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IN D E X.

PART I.

Be, conjugation of, 50. Branching of words, 127-137.

Absolute, nominative, 66. Adjectives, 28. comparison of, 32.

defective, 34.

irregular, 33.
compound, formation of, 101.
demonstrative, 29.
inflection of, 31.
numeral, 29.
qualitative, 28.
quantitative, 29.
suffixes to, English, 115.

Latin and French, 122.
syntax of, 71.
Adjective pronouns (so-called), 29, 30.
Adverbs, 57.

classification of, 57.
comparison of, 57.

irregular, 58.
formation of, 102.

syntax of, 83. Alphabet, what it is, 7.

conditions of a perfect, 7.

the English, very defective, 7, 8. Analysis of sentences, 86-99. complex sentence, 94.

(cautions), 96.

mapping-out of, 96.
compound sentence, 93.
“continuous" method of, 99.
“pigeon-hole" method of, 98.
simple sentence, 87.

(cautions), 91.

mapping-out of, 92.
Anomalous verbs, 53
Antecedent, 26.
Apposition, 22.
Articles (so-called), 29.
Auxiliary verbs, 48, 53.

Cardinal numerals, 297.
Case, 19.

dative, 21.
different cases, with their uses,

20.
nominative, 20.
objective, 22.
possessive, 20.

vocative, 20, 22.
Cognate object, 22.
Comparison of adjectives, 32.

defective, 34.
irregular, 33.
of adverbs, 57.

irregular, 58. Compound adjectives, formation of, 101.

adverbs, formation of, 103,
nouns, formation of, 100.

verbs, formation of, 102. Concord, rules of, 76. Conjugation of verbs, 42.

specimen of full, 54. Conjunctions, 60.

syntax of, 84, Conjunctive (or relative) pronouns, 26. Connectives, 58. Consonant, 5.

sounds, table of, 6.

Dative case, 21.

syntax of, 69.
Demonstrative adjectives, 29.
Dentals, 5, 6.
Derivation, word-building and, 100-155.
Derivations from English roots, 128.

from Greek roots, 136.
from Latin roots, 131,

Derivations from names of persons, etc., | Labials, 5, 6.
138.

Language, what it is, 3.
from names of places, 142.

spoken and written, 3.
of words disguised in form, 145. Latin prefixes, 107.
of words greatly changed in meaning, roots, 131.
152.

suffixes to adjectives, 122.
Diphthongs, 5.

to nouns, 118.

to verbs, 125.
English inseparable prefixes, 104.

Letters, grammar of, 7.
roots and branches, 128.

redundant, 8.
separable prefixes, 105
suffixes to adjectives, 115

Moods, 38.
to adverbs, 117.

syntax of, 80.
to nouns, 112.

Mutes, 5, 6.
to verbs, 118.
English language, grammar of, 4.

Nominative case, 20.
origin and development of, 4.

absolute, 66.
Etymology, 5, 8-63.

of address, 92.
Extension of predicate, 90.

syntax of, 64.

Nouns, 9.
Factitive object, 22.

abstract, 10.
French derivations, etc., included under classification of, 9.
Latin.

class-names, 10.
Functions, words known by their, 61.

collective, 10.

common, 10.
Gender, 11.

compound, formation of, 100.
indicated by different words, 14.

English suffixes to, 112.
indicated by prefixes, 13.

inflexions of, 11.
indicated by suffixes, 12.

Latin and French suffixes to, 118.
Latin and French suffixes of, 13.
Gerund, 39.

syntax of, 64-71.
Gerundial infinitive, 82.

Number of nouns, 15.
Government of verbs, 78.

of verbs, 42.
Grammar, 4.

Numeral adjectives, 29.
of letters, 7.

Numerals, 30.
of sounds, 5.
of words, 8-63.

Object, cognate, 22.
parts of, 4

factitive, 22.
Greek prefixes, 110.

reflexive, 22.
roots, 136.

Objective case, 22.
suffixes, 125.

syntax of, 68.
Gutturals, 5, 6.

Ordinal numerals, 29.

Orthography, 5.
Have, conjugation of, 49.

Palatals, 6.
Inflexion of adjectives, 31.

Participle, 40.
of nouns, 11.

Passive voice, 37.
of pronouns, 24, 25.

Person of verbs, 42.
of verbs, 36.

Persons, words derived from names of,
Inseparable prefixes, English, 104.

138.
Interjections, 60.

Places, words derived from names of,
Interrogative pronouns, 25.

142.
Intransitive verbs, 35.

Plurals, false, 17.
Irregular weak verbs, 46.

foreign, 18.

modes of forming, 19.
Kinds of words, 8.

of compound words, 19.
known by functions, 61.

treated as singulars, 18.

proper, 9.

Syntax, 5, 64-85.

of the adjective, 71.
of the adverb, 83.
of the conjunction, 84.
of the dative, 69.
of the nominative, 64.
of the noun, 64.
of the objective, 68.
of the possessive, 67.
of the preposition, 83.
of the pronoun, 74.
of the verb, 76.

Plurals, words used only in their, 18.

words with two, 17.
Possessive case, 20.

syntax of, 67.
Predicate of sentence, 88.
Prefixes, 103.

English inseparable, 104.
English separable, 105.
Greek, 110.
Latin, 107.

to indicate gender, 13.
Prepositions, 58.

list of special, 84.

syntax of, 83.
Pronouns, 23.

indefinite, 27.
inflexions of, 24, 25.
interrogative, 25.
personal, 23.
reflexive, 25.
relative (or conjunctive), 26.

syntax of, 74.
Qualitative adjectives, 28.
Quantitative adjectives, 29.

Tense, 41.
Transitive and intransitive verbs, 35.

Reflexive pronouns, 25.
Relative (or conjunctive) pronouns, 26.
Roots and branches, 127-137.

English, 128.
Greek, 136.

Latin, 131.
Sentences, analysis of, 86-99.

contracted, 87.
complex, 94.
compound, 93.

simple, 87.
Separable prefixes, English, 105.
Shall, conjugation of, 48.
Sounds, grammar of, 5.
Spirants, 6.
Strike, conjugation of, 54.
Strong and weak verbs, 43.
Strong verbs, list of, 44.
Subject, what it may consist of, 88.
Suffixes, 112.
English, to adjectives, 115.

to adverbs, 117.
to nouns, 112.

to verbs, 118.
Greek, 125.
Latin, to adjectives, 122.

to indicate gender, 13.
to nouns, 118.

to verbs, 125.
to indicate gender, 12.
Superlative degree, 32.

Verbs, 34.

auxiliary, 36, 48.
classification of, 35.
compound, formation of, 102.
concord of, 76.
conjugation of, 42.

specimen of full, 54.
defective, 53.
government of, 78.
inflexions of, 36.
moods of, 38, 80.
notional, 48.
number of, 42.
person of, 42.
strong and weak, 43,
strong, list of, 44.
suffixes to, English, 118.

Latin, 125.
syntax of, 76.
tense of, 41.
voice of, 37.
weak and strong, 43.
weak, list of irregular, 46.

two kinds of, 45.
Vocative case, 20, 22.
Voice, active, 37.

passive, 37.
Vowel, 5.

Weak and strong verbs, 43.
Weak verbs, irregular, 46.

two kinds of, 45.
Will, conjugation of, 48
Word-branching, 127-137.

from English roots, 128.
from Greek roots, 136.

from Latin roots, 131.
Word-building and derivation, 100-155.
Words, grammar of (Etymology), 8-63.
kinds of, 8.

known by their functions, 61.

PART II.

Abstract versus concrete, 167.

Epigram, 166.
Accents in verse, 178, 179.

Exaggerated langtiage, 170.
Accurate English, 162.

Exaggeration (hyperbole), 175.
Admiration, point of, 172.

Exclamation, mark of, 165.
Adverb, position of the, 169.
Alexandrine, 183.

Figures of speech, 173.
Allegory, 175.

Flowing English, 163.
Amphibrach, 180.

Foot (in verse), 179.
Amphibrachic tetrameter, 181.

Full stop, 171.
Anapæst, 180.
Anapæstic tetrameter, 184.

Good English, 160.
And which, 170.
Antecedent and Relative, to be clearly Hackneyed phrases, 168.
connected, 170.

Half-rhymes, 186.
Antithesis, 166.

“Happy Life, The,”-paraphrased, 177.

Heroic couplet, 188.
Ballad metre, 182.

verse, 181.
Blank verse, 181.

Hexameter, 181.
Brevity, 163.

iambic, 182.

Hyperbole (exaggeration), 175.
Cæsura, 187.

Hypermetrical lines, 185.
Circumlocution, 169.
Clearness, 102.

Iambic hexameter, 182.
Coleridge's examples and descriptions of pentameter, 181, 182.
different metres, 185.

tetrameter, 181, 182.
Colon, 171.

trimeter, 181.
Comma, 172.

Iambus, 179.
Compactness, 163.

Imperative mood, the use of, in composi.
Composition, hints on, 159.

tion, 165.
cautions, general, 168.

Interrogation, point of, 172.
special, 169.

Interrogative forın (for emphasis), 165.
directions, general, 160.

Inversion, 164.
Concrete versus abstract, 167.
Conjunctions, omission of, 165.

Loose sentence, 164.
Couplet, 188.

Metaphor, 174.
Dactyl, 180.

Metonymy,

175.
Dactylic dimeter, 184.

Metres, examples and descriptions of the
tetrameter, 184.

different, by Coleridge, 185.
Dash, 172.

Misplaced phrases, 171.
Defective lines, 185.

Mixed metaphors, 169.
Dependent and principal sentences, not
to be mixed up, 170.

Octave (ottava rima), 188.
Detail, 108.

(in the sonnet), 189.
Dimeter, dactylic, 184.

Octometer, trochaic, 183.
Distinctness of style, 167.

Paraphrase of “The Happy Life," 177.
Elegiac verse, 188.

Paraphrasing, 176.
Emphasis, 164.

Parenthesis, 172.
English, accurate, 162.

Participles, management of, 169.
flowing, 163,

present, 169.
good, 160.

Pentameter, 181, 182.
Period (full stop), 171,

pure, 161,

Period (sentence), 163, 164.

Subject of sentence, not to be changed,
Periphrasis, 165.

170.
Personification, 174.

Suspense, 166.
Principal and dependent sentences, not Synecdoché, 175.
to be mixed up, 170.

Synonyms, 162.
Pronouns, management of, 168.
Prosody (grammar of verse), 178-185. Tautology, 169.
Punctuation, 171.

Tetrameter, 181.
Pure English, 161.

amphibrachic, 184.

anapæstic, 184.
Quatrain, 188.

dactylic, 184.

iambic, 181, 182.
Relative and antecedent, to be clearly trochaic, 183.
connected, 170.

That and who distinguished, 170.
Repetition, 165, 166.

Trimeter, 181.
Rhyme, 186.

Triplet, 188.
Rhythm, to be cultivated by reading tetrameter, 183.
aloud, 163.

Trochaic octometer, 183.

Trochee, 179.
Semicolon, 171.
Service inetre, 182.

Unrhymed (blank) verse, 181.
Sestette, 189.
Sextant, 188.

Vague sentence, contrasted with specific,
Simile, 173.

167.
Simplicity, 162.

Verbosity, 163.
Skeleton of theme to be written, 160. Verse, different from Prose in two things,
Sonnet, 189.

178.
Specification, 167.

grammar of (Prosody), 178-185.
Spenserian stanza, 188.
Spondee, 185.

Which and and which, 170.
Stanza, 188.

Who and that distinguished, 170.

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