not easily reconcileable with some popular tions or his prayers-in short, his wellnotion, or favoured article of man's con- timed kindnesses of every descriptioncoction. He took the word of God as were such as could not but add to the he found it written by the Eternal Spirit; esteem already entertained for him, and received it in all its length and breadth; increase their respect. and, where any thing seemed wanting to It might be expected that the character a full apprehension of the Divine mind of such a man would be seen to great adin any passage, looked, in the use of means, vantage in the day of adversity. “ Blessto the great Interpreter to make it cleared is he that considereth the poor” (the in His own time and way. You will con- weak or sick, says the margin); “the Lord clude, therefore, most justly, that our will deliver him in the time of trouble" revered friend was a steady, though a calm (" the day of evil," margin). This was and dispassionate, opposer of all the cru- eminently fulfilled in the case of this dities (I say not novelties, for they are de- faithful servant of the best of Masters. funct monstrosities revived, hydras be- The writer of these lines saw him under headed again and again, but sprung to life circumstances calculated to put every feelanew) which have of late troubled the ing of nature, as well as every holy princhurch of Christ. He pretended not to ciple, to the severest test. And what did be wise above that which is written; he then witness ? Religion, as it were, and as to signs and wonders, he atten- embodied : the deepest feeling, with the tively marked the hand of God in his pro. most gracious self-possession; a heart vidence, and in the works of his grace, that bled, with a mind and tongue that not forgetting that false signs and false vindicated the ways of God. The faith; wonders may be shewn so plausibly as to the patience; the accurate discrimination endanger the deception of the very elect. between the Divine ordinance and per

He was eminently a lover of all good mission; the matured experience of the men. The instructive memoir before fifty years' learner in the school of Christ; mentioned gives many incidental proofs of the adoring submission, with the humble this, extending through the several periods inquiry, implied at least, “ Why is it of his life. For myself, I can truly say, thus with me?” made an impression, it is that during many years of habitual inter- hoped, never to be effaced. Surely, in the course with his domestic circle I never fires he was enabled to glorify God; and saw in him any symptoms of a narrow and to that end he was placed there. Through sectarian spirit. On the contrary, I hap- a long succession of years, ending only pen to know, that at a very late period of with his peaceful departure home, tribuhis life, in a correspondence with the lation was working patience, and patience Bishop of Lichfield, official on the part having its perfect work. This is not of the latter, in reference to a Chapel of meant as panegyric. In such instances Ease which was needed in the parish in the great God our Saviour is magnifying which one of Mr. Burder's estates lay, his own grace, teaching his church by exhe told that excellent Prelate, that if any amples of his own creating and maturing; piece of ground in his possession should and the interior of the strong believer's be found to be the most eligible spot for chamber is unveiled only to prove that the erection of such a building, he would religion is not a matter of show merely gladly make a present of it to the Coins in public places, but the secret spring and missioners for that purpose. The very principle of action and endurance in all fact of Mr. Burder's being addressed on the varying circumstances of the most such a subject, is a strong testimony as retired scenes. to the opinion entertained of his catholic He was a wise counsellor. May the spirit; and the answer proved that the great Head of the Church raise up many opinion was just. At the same time he such, both in private and public life! He was very decided in his own views of was a quiet but a thoughtful and sagacious ecclesiastical polity. He seemed to re- observer of men and things; and had acjoice unfeignedly when good was done, quired knowledge, not so much from whoever had been instrumental in effect- books (one book only excepted), though ing it. If Christ was preached, and his he had many books, and used them well, kingdom advanced, he looked not so much as from the ripened experience of an acat the agents, as at the labours wbich were tive, considerate, and prayerful life. blessed; from these he seemed to derive He was not only disinterested, but truly real pleasure.

generous. Almost unaccountably, a report I should be sorry to trespass too much was spread that he died rich; and reflecupon the patience of your readers, but I tions were cast upon him (although he hope I may be allowed to notice a few had been sacrificing income by hard graadditional particulars. Mr. Burder seemed tuitous labours for a large portion of his always tenderly alive to the circumstances life), as upon one who, having amassed of others; and was used to shew the money, left all, or nearly so, to his family nicest attention to their feelings. He (three sons, there being nine grandchilwas indeed a Christian gentleman, and a dren), and none to public charity. Never man of sympathy. If friends were afflict- was censure more unjust. He had been ed, his letters or bis visits, his conversa- giving largely, in money or in sacrifice of it and labour, to public institutions during evening, I have often been ready to con. his life ; and in respect to accumulation clude, that surely I was born of God of money, none had he accumulated, but at that time—surely I was then brought even bis patrimonial inheritance bad in to believe in Christ-surely there was some measure been diminished. No man something more than nature in all this. could be charged more undeservedly with “ And yet, when I consider the sad the love of money. It may be proper to mixture of sin and vanity that prevailed mention, in connexion with this subject, for several years after this, I call all in that the copy-right of the Cottage Ser question, and say, Could this be grace ? mons, of which nearly a million of copies Could grace live in such a heart as mine, were circulated in a few years, as of the an inmate with so much sin? And to Ten Sermons and Sermons to the Aged, this hour (1796) I cannot decide." was given by Mr. Burder to the Religious Two notices of this kind,on his fifteenth Tract Society.

and sixteenth birth-days, are recorded. In Mr. Burder was born in London, on reference to a period of some few years June 5, 1752, and entered on the work succeeding this time, he says, “ I cannot of the ministry in his 26th year. His find any memorandum of this sort for first pastoral charge was at Lancaster,from several years. I am inclined to think I whence he removed, after about six years was much injured by the vain conversaof considerable usefulness there and in tion of some of the artists (painters and the neighbourhood, to Coventry. Here be engravers) with whom I had occasion to laboured zealously and very successfully associate; this fanned the flame too nafor twenty years ; about the expiration of tural in youth. I found also an inclinawhich time he quitted Coventry for that tion to the dangerous scenes of the wider sphere of action which he occupied theatre. When I reflect on this part of so long, to the honour of his great Master my youth, I am amazed at the goodness and the benefit of many, in the metropolis. of God in keeping me from those gross During the last seven years of his life, vices into which many young men fall. declining health and strength made com- Fear of disgrace was, I doubt not, a conparative retirement from public engage- siderable preventive, under the restraining ments actually necessary; but his judi. hand of God. cious labours in the pulpit (acceptable to “ On the 4th of November, 1768, about his hearers very much in proportion to five o'clock in the afternoon, as I was their experience and discrimination), were passing through a narrow street (now a not wholly discontinued till within three part of Newcastle Street, Strand), an old months of his death.

house fell, which filled up the whole And here I had intended to close my breadth of the street, immediately after I remarks, but having had occasion since I had passed it but a few yards. O what a penned them to refer to the instructive deliverance! Let me never forget it! and faithful Memoir above alluded to, I “ By some memoranda in short-hand, beg your insertion of a few extracts from made at Christmas this year, I perceive I it. They are principally taken from his was spending my holiday time at some own memoranda.

friends' houses, and with children of per

sons professing religion-Dissenters and “ I must never forget June 5, 1762; it Church members—in a very idle manner, was my birth-day (ten years old); which, with much vanity; from which I conclude if I am correct, was on the Lord's-day. that a sense of Divine things was much After tea, and before the family worship, weakened in my mind about this period.” my father was accustomed to catechise In 1774 he had a severe illness, wbich me, and examine what I remembered of he considered as a merciful dispensation the sermons of the day. That evening of Providence to check his too eager purhe talked to me very affectionately, and suit of worldly things. About this time reminded me that I was now ten years of he very frequently heard the late Rev. age; that it was high time I began to W. Romaine at St. Anne's, Blackfriars, seek the Lord, and to become truly reli- and St. Dunstan's, as well as Mr. Whitgious. He particularly insisted upon the field, and others. This year, going with necessity of an interest in Christ, and his pious, sensible father and Þis mother shewed me that, as a sinner, I must perish to Shropshire, he heard Mr. Fletcher, in without it; and recommended me to begin his church at Madeley, and "was surthat night to pray for it.

prised at the vivacity and energy of bis “ After family worship, when my father preaching." He heard him also in a house and mother used to retire to their closets (probably at a kind of cottage lecture), for private devotion, I also went into a "it being the time of the Wakes, and was chamber (the same in which I was born), much pleased with the spirituality of his and then, I trust sincerely and earnestly, conversation.” This journey seems to and, as far as I can recollect, for the first have been made very useful to his mind. time, poured out my soul to God, be- A paper, written on the 24th anniseeching him to give me an interest in versary of his birth, when compared with Christ, and desiring above all things previous documents, seems to manifest to be found in him.Reflecting on this considerable progress in religion. He seemed now to have fairly entered on that Whitley Common, Wednesday April 28. course of self-dedication to his Saviour He appeared very penitent, and I was which continued to the end of life. not without hope of his having obtained

Dec. 31, 1779, I find this reflection: mercy, especially as he felt great concern Thus do I spend my years as a tale that for others, and desired me to speak to the is told. Another year is fled—is gone, people just before he was turned off, and gone for ever! Oh, how much time lost to warn them in his name ; for he was -lost for ever! I am another year nearer too weak to speak.” the grave; I bope, and believe, nearer In a letter to a son he names the four heaven. If I live another, may I live to following circumstances, as requisites in the Lord; if not, may I die in bim, and a candidate for the Christian ministry. live with him for ever. Amen. O Lord, 1. “ That the person be really and make me next year (1780) more holy and truly converted to God; a new creature, more useful.

born of the Spirit; and it is requisite “ On a review of my journeys, I find I that piety be not only real, but eminent. have ridden on horseback this year about 2. “ That there be competent abilities, 2,500 miles, and have preached 254 times, natural or acquired, and both if possible; besides a variety of exhortations at prayer for the preacher should be the superior meetings and church meetings. Lord, I of most of his hearers in mental powers. desire to give thee the glory of all the 3. “ There must be a prevailing, a strength, health, and ability, enabling me strong, an unconquerable inclination and to do so.

desire to the work; so that the person “ April 1781, I was in company more shall prefer it infinitely above all other than once with Mr. John Wesley. I employments, and that for the best purheard him four times, twice I liked him poses,—the glory of God, and the salvamuch, a few things excepted. He has tion of souls. the ear and heart of such numbers, that 4. “ The sanction and approbation of one might hope great things from his di- competent judges ; for men may think ligence. I hope I have learned some they have all the requisites ; but as we things from him. He is concise, very are all partial to ourselves, it is well to logical and regular; yet not formal. He have the approbation of wise and good illustrates almost every thing with an men: it is very satisfactory to a humble anecdote. He keeps up great attention. person.” He rises very early, and preaches at five The recurring anniversaries of his o'clock. He preached much of love : in birth were usually marked by some sowhatever he is wrong, he is right in lemn and interesting reflections added to preaching that. O that the Lord would his written memoranda : the following is direct our hearts into the love of God! part of a paper which he addressed to his Faith, hope, and love, are the whole of family on his seventieth birth-day. religion. We err, at least we come short, “My dear family, looking forward to in the first, consequently in all.”

this day, when I should arrive at the age “ April 26. I attended the execution of of seventy, I felt desirous of seeing as three men; one was a coiner, the other many of you together as I could; that I two were housebreakers. One circum- might offer to God in your presence my stance affected me deeply: all the three devout and grateful acknowledgments for were on ladders (then the mode of execu- His great goodness in lengthening my tion), with the ropes about their necks days to this period—a period far beyond about to be turned off, when the coiner, that which in younger life I expected to endeavouring, to fortify his mind in this reach ; many infirmities then, according awful situation, uttered words to this to my own apprehension and that of my purpose, which I distinctly heard, being friends, threatening to close my days at at a short distance,— I never killed any an earlier date. I ascribe it to the unbody, I never hurt any body; I hope the merited favour of God, who has thus inLord will have mercy upon me.' This dulged me with a long season of enjoy. poor creature seemed to die exactly in the ment, and protracted opportunities of spirit of the Pharisee : • I thank God usefulness in the cause of Evangelical rethat I am not as other men are, or as this ligion: He who, I trust, put me into Publican ;'for I thought he alluded to the the ministry,' has enabled me to continue two thieves suffering with him, who had to labour in bis church, with little interrobbed the Bull Inn, I think, in Birming- ruption, for about forty-five years, and ham. I was so deeply affected I could not without success. scarcely refrain from crying out to the “ For about twenty-eight years past man, 'Do not trust in your own righteous- the predominant desire of my heart has ness, look to Christ. It has often oc- been to aid the propagation of the Gospel curred to me as one of the most glaring among heathen nations; and I bless God, instances of a self-righteous spirit that I who has favoured me with opportunities ever knew."

of promoting this grand object, for the • In the month of April I attended last nineteen years, as one of the officers William Summers, a young man under of the Missionary Society: I account sentence of death; he was executed on this one of the highest privileges I could

enjoy upon earth; and it affords me com. to create differences among you. Nor fort, in the prospect of leaving the world, need I add, that I feel a full reliance on that the rising generation, including those your filial duty towards your dear mother, of my own family, will not relinquish the should she survive me.

• Live in peace, work. To have been spared so long with and the God of love and peace be with continued powers of activity, demands you.' my cordial thanksgivings.

“These hints of advice I offer in sincere “ Nor must I omit to call upon you to love and affection, together with my tribute join me in praise to God for directing my of thankfulness to the God of my life, mind to the publication of the Village who has led and fed me all my days. I Sermons. The first volume was published can scarcely say with Jacob, • few and in the year 1797 ; and, proving acceptable, evil have been the days of my pilgrimage;' I was induced in successive years, to add for although(together with my dear partner volume to volume, till one hundred dis- and fellow-traveller through life) I have courses were completed in 1820. I bless had my trials, yet goodness and mercy God with all my heart, for accompanying have continually followed me.' Of the the reading of these discourses with the future we know nothing; this is left in power of his Holy Spirit, to the conver- the sovereign hand of God; and I humbly sion of many; and among others, of some rely on his promise, I will never leave clergymen and other ministers; as well as thee nor forsake thee.' for rendering them useful in families and “ Farewell. Grace and peace be mulin villages, making them the occasion of tiplied unto you.' And now, holy and the introduction of a regular Gospel mi- blessed God, accept my thanksgiving for nistry. To God alone be all the glory." the innumerable benefits of threescore

« In the firm belief of the truths con- years and ten, and graciously conduct me tained in these volumes I desire to die; through the remainder of my pilgrimage and my heart's desire and prayer to God leave me not at the last, but smile upon is, that not only my children, who, I trust, me, that I may smile upon death. To have already embraced those truths by thy most holy guidance and support I faith, but my grandchildren also, and commit myself and my family, casting all succeeding generations, may know and my care upon thee, who, I humbly trust, profess the same; and I could wish that unworthy as I am, carest for me. Amen.” each of my grandchildren might, on coming to years of discretion, be furnished with a Mr. Burder was buried on the eightieth copy of them.

anniversary of his birth; subsequent to “Persuaded as I am that in these sermons, which a funeral sermon was preached to as well as in my stated ministry, I have, the congregation among whom he had though very imperfectly, and in a very ministered, from the following words, humble style, maintained the faith origi- chosen by himself (Jude ver. 21) “ Looknally delivered to the saints, I earnestlying for the mercy of our Lord Jesus desire that my posterity may likewise Christ unto eternal life.” So he had maintain it. I have confidence in those lived, and so he died; the Lord Jesus of my family who are parents, that they being bis hope-mercy his desire and will bring up their children in the nur- his theme-eternal life the object of his ture and admonition of the Lord;' and pursuit. May, you, Mr. Editor, with all my prayer is, that they may follow their your readers, including myself, the unparents' faith.

worthiest of them, steadily pursue the “ Confiding in the power of those holy same end; give diligence to the full assurprinciples you have imbibed, I rest assured ance of the same hope; and faithfully serve that you will conduct yourselves towards the same Lord. He is our God, and we each other in the most kind and affectionate will praise him; our fathers' God, and manner, and never suffer pecuniary matters we will exalt him.


n. P. X.


1. BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. We have perused with much sympathy the just and eloquent tribute of the Committee of the Bible Society to the memory of Mr. Hughes. How well that token of respect was merited, is not unknown to any who are acquainted with the rise and progress of this invaluable institution, of which he may justly be considered the founder. To the brief notice of him in our last Number we take this opportunity of adding a few passages relative to his last hours, from an able and interesting discourse delivered on occasion of his death by Mr. Sheppard, a writer whose“ Thoughts on Private Devotion,” and bis learned, original, and powerful treatise on “ The Divine Origin of Christianity,” are well known to our readers.

“When the announcement of approaching mortality was distinct and unequivocal, he was at once ready to be offered ;' when he knew and felt that the time of his departure' was indeed at hand,' he was possessed with a strong and earnest desire to depart and to be with Christ, which is incomparably better. This desire was expressed (as I learn from the record of a pious friend, who loved his graces and watched by his death-bed), in close combination with a deep humility. On that occasion, when he bad said, “Pray that an abundant entrance may be administered into glory,—the writer replied, “We are sure, dear sir, you will have an abundant entrance, but the churches all pray for your restoration to health; we cannot spare you from earth yet.' On which he rejoined, Do not be sure on the ground of merit ; never for a moment connect such an idea with any unworthy services of mine. When I am with Christ, I would come again to you, and tell you how much better it is to be with Christ; but this cannot be.' At another time he said to the same friend, 'Oh, that precious blood!' tben, after a short pause, and agitated with much feeling, be added, • I have no wish, no wish: to be restored to greater usefulness would be indeed a blessing; but to be beyond the reach of transgression, never to have a cloud pass over the mind-to be filled with the fulness (he again repeated)—to be filled with the fulness of God: think what those words contain.' Nor were his best earthly affections quenched or obliterated, as some would unnaturally have them be, in the transcendent hope of being with his Saviour and his God. When his son bad read to him some passages of the invaluable Howe, he quoted a simile of that great man, whom he termed a kindred spirit with Hall, on the key being turned to admit the soul into Paradise,' and then added, with an inexpressible look of anxiety and tenderness, “Oh, to meet children and grandchildren there!'

“ The before-mentioned friend and her husband coming to take leave of him, he raised both his arms, and laboured to express his joy at embracing them once again ;then, with extreme difficulty (for breath and voice were nearly gone) he said, If we are the children of God, we are indestructible.' His son relates,— When he perceived that his case was deemed hopeless, still the abundant consolations supplied by the God whom he had served, endued his mind with more than resignation to his will.' •If,' said he (on Sunday, Aug. 11), 'the portico to heaven be so ample, wbat must be the temple itself!'

“When a friend observed that it must be peculiarly gratifying to know that so many kind friends felt a deep sympathy in his affliction, Mr. Hughes added, 'And shall not the Friend of my friends watch over me with his parental eyes?' On another occasion, when receiving assistance from several, he said, “There are many helpers, but one Saviour.' He desired his son to write to his old and valued friend, Mr. Foster, and acquaint him that his life was quivering in the socket :' he heard with peculiar satisfaction the reply of that eminent man; and when his son read the following words from his letter, ‘But, O my friend, whither is it that you are going? Where is it that you will be a few short weeks or days hence?'—he lifted up his hands expressively, as much as to reply, "To heaven I am going, there to dwell with God and with Christ, and with the spirits of just men made perfect : 'adding at its conclusion, • There is genius and piety; I am glad that you elicited that letter.' But while he well knew how to estimate and prize the union of piety with genius, he equally knew how to honour and value piety in its lowliest, simplest guise. He said to a kind attendant, “ Mary, a disciple and friend of the Saviour, I am glad you are come to us in affliction ; this is a painful dispensation, but there is so much mercy mixed with it,O, help me to praise my God!'. The next morning,' this pious attendant adds, • Mrs. Hughes asked where she should read; he said, the 15th chapter of Exodus; he afterwards repeated the second verse, “ The Lord is my strength and my song, and is become my salvation, &c.," and referred to the twenty-third and two following verses, saying, that “the waters of Marah, at this time, were sweetened with the consolations of the Gospel ;” and adding, “ Thy word can bring a sweet relief for every pain I feel.”' She adds, ' As we afterwards stood by him, he said, “ Walk in humility; live not for yourselves; live much for others; may the Lord bless you and guide you." Speaking of his little flock, he said, 'Give my love to them, tell them I bear them on my heart. The same kind and devout witness and helper of his faith relates, “In the evening of the Wednesday week before his departure, a candle being placed on the table, I asked if the light was not too much; “ No," he said, pointing with his finger to the skies, “there is a light which no mortal eye can bebold; read me the 19th verse of the 60th chapter of Isaiah: I long to be emancipated!" After asking the time of the day he would often say, “So much nearer to the kingdom.' 'I think it was the Friday or the Saturday before his departure,' this Christian attendant continues, "he said, “I am in some dismay as it regards the future; I do not mean as it respects another world; there is nothing dark behind.” “I fear lest I should in the trying hour dishonour God by any expression indicating impatience." I replied, That grace which has been manifest in your life, and has triumphed in your affliction, will support you and triumph in your death. “I know," he said, “that His grace is sufficient for all things, in life and death."


The Monthly Sketch of Public Affairs, Answers to Correspondents, &c. will be inserted in the Appendix, published with the present Number.

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