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Lord Morpeth, Mr. R. Grant, Lord committed as the authors of an imperfect Mandeville, the Hon. E. Petre, Mr. measure, grounded on no adequate prinRotch, and Mr. A. Johnstone, all sup- ciple of religious obligation. porting the principle, and some of them Need we urge on our readers the duty the leading details, of this large and of continuing their strenuous efforts to Christian measure ; - when we hear that promote this great object? They will Lord Althorp and his colleagues, while find their neighbours pretty well agreed they opposed Sir Andrew Agnew's Bill that Sunday trading ought to cease; and on the ground that it went too far, yet even this is a large advance; but let them admitting that something must be done to use their influence to shew, what is less satisfy the public ;-—and when, finally,after understood, the need of legislating in a not only all the Infidels, Radicals, and judicious but efficient manner in regard to Roman Catholics in the House had travelling by public conveyances, and other endeavoured to thwart the measure, but public violations of the day of sacred Lord Althorp as the organ of Government The richer classes are very hostile had headed the opposition, there was to any restrictions being imposed upon found only a miserable majority of six Sunday travelling; forgetting, or not lay. (79 to 73) against the second reading; ing to heart, how many persons in the and this notwithstanding the untoward poorer classes of society they induce to manner in which it was forced forward by break the Sabbath for their convenience. its opponents :- When we consider these Are the readers of Sunday newspapers things, and add to them the extreme disap- aware that news-venders have sent in pe. pointment which has extended throughout titions urging their hardship? as indeed the land at the failure, the determined have all classes of persons who are energy with which both the friends of reli- aggrieved by the present system. And gion and the protectors of Sunday repose ought not all these persons to be protected ? from business are arousing themselves to new efforts, are we too sanguine in saying, The outline of the Government plan for that, far from desponding, we never before the ABOLITION OF SLAVERY has been viewed the question as in so advanced a laid before Parliament by Mr. Stanley, stage of progress?
the new Secretary for the Colonies. Of Sir A. Agnew, we rejoice to say, has some parts of that plan we scarcely know already pledged himself to bring forward how to speak with decision till its details a Bill for the same purpose next session ; are more fully developed (which they will and already has Mr. Petre given notice probably be before these lines reach our of a motion taking up the principle of readers), more especially as some of them, Sunday trading. We should be glad of it is understood, are to be considerably even a partial amelioration ; but we feel modified. As a whole, the measure is convinced, that the more the question is large; is distinguished from all the former looked at the more necessary will it ap- measures, by the recognition that slavery pear to legislate upon wide and Scriptural is to be utterly abolished, and by devising views. We do not mean to advocate means to effect that desired object; but every detail of Sir A. Agnew's Bill; it some of the details appear to us open to is evident that some additional exceptions great objection, and we must wholly disrequire to be introduced ; and all that the sent from that portion of the plan which mover pressed for was, the second read- requires the slave to work out his own ing; so that the detail might be duly dis. freedom. We are far from niggardly in cussed in the Committee, and the Bill our feelings towards the planter; in made as near perfection as possible: but, abolishing a sinful system we would readily without advocating every syllable of the grant compensation to any extent that inBill, we feel assured, as just remarked, that jury can be proved, and that it can be the more the subject is considered the larger proved the nation at large is a sharer in must be the measures of relief; and that if the crime; but the slave was no party to we give a quiet Sunday to tradesmen, we the compact, and ought not to be made ought not to deprive of it those other to pay any part of the cost of this act of classes who have petitioned to enjoy it, national duty: he ought rather to be inincluding among them persons engaged in demnified for the long course of injustice the various kinds of public travelling. It inflicted upon him
: and with regard to would seem that some such view is en- compensation, our firm belief is that slave tertained, though not perhaps to this ex- emancipation will be an immense benefit, tent, by the Right Reverend bench: the and not an injury, to the colonies; and that Bishop of London having stated in the property which is now full of hazard and House of Lords, that one of the reasons attended with overwhelming losses, will why some of the bishops did not them- become far more stable and valuable when selves introduce a bill was, that their ideas the slave becomes a free labourer. If any of what was befitting would probably ex- of our readers doubt this, we would refer tend farther than the opinions of the them to an excellent pamphlet just publogislature, or the majority of the public; lished by Mr. Conder, entitled "'Wages or and they did not think it right to stand the Whip,” in which the writer proves in
controvertibly the value of free labour to appointed by his Majesty ; and in default the land-owner beyond that of slave labour. of such payment the master shall be Mr. Cropper has also shewn that the pro- liable, who in return may exact an equi. posed loan of fifteen millions of money to valent amount of labour without payment the West Indies will, if accompanied by in the succeeding half-year. Every apother fiscal regulations, be attended with prenticed Negro, on payment of the price great benefit both to the colonies and the affixed by his master, shall be absolutely mother country. But the chief point to free; and he may borrow the sum so rewhich we would at present confine our at. quired, and bind himself as an apprentention is the first great duty, that of abo- ticed labourer to the lender. A loan to lishing slavery; the way in which this is the amount of 15,000,0001. to be granted to be effected requires much serious con. to the proprietors of West-Indian estates sideration; but we have no great fear upon and slaves, and to be distributed among this subject, if the government, the legis the different colonies in a ratio comlature, and the country are united in opi- pounded of the number of slaves and the nion as regards the principle.
amount of exports; and the half-yearly The West-India interest still cling to payments to be made by the Negroes to their unjust and absurd claim of their in- be taken in part liquidation of the debt defeasible right to property in the bodies thus contracted. Children under the age of their fellow-men, and of their unborn of six years to be free, and be maintained posterity to the latest generations; and by their respective parents; or, on failure are actually at this very moment urging of the parents to maintain them, to be this preposterous claim in their speeches, deemed apprentices to the master, witbout publications, and petitions. On the other receiving wages, the males till the age of hand, some abolitionists, in their just re- 24, the females to the age of 20, at which gard to what Scripture and policy alike periods they and their children, if any, require, do not fairly estimate the prac- shall be free. tical difficulties to be overcome in return We cannot read such proposed enacting to a just and sound system, or suffi- ments as the above, without rejoicing and ciently allow for the very natural preju- thanking God that so much has been at dices and honest fears of the West-India length intended to be effected. We are proprietors and cultivators. The work not, however, satisfied with the measure, ought to be effected in a spirit of libe- especially in regard, as before remarked, rality and conciliation; or, if it cannot be to making the slave earn his freedom, 80, let not the want of such a right and spreading bis instalments of liberty temper of mind be displayed upon the over the long space of twelve years. Lord part of those who are on the side of jus- Howick, the late Under Secretary for the tice and humanity.
Colonies, with a candour and humanity The outline of the government plan, as which do him much honour, expressed at present developed, having been widely strongly his objections to the details of published in the newspapers, we need not the plan, and his full conviction that copy it at large, especially as various mo- emancipation ought to be prompt and difications are expected, and some of the complete. He stated that his views were measures require further explanation. Its once very different, but that his experiessence is, that the slave shall be at libertyence in the Colonial Office had forced to claim to be registered as an apprenticed him to outgrow them. The same effect, labourer, and shall thenceforth imme. we feel assured, will follow, in the case diately enjoy all the rights and privi. of every man wbo honestly applies his leges of a freeman ;-that the power of mind to the question. We look forward corporal punishment shall be taken from with much anxious interest to the disthe master, and transferred to the ma- cussion on the 30th inst. (May); and en.
and clothing, the labourer shall work for further progress of the question, to be his master three-fourths of his time, equal earnest in prayer to the Father of Mercies, to seven and a half hours daily, and have that He would direct it to His own glory, a right to claim employment of his master and the welfare, temporal and eternal, of for the remaining one-fourth of his time our poor suffering fellow-creatures. according to a fixed scale of wages, or to work if he pleases elsewhere. The master The Commission for inquiring into the sball fix a price upon the labourer at the FACTORY QUESTION - as if inquiry were time of his apprenticeship; and the wages necessary as to whether infants should be to be paid by the master shall bear such worked in a close,beated atmosphere,more a proportion to the price fixed, that for than ten hours each day-are pursuing his spare time, if given to the master, the their investigations; but we are glad to Negro shall receive one-twelfth of his find that Lord Ashley has determined not price annually, so as to redeem himself to await the result of their deliberations; in twelve years. Every apprenticed la but, in spite both of Government and bourer shall be bound to pay a portion of the Hume school of economists, to of his wages half-yearly to an officer to be bring forward his Bill. We earnestly wish him success in this work of hu- profligacy in the borough of Hertford, we manity. We are not quite aware of all have seen not only political conservatives, the provisions of the Bill, but we trust it but several religious men-We feel pain in will be found practicable to introduce mentioning the names of Sir R. H. Insome plan for the moral and religious glis, Mr. Finch, Mr. Forster of Walsall, education of factory children, and for and Mr. Shaw of Dublin-voting in the their enjoying the blessings of the Chris- minority against the very moderate meatian Sabbath.
sure of inquiry, because the Marquis of
Salisbury, Lord Mahon, and Lord IngleThe Irish Church Bill is proceeding strie are Tories, and Mr. Duncombe is in its stages, and some partial amendments the contrary. So again, in the late elecbave been admitted in its provisions. tions in Mary-le-bone and Westminster One thing connected with the discussions Conservative candidates have taken up two is very remarkable, that, so rapid has been or three questions of popular party polithe progress of public opinion in rela- tics, and practically coalesced with the tion to Church Reform, some of those destructives, just to distance their Whig who formerly most opposed measures of competitors; and by this party proceeding this nature are now willing to concede have opened those places to Sir J. many important points. Sir Robert Peel, Whalley and Colonel Evans. In the the ex-representative of Oxford, Mr. same blind spirit of party, on the other Goulburn from Cambridge, and Mr. side, a coroner's jury has pronounced the Shaw from Dublin, have allowed that the deliberate murder of Culley the policeman, abolition of church rates in Ireland, and who was assassinated with a poignard, some other important parts of the minis while performing his duty in assisting terial bill, are necessary; Sir Robert In- to suppress an unlawful and seditious glis being now almost the only public man meeting-justifiable homicide. We exin the House of Commons who has the pect these things in worldly minded men; courage openly to object to the whole but we mourn over them in others, who system of innovation, as fraught with profess to be actuated by higher principles danger, and to such an extent, that it than those of political party and crooked is better to bear the ills we have” than expediency. A Christian Member of Parto incur others “that we know not of.” liament, whether a Conservative or a Re
And here we cannot but offer a word of former, should meet every question upon friendly advice to all honest conservatives its own merits, upon scriptural principles, of things as they are. It is too late to and not do evil that good may come. endeavour to uphold any thing upon the
scription. If an abuse exists, the public Fitzwilliam's very moderate proposal for will not be satisfied with being told that an inquiry into the effects of the CORN it has existed for ages, and has become Laws. We can only express our belief venerable by length of years. The true that they have acted very unwisely, even conservative is he who can offer a moral as regards their own private interests, in
cannot, he ought not to carry the spirit of rest before long, in such a way as to give party so far as to plead for what is palpa. the people bread upon the cheapest posbly wrong, lest the breach made by its ex. sible terms; and how fatally blind is it in pulsion should let in an enemy to attack the land-owner not to consent at once to more vital points of the citadel. Of late, a just arrangement, instead of awaiting the Conservatives, in their alarms at re. the too probable day of unflinching spoliaformation, have acted a most dangerous tion. part : instead of correcting what is amiss, they have upheld it, for fear of increasing It is with much thankfulness to God the popular strength by its abolition. This that we have just heard that an order is most unsound reasoning, most danger- has gone out to out to India for the ABOous policy, and most unchristian morality. LITION OF THE Pilgrim Tax, as levied at In the matter, for instance, of the disgrace- Juggernaut and other Heathen temples, ful scenes of bribery, corruption, and More in our next.
OxThursday the 28th of March died, at his he laboured during the last fifteen months country residence at Chobham in Surrey, of his life, and the Christian patience Thomas Bainbridge, Esq. of Guildford with which he endured it. It was near Street, London. This eminent indivi- the commencement of the last year that dual and excellent Christian was well he was seized with a paralytic affection, known as a liberal supporter of almost which in a great measure deprived him every religious institution in the metro. of the power of distinct articulation, polis, and a ready contributor to numerous though it left him eventually in the comprivate charities. In addition to consi- plete possession of his limbs and his derable sums which he has left to other mental faculties. A few months after this societies, he has bequeathed 10001. to the attack, a speck appeared on his tongue, Church Missionary Society, 5001. to the which at the first created no alarm, but it British and Foreign Bible Society, 2001. soon assumed a more serious aspect, and to the Prayer-Book and Homily Society, finally issued in a cancer. Under this 2001. to the London Missionary Society, dreadful malady he suffered during many and 2001. to ibe Tract Society.
months excruciating pain, but with such for many years the steady and highly Christian meekness and patience that he esteemed friend of the late revered Mr. was never heard to utter a murmur or Cecil, and greatly assisted him in all the complaint; nor would his friends who secular concerns of the Chapel of St. visited him bave had any idea of the agony John's; and at the death of that eminent which he at times endured, if they had not minister he was looked up to as their made inquiries concerning bis health. kindest friend by his surviving family. Seldom have Christian principles ad
The writer of this brief memorial knows ministered more effectual support, or that few persons stood higher in the esti- Scriptural promises more abundant conmation of Mr. Cecil, both for his sound solation. It pleased God so to sustain his judgment, genuine piety, consistent con- hopes as not to leave an apparent doubt duct, and enlarged charity, thau Mr. Bain that they were well founded ; and when bridge. On the death of Mr. Cecil, Mr. the symptoms of his approaching dissoBainbridge had the chief management in lution appeared, his mind was evidently finally fixing Mr. Wilson, the present filled with joy and peace in believing. He Bishop of Calcutta, as Mr. Cecil's suc- was buried at Chobham on Easter Eve, in cessor at St. John's; and a higher opinion, the presence of almost the assembled the writer knows, can scarcely be formed parish, many of whom felt that they had of any person, than the Bishop had of Mr. lost their best earthly friend, and all of Bainbridge. He was his constant hearer, them, an invaluable neighbour. At his able adviser in all matters relating to the funeral sermon, on the following evening, chapel, and his chief dependence in con
an unusual concourse of hearers testified ducting his public charities. It is not the their affection and deep respect for an intention of the writer of this obituary to individual who had for many years been dwell on the many excellent qualities of the constant friend and benefactor of the his deceased friend. He would only briefly parish.
C. J. allude to the painful affliction under which
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS,
R. M. ; B. C.; T. M.; A CHURCHMAN; J. P.; John Clericus; REBECCA; A.G.; untenable as to carry with it its own refutation, we leave it to find its own level; not being at all apprehensive that our readers will think we say it because the words happen to be printed in our pages. It is not to be concluded that we guarantee every syllable in the Memoir of Dr. Payson, or Solomon Bayley, or any similar paper, except when we expressly say so. The reader will readily discero
ONE WHO BELIEVES; A SUBSCRIBER; AN OBSERVER; and several CONSTANT READERS; are under consideration. We know nothing of the circumstances alluded to by A CONSTANT READER whose
seal initial is B. Some of our correspondents seem to entertain a very large view of the editorial duties
of a work like ours; as if, whenever any passage or word or sentiment occurs in a paper, or even in a quotation, which we disapprove of, we should instantly add a note expressive of our dissent. Surely it is not necessary that we should thus regard our readers as infants, instead of men. If a remark occurs in a quotation that seems to us calculated to do harm, or which might be mistaken for our own sentiment, we usually append a disclaimer; but if it is so clearly absurd or
what is a mere statement of facts, and what is an expression of opinion. We can only say to E., what we lately said to another correspondent, that every
Christian must afford to keep a conscience. It is not necessary to any man that he should obtain golden preferments; but it is necessary that he should enjoy peace of mind, which he can never do if he be not honest and truth-loving in all his conduct.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. What need we say in introducing the Speeches at the Anniversary Meeting of the Bible Society? We will only remark, that, interesting as these annual festivals of Christian benevolence always are, they have been, from peculiar circumstances, which need not be further alluded to, more interesting than ever the last two years. It is, however, with extreme pain that we learn that the pecuniary receipts of the Society have fallen off; and we most strongly and urgently second the powerful appeal prefixed to the speeches. The claim is unspeakably important; for if the Holy Scriptures are a gift of immeasurable value, and able to make men wise unto salvation through faith that is in Christ Jesus, what words can express the importance of an institution whose object, so long, so faithfully, and so diligently pursued, is to bring those inestimable records within the reach of every human being ?