Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

THE JESUITS AND EDUCATION,

81

[ocr errors]

order to inquire how their souls prospered, and hered to Catholicism. Even the constitutions to give such reproof or counsel as occasion of the Austrian States underwent changes de might require, and to receive what they were rived from the free principles of Protestantism."

willing to contribute for charitable purposes. In the doininions of the electors on the Rhine, i In 1743, Mr Wesley drew up a set of rules, “a Protestant party existed in every city;"

observarice of which was made, and continues “the same state of things prevailed in Weststill to be, the condition of membership. They phalia; in short, throughout the whole of Gerrelate entirely to moral conduct, charitable many, from east to west and from north to

offices, and attention to the ordinances of reli- south, Protestantism decidedly predominated." i gion; so that Evangelical Churchmen or Dis. "A Venetian ambassador, in 1568, reckons orly

senters might be members without any relin- a tenth part of the inhabitants of Germany requishment of their respective views of doctrine mained faithful to the old religion.” In Scot

or discipline. The title “ United Societies,” in- land“ it was poor, popular, and democratic, l'dicates the adoption, from the first, of that but so much the more resistless was the enthu1. Connexiune principle which has tended so much siasm it inspired. In England, on the contrary,

to the consolidation and extension of Wesleyan- it had gained ascendency by its alliance with Slethodism, giving to the body the strength of the existing Government.” “ The French had univil, and providing means for the introduc- embraced the doctrines with their national tion and maintenance of the system not only in vhemence," so that in 1561 the Venetian the populous towus where the formation of anbassador says : “ Three-fourths of the kinglarge societies might be anticipated, but also in dom were filled with them." In short, “ the

the scattered villages of the poorer agricultural | Protestant spirit liad extended its vivifying ! districts.

power to the most distant and obscure corners (To be continued.)

of Europe. What an immense empire bad it conquered in the short space of forty years !--an

empire reaching from Iceland to the Pyrenees, THE JESUITS AND EDUCATION.

and from Finland to the suinmnit of the Italian

Alps !" In his "History of the Popes,” Ranke gives The bistorian then traces from the code an account of the retrogradle of the Reforma mencement the efforts of the Jesuits to turn tion on the Continent, which, at the presen back this Reformation by the instrumentality juncture, ought to be universally known and of crucitiin, and their astonishing success. studied. Many Protestants, including perhaps This commenced by the Emperor of Germany

suine of our readers, are wearied of tie tie-addressing a letter to lgnatius Loyola, the ! quent staiements made, and the many warnings founder of the Jesui's, in which " he expresses

given, regarding the jezuits, and are disposed his conviction that the only means of propping to think that there is much both of morbid the decaying cause of Cattivlicism in Germany, feeling and of unnecessary alaru regarding was to gite the risiny generation pious Catholic them." Let such pouder Ranke's account of teuchers." the inode in which Rome regained, to a large This plan was instantly adopted throughout extent, her ascendency on the Continent, and Europe. Three establishments were founded excha ge their lethargic indifference for aların, at Vienna, Cologne, and Ingolstadt, and “from when they are told, that at this moment, over these three metropolitan seitlements the Jesuits all the countries of Europe and in America, spread in all directions.” Above all, they the Jesuits are vigorously at work, compassing laboured at the improvement of the unicersities, the overthrow of Evangelical Christianity by and in a short time they had among them the same or simnilar means.

teachers who might claim to be ranked as the Ranke first shows, that the Reformation restorers of classical learning. They re-intro“had continued, for forty years froin Luther's duced the practice of disputations which were

first efforts, to make its way with irresistille held in public, and which were dignified, deco. | furce, far and wide over all the Germanic, rous, rich in matter; in short, the most brilliant

Sclavonic, and Komaua nations of Europe." that had ever been witnessed. The Jesuits It " was hailed with delight” in Denmark; “on devoted an equal assiduity to the direction of

the castern shores of the Baltic it had gained a the Lutin schools. It was one of their principal | complete ascendency;" “ Prussia set the ex. maxims, that the character and conduct of the man

ample-Livonia followed it.” In Poland “the uere mainly determined by the first impressions he Jagellonian kings were prevented from oppos- received. They chose men who, when they had inz the progress of the Reformation.” In llun ouce undertaken this subordinate branch of gary, " Ferdinand I. never could prevail on the teaching, were willing to decote their lires to it; Hongarian Diet to pass resolutions unfavour. for it was only witli time that so difficult a able to Protestantism.” In Bavaria “a large business could be learned, or the authority inmajority of the nobles had einbraced the Pro- dispensable to a teacher acquired. Here the testant faith.” In Austria, “all the colleges Jesuits succeeded to admiration. It was found were filled with Protestants, and it was assert that their scholars learned more in one year od that only one-thirtieth of the inhabitants ad- | than those of other masters in two; and even

[ocr errors]

Protestants recalled their children from distant

DEATH-BED OF THE MISSIONARY'S gymnasia, and committed them to their care."

WIFE. Schools for the poor, and modes of instruction suited to children, and also catechising, Dr Judson, the eminent American missionary, followed, which satisfied the mental wants of gives the following affecting account of the deaththe learners by well-connected questions and bed of his beloved partner, on the voyage from Burconcise answers. The whole course of instruc

mah to America:tion was given entirely in that enthusiastic, devout spirit, which had characterized the This recollection of her dying bed leads me to say Jesuits from their earliest institution. The a few words relative to the closing scenes of her! children who frequented the Jesuits' schools life. After her prostration at the Isle of France, were soon remarkable for the firmness with where we spent three weeks, there remained but which they rejected the viands on fast-days, little expectation of her recovery. Her hope had while their parents partook of them without long been fixed on the Rock of Ages, and she had scruple. It was once more regarded as an been in the habit of contemplating death as neither honour to wear the rosary; while relics, which distant nor undesirable. As it drew near, she re no man had dared for years to exhibit publicly, mained perfectly tranquil. No shade of doubt, or began once more to be held in reverence. The fear, or anxiety, erer passed over her mind. She sentiments, of which these acts were demon- had a prevailing preference to depart, and be with strations, thus carefully instilled in schools, Christ. “I am longing to depart," and " what can were disseminated through the whole population I want besides?" quoting the language of a familiar by means of preaching and the confessional. hymn, were the expressions which revealed the

“ This is a case without parallel in the his- spiritual peace and joy of her mind; yet, at times, tory of the world. All other intellectual the thought of her native land, to which she was movements, which have exercised extensive approaching after an absence of twenty years, and a influence on mankind, have been caused, either longing desire to see once more her son George, her by great qualities in individuals, or by the parents, and the friends of her youth, drew down irresistible force of new ideas. But in this case her ascending soul, and constrained her to say: the effect was produced without any striking am in a strait betwixt two’–let the will of God be manifestation of genius or originality. The done." Jesuits might be learned, and in their way pious, In regard to her children, she ever manifested the but no one will affirm that their acquirements most surprising composure and resignation, so much were the result of any free or vigorous exer so that I was once induced to say: “You seem to cise of mind. They were just learned enough have forgotten the dear little ones we have left: to get reputation, to secure confidence, to train behind.” “Can a mother forget ?” she replied, ! and attach scholars; but they attempted nothing and was unable to proceed. During her last days higher. Neither their piety nor their learning she spent much time in praying for the early conmoved in any untrodden paths. They had, version of her children. May her living and her however, a quality which distinguished them dying prayers draw down the blessing of God on in a remarkable degree_rigid method ; in con

their bereaved heads! formity with which everything was calculated, On our passage homeward, as the strength of Mrs everything had its definite scope and object. Judson gradually declined, I expected to be under Such a union of appropriate and sufficing learn the painful necessity of burying her in the sea. ing with unwearied zeal, of study and persua- it was so ordered in Divine Providence, that when siveness, of pomp and penance, of wide-spread the indications of approaching death had become influence and unity of directing principle and strongly marked, the ship came to anchor in the port aim, never existed in the world before or since. of St Helenn. For three days she continued to sink They were industrious and visionary, worldly- rapidly, though her bodily sufferings were not very wise and full of enthusiasm, well-bred men and

ller mind became liable to wander, but a agreeable companions, regardless of their per single word was sufficient to recall and steady her sonal interests, and eager for each others ad- recollections. On the evening of the 31st of August, vancement. No wonder they were successful.” she appeared to be drawing near to the end of her

This writer goes on to show how, as soon as pilgrimage. The children took leave of her, and sufficient influence was gained, the powers of retired to rest. I sat alone by the side of her bed civil government were called in, and a course of during the hours of the night, endeavouring to aduniversal coercion and persecution carried out, minister relief to the distressed body and consolation wherever the Jesuit influence could secure it. to the departing soul. At two o'clock in the morniHe then remarks: “Such were the steps by ing, wishing to obtain one more token of recognition, which Catholicism, after its conquest miglit I roused her attention, and said: “Do you still love have been deemed accomplished, arose in reno. the Saviour?” “O) yes," she replied, “I ever love vated strength. The greatest changes took the Lord Jesus Christ.” Another hour passed-life | place without noise, without attracting the continued to recedo-and she ceased to breathe. ! serious observation of contemporaries, uilho t For a moment I traced her upward flight, and findiny mention in the works of historians, as if such thought of the wonders which were opening to her were the inevitable course of events."

view. I then closed her sightless eyes, dressed hei,

But

severe.

1

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

ness.

for the last time, in the drapery of death; and, communicated to the writer. He spoke of her as being quite exhausted with many sleepless nights, I possessing much good sense, a mind deeply imbued threw myself down and slept. On awaking in the

with undissembled piety, and evidently much accusmorning, I saw the children standing and weeping tomed to meditation. The minister once made some around the body of their dear mother, then, for the inquiry into the principal events of her life, and took

down from her lips the particulars of her little higfirst time, inattentive to their cries. In the course tory, though she was unconscious of his doing it. As of the day a cofin was procured from the shore, in it is at least twenty years ago since the minister gave which I placed all that remained of her whom I had the account to the writer, and as he spoke of his acso much loved; and, after a prayer had been offered quaintance with poor blind Jane as having taken | by a dear brother minister from the town, the Rev. place several years previous to that time, she has, in

all probability, long ere this passed into that world Mr Bertram, we proceeded in boats to the shore of light where there is no darkness at all, nor any There we were met by the colonial chaplain, and obscurity of vision. Jane's simple narrative was as accompanied to the burial-ground by the adherents follows :and friends of Mr Bertram, and a large concourse

“ I was the youngest of eleven children. My faof the inhabitants. They had prepared a grave in

ther was the manager of some lime-works; he was a

man of very sober and industrious habits. I knew, í a beautiful shady spot, contiguous to the grave of however, but little of him, as I had the misfortune to

Mrs Chater, a inissionary from Ceylon, who had lose him when very young; and I was left, with i djed in sinilar circumstances on her passage home. seven other little cnes, to the care of my poor beThere I saw her safely deposited; and in the lan- reaved mother.

To her I was always the source of much anxiety guage of prayer, which we had often presented together at the throne of grace, I blessed God that

and sorrow, as I was blind from my birth. She felt

more for me than for all her other children. I have her body had attained the repose of the grave, and heard her say, that as my eyes were apparently bright her spirit the repose of paradise. After the funeral, and good, she did not discover my want of sight till the dear friends of Mr Bertram took me to their I began to walk, and that she then immediately took houses and their hearts; and their conversation and

me to some of the principal medical gentlemen; but

all their kind efiorts were utterly in vain; they left 1 prayers afforded me unexpected relief and consolation. But I was obliged to hasten on board the ship,

ine as they found me-surrounded with total darkand we immediately went to sea. On the following I have also heard my mother say, that she had morning no vestige of the island was discernible in some neighbours who were so unfeeling and so

the distant horizon. For a few days, in the solitude wicked us to reproach her on account of the blindI of my cabin, with my poor children crying around

ness of her child; intimating, that it was a judg

ment on her for her sins. She used to tell me that me, I could not help abandoning myself to heart

she felt much consolation on this subject from John breaking sorrow. But the promises of the Gospel ix. 2, 3. Our Lord's disciples asked, him saying, 1. came to my aid, and Faith stretched her view to the • Master, who did sin, this man or his parents, that

bright world of eternal life, and anticipated a happy he was born blind? Jesus answered, Neither hath meeting with those beloved beings whose bodies are

this man sinned, nor his parents; but that the works mouldering at Amherst and at St Helena.

of God should be manifested in him.' This, my

mother said, she hoped would be the case with me. Those dear sympathizing Christian friends who

" My poor mother struggled hard to procure us a livreceived the body of the deceased from my hands as ing. She laboured diligently through the day, and often a sacred deposit, united with our kind captain (John through the night, and fared hardly too. She made Codman, junior, of Dorchester) in defraying all the gloves, and took in knitting, and I used very early expenses of the funeral, and promised to take care

to take care of the neighbours' children. My mother of the grave, and see to the erection of the grave

used every morning to take me and my little brothers stone which I am to forward, and on which I pro- knelt down and prayed with us. She was accustomed

and sisters, and read a chapter or two, and then she | pose to place the following inscription :

to say that prayer never hindered anybody, and that “Sacred to the memory of Sarah B. Judson, she found it fitted her for the labours of the day. I member of the American Baptist Mission to Bur was about twenty years of age when she was takeu mah; formerly wife of the Rev. George D. Boardman with the fever. She was very happy in her athliction, of Taçoy, and lately wife of the Rev. Adoniram delirious. Her memory will be ever dear to me; ard

till three days before she died, during which she was Judson of Maulmain; who died in this port Sept. 1, I earnestly hope to follow her to glory. I well recol1845, on her passage to the United States, in the lect kneeling down, and commending her departing forty-second year of her age, and in the twenty-first spirit into the hands of my dear Saviour. of her missionary life.

“The Lord early sought me, and taught me to love

his great and holy name. When I was about ten "She sleeps on this rock of the ocean,

years of age, I was deeply convinced that my heart Far away from the home of her youth

must be changed by the grace and Spirit of God, or Far away from the land where, with heart felt devotion, that I could never be happy. I also saw that I must She scattered the bright beams of trutn."

tiee for refuge to Jesus Christ as my only Saviour, and have an interest in his love. I knew I was a

sinner, and I was greatly alarmed lest I should be BLIND JANE;

cut off in my sins, and finally perish. I employed

many hours of the day, and of the night too, at a THE GAIN OF " GODLINESS WITH CONTENTMENT."

throne of grace, crying to God that he would have

mercy upon me through Jesus Christ. One evening, Poor blind Jane was a frequent visitor at the house of as I was particularly overwhelmed, I cried with great a well-known and highly respected minister, recently

earnestness to the Friend of sinners. Suddenly hope deceased, by whom the following account of her was sprang up in my heart, and I thought I heard a voice

OK,

repeatedly uttering the promise : ‘I will not, I will hurt I cannot help praising God for it. Oh, I can
not leave thee; I will never, never, never forsake never be sufficiently thankful !
thee.' This gracious declaration afforded me much "• Goodness and mercy have followed me all the
comfort; this, I thought, was all I wanted; and very days of my life;' and having obtained help of God,
often since, this passage of Scripture has been matter I continue to this day.'
of pleasing meditation and grateful joy.
• Which promise oft I call to mind,

AN EVENING PRAYER.
As through some lonely path I go;

When slumbers, soft as noiseless snow,
And sacred consolation find,

Descend upon mine eyes,
And strength to fight with ev'ry foe.'

Lord! let me sink to rest as though “ I shall never forget this period of my life: it

I never more should rise! was a season of peculiar joy to me. I often roze at

Let thy blest Spirit from my breast four o'clock in the morning, and walked in our little

The world and sin have driven, garden for prayer and meditation. I was delighted with the singing of the birds; and what I had heard

So that if death these lids have prest, of the work of creation occurred to my recollection,

My soul may wake in heaven! and raised my thoughts to God.

A. M. PORTER. “ After the death of my mother, a brother who resided at B wished me to live with him. He

CONVERSION. was always very kind to me; but his wife treated me very cruelly, often denying me the necessaries of WHEN a sinner is converted, he not only lays down life. Even when exceedingly ill, she refused to his arms, but repairs to the camp of Immanuel to bring me a little water. For five or six years my fight for him. Thus it is said of the celebrated sister-in-law did all she could to make my life miser- Jerome, Orison, and Tertullian, that they came into able. But God brought me out of this house of Canaan, laden with Egyptian golil; that is, they bondage. A person who knew my situntion, in came into the Church, full of excellent learning and vited me to live in her family. I went. There were abilities, with which they eminently served (iod. 0 five children; I endeavoured to make myself useini, blessed victory, where the conqueror and the conand I taught them to repeat many chapters in the quered both triumph together.--Dr Nettleton. Bible, and to knit. Here I was indeed at home; but the husband of my friend, through the impru

GOD IN ALL THINGS. dence of a partner, was cast into prison, and died soon after. The widow and children were then in

Is carth, in ocean, sky, and air, much atHiction, and I was obliged to leave them.

All that is excellent and fair, But I hear that God has appeared for them, and

Seen, felt, or understood, they are now in very good circumstances; so true is

From ono eternal cause descends, the promise, “Leave thy fatherless children, I will

To one eternal centre tendspreserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.' -Jer. xlix. ll.

With God begins, continues, ends, “ The blessed God provided for me another habi

The source and stream of good. tation. A person who lived in the neighbourhood

MONTGOMERY. with my brother, was inclined to give me house-room, on condition that I would help him in the family affairs. The mistres: used sometimes to read the

FRETFULNESS UNDER TRIAL. Bible to me, which was a great privilege and com- IMPATIENT frettirg, murmuring, and quarrelling fort.

against God's dispensations—this w:s poor Jonan's “ Soon after this I took unwell, and went into the great stumble. Peevish man! “ Doest thou well to hospital. I thought I should have died, but God had be angry," and that with thy Goci? “Yen," saith : mercy on me, and raised me up again; and a poor he, eren unto death."-Jon::h iv, 9. The most family gavo me lodging for three months. I was foolish answer that ever dropped from the mouth of then advised to go into the country, when I cane a holy man! Humble Aaron was better lastricteil. into this neighbourhood, where God lns raised up He knew it was no safe kicking agrinat the pricks; many friends, as you well know.

that nothing was to be got by striking again, by • I got much better from my visit, and about a repining against God, but more blows; and therefore, fortnight after I heird that, through the interfer when God hnd billed both his sons at a blow, he ence of some kind friends, there was a roon allotted humbly“ holds his peace," his heart and tongue were to me in an alm-house. I had been seeking this both silent.-Lev. 1. 2. 3. True, indeeri, we may with much anxiety for five or six years, but had, for not be senseless and stupid under sutrerings. Had zull some time, given up all hope of obtaining so desir the martyrs had the dead palsy before they went to able a home; and now, without any effort on my the stake, their sutierings had been fur leoz glorious. part, God sent it me. It is, I assure you, a very But yet, though we may not be stupid or stoicil, we comfortable, nice, clean place, for which I am very must be patient and submissive. Though we may not thankful. How merciful, and how astonishing have be like the Caspian Sea, that neither ebbs nor flows, been the ways of Divine Providence !

yet wo musi

, take heed of being like swelling, roaring ** You have often been so kind as to pity me on waves and billows. Though God's turties may, account of my blindness; but I am not so helpless through infirmity, flutter, yet they may not be like as you imagine. There is a poor old woman who bulls, when caught in a net, raving. " I wiis lumb." lives in the next room to me in the alm-house, who saith David, because thou didst it."-i's, xxxix. cannot do much for herself; but I wait on her, wash 9. Away, ther, with those surly looks, that do, as her clothes, sweep her room, light her fire, cook it were, enter a protest against what we suffer; nay, her victuals, and pour out her tea for her. ' I am more, beware of these murmuring echoes and replies able, too, to mend my own clothes, and in every of spirit within, against God, who, though they seem way to do for myself. Perhaps I am more thankful to yield and run, yet, with the flying Pirthian, shoot than I should be even if I could see. When I have their arrows backward in discontent againet God.made a fire, and it burns up without my having been | Lye.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

85

THE MISSION, THE TRIALS, AND THE CLAIMS, OF THE EVANGELICAL MINISTRY.

a Sermon.

BY THE REV. W. M. BUNTING, LONDON.

tion, that ISAlau lii. 7.

How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him, beauty, and make us” exclaim, with sympa

that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace, that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salva. thizing and grateful emotion, “How beautiful saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!

are the feet of him, that bringeth good tid

ings !" “W: preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus Now, viewed in its secondary, but expressly The Lord, and ourselves your servants for authorized, application, in the 10th of Epistle to Jesus' sake, Yet will it be readily allowed, the Romans, to the Preachers of the everlasting

that, for Jesus' sake, the Christian Ministry | Gospel, the text describes, or suggests, Their || should be honoured by all who enjoy its ad- public ministry—Their personal hardships and

vantages, and even “magnified” and commended humiliations in the faithful exercise of it-And by those who—not having chosen their Mas- the respect which is due to the latter, in conter, but having been chosen by Him-sustain sideration of the former. its responsibilities. For, still, "we commend not ourselves unto you, but give you occasion to I. The purport, the character, and the method glory on our behalf.”

of their PUBLIC TEACHinas demand our chief Proceeding on such grounds, and regarding attention. right feelings towards what may be termed the 1. The Purport of their message is thus central institution of Christ's Church as both described: they “say unto Zion, Tay GOD significant and promotive of a mature piety, we REIGNETH!” invite you, "holy brethren, partakers of the Their great business, honour, and delight is, heavenly calling," to join in the glorying of the to proclaim to the Christian Church the reign text. Glorify God in His faithful servants. of Jehovah in the hearts of its happy members Believe thein-esteem them in love—for their —to proclaim to those who statedly or occaworks' sake. Yea, as you would prosper in sionally assemble with the Church, though not your own souls, drink more and more deeply yet sacramentally and spiritually incorporated into the spirit of the sentiment, “How beauti- with it, His willingness to reign in them— to ful are the feet of him, that bringeth good tid. proclaim to all the certainty, in due season, of ings!”

His universal dominion over mankind, Perhaps the energy of the sentiment is not (1.) Observe, first, that, as proclamations are generally perceived. Campbell, M‘Kniglit, and mostly made at the commencement of a new other eminent critical commentators, agree reign, or else on the occasion of a great and in the following exposition of it, which we general revolt, so the very announcement of recite nearly in the words of the first-men- this spiritual dominion implies the previous 18tioned: “The prophet's design undoubtedly trangement from it of those to whom it is anwas, to deliver it as an universal truth, that nounced. In man's original state, a formal law the

message of peace to those, who had been was given forth; but the principle of the Divine long afflicted by the ravages of war, was so government was assumed - not asserted, or charming, that it could transform a most pleaded for-because the principle of a duteous disagreeable into a pleasing object. The feet and loving obedience was then natural to man. of those, who have travelled far over rough Now, on the contrary--sin having entered, and and dusty roads, present a spectacle naturally its curse having descended, in a corrupt nature, unpleasing to the beholder. Nevertheless, the not less than in a doomed and dying life, to consideration, that the persons themselves are the whole race of Adam—and yet, wonderful to us the messengers of peace and felicity-and to tell! “ thoughts of peace” having broken that it is in bringing those welcome tidings from their secrecy in the Divine bosom on the that they have contracted this sordid appear- very day of condemnation, (for that sun went ance_can in an instant convert deformity into not down on the Creator's wrath), and a new No. 8. *

April 17, 1816.

« VorigeDoorgaan »