« VorigeDoorgaan »
gold for her ascent from the barge. At the end of the drum at the bows of their saddles, which at first was hall stood two thrones, as precious as the Cerulean invented for the training of hawks, and to call them to Throne of Koolburga, (138) on one of which sat Aliris, the the lure, and is worn in the field by all sportsmen to youthful King of Bucharia, and on the other was, in a that end..-Fryer's Travels. few minutes, to be placed the most beautiful Princess • Those on whom the king has conferred the priviin the world.— Immediately upon the entrance of Lalla lege must wear an ornament of jewels on the right side Rookh into the saloon, the monarch descended from of the turban, surmounted by a high plume of the feahis throne to meet her; but, scarcely had he time to thers of a kind of egret. This bird is found only in take her hand in his, when she screamed with surprise Cashmeer, and the feathers are carefully collected for and fainted at his feet. It was Feramorz himself that the king, who bestows them on his nobles.1-ELPHINstood before her!-- Feramorz was, himself, the Sove- stone's Account of Caubul. reign of Bucharia, who in this disguise had accompanied
Note 6, page 1, col. 2. his young bride from Delhi, and, having won her love
Kedar Kban, etc. as an humble minstrel, now amply deserved to enjoy it
• Khedar Khan, the Khakan, or King of Turquestan as a King The consternation of Fadladeen at this discovery beyond the Gihon (at the end of the eleventh century),
whenever he appeared abroad was preceded by seven was, for the moment, almost pitiable. But change of opinion is a resource too convenient in courts for this hundred horsemen with silver battle-axes, and was folexperienced courtier not to have learned to avail him-lowed by an equal number bearing maces of gold. He self of it. His criticisms were all, of course, recanted
was a great patron of poetry, and it was he who used to instantly; he was seized with an admiration of the preside at public excrcises of genius, with four basins King's verses, as unbounded as, he begged him to be of gold and silver by him to distribute among the poets
who excelled.—RICHARDSON's Dissertation prefixed to lieve, it was disinterested; and the following week saw
his Dictionary. him in possession of an additional place, swearing by all the saints of Islam that never had there existed so
Note 7, page 1, col. 2. great a poet as the Monarch, Aliris, and ready to pre
The gilt pine-apples, etc. scribe his favourite regimen of the Chabuk for every • The kubdeh, a large golden knob, generally in the man, woman, and child that dared to think other shape of a pine-apple, on the top of the canopy over wise.
the litter or palanquin.o-Scott's Notes on the Bahar Of the happiness of the King and Queen of Bucharia, danush. after such a beginning, there can be but little doubt,
Note 8, page 1, col. 2. and, among the lesser symptoms, it is recorded of Lalla
The rose-coloured veils of the Princess's litter. Rookh, that, to the day of her death, in memory of their delightful journey, she never called the King by the following lively description of a company of
In the poem of Zohair, in the Moallakat, there is any other name than Feramorz.
maidens seated on camels :-
They are mounted in carriages covered with
costly awnings, and with rose-coloured veils, the linings NOTES.
of which have the hue of crimson Andem-wood,
• When they ascend from the bosom of the vale
they sit forward on the saddle-cloths, with every Note 1, page 1, col. 1.
mark of a voluptuous gaiety. These particulars of the visit of the King of Bucharia
Now, when they have reached the brink of yon to Aurungzebe are found in Dow's History of Indostan, blue gushing rivulet, they fix the poles of their tents vol. iji, p. 392.
like the Arab with a settled mansion.
Note 9, page 1, col. 2.
A young female slave sat fanning her, etc.
See Bernier's description of the attendants on Rauromances, in all the languages of the East, are founded. Note 3, page 1, col. 1.
Note 10, page 2, col. 1.
Religion, of which Aurung ebe was a munificent protector. For the loves of this celebrated beauty with Khosron thy associate of certain Holy Leagues.-• He held the
This hypocritical Emperor would have made a worand with Ferhad, see D'Herbelot, Gibbon, Oriental Col-cloak of religion (says Dow) between his actions and the lections, etc.
vulgar; and impiously thanked the Divinity for a sucNote 4, page 1, col. 1.
cess which he owed to his own wickedness. When he Dewildé.
was murdering and persecuting his brothers and their • The history of the loves of Dewildé and Chizer, the families, he was building a magnificent mosque at son of the Emperor Alla, is written in an elegant poem, Delhi, as an offering to God for his assistance to him in by the noble Chusero.1-Ferishta.
the civil wars. He acted as high-priest at the consecraNote 5, page 1, col. 2.
tion of this temple ; and made a practice of attending
divine service there, in the humble dress of a Fakeer. Those insignia of the Emperor's favour, etc.
But when he lifted one hand to the Divinity, he, with One mark of honour or knighthood bestowed by the other, signed warrants for the assassination of his the emperor is the permission to wear a small kettle relations. » -- History of Hindostan, vol. iii, p. 335. See
also the curious letter of Aurungzebe, given in the Ori- have little golden bells fastened round their legs, neck ental Collections, vol. i, p. 320.
and elbows, to the sound of which they dance before Note 11, page 2, col. 1.
the king. The Arabian princesses wear golden rings The diamond eyes of the idol, etc.
on their fingers, to which little bells are suspended, as • The Idol at Jaghernat has two fine diamonds for in the flowing tresses of their hair, that their superior eyes. No goldsmith is suffered to enter the Pagoda, rank may be known, and they themselves receive in one having stole one of these eyes, being locked up all passing the homage due to them.:-Sce Calmet's Dicnight with the Idol..- TAVERNIER.
tionary, art. Bells.
Note 19, page 2, col. 2.
That delicious opiom, etc.
• Abou-Tige, ville de la Thébaide, où il croît beauAccount of the present State of Delhii, by Lieut. w. coup de pavots noirs, dont se fait le meilleur opium. Franklin..-Asial. Research, vol. iv. p. 417.
Note 20, page 2, col. 2.
That idol of women, Crisbna. • In the neighbourhood is Notte Gill, or the Lake of • He and the three Rainas are described as youths of Pearl, which receives this name from its pellucid wa- perfect beauty; and the Princesses of Hindustan were ter 9- Pennant's Hindopstan.
all passionately in love with Crishna, who continues to Nasir Jung, encamped in the vicinity of the Lake of this hour the darling god of the Indian women.»— Tonoor, amused himself with sailing on that clear and SIR W. Jones, on the Gods of Greece, Italy, and beautiful water,
and gave it the fanciful name of Motee India. Talab, 'the Lake of Pearls,' which it still retains. .
Note 21, page 2, col. 2.
The shawl-goat of Tibet.
See Turner's Embassy for a description of this ani-
mal, the most beautiful among the whole tribe of Sir Thomas Roe, Ambassador from James I to Je- goats.. The material for the shawls (which is carried hanguire.
to Cashmere) is found next the skin.
Note 22, page 2, col. 2.
The veiled Prophet of Khorassan. • The romance Wemakweazra, written in Persian For the real history of this impostor, whose original verse, which contains the loves of Wamak and Ezra, name was Hakem ben Haschem, and who was called two celebrated lovers, who lived before the time of Ma- Mokanna from the veil of silver gauze (or, as others homet..-Notes on the Oriental Tales.
say, golden) which he always wore, see D'HERBELOT. Note 16, page 2, col. 1.
Note 23, page 2, col. 2. of the fair-haired Zal, and his mistress, Rodabver.
Flowrets and fruits blush over every stream. Their amour is recounted in the Shah-Nameh of The fruits of Meru are finer than those of
any Ferdousi ; and there is much beauty in the passage other place : and one cannot see in any other city such which describes the slaves of Rodahver, sitting on the palaces, with groves, and streams, and gardens..—EBN bank of the river and throwing flowers into the stream, HAU KAL'S Geograpliy. in order to draw the attention of the young hero, who
Note 24, page 3, col. 1. is encamped on the opposite side. See CHAMPION'S
For, far less luminous, his votaries said,
Were even the gleams, miraculously shed
O'er Moussa's cheek.
• Ses disciples assuraient qu'il se couvrait le visage Rustam is the Hercules of the Persians. For the pour ne pas éblouir ceux qui l'approchaient par l'éclat particulars of his victory over the Sepeed Deeve, or
de son visage comme Moyse. -D'HERDELOT. White Demon, see Oriental Collections, vol. ii, p. 45.
Note 25, page 3, col. 1. Near the city of Shirauz is an immense quadrangular
In batred to the Caliph's hue of night. monument in commemoration of this combat, called
« Il faut remarquer ici, touchant les habits blancs des the Kelat-i-deev Sepeed, or Castle of the White Giant, disciples de Hakem, que la couleur des habits, des coifwhich Father Angelo, in his Gazophylacium Persicum, fures et des étendards des Khalifes Abassides étant la p. 127, declares to have been the most memorable mo- noire, ce chef de rebelles ne pouvait pas en choisir une nument of antiquity which he had seen in Persia.–See qui lui fut plus opposée.»—D'Herbelor. OUSELEY's Persian Miscellanies.
Note 26, page 3, col. 1.
Javelins of the light Kathaian reed.
« Our dark javelins, exquisitely wrought of Kathaian • The women of the Idol, or dancing-girls of the reeds, slender and delicate.. – Poem of Amru. Pagoda, have little golden bells fastened to their feet, the soft, harmonious tinkling of which vibrates in uni
Note 27, page 3, col. 1. son with the exquisite melody of their voices.•-Mau
Fili'd with the stems that bloom on Iran's rivers. RICE's Indian Antiquities.
The Persians call this plant Gaz, The celebrated • The Arabian courtesans, like the Indian women, shaft of Isfendiar, one of their ancient heroes, was
made of it. - Nothing can be more beautiful than the out of respect to the God of Hannaman, a deity parappearance of this plant in flower during the rains on taking of the form of that race. PENNANT's Hinthe banks of rivers, where it is usually interwoven with doostan. a lovely twining asclepias.. —Sir W. Jones, Botanical See a curious account in STEPHEN'S Persin of a soObservations on Select Indian Plants.
lemn embassy from some part of the Indies to Goa, Note 28, page 3, col. 1.
when the Portuguese were there, offering vast treaLike a chenar-tree grove.
sures for the recovery of a monkey's tooth, which The oriental plane.
• The chenar is a delightful tree, they held in great veneration, and which had been its bole is of a fine white and smooth bark; and its taken away upon the conquest of the kingdom of Jafafoliage, which grows in a tuft at the summit, is of a
napatan. bright green.. - Morier's Travels.
Note 34, page 7, col. 1.
Prond things of clay,
To whom if Lucifer, as grandams say,
Refused, though at the forfeit of Heaven's light,
To bend in worship, Lucifer was right. • The name of the tulip is said to be of Turkish ex- This resolution of Eblis not to acknowledge the new traction, and given to the flower on account of its re- creature, man, was, according to Mahometan tradition, sembling a turban.»--Beckman's History of Inventions. thus adopted : The earth (which God had selected
for the materials of his work) was carried into Arabia, Note 30, page 3, col. 2.
to a place between Mecca and Tayef, where, being With belt of broid.r'd crape, And fur-bound bonnet of Bucharian sbape.
first kneaded by the angels, it was afterwards fashioned · The inhabitants of Bucharia wear a round cloth by God himself into a human form, and left to dry bonnet, shaped much after the Polish fashion, having for the space of forty days, or, as others say, as many a large fur border. They tie their kaftans about the years ; the angels in the mean time, often visiting it, middle with a girdle of a kind of silk crape, several and Eblis (then one of the angels nearest to God's pretimes round the body.»— Account of independent Tar- sence, afterwards the devil) among the rest; but he, tary, in PINKERTON's Collection.
not contented with looking at it, kicked it with his
foot till it rung, and knowing God designed that creaNote 31, page 3, col. 2.
ture to be his superior, took a secret resolution never Wared, like the wings of the white birds that fan
to acknowledge him as such. --Sale on the Koran. The flying throne of star-taught Soliman. This wonderful throne was called the Star of the
Note 35, page 7, col. 2. Genii. For a full description of it, see the Fragment
Where none but priests are privileged to trade translated by Captain FRANKLIN, from a Persian MS.
In that test marble of which Gods are made. entitled The History of Jerusalem :. Oriental Col
The material of which images of Gaudmà (the Birlections, vol. I, p. 335.- When Solomon travelled, the
man Deity) is made, is held sacred.
« Birmans may castern writers say, « he had a carpet of green silk on which his throne was placed, being of a prodigious indeed encouraged,' to buy figures of the Deity ready
not purchase the marble in mass, but are suffered, and length and breadth, and sufficient for all his forces to
made. -Syme's Ava, vol. ii, p. 376. stand upon, the men placing themselves on his right hand and the spirits on his left; and that, when all
Note 36, page 8, col. 2. were in order, the wind, at his command, took
The puny bird that dares, with tearing bam, carpet, and transported it, with all that were upon it,
Within the crocodile's stretch'd jaws to come. wherever he pleased ; the army of birds at the same
The humming-bird is said to run this risk for the time flying over their heads, and forming a kind of purpose of picking the crocodile's teeth. The same canopy to shade them from the sun..--SALE’s Koran, circumstance is related of the lapwing, as a fact to vol. ii, p. 214, note.
which he was witness, by Paul Lucas, Voyage fait en Note 32, page 4, col. 1.
Note 37, page 9, col. 2.
Some artists of Yamtcheou having been seat on previously. trines of Mokanna : Sa doctrine était que Dieu avait
« The Feast of Lanterns is celebrated at Yamicheou pris une forme et figure humaine depuis q'uil eut com
with more magnificence than any where else ; and the mandé aux Anges d'adorer Adam, le premier des report goes, that the illuminations there are so splenhommes. Qu'après la mort d'Adam, Dieu était apparu his court to go thither, committed himself, with the
did, that an Emperor once, not daring openly to leave sous la figure de plusieurs Prophètes et autres grands hommes qu'il avait choisis, jusqu'à ce qu'il prit celle queen and several princesses of his family, into the d'Abu Moslem, Prince de Khorassan, lequel professait thither in a trice. He made them in the night to ascend
hands of a magician, who promised to transport them l'erreur de la Tenassukhiah ou Métempsychose ; et qu'après la mort de ce Prince, la Divinité était passée, which in a moment arrived at Yamtcheou. The Em
magnificent thrones that were borne up by swans, et descendue en sa personne.
peror saw at his leisure all the solemnity, being carried Note 33, page 7, col. 1.
upon a cloud that hovered over the city, and descended Such Gods as he
by degrees; and came back again with the same speed Whom Iodia serves, the monkey deity.
and equipage, nobody at court perceiving his absence, • Apes are in many parts of India highly venerated, - The present state of China, p. 156.
Note 38, page 9, col. 2.
Note 46, page 13, col. 1.
To mase upon the pictures that hung round.
It has been generally supposed that the Mahometans Asiatic Annual Register of 1804.
prohibit all pictures of animals; but Torderini shows Note 39, page 9, col. 2.
that, though the practice is forbidden by the Koran, The origin of these fantastic Chinese illuminations. they are not more averse to painted figures and images « The vulgar ascribe it to an accident that happened than other people. From Mr Murphy's work, too, we in the family of a famous mandarin, whose daughter, find that the Arabs of Spain had no objection to the inwalking one evening upon the shore of a lake, fell in troduction of figures into painting. and was drowned; this afflicted father, with his family,
Note 47, page 13, col. 1. ran thither, and, the better to find her, he caused a
Like her own radiant planet of the west, great company of lanterns to be lighted. All the inha
Whose orb wben balf retired looks loveliest! bitants of the place thronged after him with torches.
This is not quite astronomically true. « Dr Hadley The year ensuing they made fires upon the shores the same day; they continued the ceremony every year, says Keil) has shown that Venus is brightest when she every one lighted his lantern, and by degrees it com
is about forty degrees removed from the sun; and that menced into a custom..-Present State of China.
then but only a fourth part of her lucid disk is to be
seen from the earth.»
Note 48, page 13, col. 1. • None of these ladies," says Shaw, • take themselves With her from Saba's bowers, in whose bright eyes to be completely dressed, till they have tinged the hair He read, that to be bless'd is to be wise. and edges of their eye-lids with the powder of lead-ore. « In the palace which Solomon ordered to be built Now, as this operation is performed by dipping first against the arrival of the Queen of Saba, the floor or into the powder a small wooden bodkin of the thickness pavement was of transparent glass, laid over running of a quill, and then drawing it afterwards through the water in which fish were swimming.» This led the eye-lids over the ball of the eye, we shall have a lively Queen into a very natural mistake, which the Koran image of what the prophet (Jer. iv, 30) may be sup- has not thought beneath its dignity to commemorate. posed to mean by rending the eyes with painting. This «It was said unto her, Enter the palace. And when practice is, no doubt, of great antiquity; for, besides she saw it she imagined it to be a great water; and she the instance already taken notice of, we find that where discovered her legs, by lifting up her robe to pass Jezebel is said (2 Kings, ix, 30) to have painted her through it. Whereupon Solomon said to her, Verily, face, the original words are, she adjusted her eyes with this is the place evenly floored with glass., ---Chap. 27. the powder of lead-ore. --Shaw's Travels.
Note 49, page 13, col. 1.
« Such was the name of Potiphar's wife, according TAVERNIER adds, that while the birds of Paradise lie in
to the sura, or chapter of the Alcoran, which contains this intoxicated state, the emmets come and cat off their
the history of Joseph, and which for elegance of style legs ; and that hence it is they are said to have no feet. surpasses every other of the Prophet's books; some
Arabian writers also call her Rail. The passion which Note 42, page u, col. 2.
this frail beauty of antiquity conceived for her young As they were captives to the King of Flowers.
Hebrew slave has given rise to a much-esteemed poem • They deferred it till the King of Flowers should in the Persian language, entitled Yusef vau Zelikha, by ascend his throne of enamelled foliage.•— The Bahar- Noureddin Jami; the manuscript copy of which, in the danush.
Bodleian Library at Oxford, is supposed to be the finest Note 43, page 11, col. 2.
in the whole world. » --Note upon Notr's Translation
of Hafez. But a light, golden chain-work round her bair, etc. « One of the head-dresses of the Persian women is
Note 50, page 15, col. 1. composed of a light golden chain-work, set with small
The apples of Istkabar. pearls, with a thin gold plate pendant, about the bigness of a crown-piece, on which is impressed an Arabian half of which is sweet and half sour.»—Ebn HAUKAL.
« In the territory of Istkalar there is a kind of apple, prayer, and which hangs upon the cheek, below the ear.:-HANWAY's Travels.
Note 51, page 15, col. 1.
They saw a young Hindoo girl upon the bank.
For an account of this ceremony, see GrandPRÉ'S Certainly the women of Yezd are the handsomest Voyage in the Indian Ocean. women in Persia. The proverb is, that to live happy a man must have a wife of Yezd, eat the bread of Yez
Note 52, page 15, col. 2. decas, and drink the wine of Shiraz,»--TAVERNIER.
The Oton-tala, or Sea of Stars.
« The place where the Whangho, a river of Tibet, And his floating eyes-ob! they resemblo
rises, and where there are more than a hundred springs, Blue water-lilies.
which sparkle like stars; whence it is called Hotunnor, « Whose wanton eyes resemble blue water-lilies, agi- that is, the Sea of Stars. »–Description of Tibel in tated by the breeze.. - JAYADEVA.
Note 53, page 15, col. 2.
Note 57, page 18, col. 2.
The pillar'd throne
Of Parviz. • The Lescar, or Imperial Camp, is divided, like a
. There were said to be under this Throne or Palace regular town, into squares, alleys, and streets, and from of Khosrou Parviz a hundred vaults filled with treaa rising ground furnishes one of the most agreeable sures so immense, that some Mahometan writers tell prospects in the world. Starting up in a few hours in us, their Prophet, to encourage his disciples, carried an uninhabited plain, it raises the idea of a city built them to a rock, which at his command opened, and by enchantment. Even those who leave their houses gave them a prospect (through it of the treasures of in cities to follow the prince in his progress are fre- Khosrou.~Universal History. quently so charined with the Lescar, when situated
Note 58, page 18, col. 2. in a beautiful and convenient place, that they cannot
And they beheld an orb, ample and bright, prevail with themselves to remove. To prevent this
Rise from the Holy Well. inconvenience to the court, the Emperor, after suf
We are not told more of this trick of the Impostor ficient time is allowed to the tradesmen to follow, than that it was « une machine, qu'il disait être la orders them to be burnt out of their tents. --Dow's lune.» According to Richardson, the miracle is perpeHindostan.
tuated in Nekscheb.- « Nakshab, the name of a city Colonel Wilks gives a lively picture of an Eastern en
in Transoxiania, where they say there is a well, in campment.--- « His camp, like that of most Indian ar
which the appearance of the moon is to be seen night mies, exhibited a motley collection of covers from the
and day.. scorching sun and dews of the night, variegated according to the taste or means of each individual, by exten
Note 59, page 18, col. 2. sive enclosures of coloured calico surrounding superb
On for the lamps that light yon"lofty screen. suites of tents; by ragged cloths or blankets stretched The tents of princes were generally illuminated. over sticks or branches; palm-leaves hastily spread over Norden tells us that the tent of the Bey of Girge was similar supports ; handsome tents and splendid canopies; distinguished from the other tents by forty lanterns horses, oxen, elephants, and camels; all intermixed being suspended before it.-Sec HARMER's Observations without any exterior mark of order or design, except on Job. the flags of the chiefs, which usually mark the centres of a congeries of these masses; the only regular part of
Note 60, page 19, col. 2. the encampment being the streets of shops, each of
Engines of baroc in, unknown before. which is constructed nearly in the manner of a booth
That they knew the secret of the Greek fire among at an English fair.»— Historical Sketches of the South of the Mussulmans early in the eleventh century appears India.
from Dow's Account of Mamood I. When be arrived Note 54, page 15, col. 2.
at Moultan, finding that the country of the Jits was de
fended by great rivers, he ordered fifteen hundred boats And camels, tufted o'er with Yemen's sbells.
to be built, each of which he armed with six iron spikes, « A superb camel, ornamented with strings and tufts projecting from their prows and sides, to prevent their of small shells.»- Ali Bey.
being boarded by the enemy, who were very expert in
that kind of war, When he had launched this fleet, Note 55, page 15, col. 2.
he ordered twenty archers into each boat, and five others The tinkling throngs
with fire-balls, to burn the craft of the Jits, and naptha Of laden camels, and their drivers' songs.
to set the whole river on fire, « Some of the camels have bells about their necks, The
agnee aster, too, in Indian poems, the Instruand some about their legs, like those which our carriers ment of Fire, whose flame cannot be extinguished, is put about their fore-horses' necks, which, together with supposed to signify the Greck Fire.—See Wilks's South the servants (who belong to the camels, and travel on of India, vol. I, p. 471.-And in the curio Javan foot), singing all night, make a pleasant poise, and the poem, the Brata Yudha, given by Mr Raffles in his journey passes away delightfully.”—Port's Account of History of Java, we find, • He aimed at the heart of the Mahometans.
Soéta with the sharp-pointed Weapon of Fire. » • The camel-driver follows the camels singing, and The mention of gunpowder as in use among the Arasometimes playing upon his pipe; the louder he sings tians, long before its supposed discovery in Europe, is and pipes, the faster the camels go. Nay, they will introduced by Ebn Fadhl, the Egyptian geographer, stand still when he gives over his music.:-Tavernier. who lived in the thirteenth century. « Bodies,» he says, Note 56, page 16, col. 2.
« in the form of scorpions, bound round and filled with
nitrous powder, glide along, making a gentle noise ; Hot as that crimson baze
then, exploding, they lighten, as it were, and burn. By wbich the prostrate caravan is awed.
But there are others which, cast into the air, stretch Savary says of the south wind, which blows in Egypt along like a cloud, roaring horribly, as thunder roars, from February to May, Sometimes it appears only in and on all sides vomiting out flames, burst, burn, and the shape of an impetuous whirlwind, which passes reduce to cinders, whatever comes in their way. The rapidly, and is fatal to the traveller surprised in the historian Ben Abdalla, in speaking of the sieges of middle of the deserts. Torrents of burning sand roll Abulualid in the year of the Hegira 712, says, • A fiery before it, the firmament is enveloped in a thick veil, globe, by means of combustible matter, with a mighty and the sun appears of the colour of blood. Sometimes noise suddenly emitted, strikes with the force of whole caravans are buried in it..
lightning, and shakes the citadel. »See the extracts