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flying island is the least entertaining; and so great on opinion the town have of the impoffibility of Gulliver's writing at all below himself, that 'tis agreed that Part was not writ by the fame Hand, tho' this hath its defenders too, It hath pass’d Lords and Commons nemine contradicente ; and, the whole town, men, women and children are quite full of it.
Perhaps I may all this time be talking to you of a Book you have never seen, and which hath not yet reach'd Ireland ; if it hath not, I believe what we have said will be sufficient to recommend it to your reading, and that you will order me to send it to you.
But it will be much better to come over your self, and read it here, where you will have the pleasure of variety of commentators, to explain the difficult passages to you.
We all rejoice that you have fixt the precise time of your coming to be * cum birundine prima ; which we modern naturalists
pronounce, ought to be reckon’d, contrary to Pliny, in this northern latitude of fifty two degrees, from the end of February, Styl. Greg. at farthest, But to us your friends, the coming of such a black swallow as you will make a Summer in the worst of Seasons, We are no less glad at your mention of Twickenham and Dawley : and in town you know you have a lodging at Court,
The *With the first returning Swallow, i, e, in the beginning of Spring,
The Princess is cloath'd in Irish Silk; pray give our service to the Weavers. strangely surprized to hear that the bells in Ireland ring without your money ; I hope you
do not write the thing that is not. We are afraid that Bhath been guilty of that crime, that you (like a Houyhnhnm) have treated him as a Yahoo, and discarded him your service. I fear you
do not understand these modifh terms, which
every creature now understands but your self.
You tell us your Wine is bad, and that the Clergy do not frequent your house, which we look upon to be tautology. The best advice we can give you is, to make them a present of your wine, and come away to better. You fancy we envy you,
but ken, we envy
those you are with, for we cannot envy the man we love, Adieu..
you are mistan
L E T T E R XVIII,
Mr. Pope to Dr. SWIFT,
Nov. 16, 1726. Have resolved to take time; and in spite of
all misfortunes and demurs, which fickness, lameness, or disability of any kind can throw in my way, to write to you (at intervals) a long letter. My two least fingers of one hand hang impediments to the others, like useless depend
ants, who only take up room, and never are active. or assistant to our wants : I shall never be much the better for 'em-I congratulate you first upon what you
call your Cozen's wonderful Book, which is * publica trita manu at present, and I prophesy will be in future the admiration of all men. That countenance with which it is received by some statesmen, is delightful ; I wish I could tell you how every single man looks upon it, to observe which has been my whole diversion this fortnight. I've never been a night in London since me, till now for this very end, and indeed it has fully answered my expectations.
I find no considerable man very angry at the book : some indeed think it rather too bold, and too general a Satire : but none that I hear of accuse it of particular reflections (I mean no persons of consequence, or good judgment; the mob of Criticks, you know, always are desirous to apply Satire to those that they envy for being above them) so that you needed not to have been so secret upon this head.
this head. Motte received the copy (he tells me) he knew not from whence, nor from whom, dropped at his house in the dark, from a Hackney-coach : by computing the time, I found it was after you left England, fo for my part I suspend my judgment.
I'm pleased with the nature and quality of your present to the Princess. The Irish stuff
Worn or thumbed by the Hand of the Publick,
you sent to Mrs. * H. her Royal Highness laid hold of, and has made up for her own use. Are you determined to be National in
every thing, even in your civilities? you are the greatest Politician in Europe at this rate; but as you are a rational Politician, there's no great fear of you, you will never succeed. Another thing in which you have pleased me,
you say to Mr. P-, by which it seems to me that you value no man's civility above your own dignity, or your own reason. Surely, without flattery, you are now above all parties of men, and it is high time to be so, after twenty or thirty years observation of the
+ Nullius addi&tus jurare in verba magistri. I question not, many men would be of
your intimacy, that you might be of their interest : But God forbid an honest or witty man should be of any, but that of his country. They have scoundrels enough to write for their passions and their designs ; let us write for truth, for honour, and for posterity. If you must needs write about Politicks at all, (but perhaps ’tis full as wise to play the fool any surely it ought to be so as to preserve the dignity and integrity of your character with those times to come, which will most impartially judge of you,
I * Mrs. Howard, afterwards Countess of Suffolk, to Sworn to no Party, to na Cause attatcht,
had writ to Lord Peterborow, no man is more affectionate towards you. Don't fancy none but Tories are your friends; for at that rate I muft be at most, but half your friend, and sincerely I am wholly fo. Adieu, write often, and come soon, for and all would be glad of your company.
L E T T E R XIX.
Dr, SWIFT to Mr. POPE,
Dublin, Nov. 17, 1726.
Mrs. Howard's, written in such mystical terms, that I should never have found out the meaning, if a Book had not been sent me called Gulliver's Travels, of which you fay so much in yours. I read the Book over, and in the second volume obferve several Paffages, which appear to be patched and altered, and the style of a different fort (unless I am much mistaken). Dr. Arbuthnot likes the Projectors leaft, others,
me, the Flying island; fome think it wrong to be so hard upon whole Bodies or Corporations, yet the general opinion is, that reflections on particular persons are moft to be blamed : so that in these cases I think the best method is to let censure and opinion take their course. A Bishop here said, that Book was full