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the deliverance from the cholera, devoted readers who have perused our volumes for a marked portion of their attention to the a quarter of a century past, well know sorrowful sighing of the captive in our how often and earnestly we have urged colonial possessions. Let not the mem- the subject upon every ground of religion, bers of the Church of England be the humanity, and political wisdom. We only portion of his Majesty's subjects rejoice to find that the afflicting exwho regard with indifference the affecting positions in the evidence on Mr. Sadler's appeal of nearly a million of men made humane Factory Bill have at length proof one blood with themselves, and im- duced so powerful an effect upon the ploring, both for body and soul, deliverance public feeling and intelligence, that some from that inhuman oppression in which measure for limiting the hours of infantile they are at present held.
manufacturing labour seems likely to be The case of the emancipated bondmen carried during the ensuing session. In of South Africa, furnishes a striking lately adverting to the subject, in our illustration of the ease and safety with Review of the Bishop of Lichfield's wbich a large body of disaffected and de- Charge, we shewed, against the Josephgraded serfs may be transformed to loyal Hume school of political economy, that and rapidly improving free citizens. On such a measure is wise, just, and necesthe promulgation of the emancipating sary—on the general ground, that the prinOrdinance of 1828, this class of men ciple of non-interference between masters were liberated at once from the iniquitous and workmen does not apply in a case laws, regulations, and disabilities by which like this ; the children being practically they had been placed under the foot of in the condition of slaves, and not, like the White colonists; and the predictions adults, able to contend for their own of those who maintained that they would rights. Their parents, also, are nearly generally betake themselves to vagrancy powerless; their necessities pressing them and robbery were completely falsified. on, and the system having grown too Some of the farmers, who in their day of gigantic for individuals to contend with, power had treated these people like dogs, without legislative protection. At the complained that, owing to their refusal same time we admitted, that the limitation when freed to continue in their service, of hours would lessen the children's gains ; they," the Christian men,” were obliged and that hence those thoughtless or selfish to drive their own waggons, and send parents, who looked merely at the number their children to tend their own flocks of pence earned, and did not consider the the latter task being considered in that ultimate welfare of their children, in soul, colony too servile for White men to per- in mind, and in body, would be the first form. All the crimes, too, which oc- to complain of the restriction, and be curred in the provinces were, without ready to unite with a selfish master to hesitation, ascribed to the free coloured exceed the limitation. We therefore class; and, though the official reports of warned the friends of the measure to be the circuit courts of justice told a some- prepared for some disappointment, and what different tale, a violent outcry was perhaps ingratitude ; but not to let this kept up on this topic for a considerable weigh with them to impede a measure so period; and a revocation of the obnoxi- humane and Christian ; a measure necus ordinance was clamorously advocat- cessary to rescue our highly-favoured land ed, as a measure imperatively required to from a system of the most grinding and save the White colonists from ruin. oppressive barbarity. It is not, indeed,
Happily for the Hottentots and the strictly slavery ; because the parent has colony, these preposterous clamours were his option to send his child to the factory, not listened to by the home government; or not, as he pleases: but, with regard to and the local authorities had no power to the child, it involves the worst features of act on their own discretion. The obnoxi- slavery–ignorance, vice, cruelty, misery, ous ordinance was allowed to take effect: and irreligion. We should be grieved, and, after a time, the fierce vituperations therefore, if our measured reply to the and sinister predictions of the “ South- cold blooded Political Economists should African Patriots,” as they termed them- be thought to comprise all that we feel or selves, subsided. Their hostility was not think upon the subject. It is a question extinguished; but the quiet and orderly in which all the arguments of Mr. Hume conduct of the maligned Hottentots left are as weak, sophistical, and hard-hearted them without any rational pretext for its as his apologies for Negro Slavery. We ayowal. The general condition of these trust that his Majesty's Government will emancipated bondmen, after four years itself take up Mr. Sadler's lapsed bill, of freedom, is described in the most and prosecute it to its consummation. glowing terms by very competent wit- We have before mentioned that a bill, nesses.
as we trust, is likely to be brought in for Another urgent question to which the the better observance of the Lord's day. attention of Parliament will, we trust, be The Report and Evidence of the late early called, is the cruel exaction of infant House of Commons have had a powerful labour in our factories. This is no new effect in calling the attention of the theme in our pages : for those of our country to this important topic : Sabbath Protection Societies are springing up in political opponent who was thwarting various places; and sone even of our them in all their measures, and particunewspapers are urging the necessity of larly in the proceedings against Queen protecting the poorer classes from the Caroline;' and the clergy, we doubt not, evils which fall upon them in consequence with a very sincere apprehension as to of Sunday trading. These are but secon- any plan which should originate with any dary motives : and the Christian will member of the then opposition party: -mainly consider the express command of We remonstrated agninst this miserable God, and the welfare of the souls of men; short-sighted policy at the time, and we but, even as a social, physical, and po
now bewail it more than ever, since we litical arrangement, the observance of the have little hope that a measure so good Lord's day is a benefit of such incalculable and so favourable to the Church of Èngmoment that, we trust, many statesmen, land can now be hoped for. But let the and others, who may not be adequately friends of Christianity and of the Church impressed with the religious obligation, of England, be admonished once mori', be. will be disposed to favour the introduction fore the evil day arrives in which it shall of a bill to secure the general object. be proposed to found a system of National It is requisite, however, that in petitions Education from which religious instruction to the Legislature, and also in their shall be systematically banished. If we private representations, the friends of cannot recover all that Mr. Brougham religion, while they duly urge secondary proposed to give us, let us at least be motives, should keep prominently in view awake before we are threatened with the the higher obligation, and explicitly ground infidel schemes of Mr. Owen and Mr. their proceedings upon the revealed will Hume. We have no fear, indeed, that of God. Nor in the discussions in the the latter will be allowed to be carried into Legislature, or in any proposed bill, ought effect; but we have many fears that they this ground to be relinquished : for sure may be so urged us materially to obstruct we are, that the more Christians act with the accomplishment of any measure for simplicity of heart upon the plain dictates public education founded upon right and of faith and duty, the more likely are they scriptural principles. in the end to attain their object. “ Them
The misunderstanding among the that bonour me I will honour,” is a scrip- American States still wears a painful tural declaration which applies to all aspect; but we trust the question will be efforts made to promote any good and adjusted without the horrors of civil war. holy cause in a sinful world. This, how. Even a peaceful separation between those ever, precludes not the proper use of other States whose interests differ would, for motives; and we rejoice, therefore, that many years to come, be attended with matradesmen should protect each other in nifold evils
. It would divide some of the the observance of the Sabbath, more
strongest ties both of private life and of especially as many, who viewed the matter public society. Among others, our breat first only in a secular light, may find thren of the Episcopal Church will be exthe rest of the Sabbath blessed, by the posed to a very serious trial. They are mercy of God, to their spiritual and one church; they meet together from all eternal welfare.
parts of the Union; and they have just We wish again to remind our readers, held their triennial General Convention at and particularly clergymen and laymen of New York *; all the states sending their influence, of the importance of turning their minds in time to the consideration of
The General Convention has aecepted the great question of National Education. Bishop Chase's resignation : and Dr. Lord Brougham's proposed measure of Möllvaine is the new bishop. Those of 1820, which confided the guardianship of our readers who had the pleasure of bepopular instruction to the clergy, and coming acquainted with Dr. Möllvaine identified the schools with the Church of when he visited England will rejoice England, failed through a singular concur- with us that the choice has fallen upon rence of circumstances. The Dissenters a clergyman sn eminently qualified to opposed it because it required that the adorn that sacred office; and those who master should be a churchman, that he had not that privilege will judge of should be recommended by a clergyman, the spirit of the man by the followand that though the election was to be in ing extract from a letter to a friend in the householders of the parish, yet that the England. elergyman should have a veto upon the
· Brooklyn, Nov. 6, 1832. appointment. The Dissenters, however,
· My dear friend, - 1 have delayed could not have frustrated the bill, and writing you till our General Convention great numbers of the inost religious and should decide upon my future residence. well judging among them would not have The decision for life is made. My conseattempted to do so, had not the govern- cration as Bishop of Ohio took place last ment and the clergy fomented the feud; week. May it be daily renewed under the the government in a mere party spirit, and imposition of the hands of the great High with a hearty rejoicing in mortifying a Priest, and the anointing of the Holy Ghust. representatives to meet in peaceful dis- every village, town, city, and hamlet cussion for the common cause. To have in the United States, on Tuesday, the this union destroyed would be mournful 26th of February, and they have stated indeed.' The writer of these lines, in fre- that it would be highly gratifying to them quent conversations with Bishop Hobart if similar meetings were held in England, and Bishop Chase when they were in Scotland, and Ireland on the same day. – England, respecting the controversy be. “Nothing,” say they, “could be more tween them in regard to the theological encouraging to the heart of the philanthroseminary in New York, and the projected pist, while engaged in the benevolent work college in Ohio, and some sectional feel- of rescuing his fellow-men from the de. ings which had arisen out of the contro- grading vice of intemperance, from temversy, once remarked to Bishop Hobart, poral and eternal ruin, than the reflection, that the Union carried with it the seeds that a million of hearts, both in Europe of ultimate dissolution; that a Dehon in and America were at the same moment Charlestown, and a Hobart in New York, animated by the same spirit, and were would before long, though brethren in spirit, beating in unison with his own."
We not be members of one State, or perhaps understand that this wish had been anti. of one church ; for that it was unlikely cipated by the Temperance Society in that the habits and interests of the ma- London, and that it is recommended to be nufacturing, agricultural, and commercial carried into effect. states would not fail to produce a separa- It appears that State Temperance So. tion. Weshall never forget the energy with cieties have already been formed in twentywhich Bishop Hobart replied, “ I do not one of the United States of America, in say that this is improbable ; but let it hap: connexion with the American Temperpen whenever it will
, may the members of ance Society as a general head. In the the church have 110 hand in it." It may not State of New York alone, where the State be displeasing to our fellow-episcopalians Society was formed only a little more in the United States to be reminded of than three years since, there are already this sentiment of their fellow-patriot and more than eleven hundred Auxiliary Sóc fellow-churchman. Whatever may be the cieties in the several counties, cities, towns, political strifes of the country, let them villages, and common school districts, concleave together in spirit as members of taining more than one hundred and sixty one church, and not be induced in the thousand members, pledged to the princimost extreme case to admit a separation ple of total abstinence from the use of areven of their external organization with- dent spirits. Among this number will be out an absolute uncontrollable necessity found the greatest part of the most reThey have begun, by the mercy of God, spectable and influential citizens, judges, to be a flourishing church ; let them take legislators, and magistrates. And what is heed that the enemy of all good sow not still more important in reference to the strifes among them.
future, nearly all of the respectable young The American Temperance Societies men, whose habits were not previously have agreed to hold simultaneous meet- corrupt in this respect, have totally ings of all the friends of temperance, in abandoned the use of spirits, and have be
come members of some of these societies. I desire to endure hardness as a good sol- Already are the beneficial effects of this dier of Jesus Christ. To leave this be- great combination of moral force felt in loved, harmonious, most affectionate, con- the manifest diminution of pauperism and gregation, where we enjoy every comfort crime, in the improvement of the condiand blessing; and go 600 miles beyond tion of the labouring classes of the comthe mountains into a new, rough, and munity, and in the extension of peace and often wilderness, country ; where habits, righteousness, and the kingdom of our society, modes of living are all new ; to blessed Redeemer. In the desolating leave all our relatives, and encounter a life pestilence which recently visited New altogether untried, is, indeed, to Mrs. York and many other parts of the State, M.Ilvaine and myself, a severe trial. We and which swept off thousands of those feel it deeply; but we are ready, we trust, who were in the habit of using ardent to go out, as Abraham, to a country spirits, the members of Temperance Soto which we sure the Lord has cieties are stated to have almost unicalled us, walking by faith. We greatly formly escaped. need your prayers.
The Government of the United States “ The season is too far advanced for has made effort to produce in its the present removal of my family. I armies, by compulsion, that abstinence shall, therefore, set out next week with which the people have elsewhere adopted out them, and make a visit of abor- from choice. The Secretary of the War two months to the Diocese and Kenyon Department has issued the following College, for the purpose of doing what order :-" 1. Hereafter no ardent spirits episcopal duties are immediately needed, will be issued to the troops of the United and of making arrangements for my house- States, as a component part of the ration; hold. About May we expect to take our nor shall any commutation in money final leave of this dear people."
therefor be paid to them :-?. No ardent
spirits will be introduced into any fort, The Turkish empire appears tottering camp, or garrison of the United States, nor to its foundations. The military successes sold by any sutler to the troops, nor will of the Pacha of Egypt, have reduced it any permit be granted for the purchase of to powerless decrepitude, and its future ardent spirits : -3. As a substitute for the condition will probably depend upon the ardent spirits issued previously, or the regulations of the European cabinets, commutation in money, 8lbs. of sugar and rather than upon its own volitions. We 4lbs. of coffee will be allowed to every 100 are not confident expositors of the miof rations ; and at those posts where the nute details of prophecy, but it is imtroops may prefer it, JOlbs. of rice may be possible not to see in the present circumissued to every 100 rations, in lieu of the stances of the whole Mohammedan sueight quarts of beans allowed by the perstition, of which Turkey is the great existing regulations.”
upholder, a striking illustration of the Nothing has been settled respecting general correctness of the well-known the dissensions between Holland and Bel- applications of the denunciations of the gium, but it is confidently stated that propbetic page to the false prophet of they are in a hopeful progress of adjust- Arabia. ment.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
R. M. ; C. L. ; M. ; R. D. ; PHILALETHES : Eraxioos ; P. I.; J. W.; S.T. ; J. J.;
J. H. A.; M.; W. A. ; AMICUS ECCLESIÆ; M. G. H.; P. T.; are under consideration.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. Nor passing by the other communications in the accompanying Extracts, we strongly recommend our readers to notice the first, because it relates to that very valuable institution, the Merchant-Seamen's Bible Society; the claims of wbich we have often urged, and cannot urge too zealously.
MEMOIR OF BISHOP DAVENANT.
For the Christian Obscrver. RISHOP DAVENANT was one of the remarkable men of a remarkable
age ; but, though his name is familiar to divinity students, more especially in reference to the part which he took at the Synod of Dort, the particulars of his personal history are not much known. We are indebted to Mr. Allport, who about two years ago published a translation of the Bishop's Commentary on the Colossians, for a collection of the chief passages of his life, from which we abridge, chiefly in his own words, the following narrative. We shall feel gratified if the perusal of it shall induce any of our readers to refer to Mr. Allport's faithful and excellent translation of the Bishop's great work, which, though too discursive and dissertational to please the popular taste of this "penny-magazine " age, abounds in remarks, criticisms, and disquisitions, highly valuable to the Biblical student, and which Mr. Allport has now for the first time transferred to the vernacular tongue, for the benefit of the English reader, adding, with much research, a variety of biographical and critical notes and illustrations.
The Davenants were a family of great antiquity and respectability, residing, from the time of Sir John Davenant, in the reign of Henry III., on a domain called Davenant's Lands, in the county of Essex. Our prelate, who was one of a numerous family, was born May 20, 1572, in Watling Street, London; of which city his father was an eminent merchant. “When a child,” says his nephew Fuller, “ he would rather own his own frowardness, than another's flattery; and, when soothed by servants that 'not John, but some one of his brothers, did cry,' he would rather appear in his own face, than wear their disguise, returning, “It was none of his brothers, but John only did cry.""
In 1587, at the age of fifteen, he was admitted of Queen's College, in Cambridge, where he took his degree of A. M. in 1594, after giving such testimony of future eminence, that the learned Dr. Whittaker, pronounced that he would in time prove an honour to the university. In that year a fellowship was offered him, which his father would not permit him to accept, on account of his plentiful fortune; which course our Bishop afterwards adopted, when president of the college : for, having given his vote against one of his own rich relations, he said, “ Cousin, I will satisfy your father that you have worth enough, but not want enough, to be of our society." However, in 1597, he was elected Fellow against his will : the president replying to his objection, that “preferment was not always a relief for want, but sometimes an encouragement for worth.” In 1601, Christ. OBSERV. No. 375.