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FOREWORD.

I.

THOUGI 'HOUGH intended primarily for High Schools, it is hoped

that this little book may prove not useless in College classes that pursue a sketch

or outline

course in English Literature.

To the High School teacher the following explanations may be useful :

The short Biographies are intended as mere outlines which the pupil, if time allow, shall fill in from his reading of larger works. These works are indicated in the Bibliography, under the heading LIFE AND TIMES.

2. The Bibliography of CRITICISM, it is hoped, will assist the teacher in his search for the best that has been thought and said upon the poet whom his class is studying. Perhaps advanced pupils also can use some portion of this Bibliography with profit, but if they have spare time, I should encourage them to read more extensively in the works of the poet himself rather than in the works of those who have written about him.

3. The reference library, placed where the pupil can consult it daily, should contain:

i. Books for which there are no equivalents : Pope's Translation of the Iliad ; Lang, Leaf and Myer's Translation of the Iliad ; Palmer's Translation of the Odyssey ; Dryden's and Conington's Translations of the Æneid; The Century Dictionary.

ii. The following books or their equivalents : Lippincott's Biographical Dictionary; Lippincott's Gazetteer; Smith's Smaller Classical Dictionary; Rich's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities; Gayley's Classic Myths in English Literature ; Ginn's Classical Atlas ; Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase

and Fable; Green's Short History of the English People ; McCarthy's History of Our Own Times; Skeat's Etymological Dictionary (Student's edition); Whitney's Essentials of English Grammar; Bain's Rhetoric (new edition in 2 vols.) ; Hales' Longer English Poems; The English Men of Letters Series,

4. The principles of Metrics will be found laid down in Abbott & Seelye's English Lessons for English People, and in Gummere's Poetics. It has been thought unnecessary, therefore, to give such information in the notes.

5. Exigencies of space have compelled me reluctantly to omit Scott's Lady of the Lake from the place it should have occupied in this book. This defect the student should remedy by reading that poem in the excellent edition of Professor W. J. Rolfe.

Grateful acknowledgments are due to the following gentlemen: To Professor C. M. Gayley of the University of California for constant advice and valuable criticism upon the treatment of all poets represented in this book; to Professor W. D). Whitney of Yale University for permission to draw freely for definitions upon the Century Dictionary; to Professor H. A. Beers of Yale University for helpful suggestion embodied in the notes on Milton, Dryden and Pope ; to Professor A. F. Lange of the University of California for similar suggestions in the notes on Milton; to Professor J. C. Rolfe of the University of Michigan for permission to condense information on certain points from his scholarly and exhaustive edition of Macaulay's Lays; to Professor C. B. Bradley of the University of California for advice in the selection of the extracts from Burns and Browning; to Professor Isaac Flags of the University of California for the happy Latin phrasing he has given to the thought of the editor's inscription.

BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA,

March 15, 1894.

MILTON.

L'ALLEGRO.

5

IO

HENCE, loathéd M lanchoir,

Or Cerberus and blackest Midnight born In Stygian cave forlorn

'Mongst horrid shapes, and shrieks, and sights unhol. Find out some unconth cell,

Where brooding Darkness spreads his jealous wings. And the night-raven sings;

There, under ehon shades and low-browed rocks,
As ragged as thy locks,/

In dark Cimmerian desert ever dwell.
But come, thou Goddess fair and free
In heaven yclept Euphrosyne, 1417.,
And by men heart-easing Mirth; het,
Whom lovely Venits, ia birth,
With two sister Graces more,

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To ivy-clowneil Bacchus bore :
Or whether (as some sager sing),
The frolic wind that breathes the spring,
Zephyr, with Aurora playing,
As he met her once a-Maving,
There, on beds of vivieis blue,
And fresh-blown roses Wisati in dew,
Filled her with thee, a daughter fair
So buxom, blithe, and debonair-
Haste thee, nymph, and bring with thee

· 25 Jest, and youth jullity, Quips and Cranks and wanton Wiles, Nods and Becks and wreathé! Smiles,

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Such as hang on Hebe's cheek,
And love to live ii dimple sleek;
Sport that wrinkled Care derides,
And Laughtros habling both his sides
Come, and wipe it, is you go,
On the light fantastic toe;
And in thy right hand tead with thee
The mountain-nymph, sweet Liberty;
And, if I give thee honour due,
Mirth, almit me of thy crew,

To live with her, and live with thee, v In unreproved pleasures free;

Tu hear the lark begin his fight,
And, singing, startle the dull night,
From his watch-tower in the skies,
Till the dappled dawn doth rise ;
Then to come, in spite of sorrow,
And at my window bid good-morrow,
Through the sweet-briar or the vine,
Or the twisted eglantine;
While thic cock, with lively in,
Scatters the rear of darkness thin;
And to the stack, or the barn door,
Stoutly struts his dames before :/
Oft listening how the hounds and horn
Cieerly rouse the slumbering morn,
From the side of some hoar hill,
Through the high wood echoing shrill ·
Sometime waiking, not unseen,
By hedger, elms, on dillucks green,
Right against the eastern gate
Where the great Sun begins his state,
Robed in siames and amber light,
The clouds in thousand liveries dight;
While the ploughman, near at land,
Whistles o'er the furrowed land,
And the milkmaid singeth blithe,
And the mower whets his scythe,
And every shepherd tells his tale

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Under the hawthorn in the dale,
Straight mine eye hath caught new pleasures,
Whilst the landskip round it measures :
Russet lawns, and fallows grey,
Where the nibbling flocks iu stray;
Mountains on whose barren breast
The labouring clouds du often rest;
Meadows trim, with daisies pied;
Shallow brooks, and rivers wide ;
Towers and battlements it sees
Bosomed high in tufted trees,
Where perhaps some beauty lies,
The cynosure of neighbouring eyes.
Hard by a cottage chimney smokes
From betwixt two agéd oaks,
Where Corydon and Thyrsis met
Are at their savoury dinner set
Of herbs and other country messes,
Which the neat-handed Phillis dresses ;
And then in hasiu her bower she leaves,
With Thestylis to bind the sheaves ;
Or, if the earlier season lead,
To the tanned haycock in the mead,
Sometimes, with secure delight,
The upland hamlets will invite,
When the merry bells ring round,
And jocund rebacks sound
To many a youth and many a maid
Dancing in the checkered shade,
And young and old come forth to play
On a sunshine holiday,
Till the li lungo da light fail.
Then to the spicy nut-brown ale,
With stories told of many a feat,
How Faery Mab the junkets eat.
She was pinched and pulled, she said ;
And he, by Friar's lantern led,
Tells how the drudging goblin sweat
To earn his cream-bowl duly set,

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Іоо

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