digious difference between the conversation of those who have been well educated and of those who have not enjoyed this advantage. Education gives fecundity of thought, copiousness of illustration, quickness, vigour, fancy, words, images, and illustrations—2 it decorates every common thing, and gives the power of trifling without being undignified 3 and absurd. The subjects themselves may not be wanted upon which 4 the talents of an educated man have been exercised ; but there is always a demand for 5 those talents which his education has rendered strong and quick. Now, really, nothing can be further from our intention than to say anything 6 rude and unpleasant ;? but we must be excused for observing that it is not now a very common thing to be interested by the variety and extent of female knowledge, but it is a very common thing to lament, that the finest faculties in the world have been confined to trifles utterly unworthy of their richness and their strength.

The pursuit of knowledge is the most innocent and interesting occupation which can 9 be given to the female sex ; nor 10 can there be a better method 11 of checking a 12 spirit of dissipation, than by 13 diffusing a taste for 14 literature. The true way to attack vice, is by setting up something else against it. Give to women, in early youth, something to acquire, of sufficient interest and importance to command the application of their mature faculties, and to excite their perseverance in future life ; 15 teach them, that happiness is to be derived from the acquisition of knowledge, as well as the gratification of vanity ; and you will raise up a much more formidable barrier against dissipation, than a host of invectives and exhortations can supply.16

1 exemples.
2 comparaisons, 3 trivial.
4 See page 14, note 5.
5 on recherche toujours.

6 quoi que ce soit, followed by de (see page 9, note *).

7 désobligeant.
8 See page 31, note 14.
9 See page 13, note 5.

10 See page 14, note 13.

11 moyen, or manière (as moyen will come just below).

12 the.'

13 Use de, with the pres. infinitive.

14 the taste of.'
i5 vie ultérieure ; or, avenir.
16 Turn, and you will raise up

It sometimes happens that an unfortunate man gets drunk with very bad wine--not to gratify his palate but to forget his cares :1 he does not set any value 2 on what he receives, but 3 on account of what it excludes ;—4 it 5 keeps out something worse than itself. Now, though 6 it were denied that the acquisition of serious knowledge is of itself important to a woman, still ? it prevents a taste for silly and pernicious works of imagination; it keeps away the horrid trash of novels; and, in lieu of that eagerness for emotion and adventure 8 which books of that sort inspire, promotes a calm and steady temperamento of mind.

A man who deserves such a piece of good fortune, 10 may generally find an excellent companion 11 for all the vicissitudes of his life ; but it is not so easy to find a companion for his understanding, who has similar pursuits with himself, or who can comprehend the pleasure he derives from them. We really can see no reason why it should not be 12 otherwise ; nor comprehend how the pleasures of domestic life can be promoted by diminishing the number of subjects in 13 which persons who are to spend their lives together take a common interest.

thus a much more. ... &c., applicable to this case, page 60. than you could do (page 5, note 8) note2. Turn, on account of what by a host ..., and exhortations ;' happens thereby to be excluded.' and leave out "supply :' 'to sup- $it; ce vin, tout mauvais qu'il ply a barrier' is a very questionable est. expression.

6 'though,' here, quand même I soucis, in this sense. We or quand bien même, with the con might translate here by noyer ses ditional ; and see page 8, note 6 soucis (or, ses chagrins): 'noyer ses use on here. chagrins (ses soucis) dans le vin,' 7 toujours est-il que. means precisely perdre le souvé- 8 l'esprit d'aventure. nir de ses chagrins en buvant, 'to 9 situation. forget one's cares by drinking,' 10 un tel bonheur. 'to drink away—to drown-one's 11 compagne (fem.,-compagnon cares. 2 n'attache aucun prix. is the masculine). 3 si ce n'est.

12 Nous ne voyons en vérité poin 4. what he receives .... what pourquoi il n'en serait pas en it excludes.' Very bad sentence: here, means "about it in th

it' relates to the first 'what' same way we say, il en sera tou (what he receives excludes'); so jours ainsi, 'it (i.e., things) wil the sentence comes to this, .... always be so '-with regard to th 'but on account of what what ex- particular case in question. cludes.' See, for a reflection fully 13 'to.'

One of the most agreeable consequences of knowledge, is the respect and importance which it communicates to old age. Men rise in character often as they increase in years; 1—they are venerable from 2 what they have acquired, and pleasing from what they can impart. If they outlive their faculties, the mere frame itself is respected for what it once contained ; but women (such is their unfortunate style of education) hazard everything upon one cast of the die; 3—when youth is gone all is gone. No human creature gives his admiration for nothing : either the eye must be charmed, or the understanding gratified. A woman must talk wisely or look well.4 Every human being must put up with 5 the coldest civility, who 6 has neither the charms of youth nor the wisdom of age. Neither is there 7 the slightest commiseration for decayed accomplishments ;—no man mourns over the fragments of a dancer, or drops a tear on the relics of musical skill. They are flowers destined to perish ; but the decay of great talents is always the subject of solemn pity ; and, even when their last memorial is over, their ruins and vestiges are regarded with pious affection.—(SYDNEY SMITH.)


MY LORD,—I have been lately informed, by the proprietor of the “World,” that two papers, in which my Dictionary is recommended to the public, were written by your Lordship. To be so distinguished is an honour which, being very little accustomed to favours from the great, I know not well how to receive or 9 in what terms to acknowledge.

1 avancent en age. — ' as ; see 5 s'accommoder de. page 240, note ?

6 See page 14, note 5. 2 par.

7 Aussi bien ne trouve-t-on pas 3 coup de .

non plus. See page 88, note 10. 4 ou être de bonne mine ;-avoir 8 articles. bonne mine means 'to look well' 9 See page 42, note 8. in the sense of 'to look healthy.'

When, upon some slight encouragement, I first visited your Lordship, I was overpowered, like the rest of mankind, by the enchantment of your address ; 2 and could not forbear to wish that I might boast myself le vainqueur du vainqueur de la terre; -- that I might obtain 3 that regard for which I saw the world contending; but I found my attendance so little encouraged, that neither pride nor modesty would suffer me to continue it. When I had once addressed your Lordship in public, I had exhausted all the art of pleasing which a retired and uncourtly 4 scholar can possess. I had done all that I could ; and no man is well pleased to have his all neglected, be it ever so little.

Seven years, my Lord, have now past, since I waited in your outward rooms, or was repulsed from your door ; during which 6 time I have been pushing on my work through difficulties, of which it is useless to complain, and have brought it, at last, to the verge of publication, without one act of assistance, one word of encouragement, or one smile of favour. Such treatment I did not expect, for I never had a patron before.

The shepherd in Virgil grew at last acquainted with 9 love, and found him a native of the rocks.

Is not a patron, my Lord, one who looks with unconcern on a man struggling for life in the water, and, when he has reached the ground, encumbers him with help ? The notice which you have been pleased to take of 10 my labours, had it been early, had been kind ; 11 but it ha been delayed till 12 I am indifferent, and cannot enjoy it; till I am solitary, and cannot impart it; till I am known, and do not want it. I hope it is no 13 very cynical asperity not to confess 14 obligations where 11

1 for the first time;' and never 9 finit par connaître. separate thus, in French, the sub- 10 The attention which you ject from the verb.

have deigned to give (to grant 2 abord, in this particular sense. to.' See page 177, note 2.

11 would have been kind if i 3 See p. 111, n. 17, and p. 7, n.7. had come sooner.' 4 et étranger au grand monde. 12 jusqu'au moment ou.

5 de voir traiter avec indifférence 13 il n'y a pas de. ce qui, si peu que ce soit, est tout 14 à ne pas reconnaitre (or, voir) pour lui.

6 that.'

15 ; emphatically, point 7 moment.

edly. See page 177, note 13.

8 Invert.

no benefit has been received, or to be unwilling that the public should consider me as owing that to a patron which Providence has enabled me to do forl myself.

Having carried on my work thus farwith so little obligation to any favourer of learning, I shall not be disappointed though I should conclude it, if less be possible, with less; for I have long been wakened from that dream of hope in which I once boasted myself with so much exultation,4 my Lord, your Lordship’s most humble, most obedient servant.



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When the Duke of Richmond had spoken, Chatham rose. For some time his voice was inaudible. At length his tones 9 became distinct and his action animated. 10 Here and there his hearers caught a thought or an expression which reminded them of William Pitt. But it was clear that he was not himself.11 He lost the thread of his discourse, hesitated, repeated the same words several times, and was so confused that, in speaking of the Act of Settlement,12 he could not recall the name of the Electress Sophia. The House 13 listened in solemn i par ; or leave it out alto- as it ought, ‘humble obedient ser

vant,' or whatever else you may 2 jusque-ld.

think proper to style yourself. 3 See page 123, note 5-con- 6 See page 183, note 1 clude ;' see page 85, note 1,

7 See page 27, 'note 15. " je me disais (styled myself) 8 il ne put se faire entendre. autrefois avec une si.vive joie mêlée There can be no ambiguity here, d'orgueil.

in the French rendering, on ac5 de votre Seigneurie ; and, in count of what follows. such cases as this, observe, in 9'the tones of his voice.' French, exceptionally, the same 10 s'anima. construction as in English: not construction as 'n unghisa: no

recan now " only is it more civil to put first the reconnaissable); or, almost lite

T title of the person which you ad- rally, n'était plus lui-même. dress, but, besides, this construc. 12 la Loi de la succession au tion is more regular, as your own trône. name will then follow immediately, 13 See page 135, note 8.

11 n'était plus le même (or. plus

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