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At this terrible picture Edith shuddered | had been perfectly straight with the old eloquently

— with your mother. Look here; how So you see it's a choice of evils,” con- would it do if I were to break it to tinued the young man. “Some people, I her?”. know, would think it was a great misfor- “Oh, that would be a great deal worse ! tune for you that you should have come to If only there were some means of letting care for a poor beggar like me; but I am her find it out!” not going to say that, because I don't be. Hardly bad this aspiration been lieve it is a real misfortune at all. How breathed when a hollow groan was heard, can it be a misfortune to love the man proceeding apparently from the upper who loves you better than any one else in air. Edith started violently, and clasped the world can possibly do, and who will her hands. always love you just the same as long as “Oh!” she shrieked, “what was that? be lives?" ("Upon my word !” ejacu- Did you hear it ?” lated Mrs. Winnington inaudibly.)

"Yes,” answered Walter, who had “Of course,” Walter went on, 6 we himself been somewhat startled ; “it was shall have troubles, and probably we shall nothing; it was only one of the cows outhave to wait a good many years; but we side. What a timid little goose you are young, and we can afford to wait, if are!” we must. You won't mind waiting ?” “ Oh, it was not a cow! No cow ever

"Oh, no; it is not the waiting that I made such a dreadful sound as that. I shall mind,” said Edith faintly.

am sure this dismal room is haunted - I "And we know that it won't be forever, can't stay here any more.” And Edith and that nothing can make either of us filed precipitately. change. When one thinks of that, all the Walter lingered for a moment, looked rest seems almost plain sailing. The all round him, looked up at the ceiling, first explosion will be the worst part of looked everywhere, except at the gallery, the business. I shall tell my father to just over his head, and then hurried away night."

after her. Oh, must you ? - so soon ? What will The cause of all this disturbance was he say?”

reclining in an armchair, fanning herself “He? Oh, he won't say much, dear old with her pocket-handkerchief, and feeling

I dare say he won't exactly ap- by no means sure that she was not about prove just at first; but when he sees that to have a fit. I am in earnest, he'll do what he can to It is perhaps hardly to be expected that help me. And then, you know, my dear, any pity or sympathy should be felt for you'll have to tell

your
mother."

Mrs. Winnington, who, nevertheless, was “ Walter, I can't. I really could not do a human creature very much like the rest it. You have really no idea of what a of us — better, possibly, than some, and coward I am. I always lie awake shiver. no worse than a good many others. In ing all night before I go to the dentist's; the course of the present narrative her and, indeed, I would rather have all my failings have necessarily been brought teeth pulled out, one by one, than tell much to the front; but she was not one of mamma that I had engaged myself to those depraved persons — if indeed there you.”

be any such — who deliberately say to At this juncture it was only natural that evil, “Be thou my good.” She was not the young lovers should embrace; and if a religious woman (though she had always Mrs. Winnington had not been literally paid due respect to the observances of stunned and paralyzed, she could hardly the Church, as beseemed a bishop's wife); have maintained her silence any longer in but neither was she a woman without the presence of such a demonstration. As clear, albeit perverted, notions of duty. it was, she neither moved nor uttered a That she was a miserable sinner, she was word; and presently she heard Edith bound, in a general sort of way, to be. whisper pleadingly,

lieve; but she certainly did not suppose “Walter - dear — don't you think we that her sins were any blacker than those could mightn't we — keep it secret just of her neighbors. According to her lights, a little longer ?”

she had done the best that she could for The honest Walter rubbed his ear in her daughters, whom she really loved after perplexity “ Well, of course we could; a certain fashion ; and, according to her but it would be only a putting off of the lights, she intended to continue doing the evil day, and I should like to feel that we best she could for them. It is a fact that

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she thought a great deal more about them was able to assume something of her custhan she did about herself. Thus it was tomary stateliness of demeanor in motionthat she was every whit as much aston-ing her companion to follow her into a ished and pained by what she had wit- small room on the ground floor which was nessed as the most virtuous mother into sometimes used as a study by Philip, aod whose hands this book may chance to where she could feel tolerably safe from fall would be, were she to discover her intrusion. own immaculate daughter in the act of “ Now, Mr. Brune," she began, seating embracing — say the parish doctor or the herself opposite to him, “I will say at poverty-stricken parish curate.

once that I acquit you of all blame in this “ I could not have believed it!" moaned scandalous business. I feel sure that poor Mrs. Winnington, as she sat humped when you have heard what I have to tell up in her armchair, with all her majesty of you, you will be as much grieved and hordeportment gone out of her. “I could rified as I have been.” not have believed it possible! Edith, of “It shall be my endeavor not to disapall people! If it had been Kate, or even point you,” answered he. Margaret, I could have understood it bet- Mrs. Winnington paused. “I can aster but Edith! Oh, I am crushed !-1 sure you,” she said at length, “that I feel shall never get over this.”

the the disgrace of all this very keenly. She really looked and felt as if she Really I hardly know how to begin.” might be going to have a serious attack of Suppose you take a little more wine,” illness;

but as there was nobody there to suggested Mr. Brune, who had been be alarmed, or to offer her assistance, she alarmed for a moment, but who now bepicked herself up after a time, and made gan to suspect that nothing very terrible her way down the corridor with a slow, was the matter after all. dragging step. Being still in her walking “ No, thank you. It is very disagreedress, she thought she would go out and able to have to tell it; but you will undersee what a breath of fresh air would do stand, of course, that I am speaking to for her. She did not, however, get fur- you in the strictest confidence, and I count ther than the front door ; for, just as she upon your honor to let what I say go no was about to let herself out, who should further.” run briskly up the steps but Mr. Brune ! And then Mrs. Winnington related

“Is that Mrs. Winnington ?” said he. what had taken place between Walter and “How do you do, Mrs. Winnington? Do Edith in her presence, suppressing nothyou know whether my boy Walter is ing, except that interchange of kisses here? Somebody told me he liad gone which respect for her daughter forbade up to Longbourne, and I rather want to her to mention. see him; so I thought I would just look “Ah,” remarked Mr. Brune coolly,

Why, what's the matter?” he broke when she had concluded her recital, “ I off, for the first time noticing the lady's thought something of this kind would woebegone face; “has anything hap- probably occur sooner or later.” pened?"

“You did ?" exclaimed Mrs. Winning. “ Your son is here,” answered Mrs. ton, now quite restored to her natural self. Winnington, in a deep, tragic voice wor-" Then I'must say, Mr. Brune, that you thy of Mrs. Siddons. “Yes, Mr. Brune ; have been rather Well, I did not exsomething has indeed happened. No, pect to hear this !” not an accident; don't jump about, there's “What would you have had me do ?” a good man; my nerves are completely asked her interlocutor, perhaps rather enunstrung. As we have met, I inay as joying the discomfiture of this veteran well tell you about it at once. If you are match-maker. “ Naturally I am sorry not in a hurry, perhaps you will give me a that Walter should have fixed his affecfew minutes in private.”

tions upon a penniless girl, for I cannot " By all means, Mrs. Winnington; but by any possibility find him a sufficient inhadn't you better let me get you a glass of come to marry upon; but I never sus. wine first? You look quite grey.' pected anything until it was much too late

Mrs. Winnington shook her head; but for interference to do any good.”. Mr. Brune thought it best to take the law This was a view of the case which had into his own hands, and rang the door- not presented itself to Mrs. Winnington. bell. After a glass of port wine Mrs. She had expected that Mr. Brune, if he Winnington's complexion began slowly to did not make an absolute apology, would regain its normal florid aspect, and she at least be apologetic in his manner; and,

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AMERICAN PERFUMES.

lo and behold! he was taking up a tone of less you have anything more of a practical complete equality. And the worst of it nature to suggest, I shall wish you good was that she could not very well see how evening." he was to be put to silence ; for it was When he was gone, Mrs. Winnington certainly true that Edith was penniless. sank back into her chair which she had

“I need not point out to you,” she said, just vacated, and raised her clasped hands smothering her indignation, " that a stop to heaven. must be put to this immediately.”

"Oh," she exclaimed, “what a world I suppose so. I am sorry for the we live in! Everybody is false, everypoor boy — and for the poor girl too, for body is selfish ; it makes one feel as if that matter; but we can only hope that one would never be able to believe in any they will both get over it.”

one but oneself again!” “Edith undoubtedly will. She is a The amusing part of it is that she was mere child; she has been led into folly perfectly sincere. and deceit by one in whom I had unwisely placed implícit trust," cried Mrs. Winnington, who could not refuse herself the satisfaction of making this rather unjust accusation. “Of course,” she added,

From The Queen. “you will at once let your son understand that he is not to hold any sort of com- THE manufacture of perfumes in the munication with her in future, beyond United States is an industry which counts what is necessary in order to avoid excit- itself but about twenty-five years old. ing remark, and that, as far as possible, Thirty years ago Parisian, London, and he must abstain from going, anywhere other foreign makers of agreeable perwhere he is likely to meet her.”

fumes supplied the entire American de"I am not sure," answered Mr. Brune, mand. To-day the American industry has " that I am prepared to take such author: reclaimed seven-eighths of the trade, and itative measures as that. Neither you expects within ten years to supply ninenor I, Mrs. Winnington, desire this match; tenths of all the cologne water and other but, you see, we don't happen to be the perfumes used in the country. New principal persons concerned; and if we York city stands foremost as a manufaccan't be generous, we may at least be turer of these products. The census of just. So far as one can see, there is no 1880 records sixteen manufacturers in likelihood that these young people will New York, employing three hundred and ever be able to marry, and, if they ask one hands, and producing 1,094,700 dolme my advice, I should recommend them lars worth of the scented goods per without hesitation to give each other up; annum. Philadelphia and New York for but supposing, for the sake of argument, a number of years monopolized the busithat they chose to exchange promises of ness in the United States, but of late fidelity, and to wait for better times, I Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, San Frandon't think that I, for my part, should cisco, and other cities have begun to consider myself justified in forbidding an compete. Investigation among the trade engagement. You, of course, can do in New York elicited the fact that, while what you think proper; I am only speak. that city and Philadelphia produce the ing of my own possible action. Walter great bulk of all colognes, perfumes, and has been a good son to me, and I shall toilet waters made in the United States, not cross him in any way that I can Chicago ranks next, turning out each year help.”

about one-half the quantity manufactured Mrs. Winnington started to her feet in in New York alone. A popular impresa fury. “I declare, Mr. Brune,” she ex- sion that many of the best handkerchief claimed, “I don't know whether to call extracts bearing the names of flowers are you weak or wicked !”

based on skilfully simulated odors turns “Call me what you please, my dear out to be totally untrue. Cologne water, lady,” replied Mr. Brune, who had also however, as is generally known, was orig. risen; "or call me both, if you think it inally that bearing the Farina's mark, and would relieve your feelings at all to do imported from the city of Cologne itself. so. Vituperation, however, will scarcely It is a refreshingly fragrant, alcoholic help us to arrive at a clearer understand preparation, excellent for toilet purposes, ing; and indeed I believe we understand the sick-room, and otherwise; but Farieach other quite clearly as it is. So, un na's preparation is to-day simply one of

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many excellent ones. It is of interest to and bottled for sale. The attars, or ottos, know that good cologne water is prepared as we occasionally see it, are oils distilled from odorless spirits, made from corn, from the barks, rinds, or leaves of aroand scented withi lavender, rosemary, ber- matic plants, trees, or fruits. In this gamot, lemon, orange, and in some in. process the substance is distilled by stances essential oils of spices. Perhaps steam, which carries off the essential oil eighty-five per cent of the mixture is al. and deposits it upon the surface of the cohol. That prepared from corn is pre- water, from which it is readily drawn off. ferred because it can be obtained quite There are other and less frequent meth. free from any odor, which is not the case ods of obtaining the subtle fragrance, but with spirits made from potatoes or the that first given constitutes the most imgrape. The processes by which the portant. From the above it is shown that odors of flowers are obtained are, with an ihe raw material used by the manufacturexception to be noted hereafter, confined ers of the best perfumes has to be imto France, England, northern Italy, and a ported. Large quantities are used every few to Turkey The reason of this is year, and the business, as stated at the that the flowers used in the manufacture of outset, is rapidly growing. Efforts, it pomade extracts — in which form Amer. may be added, have been made in Florida ican manufacturers receive the basis for to use the process previously described their first-grade perfumes — are those by which to steal from American tropical mostly indigenous to the soil of southern flowers their perfumes. The attempt has France and upper Italy. The climate not, it is stated, been abandoned, although there, from its evenness, seems specially a partial success only has been achieved, fitted to produce highly scented flowers. from causes heretofore pointed out. Ex In no other part of the globe do flowers periinents made in the same direction on grow which are, except in a few instances, Staten Island some time since resulted possessed of the requisite density of per- fruitlessly. The full meaning of the want fume. The pomade extracts referred to of success of efforts at enfleurage in are prepared by a curious and interesting America is shown by the fact that, while process, technically termed enflourage. in the south of France one hundred A refined fat is spread upon a large sieve; pounds of rose-leaves furnish one dessert upon this are laid the petals of the flow. spoonful of extract of rose, in America it ers from which the perfume is to be is roughly estimated that a ton of rosetaken. Subsequently another layer of leaves would be necessary to produce the like character, and, on top, others also, same quantity. American perfume man. constitute the arrangement. This is sub- ufacturers complain that they are unjustly jected to a moderately warm temperature taxed fifty per cent. ad valorem on the for some hours, and afterwards to a higher raw material ” they have to import, erro. heat, which causes the grease to melt and neously designated pomade. It is no run into a vat. The leaves remain upon way to be confounded with the article the sieve, devoid of odor. The same sold under that name for use on the hair, grease subjected to a repetition of the though resembling it in appearance; yet, process gives the double extract, and, if imported as it is in large quantities, it repeated again, the triple extract. It is has to come under the rule, which makes then put up in tin cans and sold to the it cost one-half more than it can be ob. manufacturer of perfumes at Paris and tained for in France. In addition to elsewhere in Europe, as well as in the handkerchief extracts and cologne water, United States. This pomade extract, as the remaining products of American per. it is called, is, in the United States, for fume factories are known as toilet waters. instance, subjected to treatinent with the These have been introduced of late years, odorless corn spirits, and the perfume and have found a wide sale. It is claimed held by the grease, finding greater affinity for them that balsam and other ingredifor the alcohol, leaves the former for the ents of a tonic or an astringent nature are latter. To rid the compound of the specially intended to invigorate the skin grease, the Wenck Perfume Manufactur. and regulate the perspiration. The ing Company's process consists in “freez. American manufacturers of these subtle ing." By lowering the temperature of the products are now looking forward to the mixture very considerably the pomade is time when their home standard perfumes precipitated, and the true perfume extract will command a preference on the toilet of this, that, or the other flower is run off tables of London and Paris.

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CONTENTS. I. Lucius Carey, LORD FALKLAND,

Fortnightly Reviecu, II. THE LADIES LINDORES. Part XV.,

Blackwood's Magazine, III. Miss EDGEWORTH. Part II.,

Cornhill Magazine, IV. The Cure's SISTER. Conclusion,

Argosy, V. THE DECAY OF LITERATURE,

Cornhill Magazine, VI. BACK FROM THE ROAD,

Cornhill Magazine,
VII. No New THING. Part IX.,

Cornhill Magazine,
VIII. THE LATEST WONDER OF ANTWERP, Argosy,
IX. ST. BERNARDS,

St. James's Gazette,

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Tor Eight Dollars, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

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