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ed as far the most useful and important of his whole life, because his labours were then eminently blessed. His words are, in a letter to the Editor, " And now my ministry in the town of F is nearly closing, "What hath God wrought !" may both of us say. From June 1782 to May 1792, what a change has taken place here! Were I to live an hundred years twice told, I imagine these would be by far the most important ten years of my life. The Lord has been doing a short, but great work here: I trust the effects of it will never leave F." P. 280.
At this time, however, it appears that in accommodation to the prejudices of his hearers, he wrote his discourses out at length; and, for the most part, read them. When expelled from this place for his fide lity in the discharge of his ministerial office, he left a number of MSS, with his friend, the present editor, who, since his death has, apparently with much judgment, selected those before us as a memorial to his friends and hearers, and not with out respect to their farther useful
Mr. Gunn's manner of preaching is so well known, that we think a specimen unnecessary. He never aimed at oratory; but he constantly endeavoured to deliver the most momentous truths in the most simple and appropriate language. His doctrine was always evangelical as well as practical; and his address was immediately to the heart and conscience of his hearers: a method of preaching followed with a blessing; and which produces effects that artificial eloquence attempts in vain. To Mr. Gunn's numerous hearers and admirers, however, no thing need be said to recommend these Sermons, but that they are undoubtedly genuine; to others we wili oniy add, that they will make a valuable addition to the stock of sermons adapted for village reading and for private families in the middle and lower classes.
Asto the Letters, to many readers these will be even more interesting than the Discouses. They are variously addressed; but most of
MR. BUCK's text is Rom. x. 14, 15," How shall they hear without a preacher," &c. The principal design of this discourse is to display the great importance of the gospel ministry, as it "diffuses sonud knowledge, excites pure benevolence, ensures real happiness, and terminates in the everlasting salvation of immortal souls!" Each of these par ticulars is suitably illustrated: after which the preacher proceeds to shew how much the character of a minis ter of the gospel rises above that of the hero, the philosopher, the patriot, the orator, or the philanthro pist.
In the improvement of the subject, he invites his hearers to thankfulness for a gospel ministry: he supposes that not less than 10,000 ministers lift up their voices every Sabbath-day in Great Britain, to proclaim the glad tidings of salvation. He considers it also as a matter of great thankfulness, that our religious liberty remains untouch ed; and that we can promote a gospel ministry without being impeded by human interdictions. On which subject he quotes a passage from his Majesty's late speech: "It has ever been my object to secure to all my subjects the benefits of religious toleration; and it affords me pecu liar gratification to reflect, that dur ing my reign those advantages have been more generally and extensively enjoyed than at any former period."
Mr. B. also recommends the encouragement of a regular gospel ministry, and the means which most
effectually promote__it. "Some," says he, are too forward in puffing up those who despise humaa learning; and because they can preach for an hour together ou some odd text, or spiritualize every thing they meet with in Scripture, that, therefore, they stand in no need of instructions from such institutions as these: but let us never encourage such a spirit, rather let us set our faces against it; and where we can find pious and gifted young men, let us encourage them to seek those advantages which these seminaries af ford."
The preacher introduces several Anecdotes, which enliven his dis course; and concludes with the foling: Finally, let us more than ever aim at the conversion of souls, let us never address our coagregations as if they were all converted let us preach to the heart, and beg of God to give us a zealous and faithful spirit. It is said of Cicero, that, when he delivered his orations, the people were so charmed, that every eye was fixed on him; but that when Demosthenes pleaded against Philip, every eye was fixed, not on the orator, but on the object; so that the whole cougregation rose up and exclaimed, Down with Philip! - down with Philip!-down with Philip!" 0 that we could so preach, that our hearers, one and all, might exclaim, Down with the world! down with sin!-down with error! - down with self!-down with every thing, that Christ alone may be exalted and God glorified! Amen."
Mr. Buck's discourse contains many valuable hints; and will tend, we trust, to correct the mistakes of those persons (if they can read, and will read this sermo) who prefer an iguorant to an enlightened ininistry.
Voyages to Portugal, Spain, Sicily, Malta, Asia Minor, Egypt, &c from 1798 is 1801; with an His+ torical Sketch and Occasional Reflections. By Francis Collins, late Lieutenant of his Majesty's Ship Dolphin, 12mo, 48. — fine, 68,
Books of Voyages and Travels more frequently abound with reflec tions and suggestions of an immoral nature, than with such as tend to improve the mind, We are glad therefore, to see an exception to the general custom, for the author writes like a man who fears God, and who desires to instruct as welt as entertain his readers.
The book is certainly not written in the first style of elegance, nor will it convey much information te persons who have read the larger geographical works; nevertheless, it will be found pleasing and instructive to young persons, especially as the ancient state of the places mentioned is given, together with an account of their present condition.
This Work is recommended by the Rev. John Campbell, author of Worlds Displayed, who observes in his Preface,That among the Subscribers te it, there are several of
ficers of the navy, whose names it is hoped, will introduce the book into more of his Majesty's ships."On the whole, we think it will prove a useful and agreeable book to a great number of our readers.
A new edition of Stanhope's Tho. a Kempis, 12mo, is in the press.
Mr. Wrangham's Buchanan Sermon, on translating the Scriptures into the Oriental Languages, with Notes, &c. will appear very shortly.
SELECT LIST OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.
Transactions of the Missionary
Society, No. xvi, 8vo, ls.
16 Sermons, by the late M. Gall, M. A. of Glasgow, 8vo, 6s. German Catechism, translated by Sir R. Hill, 6d.
A Call to delaying Sinners. the Rev. T. Doolittle, 18mo.
Life and Experience of W. Barpet, by the Rev. G. Muirhead, 6d.
Methodism condemned by Methodist Preachers. By J. Cooke, 12mo, 48.
Genuine Methodism acquitted (in Answer to the preceding) 12mo, 1s. Funeral Ser. for the Rev.J. Nicholson, by the Rev. T. Bennett, 8vo, is
Diary of the late Miss Cross, with her Life, by the Rev. J. Atkinson, Hoxton, 1s. 6d. fine, 2s.
Extract of a Leiler from Mr. Reid.
Glengary, Upper Canada,
THE prospect of usefulness in this country is not at all discouraging, though, as in every place, it is not free from obstacles. Through the whole of Lower Canada, and till you come up, perhaps, 40 miles above Montreal, you would be surprized at seeing so many splendid churches, much more numerous than they are in Scotland, all possessed by Roman Catholics, without any Protestaat place of worship, except in Quebec
The county of Glengary, where I have taken up my station, is all inhabited by Highlanders, a few English and Dutch excepted; of whom the one half, if not more, for I cannot be certain, are Roman Catholics. These are divided into two large parishes; in each they have a chapel and a priest. The others are Presbyterians. The lat ter have four places of worship, but only one minister.
In order to give you some notion of my proceedings, and a general view of the religious state of this country, I shall transcribe a part of my Journal, though it is but uainteresting.
I came to Montreal the 6th of October, 1806. During my stay there, I was introduced into the company of various people of different sentiments; and some, as it appeared to me, of no religious sentiments at all, except " that God is infinitely good, therefore he will not destroy his creatures for their frailties, which are unavoidable."Among these, some would disparage my design with a sneer, others would af fect to applaud it; but recollecting, that not by might nor by power the temple was to be rebuilt, but by the Spirit of God, I remained as I was before, unmoved. In consequence of having got cold, coming up a part of the river in a boat from
Quebec, without a bed, I was not able to undertake preaching the Lord's Day I staid in town, except once in the evening to a number of Gaelic people I got collected. These listened to the word with very great
Oct. 16. Left Montreal, and came to Williamstown, in the county of Glengary, on the 20th. Here I called on the person whose letter appeared in the Missionary Magazine for April, 1806. He gave me a lamentable account of the state of religion in the country. After resting myself a day or two, I called on the minister of the place, and asked liberty to preach in his meeting-house on the Lord's Day, which he readily granted. Accordingly word went out, that a New Minister from Scotland, as they called me, was to preach to them on Sabbath; and a great many came to hear. They heard with very great attention, and some were in tears. I could scarcely see any Bibles or Psalm - Books among them. A great number of them, particularly those that came from Bredalbane, exulted with joy. that I came to preach among them, A new enquiry now began through the whole country respecting me;
Whence I had come? for me?
who was to support me? -and what was my religion? Το all these questions they would give answers, among themselves, with the certainty of an oracle. Some said I was a Methodist, &c. When they were going home, after hear ing me the first day, one of them said to his neighbour," I was telling you that he is a Methodist," His neighbour replied,How do you know it now? and what know. ledge have you of the Methodists?" The man confessed he never heard a Methodist; and the reason why he supposed that I was one was, that I proved every thing I said from the Scripture,
Nov. 2. Preached in the Indian Land, which is at the distance of ten miles from the place where I first preached, to about 250 hearers,
Extract of a Letter from Mr. Dick
the greater part of whom are from prayer-meetings that ever were held Perthshire. Good attention was in the country, nor of many famigiven to the word, and some were lies by whom family-worship is obin tears; but I lay no manner of served. stress on either tears or groans. I do not view these as symptoms of any good being done, unless I see that they have received the knowledge of the gospel of salvation. They were remarkably glad that I came to the country. I distributed Tracts among them; which they received most thankfully. After I had gone through this part of the country where Protestants live, I purposed to visit another Gaelic settlement, called Glenelg. The people there are from Glenelg, in the north of Scotland; and, if their means of instruction when at home were scanty, they are now destitute altogether Few of these, alas! are able to read the Bible. Having a letter of introduction to a person that stays there, I came to his house and presented it to him: on receipt of which, he told me, though they had much need of a churchman (to use his own phrase) yet they were not fond of ine, because I was not of their religion. He, however, brought me to his house, and entertained me very hospitably.
asked me, What could my religion be, when I was neither a Papist, nor an Episcopalian, nor a Protestant? I told him that I was a Protestant; and expressed my surprize if he heard any thing to the contrary. I then stated my reason for oming to this country, that it was solely on purpose to preach the gospel of salvation to my countrymen, who, I understood, were very destitute of the means of instruction; and that I would preach nothing to them but the plain doctrines of the Bible. When they heard it insinuated, that they were in need of the gospel, they gave thanks to God that they had no reason to complain. On Sabbath, however, about 150 came together; and were apparently well pleased. After service was over, they thanked me for my trouble; and requested me to come again.
Though I have been going up and down through the country since I came, I have got no notice of any
Quebec, March 17, 1807. MR. REID's application for supply of Bibles, &c. is a favourable omen. When the people in any place begin to enquire after the Bible, it shows that their teachers call their attention to the Scriptures, and that their minds are some way engaged with what they have heard. Nothing but the word of God will be the mean of opening the blind eyes, and of turning men from darkness unto light; yet we may see the great advantages of sending preachers into those places where the people are living without the knowledge of God. These people were not seeking the Scriptures until our brother went among them; and though some of them might wish to have them, yet they did not perhaps know how to obtain them. This should animate the minds of the brethren who have the spread of the gospel at heart, to exert themselves to the utmost of their power, in sending out Missionaries to the destitute parts of the world; when they consider that it is not merely the instructions which such Missionaries administer from which they may look for success, but that they have also good reason to expect the natural effect of scriptural preaching, viz. attention to the Scriptures themselves, which will naturally lead them to seek to have copies of the Bible. Thus a preacher or two sent to a destitute corner, by preaching the doctrines of the Bible, they become like the leaven hid in the measures of meal, by which many, it is hoped, will be leavened. The consideration of this should encourage such of our brethren as have received gifts for pubic instruction, to go forth to the help of the Lord, to the help of the Lord against the mighty.
I think there is good reason to believe, that many more teachers will soon be wanted in that quarter where brother Reid is now labour.
ing. Indeed, many more are wanted already; but it would not perhaps be prudent to send too many at first, as the people would not be able to give them support. Yet this difficulty could be removed by little and little. I think, however, that one Gaelic brother should be sent out the first summer, if possible, to assist Mr. Reid; and I ardently wish that one English brother could be found to come out with him, who would either go to Elizabeth Town, or remain in Quebec, and let me go to it.
I mentioned in a letter I sent home last year, that I thought, by the blessing of God, it might be of great service to the interest of religion, if you could get one or two preachers to go as itinerants through the upper provinces of Canada, and the western parts of the States. I received no information from the brethren, whether they intended to adopt any thing of the kind or not. I take this opportunity of mentioning to you, that I am still of the same mind as when I then wrote. I am fully persuaded, that such a plan raight be productive of many happy consequences; and I think it could be carried into effect with very small expence.
I have another object to which I beg leave to call the attention of the churches; that is, the situation of a number of our fellow-creatures who live in the south and west sides of Hudson's Bay, and who are altogether without the means of religious instruction. A few days ago, two young men called on me, and told me that they had lately ceme from that place, where they had been residing for three years. They wanted some Bibles and other religious books. I was sorry that I had no Bibles to give them: I gave them some tracts; and told them that I expected to have some Bibles in the month of May. They gave me an account of the situation of the place where they had been which was truly affecting. On that side of the bay there are six factories; in each of which there are about 60 men, who have originally come from Britain, besides women
and children, and also a number of Indians, some of whom can speak a little English. The women who are there are mostly all Indians. The English have them as their wives, though I understand they are not married, having no person to perform that ceremony. These women learn the English tongue; and the children all speak English. In all these six factories, there is neither preacher nor schoolmaster.
Now you may easily imagine what deplorable state these poor crea tures must be in, from ignorance and wickedness. Several hundreds of our own countrymen, several hundreds of women and children; and still a greater number of Indians, all without any religious instruction. In some of the factories, the gentleman who acts as Governor, reads the Common PrayerBook on the Sabbath day and some of them who have lately come from Britain have Bibles: but the young men told me, that Bibles were very rare among them. They mentioned also, that some person brought a few religious tracts, and gave them away among the people; which they received very gladly.
Some days ago, I had a letter from Mr. Pidgeon, Missionary at New Carlisle; in which he mentions the situation of the people in Hud son's Bay in the same terms almost with the persons who called on me. He had his information from some people who had also come from it of late.
Now I think, if a proper person could be got to go out there, it would be a great blessing to the poor people. It would be necessary for him to act as a schoolmaster as well as a preacher. He might not only be useful among them who understand English, but he might learn the Indian tongue; for I am told, that all the Indians who meet there speak the saine language; which is not the case in many parts of America. I am also told, that from the simple and limited nature of their language, it is very easily acquired. To be able to speak to them in their own dialect would be a noble a☛quisition,