Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.

• Schule und das Haus, von F. P. Wilmseln. ed edition. Berlin, 1826:

and Mary, by Linde ; The Anointing of The Life of Jesus Christ, according to the

Jesus in Bethany, by Von Coelln; The Evangelists, and described in 59 Poems by entrance of the Jews into Jerusalem, by the best Poets of Germany; an elementary Praezel ; Jesus the Friend of Children, book, designed for schools and families. By F. P. Wilmseln.

by Krummacher; Jesus glorified by the In this new edition are added-Tbe

Resurrection, by K. A. Doering; The Flight to Egypt, by Silbert ; The Infant Ascension, by the same; and the ResurJesus, by Westpbal ; Jesus working Mi

rection of Jesus preached to the Heatben, racles, by Keuffer ; The Lord and his by Bahnmeir. Disciples, by Krummacher ; Martba




the plan did not wholly satisfy persons Geneva.—The following particulars "whose taste led them to the cultivation were communicated by the Council of of those branches, Measures have been State at Geneva, to the Council of Re- taken to remove these objections. On presentatives during its last Sessions, in the recommendation of the academical a report on the subjects of public instruc- body, the council of State bas tbis year tion. The number of students attached sanctioned a new organization of the to the Academy increases every year.

Academy. Four faculties are now esIt educates at present 194, distributed as tablished, those of Theology, Law, the follows in their Halls:

Sciences, and the Belles Lettres. The Hall of

tuo latter comprise two kinds of courses, Tbeology, 35 regular, 1 day student, 36 those of the first and second years, which Law, 21 5

26 are called common studies, and those of Philosophy,46

Belles Let., 42

82 the third and fourth years, wbich are 8

50 called special studies. The programme

for the academical year, whicb extends 144 50

191 from 6th November, 1826, to the 24th The College of Geneva contains usu • of May, 1827, specifies the thirty-five ally nearly the same number of schools. courses, which compose the whole system At present there are 457. The two pri- of instruction. mary schools contain 66 young persons ;

They are distributed as follows, among another school, that of St. Germain, 50. the four faculties ;-THEOLOGY. Dog* The Lancestrian classes, wbich are three matical Theology, Professor Cheneviere; in number, received in June, 1825, 324 —Ecclesiastical History, Professor Vauboys and 138 girls. The mutual instruc- cher ;-Apologetical Theology, Professor tion in music is continued with great suc- Duby, to whom is also consigned the

It is to be recollected, in perusing Lectures on Pulpit eloquence ;-Hebrew, this document, that the Canton of Gene- Professor Cellerier, who takes also Sava contains a population of only from cred Antiquities and Biblical Criticism. 40,000 to 45,000 souls. The proportion, -LAW. Roman Law, Professor Rossi, therefore, between the population and who takes also Criminal Legislation;individuals admitted to the benefits of Modern Civil Law, Professor Bellot;education is very favourable.

Commercial Law, Professor Rigand.The instruction given at the Geneva SCIENCES. Common Studies. Natural Academy was originally intended to be History, (Elements of Botany,) Profesconfined to Tbeology and Law. Subse- sor. De Candolle ;--the course on the quently to the re-establishment of the elements of Natural History continues Republic, tbe government formed the two years; the second of which is devot. plan of giving increased consequence to ed to Zoology ;)— Physics and experi. scientific and literary studies, which bad mental Chemistry, Professor De La been considered merely as accessories; Rive; Rational Philosophy and Social for this purpose new professorships were Philosophy, Professor Cbuisy ;-Mathecreated. But tbe experience of a few matics, Professor Pascalis ; - Mechanics, years evinced that this first measure was Professor Maurice. Special Studies. not sufficient. On the one hand, this Organic Natural History, Professor De extension of instruction in literature and Candolle ;-Mineralogy and Geology, the sciences was made at the expense of Professor Necker ;-Experimental Pbythose who did not want to make them sics, Professor De La Rive ;- Astrono. he object of deep study. On the other, my, Professor Gautier ;- Mathematics,



Professor Pascalls. There are promised of Baden; two to the Electorate of for the ensuing year, a course of Mathe- Hesse Cassel, and one to each of the matics superior to this, and a course of following States :- Saxony, WurtemAnalytical Mechanics and of Mathema- berg, Denmark, Hanover, the Grand tical Physics.- BELLES LETTRES. Com- Duchy of Mecklenburg Schwerin, the mon Studies. General Belles Lettres Grand Duchy of Saxe Weimar, and and Arcbaiology, Professor Boissier ;- Switzerland. At present ibese UniversiGreek and Latin Literature, Professors ties reckon 1055 professors, and 14,746 Duvillard and Conte ;-History, Profes- students, distributed as follows :sor Conte ;- Preparatory courses of Mi. Prague, 55 professors 1449 students. thematics, Professors Choisy and Mau. Vienna, 77

1688 rice, Special Studies. History of the Heidelberg, 55

626 Fine Arts, Professor Boissier ;--Greek Wurtzburg 31

660 Literature, Professor Duvillard; Medals, Leipzig, 81

1384 Professor Picot;—Arabic Language, Pro. Rostock, 34

201 fessor Humbert. Besides this winter Friburg,


556 course, the programme mentions pre- Griefswald, 30

227 paratory summer courses, which last ra.


214 ther longer than a month ; the subjects Tubingen, 44

827 embraced by these are the French lan- Marburg,


30+ guage, Latin literature, elementary Ma- Konigsberg, 23

132 thenatics, topography and surveying. Jena, 51

432 The Academy confers Bachelors' and Giessen,

39 Doctors' Degrees. The first may be ob- Kiel,


238 tained in the Sciences or in the Belles Halle, 64

1119 Lettres, after having prosecuted the com- Breslau, 49

710 mon studies. The titles of Minister of Göttingen, 89

1545 the Gospel, or Doctor, are granted after Erlangen, 34

198 examinations and trials to the students of Landshut, 48

623 the several faculties.


Bonn, 42


This statement comprises not only Universities.-- In the entire extent of the ordinary and extraordinary professors, Germany, comprising a population of but also all the individual masters, whose about thirty-six millions of souls, there courses are announced in the half-yearly are twenty-two Universities, viz.

programmes. Roman Catholic Germany, Prague, the oldest, founded in 1348 which contains nineteen millions of inVienna,

1365 habitants, has only six Universities; Heidelberg, Grand Duchy of Baden 1368 whilst Protestant Germany has no less Wurtzburg, Bavaria

1403 than seventeen for a population of sevenLeipsig, Saxony

1409 teen millious. Rostock, Mecklenburg Schwerin, 1419 It is calculated, also, that the proporFriburg, Grand Duchy of Baden, 1450 tion of the individuals who study, is 149 Greifswald, Prussia

1456 in a population of 250,000, in the ProBasle, Switzerland

1460 testant countries, and only sixty-eigbt on Tubingen, Wurtemberg .

the same number in the Roman Catholic Marburg, Hesse Cassle

1627 States. It is, however, fair to observe, Koningsberg, Prussia

1544 that this account does not include the Jena, Grand Ducby of Weimar 1558

Roman Catholic ecclesiastics, who do not Giessen, Hesse Cassel

1607 prosecute their studies in the Universities, Kiel, Denniark

1665 but the diocesan schools. Halle, Prussian Saxony

1694 Many other cities formerly possessed Breslau, Silesia

1702 Universities which were successively supGöttingen, Hanover

1734 pressed at the periods here named viz. Erlangen, Bavaria


Founded. Suppressed Landsbut, Bavaria (this is to be Mayence,

1477 1790 removed to Munich.)

1803 Stutgard,

1784 1794 Berlin

1810 Cologne,

1383 1798 Bonn, Prussian territory on the Bamberg, Bavaria, 1648 1803 Rhine,

1818 Dittengen, Bavaria, 1549 1804 Six of those Universities pertain to Altdorf, Hanover, 1678 1809 Prussia ; three to Bavaria ; two to the Rinteln Hesse Cassel, 1623 1809 Austrian States; two to the Grand Ducby Saltzburg, Austria, 1623 1809

.. 1177


United with

Landshut, Ingolstadt, Bavaria, 1472 1803

with Halle, Erfurt, Prussia, 13927

1816 Wittemberg, do. 1502

The Voiversities of Paderborn and - Munster, both belonging to Prussia, and


having only two faculties each, those of theology and pbilosophy, were suppressed, the former in 18.18, the latter in 1819. . But the University of Munster was re-established in tbe course of the last year, with three faculties of theology, philosopby, and medicine.




SIR-As your country readers may the organ of curiosity was developed more feel interested in the singular and impor- or less, on the heads that surrounded me. tant conference that has just taken place The door, in due time, being opened, we between the Rev. Messrs. Pope and Ma- all, making a rush, got in, and chose our guire, perbaps in the narrow columns of places; and great was the sell-complayour Domestic Intelligence a place may cency depicted in each countenance, as be granted for a sketch, however trivial, choosing a position favourable to sight of this unusual colloquy. I believe, since and hearing, seats were taken around the the days of James I, when Usher, yet a platform; and here it was certainly a boy, in his nineteenth year, disputed with pleasing sight to observe the number of the Jesuit Fitzsimmons in the Castle of intellectual and pious men that seemed Dublin, and won from bis antagonist the aggregated from all parts of the kingdom. acknowledgement that he was Acatholi- The religion of Ireland seemed bere corum Doctissimus, there has been no assembled, its clergy and laity of all - such discussion in ihis town. I confess, sects here represented—and 1, Sir, Sir, I was extremely anxious to obtain ad- who from age, travel, and experience, mittance to this conference, and was glad know something of my native land, cau to find that arrangements were made for truly say that I never saw so many men it by wise and impartial men, whereby of different persuasions, and different the dangers of riot or interruption were modes of thinking, assembled: and standaltogether obviated, and that it was likely ing up besides my well guarded seat, to proceed with the decorum which be- it was the agreeable exercise of my me. came gentlemen, and the charity, which mory to recognise my clerical acquaintshould belong to Christians : the price of ances of the Establishment ; of the Methe tickets was raised to such a standard thodist, the Baptist, the Independent, the as precluded the admission of any but Presbyterian congregations; and it was gentlemen, and their number was duly also an exercise of my tact and smattering calculated so as to fill the room without in pbysiognomy and phrenology to guess any inconvenience. I, Sir, being a curious away-such a man is surely a Priest: man, capable of, and perhaps, loving the solemnity belonging to the confes. much, mental excitement, have been in sional—the proud consciousness of bigh the practice of attending public meetings, descended consecration--the long assumand certainly, in this speechifying age, ed externals of humility,which occasional have been at no loss in gratifying my fasting, and stated repetition of prayer propensities; I say I have prepared my- confer, mark that young man there with self for many a meeting, but for none the blue cloak and broad hat, as a Priest. with such intense anxiety, and such an Then I thought I could mark all in tbe involvement of interest as this, you may same manner: the open faced young man be sure I was at the entrance door long there, dressed in black coat, and Oxford before it was opened.. As excitable as grey trowsers, with the tortoise-shell eye the old Athenians, on the stretch to hear glass between his fingers—his look sesome new thing, we all stocd pressing rious, and at the same time good buround the door, and as I had nothing to do moured, yet almost too fashionable in I busied myself is wondering whether in attire to be considered a Minister of the accordance with my pbrenological gram- Gospel ; tbut mun, says I, though I know mar, which I have been lately studying, him not, is a a young Curate of the Established Church. Then the grave, yet roarious hilarity to the cutting bitter laugh assumed look, under yonder shovel hat, of wounding and sarcastive insult-acomconvinced me that a fat living was re- bination and form, indeed, to which St. presented here. That man, says I to Patrick seemed to set his seal, and give myself, with the high cheek bones, the the world assurance of a Milesian. The combed down hair, decent attire, (a little two gentlemen who attended as sidesmen the worse for the wear,) and black worsted or seconds, were equally contrasted : stockings, is a Methodist preacher. And one exbibited the outward form of ar. who is that litile man, just come in, with honest, sensible, experienced man, posthe sharp black sparkling eye, which rolls sessing the undisputed qualification of as if it foated in light, under the mag- some rank in society, and still higher nificent portico of a perpendicular fore- station in intellectual endowment; he head-who is that? Why that must be seemed a man to whose prudence and some Independentor Presbyterian preach- decision I would like to resort in difficult er, who is accustomed to address an an- cases-my guide in prosperity-my guard dience with all the confidence and readi- in adversity. The other, a most peculiar ness which long habits of extemporaneous looking man, a countenance pale and speaking conser.— Thus was I amusing prominent, the cnin protuded far, the myself, discursively exploring those with broad deep seated mouth, the long nose, whom I was not acquainted, and receiving the facial angle of the forehead thrown the nods and smiles of my old friends- back, reminding you much of the forewhen all of a sudden a side door opened, head of the Marquis De La Fayette, as and exactly at eleven o'clock the plaiform represented in Lavater--it was not either was ascended by the two Chairmen, the an English, or a Celtic, or a Milesian Disputants, their two Secunds, and the physiognomy-the man, let his name or two Reporters. Some one has said lineage be what it will, bas a French or that poverty makes men acquainted with Gallic countenance; there certainly, said strange bed-fellows-- controversy, it apo 1, is genius in that man-if I met him on pears, also can do something similar; no- the mountains of Cunnemara in a begthing possibly could be more contrasted gar's rags, I could say, that man carries than the appearance of the two Chairmen, a certain rate of talent with him --he the two Disputants, the Seconds, and Re- has the fire, the freedom, the off-handed porters ; though all Irishmen, yet they ness, the total absence of prudential looked to be the representatives of diffe- calculation that becomes a Frenchman, rent nations; and I busied my fancy in ac- who is prepared to rush into danger, withcurately fixing, as exbibited in the men out ever thinking how he may retreat before me, the distinctive characteristics from it, he has got the name of honest of the Milesian and Anglo Hibernian J-k L -ss, long may he deserve to races : one Chairman with a profile pro- hear it. But see, I am delaying to bring minent, but narrow; high forehead, aquis forth the foreground figures of my group, line pose,deep sunk mouth, and prominent and I believe I do so for the best of rea. chin—there is bravery in that man's sons, becanse I fear my pencil here will beart, there must be the organ of de- fail membut I may not, having my cantermination developed in its due place— vass ready and my colours mixed, draw he sits there exhibiting all the external back: see then the two Disputants, one forms of an honest, firm, decided cha- evidently under the influence of great racter, a dealer in, and doer of, honorable debility, a mind-worn frame of body ; il thirgs. Then the other Chairman - form from whence the elasticity of youth who would not say there was a man of had fled before its time, leaving spirit genius, who would not say, he was a to invigorate for a season, the form bolj brave man, a true representajive of from whence health had departed— the Milesian character; look at the broad Oh! what a tall commanding figure bow of his forehead, look at the capacious standing there, in all the lofty proportions rotundity of his cranium, look at the of a temple, dedicated to genius, which small sunken eye which seems so well some ravager had despoiled; the face acquainted with the leer of satire, or the once certainly handsome, but its beauty gathering loweringcorruscations of wrath- now attended with a cast of habitual seful reproach-then the nose, that of a verity, and yet on the mouth of this young true Milesian is generally short, it mostly man, for young he is, though not in looks, ends in a turning up, which denotes un- on bis mouth there sometimes plays it measured assurance, and the mouth and smile that bespeaks benignity and sweetlips were here expressive of the power to ness of temper, more than anyother smile adapt themselves to, and practice every I ever saw decorating human lips look species of smile, from the broad grin of up- at that over-arching forehead, and las VOL. IV.

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At the same time, no one obdetined eye-brow's, see the dark,lucid, well serving bis bead and temples, could avoid set bazel eye-then the organs of in- acknowledging that in those capacious tellect, how observable in their localities receptacles, there was abundant room for on bis capacious forehead-bis black all the capacities of thought; and that crisp and curled hair, so gracefully adorn- the organs of combativeness and indiviing, and shewing off his well proportioned duality, leading to the expansion of loand well set bead; these curls always be gical talents, and of indomitable perfitting such a forehead, and such a bead, tinacity, were largely expressed. I reit is only when in the entbusiasm of his collect that in my younger days, when feelings he moves and tosses it on living on the banks of the Sbannon, it high, that you can then perceive what was the opinion of the people, that all an accompaniment to his peculiar elo- those wbo were thrice dipped in the waquence are the shakings of these fine ters of this king of Irish rivers, were natural curls—and his voice, I never made incapable of mauvaise honte;' the beard such a voice, it does not appear to Stygian waters not more efficacious come from buman lungs, but seems to in conferring invulnerability, than this rise and roll fortb from some deep seated broad stream was supposed to be in givand more capacious receptacle, resembling ing assurance. Now as our disputant more the full swells of the diapason dwelt at the fountain-head of this river, tones of a Cathedr::l organ, than the doubtless, ho was therein dipt, and quescommon measures of a human voice- tionless, he seemed to possess, no mean there be sat before the audience, after measure of this qualification-really, he having gracefully bowed to it, absorbed seemed quite at home. He paced the apparently in mental prayer, and seeking platform with as much self-possession, aid and grace from that Saviour wbose addressed the collected rank, talent and cause he was about to advocate, under piety of Ireland, with as much ease and whose banner he bad enlisted himself a freedom, as if he stood within the altar. faithful soldier, and servant, unto his life's rails of his mountain chapel, and was in end. On the other side of a small table tbe act of exburting his rude flock to fear stood bis antagonist, in sooth a different Ged, and obey himself. And still there being who bad come from the mountains was something amusing, and comic in of Leitrim, from the spring-head of the the good humoured “ degagebearing Shannon, to defy his opponent. A young of this young priest, although without a man, strong, firm, and well proportioned, preterice to eloquence, with words and of that middle height, su favourable to sentences of the homeliest construction, the development of mental and bodily a voice untunable, with the brogue of a faculties; there was a breadth in his shoul- mountaineer andConnaught man--pacing ders, a pliancy in his limbs, there was a up and down before us-now 'sbrugging dancing spirit in his eye that bespoke the up his shoulders—now pulling up the genial warmth of a constitution made up waistband of bis trowsers, and bis mouth and perfected by the exercises of a moun- either distorted with sarcastic and Sardotaineer, and if report speaks truly,his prac- nic smiles, or expanded in the broad tice has not belied his bearing, for we grins of native humour: still there was have heard that as

a freshness and valour in the caustic, jo“ TAM DIANÆ QUAM MINERVÆ." cose, triumphing, humbugging way in “ This sylvan Priest could mount the which he treated his subject ;-the joy of tbreatening steep,

combat seemed so completely to possess “ Rush through the mountains down to his spirit, that, I thought I saw one of vallies sweep

those, healthy, fair-haired Goths before Spring on his good mare's neck with me, whom Jorbandes describes, asbello eager speed,

gaudentes, prælio ridentes.” In truth, “While earth roll'u back beneath his he often amused, and never tired us; it flying steed.”

was impossible not to laugh at his huThis young man seemed to make a mour, admire bis ingenuity, applaud the conquest of the platform, and assert his dexterity, with which he seemed to make place with the same assurance that a large concessions, without once comprocock grouse on one of his native hills, mising the real safety of his cause. It would bop upon a tussock, and crow and was my conviction, that be was just the challenge all around. The braciness of advocate, that Popery bad power to prohis air,

the healthy, bone fresh- duce, admirably fitted to act upon the ness of his countenance, confirmed me superficial, excitable, fun-loving people in the impression--that if body can of Ireland; to confirm them in their act on mind be could not readily be over- prejudices, and cover with the semblance

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