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that of the Bourg de Four, whose minis. Society considered it its duty to establish ters at present are Messrs. Empeytaz a school of divinity in which the young Guers, and Shuillier, and the Prè students of these churches might be inl'Evêque, under the direction of Mr. structed in sacred and pious learning. Malan. These two churches have la- They felt that to form the minds of boured with much zeal, and still labour, to Christian ministers was to attack the evil extend the knowledge of truth, though in the bud. their separation from the national church This institution was attended with has often lessened their usefulness. How- considerable expense; but one of the ever, since 1814 a great change has taken members of the committee, convinced of place in the Established Church itself. the necessity of dispatch, immediately On the one hand some individuals, both made an offer of ten thousand francs; and of the clergy and laity, have made a pro- many other donations were soon prefession of orthodox sentiments : on the sented. The blessing of God evidently other, the great body of the ministers and attended the beginning of the underpeople have avowed their opposition to taking. The committee requested Mr. them. To the Divinity Professor who Gaussen to take the professorship of merely taught natural theology, has suc Doctrinal Divinity. Mr. Merle d'Auceeded Mr. Chenevière, who lectures on bigné, pastor and president of the ConChristian doctrines in order to attack sistory at Brussels, was invited to the them, endeavouring to prove that they are same office in Church History. Mons. contrary to reason and Scripture.
Steiger, author of an approved comIn the church of Geneva, ministers are mentary on the First Epistle of St. Peter, elected, not by their congregations, but was called to be lecturer on the Critical by the Assembly of Pastors. The leaders and Hermeneutical Divinity of the New of this body now resolved no longer to Testament, and Mr. Havernick, author choose orthodox ministers, but Arians of a commentary historical and philoloonly. Hence, the young ministers who gical on the Book of Daniel, to the cor. had been enlightened were obliged to seek respondent explanation on the Old Tes. for posts of duty in foreign churches: one ment. Mr. Galland was entreated to unonly, Mr.Gaussen, had been elected pastor dertake the department of Practical Theoof a parish before the revival became con- logy. These are the five professors who spicuous, and hence was a member of the now direct the institution. It is their Company.
special object to promote a regular and Mr. Gaussen, with other friends of profound study of the Scriptures, and to truth who had remained in the bosom exhibit the doctrines of Christianity in all of the church, laboured diligently in the their purity. cause of religion. Mr. Galland, who had To meet the exigences of many pious first been pastor at Berne, and afterwards students, who might be destitute of the director of the Missionary Institution at means of subsistence, the committee deParis, joined them in 1827. The need termined on the formation of exhibitions, of a society was soon felt, wbich might or pensions, of six hundred francs per be a centre of union to those members annum. These supplies are strictly limited of the Established Church who had em- to young men of decided piety, of the Estabraced orthodox opinions; and thus was blished and Reformed Churches. But formed at the close of 1830, the Evan- it has also been resolved that exhibitions gelical Society. The first president of designed for students of particular denothis body was Mr. G. Cramer, mem- minations shall be also appropriated, acber of the sovereign council of Geneva, cording to the intention of the founder. and its present president is Mr. H. The number of students has constantly Tronchin, lieutenant-colonel of artil. increased since the formation of the estalery. This association is distinguished blishment; not, indeed, in a manner sudden from the dissenting congregations of Mr. or astonishing, but with regularity. The Malan and at Bourg du Four, by the lectures in the winter of 1831 were atcircumstance that it is not a church, tended by four regular students; those but a society; and that its object is to in the summer of 1832 by eleven; those of erect the standard of the truth in the in the winter of 1832 by thirteen; and those terior of the fallen Presbyterian churches, of last summer by seventeen. The comnot to form dissenting congregations. mittee does not despise this “ day of small
As the Christians of other countries things;" it looks to the Divine blessing take a deep interest in Geneva and for the increase of students, and for the France, it is our intention to give them removal of numerous obstacles which a general view of the Christian efforts oppose its labours. employed by the Evangelical Society to One of those obstacles is the want of extend Christian knowledge.
a preparatory institution, in which young School of Theology.
men may obtain the instruction requisite The three colleges in which the mi- to fit them for entrance into the school of nisters of the French Reformed churches theology. Various reasons, and principursue their studies, are Unitarian in cipally the want of pecuniary resources, their doctrine. Hence the Evangelical have hitherto prevented the formation of such an establishment. The major part time, on a second occasion received them of the students furnish the best hopes of with kindness. One of the agents in future usefulness. It is agreed to assist Dec. 1832 was received in a house at none to enter the Christian ministry who Lyons with insults and imprecations : do not appear qualified to become faithful he left the house, but soon returned ; and, servants of God.
“ with the Bible in my hand," he writes, The want of some degree of freedom “I informed them, their ruin was certain in public instruction, and in the church if they did not repent. I then read to at "large, has hitherto proved another them some passages in the Gospels; and cause of difficulty to the school of theo. I soon perceived that they were becoming logy. But we have reason to believe that serious. Before I left them, I had the such liberty will make progress both in great satisfaction to see these very people, France and Switzerland; and if Christians who had received me with so much opposhall support this institution by their sition, buy a New Testament, and beg prayers and donations, justly may we ex- me to return to visit them. This very pect that God will condescend to employ house is now a house of prayer, where it as an important means of diffusing the other Christians of the neighbourhood knowledge of salvation amongst a popula assemble to listen to the reading of the tion to whom it is highly needful.
Bible.” Distribution of the Sacred Writings.
Public Preaching. As the Scriptures have been widely The Evangelical Society has engaged circulated in Switzerland, whilst in France in the public preaching of the Gospel there are whole departments in which both in France and Geneva, by means of they are scarcely known, the committee clergymen regularly ordained. deemed it proper to turn its attention to In France. The distribution of Scripthe latter country. They found before ture by the Bible Missionaries rendered them a wide and barrenfield, in which it necessary to send ministers, who were they were called to labour. The first calculated to give religious instruction to agents employed by the society in this those persons whose attention had been work were simple Christians, who became awakened, and to form them, when it travelling merchants, in order to render should be proper, into churches. Wherethemselves more useful missionaries. ever the Bible Missionaries had halted,
They visit towns and villages, every where they had been requested to explain the selling the Scriptures, and entering into Scriptures, in assemblies more or less nuconversation on religion with those whom merous. On some occasions no less than they meet. The Evangelical Society em- two or three hundred persons, all educated ploys these Bible Missionaries, as Peter in the Church of Rome, have met together Waldo and his associates employed in the for this purpose. The Society has recenttwelfth century similar means in the same ly commenced the work of Evangelization countries. Up to the month of May of in France, and only a few weeks ago the present year they had traversed ten sent the Rev. Mr. Hoffmann to Tournus, departments, and visited about two thou a town situated between Lyons and Chasand towns or villages. In the course of lons. May the prayers of Christians atthe year they had sold almost twelve tend on this undertaking, so that not only thousand copies of the sacred writings, in the first efforts may become successful, places where they had hitherto been un- but that speedily a large reinforcement of known. These Bible Missionaries meet able ministers may be sent to these counwith many difficulties, especially on the tries, at once so dark and so interesting. part of the Roman Catholic priests; but In Geneva. The Society has deeply they proceed in their labours with faith, felt the need of faithful preaching in and in general they are protected by the Geneva. Hence from its very formation government. Already, in almost every the Professors of Theology have deliverdirection, there are persons decidedly con ed expositions of the Scriptures every verted, by God's blessing on the reading Sunday and Thursday. of these Bibles, and they appear here and Besides these public services, two Sunthere as luminous points in the midst of day schools have been established : one of surrounding darkness. Some of these them has three hundred children enrolled converts have been dragged before the on its lists; and there are one hundred in magistrate, at the instigation of the priests; the school for younger children. Five of but they have taken advantage of the cir- these young persons have been called away cumstance to confess the truth more loud. by death in the last year, and they have ly. They have even on some occasions all given satisfactory proof of their love been beaten, but this treatment has been to the Bible, and of their simple faith in a means of confirming their Christian the blood of Jesus Christ. Some of these character. Often, when the curés pro- children have expressed a dying request hibited the purchase of the New Testa- that their little savings of money might ment, persons who had previously been be dedicated to the object of circulating thoughtless on the subject now made it the Scriptures. a point to procure them. Many, who had In the absence of the Professors, durreceived the Bible agents very ill the first ing the vacation, Ministers of the Established Church in the Canton de Vaud and by holding out the hand of fraternity; have filled their place. The number of and perhaps the Lord will condescend to hearers having regularly increased, it was employ it for erecting his sanctuary in found necessary to obtain another situa- places where its courts have been protion; and though the purchase of the faned and laid desolate. ground and the building of the chapel demanded considerable expenses, soon were
ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE. the means provided in Geneva itself. A beautiful chapel, or oratoire, is already in We are much concerned to find that progress in one of the best parts of the St. David's College, Lampeter, is far from city, destined to be at the same time the being in a flourishing state as to its pecuchapel of the Theological Seminary, and a niary resources and prospects. The debuilding similar to the chapel of ease in ficiency is the more to be lamented, now England and Scotland. There will be that the institution bas been in operation accommodation for upwards of a thousand seven years, and its value has been abundpersons, and it will be opened (God will. antly proved. We heard lately that it ing) in the month of December. May contained only about thirty pupils, whereas the Divine blessing rest on the procla- it can accommodate nearly seventy. The mation of truth in the oratoire erected to chief obstacle is want of endowment. The the honour of the Redeemer where Cal- only ground upon which the college can vin once preached Christ crucified.
stand is the cheapness of the education Other Labours of the Evangelical Society. afforded by it, compared with the univer
Besides these leading objects of the sities, as it has no degrees, no fellowsociety, there are others which engage its ships to offer. An adequate endowment attention.
not having been secured, the professor1. Missions to Heathen Nations.--Monthly ships cannot be filled up, and candidates meetings to implore the blessing of God for holy orders cannot be educated at so on foreign missions are held; and pecuniary low a rate as the exigencies of the country contributions are sent to the Missionary require. If only about 20001. were raised, Academies of Lausanne, Bâsle, and Paris. 60 as to devote the interest for exhibi
2. Religious Tracts. - The society prints tions to deserving candidates, this would tracts, and circulates tracts printed else give a considerable impulse to the instiwhere. In the year past it has put in tution. This sum, and more if requisite, circulation about sixteen thousand public might easily be subscribed by the friends cations of this description.
of the Church of England. 3. d Religious Library. This library, The college is well conducted, and bids intended to furnish Christian reading to fair, by the blessing of God, to be of the inhabitants of Geneva, numbers 1172 great benefit to the principality. In advolumes.
dition to a suitable outline of classical and 4. Weekly Schools.- A school, entrusted mathematical education, it affords, what to a pious mistress, and placed under the our Universities greatly need, a regular direction of a committee of ladies, con- course of sacred studies; the pupils in the tributes to the education of sixty girls. divinity class employing a year and a half
The Evangelical Society of Geneva in theological reading and the study of stands in need of assistance: it looks not Hebrew, preparatory to their immediate to foreign aid in behalf of those objects profession as candidates for Holy Orders. which regard its own country; but it has This feature alone of the system ought to not ventured to enter on undertakings so commend it to all who wish to see our extensive in favour of France, without National Church supplied with teachers hopes of the co-operation of foreign well instructed in the word of God and churches : it claims it especially for the the duties of the sacred office. Judging support of the School of Theology, for of the character of the theological lectures the distribution of Scripture, and for the from the published volume of sermons public preaching of the Gospel.
delivered in the college chapel by the Recently the second Report of the Rev. A. Ollivant, of Trinity College, Society has detailed its labours, and Cambridge, the pious, learned, and indepublished the state of its funds. We fatigable Vice-principal of the institution ; trust that many Christians in Switzerland, we bless God for so sound and judicious in France, Great Britain, and America, a series of instructions, and augur great will feel impelled to lend aid to an insti- benefits to the cause of pure and undefiled tution built upon the faith of the Son of religion in the Principality from the future God, confessing His Deity and His per- ministrations of young men thus scripfect grace, directing its endeavours to turally instructed. Mr. Ollivant has, we the promotion of His cause, and connect. understand, set an excellent example to ed with so many recollections of interest his pupils, by studying the Welsh lanand importance. The institution has guage, so as to read prayers and preach in been already greatly blessed; but it is it with cordial acceptance by the people. weak and feeble in regard to the grand We have taken a warm interest in this objects before it. May Christians of college from its first projection, more every clime strengthen it by their prayers, than a quarter of a century since; and the CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 384.
more we consider the whole of the cir- sively known, and in proper quarters, that cumstances of the case, the more highly its embarrassments have been suffered to we estimate its value; and we are per- continue. It is not yet too late to relieve suaded that it can only be from its wants them, and to render the institution fully and claims not having been made exten- adequate to its important object.
MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE. It is with extreme pain that we read the daily bread.' The whole surrounded with following advertisement in the American a border of wheat-sheaves, fruits, and newspapers. It is thus that religion is flowers. Although a considerable extra wounded in the house of its friends. The expense has been incurred in getting up Millennium is too serious and sacred a sub- the pattern, it will be sold at the same ject to be advertised in puffs of crockery, prices as ordinary patterns of blue printed and made a pecuniaryspeculation: and wbat
ware.” man who feels reverence for God could Mr. Loudon says, in his Encyclopedia make even a picture of “ the All-seeing of Architecture, that the expense incurred Eye” a receptacle for the viands of an en in the fitting up of public-house bars in tertainment, and carve his food without re- London is almost incredible ; every one volting from such a representation. - vying with its neighbour in convenient “Millennium earthenware arrived.-- The un- arrangements, general display, rich cary. dersigned takes the liberty to solicit public ing, brass-work, finely veined mahogany, patronage for a new and beautiful pattern and ornamental painting. The carving of of earthenware plates, of all sizes, made the ornament alone, in that of “ The from designs prepared by himself, princi- Grapes" public-house, in Old Street pally from Scripture illustrations. The Road, cost 1001.; the workmanship being pattern is received from Staffordshire by by one of the first carvers in London. this Spring's arrival, and far exceeds his Three gin-shops have been lately fitted expectation. The following is a brief up in Lamb's Conduit Street, at the exdescription of it: On the top of the pense, for the bar alone, of upwards of plate is the All-seeing Eye, shedding rays 20001. each. Such statements will scarcely of light down upon the world ; beneath, be credited when Temperance Societies is the Bible opened to Isaiah Ilth chap have banished, as we trust eventually they ter 6th verse; next in order is a Dove will, the curse of spirit-drinking. descending with an olive branch, and the Bishop Davenant, in his Determinawords • Peace on Earth;' the centre is tiones Quæstionem, &c. has under filled up with a landscape, and a group of Quæstio XI. a speech made by Arch. figures spoken of in the verse represent- bishop Williams against a Bill introduced ing the Millennium, or all nature harmo for the ejection of Bishops from the nized and returned to its native innocence House of Lords. The arguments emin which the Creator left it previous toployed in this speech, and which turned the fall of man, in the garden of Eden; the scale against the Bill, may be worth at the foot, is the figure of a suppliant, notice in the present day, when a similar with the petition, Give us this day our proposal is popularly canvassed.
OBITUARY. THE REV. GEORGE BURDER. many other excellent works. This much To the Editor of the Christian Observer.
Among the many useful books pubAs your pages are sometimes enriched by lished by Mr. Burder, the “ Village Sernotices of real excellence, though not ex- mons” are named, not merely on account hibited within the limits of our own com- of their peculiar excellence, but particumunion, allow me to draw your attention larly in a communication to your miscelto the character of one (whom I had lany, as a work well-known to many hoped to have seen noticed before this in clergymen; several of whom at various your pages) whose catholic spirit, abund- periods addressed the author, acknowledgant labours, and extensively prolonged use- ing the great benefit which they themfulness, eminently entitle his memory to selves bad derived from them, both perthe regard of all good men. I allude to sonally and in their ministry. Few serthe late Rev. GEORGE BURDER, one of the mons, probably, have been more honoured founders of the London Missionary, the in the conversion of souls, as delivered Religious Tract, and the British and from the pulpit, or read in private assemForeign Bible Societies, and the gratui- blies and families, or perused in the tous as well as laborious secretary of the closet. The first two volumes of the first of these institutions for many years; “ Cottage Sermons,” circulated by the the author of the “ Village ” and of two Religious Tract Society (the third was volumes of “ Cottage Sermons," with not written by Mr. Burder), the “ Ten
lamented individual was intimately known with caution and reluctance." No one will to the writer of these lines for more than wonder then, that a third feature, remarkeighteen years immediately preceding his able in this good man's character, was death. So far, therefore, he is qualified Habitual cheerfulness, joined with beto speak of his departed friend, for whom, coming gravity. He was at once serious during their long acquaintance and fre- and cheerful, even playful at times, in a quent intercourse, he entertained an in- good sense, when conversing with those creasing and unmixed respect.
whom he intimately knew; but not forgetAmong the many excellent traits in ful of the great end of our being, and that Mr. Burder's character, the first which I by our words we shall be justified and by would mention, as peculiarly claiming the our words we shall be condemned. Pernotice of a Christian Observer, is the sons who labour under the mistaken idea simple piety which marked his whole de that religion makes men gloomy and unmeanour. Religion sat easy upon him: pleasant, would probably have been shaken it had in him no appearance of stiffness in their opinion had they known Mr. and constraint ; of an accoutrement in Burder. which he could not well go, because he He united, in a measure not often seen, had not proved it. It was associated with calmness with great activity, and firmness all his habits, whether of labour or of with gentleness. I have seen him in the comparative recreation; it seemed to be midst of business connected with his nuthe element in which he moved with merous and arduous secretarial, editorial, pleasure, the healthful atmosphere which and ministerial labours, and have admired, he loved to breathe.
and much wished to partake, of his talent With this was connected unaffected be. for redeeming time without hurry or apnevolence. A revered Clergyman, who has parent feeling of inconvenience.' I need now finished his course with joy, was ac not say bow valuable is such a quality, and customed to say, “ There is in some cases how much it has contributed, under God, grace, that is, favour or a particular benefit to form in many instances the useful and from God, even in nature. The dispo- even the great man : surely it is a quality sition of some minds is happily consti- peculiarly necessary in such times as ours. tuted." This was exemplified in Mr. Nor is the union of firmness and kindness Burder. He was naturally amiable : but a less desirable. Pleasantness of manner, sanctifying work in the heart had given a with determination of purpose and conholy tone and tendency to that which sistency in acting out important princiotherwise would have been connected ples, has long been one of the most adonly, or for the most part, with splendid mired of human attainments. or specious sins. Benevolence in him Connected with this, in Mr. Burder was Christian love ; that fruit of the Holy was unfeigned humility. Sometimes, perSpirit which is inseparable from the love haps through an excess of modesty, he gave of God shed abroad in the heart by the place without sufficient reason to men same blessed agency: and this benevo- who were less retiring. I have thought lence, like all other graces of the new that in this respect a due measure of atman (graces beautifully exemplified in the tention was not always paid him; and that case before us), was joined with simpli- some, who ought to have said to him who city and godly sincerity. Here was no- in humility was taking the lowest place, thing affected, put on for a particular pur. “Friend, go up higher,” were at times pose, or made up for the occasion. You deficient in this act of Christian duty. saw what the man usually was when you In some instances, where he ought to have marked his benevolence. To give one in- received this honour from those who sat stance only: In a memoir of him, drawn with him, he, the man who had done the up by his son, the Rev. Dr. Henry Burder work, had not so much credit given him, (an excellent and interesting work, espe- as others who had borne less of the burden cially as exhibiting a striking portrait and heat of the day. In private also he of one who, in a Christian life of long was really humble: “swift to hear,” and duration, was as unassuming as he was in a good sense “slow to speak;" conuseful and eminent); his youngest son, tent, as a man truly wise, to learn from all Dr. T. H. Burder, remarks, “ My father from whom any valuable information or was accustomed, in adverting to the cha. useful suggestions might be obtained. racters of others, to notice excellencies Mr. Burder was eminent in Scriptural much more than defects : seldom did he Orthodoxy; in which respect he much allude to the latter, except with some im- resembled the late Rev. Thomas Scott. portant design; and if the language of cen On all points of Christian doctrine he sure became necessary, it was employed seemed to have a peculiar clearness and
accuracy of discrimination. His views of Sermons,” and “ Sermons to the Aged," Divine truth were not disproportionate : deserve also especial notice : the last as one part was not made prominent at the being the latest production of the author, expense of another; or cast into the shade, written under the pressure of much bo- or explained away, in obedience to the dily infirmity, and just before he became fiat of some human system with which it totally blind.
did not seem to tally, or because it was