cells for a the oranges there. - See WITMAN's Travels in Asiatic great number of recluses, who had chosen these retreats Turkey. as the only witnesses upon earth of the severity of their « The Asphalt Lake, known by the name of the Dead penance. The tears of these pious penitents gave the Sea, is very remarkable on account of the considerable river of which we have just treated the name of the proportion of salt which it contains. In this respect Holy River.»—See CHATEAUBRIAND's Beauties of Chris- it surpasses every other known water on the surface of tianity.

the carth. This great proportion of bitter-tasted salts Note 103, page 36, col. 2.

is the reason why neither animal nor plant can live A rocky mountain, o'er the sea

in this water. – Klaproth's Chemical Analysis of the Of Oman beetling awfully.

Water of the Dead Sea, Annals of Philosophy, January, This mountain is my own crcation, as the « stupen- 1813. HasselQUIST, however, doubts the truth of this

Her ruby rosary.

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last assertion, as there are shell-fish to be found in the

Notc 114, page 40, col. 1 lake. Lord Byron has a similar allusion to the fruits of the

« Le Tespih, qui est un chapelet composé de quatreDead Sea, in that wonderful display of genius, his Third vingt-dix-neuf petites boules d'agathe, de jaspe, d'ambre, Canto of Childe Harold,-magnificent beyond any de corail, ou d'autre matière précieuse. J'en ai vu un thing, perhaps, that even he has ever written.

superbe au Seigneur Jerpos ; il était de belles et grosses Note 109, page 39, col. 1.

perles parfaites et égales, estimé trente mille piastres." While lakes, that shone in mockery nigh.

-TODERINI. • The Suhrah, or Water of the desert, is said to be

Note 115, page 43, col. 1. caused by the rarefaction of the atmosphere from ex

A silk dyed with the blossoms of the sorrowful trec, Nilica. treme heat; and, which augments the delusion, it is

• Blossoms of the sorrowful Nyctanthes give a durmost frequent in hollows, where water miglit be ex-able colour to silk.-— Remarks on the Husbandry of pected to lodge. I have seen bushes and trees reflected

Bengal, p. 200, Nilica is one of the Indian names of in it, with as much accuracy as though it had been the this flower.—Sir W. Jones. The Persians call it Gul.face of a clear and still lake.,—POTTINGER.

CARRERI. • As to the unbelievers, their works are like a vapour in a plain, which the thirsty traveller thinketh to be

Note 116, page 43, col. 2. water, until when he cometh thereto he findeth it to be

When pitying Heaven to roses turu'd nothing..-Koran, chap. 24.

The death-flames that beneath bim burn'd!

Of their other Prophet, Zoroaster, there is a story Note 110, page 39, col. 1.

told in Dion PRUSSÆUS, Orat. 36, that the love of wisA flower that the Bidmusk has just passed over.

dom and virtue leading him to a solitary life upon a • A wind which prevails in February, called Bidmusk, mountain, he found it one day all in a flame, shining from a small and odoriferous flower of that name.. —

with celestial fire, out of which he came without any The wind which blows these flowers commonly lasts harm, and instituted certain sacrifices to God, who, till the end of the month,.--LE BRUYN.

he declared, then appeared to him.-See Patrick on Note 111, page 39, col. 1.

Exodus, iii, 2.
Where the sea-gipseys, who live for ever on the water.

Note 117, page 50, col. 2.
• The Biajùs are of two races; the one is settled on

They were now not far from that forbidden rlver. Borneo, and are a rude but warlike and industrious nation, who reckon themselves the original possessors the Nilab, which he called Attock, which means in the

Akbar, on his way, ordered a fort to be built upon of the island of Borneo. The other is a species of sea- Indian language Forbidden ; for, by the superstition of gipseys, or itinerant fishermen, who live in small co- the Hindoos, it was held unlawful to cross that river. » vered boats, and enjoy a perpetual summer on the

-Dow's Hindostan. castern ocean, shifting to leeward from island to island, with the variations of the monsoon. In some of their

Note 118, page 51, col. 1. customs this singular race resemble the natives of the

Resembling, she often thought, that people of Zinge. Maldivia Islands, The Maldivians annually launch a small bark, loaded with perfumes, qums, flowers, and afflicted with sadness or melancholy: on this subject

• The inhabitants of this country (Zinge) are never odoriferous wood, and turn it adrift at the mercy


the Sheikh Abu-Al-Karir-Azhari has the following diswinds and waves, as an offering to the Spirit of the Winds; and sometimes similar offerings are made to

• Who is the man without care or sorrow (tell), that the spirit whom they term the King of the Sea. In like


my hand to him.
manner the Biajùs perform their offering to the god of
evil, launching a small bark, loaded with all the sins licksome with tipsiness and mirth.

(Behold) the Zingians, without care or sorrow, froand misfortunes of the nation, which are imagined to

• The philosophers have discovered that the cause of fall on the unhappy crew that may be so unlucky as this cheerfulness proceeds from the influence of the star first to meet with it. --Dr Leyden on the Languages and Soheil, or Canopus, which rises over them every night.. Literature of the Indo-Chinese Nations.

- Extract from a geographical Persian Manuscript Note 112, page 39, col. 1.

called Heft Aklim, or the Seven Climates, translated by Tbe violet sberbets.

W. OUSELEY, Esq. · The sweet-scented violet is one of the plants most

Note 119, page 51, col. 1. esteemed, particularly for its great use in Sorbet, which

Patting to death some hundreds of those unfortunate lizards. they make of violet sugar.-— HASSELQUIST. • The sherbet they most esteem, and which is drank

« The lizard Stellio. The Arabs call it Hardun. The by the Grand Signor himself, is made of violets and Turks kill it, for they imagine that by declining the sugar..- TAVERNIER.

head it mimics them when they say their prayers.

Note 113, page 39, col. 1.

Note 120, page 51, col. 1.
The pathetic measure of Nava.
• Last of all she took a guitar, and sung a pathetic

About two miles from Hassan Abdaul were those royal gardens. air in the measure called Nava, which is always used to I am indebted for these particulars of Hussun Abdaul express the lamentations of absent lovers. - -—- Persian to the very interesting Introduction of Mr ELPHINSTONE's Tales.

work upon Caubul.

tich :


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