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claims of the Established Church ; for their sakes we ought to waive the exercise of a power, which they are for the time disposed to resist'; for their sakes, and for the sake of Him, in whose behalf it is our duty at all times to count all things loss (See Phil. iii. 8).
“Nevertheless, we have not used this power, but suffer all things, lest we should hinder the Gospel of Christ. This was what St. Paul could testify of his practice in the case of the Corinthians. This is what we could wish the Church to practise in the case of the Dissenters. Let us do any thing, yield any thing, suffer any thing, rather than hinder the Gospel of Christ. That holy cause we should ill indeed advance, by base desertion of important principles, or by affected indifference to truths for which we are bound most earnestly to contend. What we must give up, and when, and where, must be determined by this single consideration, which way shall we best set forward Christ's Gospel. But how can we help hindering it, if it be for ourselves we seem to fight, and not for the faith of Christ ? if it be money that we seem to covet, and not the maintenance of religion? if the exposed abuses of our system receive from us that strenuous support which is due to its unquestionable advantages ? or, if we are willing rather that souls should perish, than that we would flinch one atom from our lawful rights, or alter even that which probably is wrong?” pp. 15—18.
The above passage presents a beautiful and scriptural illustration of the doctrine of Christian expediency: but the question still remains, whether the relinquishment of Church Rates is really expedient. Supposing even, that, for the sake of peace and the furtherance of the Gospel, the temporary relinquishment of parochial assessments is admitted to be in any instance desirable, with a view particularly to that calm discussion of the subject which it is hoped may end in a return to the ancient and legal practice, it still remains to be considered whether the abandonment of the system as a national institution would be advisable. Our own opinion, for reasons which we have often stated in brief, and intend, when opportunity serves, to state more at large, is, that it would not; for we do not believe that a National Church Establishment could be maintained without some such provision, especially in remote and thinly-peopled country parishes; and as the impost is neither unjust nor oppressive, we should greatly regret its abandonment merely on account of the temporary opposition which is being made to it, and which we believe will diminish as the question becomes better understood—that is to say, if the Church duly enshrines itself in the hearts of the people by a reform of abuses, and by acting up to its high duties.
It does not come within the object of this notice to dwell upon the third head of Mr. Girdlestone's discourse, which contains an affectionate pastoral address to his flock upon the value and blessedness of the Gospel; but we ought not to omit to notice it, as affording an illustration of the benefits to be derived from a right “improvement” (as the Puritans phrased it) of distressing visitations of Divine Providence. Mr. Girdlestone's parish was one of those which last year was fearfully visited with the pestilence that so greatly alarmed the land ; and we have heard much of the zealous and Christian labours of the vicar of Sedgley for the souls and bodies of his parishioners, during and subsequent to the affliction. It appears by this discourse that he desires to keep up the remembrance of it as a warning to repentance, and the deliverance from it as a memento of God's mercy; and this is truly the way in which such solemn dispensations of the Divine hand ought to be dealt with by the ministers of Christ. If Mr. Girdlestone has retained, either in memory or in his private parochial diary, such a statement respecting the progress and memorabilia of this visitation as we alluded to in our notice of the Cholera at Bilston, it might be well if he would adopt the suggestion which we there offered, to ensure the preservation of the record.
RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. SOCIETY FOR THE RELIEFOF bear up against the current expenses of POOR PIOUS CLERGYMEN.
the past year. To this, however, was
mercifully added 58., received from a We copy a few cases from the last Report friend, and 121. from Mrs. Ashton's Trust. of this highly useful and well-conducted ... It affects me deeply to make such stateinstitution, in order to shew its necessity ments; but the burdens, occasioned by and value. It is melancholy, that in a rich these circumstances, are indeed grievous church like ours such disparities should to be borne, and have proved to me sore exist as to allow of cases like those no. trials of faith and patience....My heart is ticed in the Reports of this Society. burdened with fear, lest the little which
1. “My income from clerical services I might do should come to nought, through (and I have no private fortune) is now the use which evil men may make of about 952. per annum. I have a wife and these circumstances of difficulty in which nine children: one of these I was obliged I am involved.” to take from school, on account of illness, 4. “My total income is 1001. a year. about six months since; she has as yet Of fourteen children, seven, who still surbeen unable to return, and I have my fears vive, with their mother who is paralysed, as to her ever being able to do so. My my mother who is nearly ninety, and an wife's health has, through the cares and aged widowed sister, are all dependent on labours arising from so large a family, de- me for support. My poor wife is unable clined for the last two or three years, and to use her right hand, and is altogether I am afraid that she is not likely to regain weak and helpless; and though I paid 25. her former strength. I perform two full in 1830, and 201. on account, last year, to services on the Sabbath, and expound in medical men, I still owe 501. ; this was the evening. I am happy to say, that our occasioned by my dear partner having for congregations are rather on the increase, months required daily medical attendance, and we have been enabled to build a in so critical a state was her life. I have school-room, in which we assemble more always two full services on a Sabbath in than 200 poor children."
my own chapel of ease, where I have also (Acknowledgment from the same.)- a week-day evening lecture. Besides this, “ It is not possible to express how much I take my turn with some other clergyyour letter, enclosing . has cheered men in preaching a Sunday evening and a me and mine. It has set me at liberty week-day evening lecture, at another chafrom the painful bondage of owing what pel of ease. The congregation at my own I could not pay."
chapel is about 1000; the communicants 2. “ My total income is 911. per annum; from 150 to 200. The Sacrament is adand I have eleven children, all entirely ministered monthly.” dependent on me, except my eldest son, 5. “ The joint salary of the two cuwho is apprenticed, for whom I provide racies which I serve (having ministered clothing and washing. Although I was in one of them twenty years) is 801. kindly aided in apprenticing my son by per annum. I have no other income the Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy, whatever; and have a wife and nine chil. I was obliged to pay 101. in addition to dren; six of whom are at home and enthe sum granted me. This, with a te tirely dependent on me; three others dedious illness with which my dear wife was pend on me partially, one of whom will aftlicted after confinement, increased my cost me 181. this year, besides travelling expenses last year; and I have still an expenses, and a few requisite articles of account of eight pounds due to the dress. I have this year lost a horse which medical man, which I am unable to pay. was valuable to me, and have been comExertions also made to provide for my pelled, through the necessity of the case, two eldest daughters-who had before to buy another........ The Sacrament been educated by myself some instruc- is administered at each church once every tion suitable to their sex, have brought month." me into difficulties, from which I know 6. “ The two parishes of which I am not how to extricate myself, but by ap- curate contain 1630 souls or thereabouts : plying to your Society, to which I am the joint salary is 1001. per annum, withalready so much indebted.”
out a house ; and I have an annuity of In acknowledging a grant made, this 35l. per annum. On this income I, my clergyman says, “ I shall now be free wife, and seven children are dependent. from all pecuniary embarrassments, and Five of the latter wholly, two partially. be enabled, I trust, to devote myself I have three services on the Sabbathmore earnestly to the service of Him, who two full services, and prayers and I am thus supplies all my need according to obliged to walk seven miles. Moving bis riches in glory by Christ Jesus.” from my late curacy to those which I am
3. “ Sixty-six pounds is the whole sum now to serve, causes considerable expense. derived from the ordinary sources of my At my late curacy my stipend was 1001. per income, with which I, with a wife and annum, with the use of the rectoryfour young children, have been called to house."
LITERARY, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND MISCELLANEOUS
INFORMATION. CAPTAIN Ross has returned in safety observations, and 12 deg. E. of the ex. from his Arctic expedition. In the month treme point to which Parry advanced in of May, 1829, this enterprising officer his second voyage. The accident which sailed from this country for the Arctic stopped Captain Ross's progress, bowregions, in a steamer prepared and fitted ever, was one which no perseverance or out at his own expense. His crew con- enterprise could overcome. Such is the sisted of about nineteen persons, exclu- statement which has appeared in the newssive of himself and his son, all volunteers. papers. We await more detailed and In the first season he only reached Wylie authentic intelligence. Fiord, on the eastern side of Davis's An effort has been made to disturb the Straits, where, finding his machinery wreck of the Boyne, at Spithead, by exnearly useless, he converted his steamer plosion, which, after some failures, was into à sailing vessel, from the materials attended with complete success. A maof a London whaler, which he found gazine, containing about two hundredabandoned on that part of the coast. weight of gunpowder, was lowered, and Next season he took the earliest oppor- placed by the diver at a depth of nearly tunity to prosecute his voyage, and hav. forty feet from the surface of the water, ing proceeded up Baffin's Bay, entered under the stern of the wreck, and exSir John Lancaster's Sound, and steered ploded by a train, contained in a lead pipe for the spot in Prince Regent's Inlet supported by floating buoys, with a torch where his Majesty's ship Fury had been attached. The stern-post was thrown abandoned. Here he found only the keel down by the violence of the shock, and of the Fury, and a few of her timbers, the dead wood on each side blown out. but, what was of more importance to A large part of the stern-post was afterhim, he found the greater part of her wards raised, with the valuable copper provisions. Having re-victualled his ves. fastenings. The report was heard at a sel out of the abandoned stores, and left great distance, and the water, with a conthree of his boats at Fury Beach, he made siderable quantity of mud, was greatly sail for the westward, and succeeded in agitated. Numbers of fish were killed by getting as far as 101 deg. W.L., near the the explosion. The experiment is of imNorth Georgian Islands, where his pro- portance, as shewing an easy method of gress was arrested by the ice. As the breaking up wrecks which are valuable season was now far advanced, and he had for their contents or 'an impediment to no hope of extricating his vessel, he was navigation. compelled to abandon her; and after From the returns lately transmitted many difficulties, he and his crew suc- from the different dioceses of England ceeded, by means of sledges and others and Wales, and published in the Parliawise, in reaching Fury Beach, where the mentary Papers, we extract the following boats had been left, late in the same results :season. It appears that during the whole Total number of resident clergy ... 4649 of 1831 they were unable to move to any Non-resident by exemption......... 2506 distance from Fury Beach. In 1832, Non-resident by licence ............ 1968 however, they made an attempt to reach Cases not included among exemp-} 33 the sea in their three boats; but after tions and licences ................... suffering many privations they failed in Total number of benefices...10560 accomplishing their object, and were Of those non-resident by exemption obliged to retrace their steps that winter, 2080 are resident on other benefices; 266 being at times thrown upon the benefi are ecclesiastical, collegiate, and cathedral cence of the few natives whom they officers; 94 resident fellows, tutors, or chanced to meet with. As early in the officers of the universities; and 66 are present season as they could make any exempted for various other causes. Of progress they again started for the open those non-resident by licence 1227 are sea, and happily fell in with the Isabella, prevented from residing by the want of Hull, at Jacob Teure, just as that ship or unfitness of the parsonage-houses; was about to leave the fishing station, in 418 by infirmity; and the remainder by which vessel he returned home. Captain various other causes. Of the third Ross lost three men the first year on his class of non-residents 509 are cases of voyage out, but no other casualties oc absence without licence or exemption ; curred.
but of these 478 perform the duties of From the above particulars it appears their respective parishes ; 412 returns are that little in the way of new discovery defective as to residence; 115 are vacancan be expected to result from Capt. Ross's cies. In 183 cases there are no returns, protracted and perilous expedition. He 81 are recent institutions, 53 are sewas only able to reach 110 deg. W. longi- questrations, and the remainder benefices tude, which is 9 deg. E. of that part of held by bishops, &c._ The total numMelville Island where Parry took his ber of curates in England and Wales is 4373. Of these 1532 reside in the the Irish Parliament from the time of the glebe-houses, 1005 in their parishes, and decapitation of Charles I. to the Resto3915 are licensed. The stipends of 486 ration (from 1639 to 1662) were mislaid, are under 501. ; of 2355 under 1002 ; of and at last considered as destroyed in the 1079 under 1501. ; of 249 under 2001. and wars of the Commonwealth, the most of 33 upwards of 2001 ; 78 have the whole minute searches, and even expensive Par. income of the living, and three have half liamentary commissions, having failed to the income of the living. Of the livings discover the slightest trace of them. In where the incumbents are non-resident, consequence of this loss the best lawyers 1 139 are upwards of 3001, in annual value; were frequently at fault in their researches, and 2548 are under that sum.
and it is believed that much of the embarA return has been made which illustrates rassments and confiscations which occursome interesting facts in the statistics of red on the Restoration had their origin in the country. From this return it appears the impossibility of referring to these that the total number of families in the various Statutes and Orders in Council, country employed in agricultural pursuits on the authority of which the principal in 1831 was 761,348; the total number actors in the busy time of the Commonemployed in trade, manufactures, and wealth had politically committed themhandicraft, was 1,182,912; and the total selves, and exposed their estates to the number not comprised in either of those Act of Settlement. Within these few two great classes 801,076. In 1831 the days the lost Acts have been found in male population amounted to 6,376,627, Belfast, by Alexander Montgomery, Esq., and the female to 6,714,378, giving a ba- of the firm of Alexander and John lance of somewhat more than three hun- Montgomery, solicitors, whilst searching dred thousand in favour of the latter. amongst the dusty records of the Rolls From the same return it appears that the Court. When the circumstance was comnumber of houses inhabited in 1831 was municated to the Irish Government, the
2,326,022; the number of families by law officers refused to believe the fact till whom they were occupied 2,745,336; the Mr. Montgomery produced his proofs, by number building 23,462, and the number transcripts of two of the missing Acts. uninhabited 113,385.
This discovery is said to be likely to inThe following is the Parliamentary re- terest the historian as well as the lawyer, turn of the number of applications to the and may lead to attempts on the part of Board of Education in Dublin, for aid to some of the unfortunate descendants of schools existing, or for new schools, up those who suffered in the changes of proto August 16, 1833 :-Number of appli- perty consequent on the Restoration, to cations for aid to schools existing, 911; inquire how far holes may be picked in number of applications for aid for new the parchment of the Act of Settlement, schools, 259; gross total, 1,170. Appli. which was passed in despair of unravellcations for 573 schools existing, and 142 ing the gordian knots of legislation tied new schools, making a total of 715, have in the Interregnum, in which the Irish been complied with.
suffered equally for their loyalty or rebelThe newspapers have published the lion. Ireland has endured ten confiscafollowing extraordinary statement, which tions in the last 600 years, and it is esti. we copy as we find it. It is well known mated has on an average been totally conin the legal profession that the Acts of fiscated three times over.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. There is little of domestic intelligence rightful authorities of the nation to which during the month to record. We witness he belongs. with much concern the rapidly spreading In regard to Foreign Affairs, there refusal by parishes to grant rates for the was a time when such conflictions of repairs of churches, and the carrying on opinion as those at this moment elicited of Divine Worship; but our hope is, that by the death of the King of Spain, the as the question becomes better under- jealousies of France, the successes of stood there will be a return to right prin. Don Pedro, and the acknowledgment of ciples, and that the good sense of the Donna Maria, with the arrangements bepeople will extricate them from the snares tween Russia and Turkey, and other of Political Unions and other instruments passing topics of contention, might have of injurious agitation. The system of caused a general European war; but we refusing the payment of unpopular de- - trust that the lesson of the long and mands is beginning to extend to the As- ruinous convulsions which followed the sessed Taxes; but it will be seen, by first French revolution will not speedily every man of plain understanding, that be forgotten ; and that, as most of the no nation can exist under such a system; nations of Europe are too much inand every Christian at least will feel poverished to be able to support the exthat he is in duty bound to defray every penses of war, so their respective gocharge, not contrary to the law of God, vernments, and especially our own, are which may be laid upon him by the anxious to avert it.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. G. C. S.; J. F.; HAMPDEN; A. R.; D.; Y. O.; A. Z.; A FATHER; THE
WRITER; H. D.; G.; S.; M. G. S.; R. H. S. ; IOTA; A CURATE; and MISE
RECORS; are under consideration. We see no reason why we should trouble our readers with the details of the fanati
cism and jargon to which L. M. alludes. We attacked it in the bud, and more especially we warned some of those against it who are now probably distressed at having assisted in opening floodgates which they cannot shut. We thought that our readers were long ago wearied, as we were, with the subject : and what could or need we say respecting the proceedings at Park Chapel, Chelsea, but what we said in the discussion on the case of Miss Fancourt, and on various other occasions? We even doubt the utility of preaching sermons, however excellent, against those wild excesses : for though a solid argument may convince those who were convinced before, we fear that the publicity thus given to the evil augments rather than diminishes it; and that weak, curious, and superstitious minds, will extract poison from what was intended for medicine. Extravagancies often prevail most in those congregations or parishes in which the minister gives the most notoriety to them by constantly attacking them; and persons frequently say, “ I knew little or nothing of such a doctrine till I heard Mr. — preach against it; but I do not think he confuted the arguments in its favour.” A Clergyman's business is rather to preach plain Scriptural truth, than to dignify every whimsy of the day with an elaborate refutation. The most effectual refutation of what is palpably absurd is, often, to pass it by as not worthy of an argument. If a man's mind is so unsoundly constituted as to require an elaborate proof that the practices alluded to are not miraculous manifestations of the Holy Spirit, we should despair of permanently convincing him either by reason or revelation. We might indeed persuade him for the moment; but be would be ready the next day to be drawn aside by any other novelty of error. A prominent object, both of preaching and of education, 'should be, to strengthen the mind against delusion by laying a solid foundation of Scriptural truth, and, in the case of children and young persons more particularly, to direct their attention to matters of primary importance, abstaining from giving to the fugitive novelties of the day such a colour as may render them objects of anxious curiosity.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. In introducing the Monthly Extracts, we cannot refrain from recording the lamented decease of that truly excellent man and highly valuable officer of the Society, the late Rev. Joseph Hughes. To the piety, zeal, sound judgment, and unwearied labours of that exemplary servant of God, the Bible Society owes, under the Divine blessing, a very large measure of its prosperity. Mr. Hughes was a Dissenter, and an Anti-pædo Baptist; but he was a man of such Christian moderation and candour, that he never failed to conciliate good men of every name; and with regard to the Church of England in particular, he has been heard to express in the strongest terms his high opinion of its value to the interests of religion in the land ; and also to state, that, from his very extensive intercourse with all denominations of Christians, he had come to the full conviction that there was no body of persons in the nation among whom the spirit of the Gospel was so consistently exhibited, as among the pious members and ministers of the Established Church. The piety in this quarter, he would say, was of a better cast-more deep, more solid, more simple, more scriptural, less shewy—than in any other. Such a testimony, from such a man, ought not to be overlooked, at a time when so much is said and done to depreciate the Church of England, her clergy, her members, and her institutions. We expect to find in the next Number of the Monthly Extracts an ample testimonial from the Committee of the Society to the memory and services of their late Secretary. May a successor of kindred mind, by the blessing of God, be found to fill and adorn his arduous post! - We abridge the following passages of his life from the “ Christian Advocate."
The day of Mr. Hughes's birth we have not ascertained; the year was 1769; the place, London. His father, who, if not a Welshman, was of Welsh extraction, was a member of the Baptist church in Wyld Street, over which Dr. Stennett at that time presided. Mr. Hughes died during the childhood of his son. The parents of young Hughes, being in respectable circumstances, gave him the rudiments of a good education. He was taken by them to the house of God, and the grace of God at an early period influenced his heart. Evincing talents for the ministry, and being in other respects fitted to become a candidate for that office, he was received, at a youthful age,