Amsterdam Zuidas European Space

010 Publishers, 2005 - 198 pages
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Until the beginning of the nineties, the centre of Amsterdam was regarded as the obvious nucleus of urban and regional economic activity. But since then, issues of accessibility and scale have induced the development of multi-nodal spatial networks on a regional scale. In ten years' time the spatial and economic configuration of the region has changed dramatically. The development of the Zuidas in the coming thirty years offers a strategic chance to furnish this regionalization of urbanity with a new, more appealing structure. After all, the Zuidas is not only emerging as a business centre of international significance, its favourable position in the traffic and transport system provides it with optimum conditions for evolution into a varied urban-centre environment.

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Page 189 - Brenner, N. (2004), New State Spaces: Urban Governance and the Reseating of Statehood, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Brenner, N. and Theodore, N. (2002), Spaces of Neoliberalism - Urban Restructuring in North American and Western Europe, Oxford: Blackwell.
Page 70 - From Planning to Projects Large-scale urban projects are often presented as project-focused market-led initiatives, which have replaced statutory planning as the primary means of intervention in cities. Planning through urban "projects...
Page 73 - Thus, the role of lobbies, family ties, business connections, and forms of "clientelism" become dominant. These forms of coalition-formation at the level of project formulation and implementation accentuate a growing gap between actual governance and civil society, intensify processes of political exclusion, and promote a dual society in terms of a coalition of public/private interests on the one hand and a growing group of disenfranchised on the other. While the above suggests that growth machines,...
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Page 189 - Cliches of Urban Doom: The Dystopian Politics of Metaphors for the Unequal City - a View from Brussels', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 25, pp. 55-69. Baeten, G. (200 Ib), 'The Europeanization of Brussels and the Urbanization of "Europe
Page 72 - In addition, given the reduction in universal welfare programmes, the 'territorial' approach or 'targeted'-area approach has replaced universal support structures. Moreover, the slimming-down of national social redistribution is accompanied by policies that direct funds and attention to particular social groups, identified on the basis of their location, their place, and the characteristics of their living environment [swyngedouw 20003].
Page 74 - UDP'S are inherently speculative and hence highly risky, in the sense that their financial and economic viability depends on the future realization of the produced increased urban rents. Of course, the latter depends not only on the particular characteristics of the project or the vitality of the local economy, but also on national and international economic conditions. In addition, such projects provide opportunities to extract from the state (at a local, national, or EU level), in addition to its...
Page 76 - Rotterdam, which established a physical-functional - but not a social - 'bridge' with the rest of the city, and 0restad in Copenhagen, which has - after prolonged protest - recovered some housing and service functions that would otherwise have been lost. The other projects have primarily filled gaps for the (higher) middle-class real estate and consumption-good markets, but not for other, usually poorer and/or immigrant sections of the urban population. While economic gaps have been 'plugged,' greater...
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Page 73 - ... cities like Brussels or Vienna) to enter the established networks of governance and dominant elite coalitions. These coalitions create a public discourse on the importance of the project and define it as a particular milestone in the shaping of the future of the city, and their interventions are presented as essential to maintaining a viable position in the interurban competition at a pan-European or global scale. The reactions of the local state to exogenous and endogenous pressures...

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