merely that the work of the nation will to give their support to independent canbe better done, but that the class of pro- didates. fessional politicians will be almost extin. Throughout the foregoing remarks I guished, and a higher and purer tone have intentionally described the worst as. given to political life altogether. The pects of American politics, and taken my American people is so large, so busy, so facts from those great Atlantic cities hopeful, and on the whole so justly.con- where the crowd of ignorant immigaants ter with the prosperity which it enjoys, has put democratic institutions to the se. that it takes some time to convince it of verest strain. It has been necessary to the necessity and value of this reform, do so, because it is from these cities that which the professional politicians of both English critics of the United States have parties, not venturing on open opposition, drawn their illustrations and their warnare trying to evade by minimizing the ings; and my object has been to show issues involved. But a steady progress that even taking such institutions, - and is being made; Civil Service Reform particularly the caucus system, — where Associations have been formed all over they are at their worst, the differences the Eastern States; lectures are constant- from England are so great that no infer. ly given on the subject and discussions ence directly applicable to ourselves can raised both in Congress and in the press. be drawn. America does indeed suggest Opinion in such a nation is not easily considerations of practical value to En. moved on a comparatively new question, glishmen and Frenchmen and to all free but when moved it is irresistible, and the countries. She bids us maintain the hour of success seems to be no longer dis- present arrangements of our civil service; tant.

she impresses upon all citizens the duty This is an instance of a phenomenon of interesting themselves in public affairs ; in American life which I may not have she dissuades us from multiplying popular sufficiently dwelt on. The higher politics elections, or handing over to them such of the country are not, like the lower, left posts as judgeships ; she reminds us that mainly to the professional politicians. the spirit of party must not be suffered to There is always a large number of able extend its influence too widely and seize and thoughtful men, who take no part in upon all elective bodies. But these, exelectioneering and hold no office, who are cept perhaps the last, are not the rocks engaged in discussing matters of principle towards which we in England seem to be and enlightening their fellow.citizens upon drifting. them. There is thus formed a body of If this article had been a sketch of quiet and sober opinion which holds back American politics as a whole, there would the Congress or the persons in power have been many other matters to enlarge from doing any serious mischief, and on. Some defects in the Constitution and which, when things grow really serious, in the mode of working it must have been steps in to seize the helm. In 1871 New pointed out; many merits would also have York was suddenly rescued, by the action been set forth ; and it would have been of a few public-spirited men who had shown how even the faults are largely due previously been "outside politics,” sup. to transitory influences, which may disap. ported by the bulk of the respectable pear when education tells upon the new citizens, from the fangs of the Tammany and still incompetent citizens whom a too ring. Three years ago San Francisco indulgent system admits at once to elecwas in like manner delivered from a sim- toral power. I should have observed that ilar gang. Everybody knows that this the professional politicians, so often recan be done again if a like emergency ferred to above, are far less harmful should arise, and everybody has, therefore, through the country generally than in the been comparatively indifferent, perhaps populous maritime cities; that in many too indifferent, to the defects in the work- parts of the interior they scarcely exing of the ordinary machinery. But the ist, and that even where they do, perindifference diminishes, and the number sonal corruption is rare among them. of able and earnest men who enter public The scandals of New York have done life, especially as candidates for local great injustice to the fair fame of local offices, increases every year. The pro- government in general. Taking the fessionals strain every nerve to keep them American political system as a whole, the out, and this is one of the main causes shadows, regrettable as they are, are less why they are still so few; but the mass conspicuous than the lights. If it is to of good citizens are less and less obedient be judged by its tendency to promote the to party dictation, more and more disposed | welfare and security of the individual citi





zen and give free scope to his exertions, I shall ever do any good as a lawyer; still, a dispassionate observer_will pronounce as I have put my hand to the plough, I it superior to those of France, or Ger- might as well perhaps go on to the end of many, or Italy, and will perceive that it the first furrow, and if my being called has solved some problems which we in was of no other use, at least it would England have still to solve.

please you, wouldn't it?" JAMES BRYCE. “Of course it would please me,” cried

Margaret; "I can't tell you how much it would please me.

You know I wouldn't for the world urge you to take up any

profession that you disliked; but the fact From The Cornhill Magazine.

of being called to the bar would not commit you to anything, and it might perhaps lead to some appointment that might suit you. And then you don't mind people

saying disagreeable things about you, I IF Mrs. Winnington and her youngest dare say?' daughter bad a disagreeable walk home, “Not in the least, so long as I don't owing to the absolute lack of any sym- bear them.” pathy between them, the couple who pre- “But I am weak-minded enough to be ceded them across the wet grass and made unhappy by them. And you see, I through the chilly mists of the autumn do hear them; I can't help it. You don't evening were in no such evil case, and know what a satisfaction it will be to me found mutual solace for the troubles of to be able to tell one or two solicitous life in one another's companionship. friends that you have no intention of leadPhilip was still in a downcast and chasing an idle life.” tened frame of mind, and at such times he “ Poor old Meg!" said Philip with gencommonly felt as though Margaret were erous compassion for this womanly weakthe only true friend he had in the world; ness. “All right, then; that's settled. while she, perceiving his low spirits, and in two years' time you shall have a photonaturally connecting them with Tom graph of me in my wig and gown with Stanniforth's rather conspicuous atten. which to confound the sceptical, and in tions to Nellie, was half sorry that he the mean time I shall keep my eyes open, should be in trouble, half glad that it and try to discover some less objectionshould be the means of moving him able way of earning my bread and but. towards a more than usually demonstra. ter.” tive affection for herself. The best love Margaret thanked him so warmly that of the best women has always something he really felt for the moment that he was of a maternal character, and everybody performing an act of self-sacrifice, and knows that a son can pay no greater com- could not find it in his heart to inform pliment to his mother than to make her ber of his actual projects, as he had been ihe recipient of his confidence, whether very nearly doing five minutes before. spoken or unspoken. Margaret did not Why vex her needlessly? he thought. It attempt any specific kind of consolation, was not to be expected that she would being too much in dread of appearing in- relish the idea of seeing him behind the trusive for that; but she let her boy know, footlights of the opera; and it was so in a general way, that all his emotions, pleasant to be patted on the back and told pleasurable and otherwise, were shared what a good, kind fellow he was. He be. by her, and she further soothed him with gan to think that he was rather good and suchi delicate forms of flattery as are con- kind — quite as much so, at all events, as veyed for the most part by inference. circumstances would allow him to be;

This process was so far successful that and, by way of showing how thoroughly it had the effect of warming up Philip's in earnest he was, be declared that he self-esteem, which had fallen below freeze would go up to London and “set to work” ing.point; and it was but natural that no later than the very next morning. gratitude to so perceptive a benefactress Margaret was a little taken aback by should make him wish to do or say some. this precipitancy; the more so as she thing that should be agreeable to her. recollected that the Michaelmas term did So presently he came out with,

not begin until the month of November. “ Meg, I think I was in rather too great But that circumstance need not stand in a hurry to decide on cutting the bar. I the way of private study, she reflected, don't in the least believe, you know, that and perhaps it was best to strike while

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the iron was hot. One thing, however, sion of the house, and exactly twenty-four she felt impelled to say:

hours later a very diminutive gentleman I hope, dear, you are not hurrying was added to the list of Fanny's near away for any particular reason."

relations. Particular reason?” repeated Philip; It seems possible that readers may not, and it was well that the darkness hid his up to the present point, have become alarmed face.

greatly enamored of Philip Marescalchi, “I mean, you mustn't jump to conclu. and perhaps — with a view towards raissions. Tom Stanniforth is the Brunes'ling him in the estimation of an important guest, you see, and they must be civil to section of them – it may be well here to him. I suspect that, if the truth were state that he proved himself a father of known, you would find that Nellie is very the most unexceptionable description. anxious for his visit to come to an end." To the ordinary male mind an infant,

Philip burst into a great laugh of relief. both as regards its aspect and its habits, “So you thought I was going off in a fit is a somewhat repulsive little creature. of jealousy! Now, Meg, I do think you It has none of the soft prettinesses which might have known me better. Am I ever belong to the young of the lower animals ; jealous ? Do I ever covet my neighbor's it is both exacting and ungrateful; and house, or his wife, or his ox, or his ass, or the utter helplessness which is supposed anything that is bis? There is only one to endear it in a special degree to one of person in the world about whom I have its parents seldom arouses a correspond. ever felt jealous, and that is yourself. ing sentiment in the breast of the other. There used to be a time when I was hor- Philip, however, was an exception to the ribly afraid that you would end by marry- general rule. From the first he maniing the trusty Kenyon."

fested an immense interest in and affec“ Then,” said Margaret, who now, in tion for bis baby, which was indeed an her turn, had reason to be grateful to the unobjectionable specimen of its kind, darkness we are quits; for you might being neither red nor uproarious, but a have known me better than to think that tiny, waxen-faced thing which passed the of me.”

best part of its days and nights in proPhilip left Longbourne, the following found slumber. He purchased for it a morning, in a condition of comfortable cradle so lovely that Mrs. Webber threw self-approval, and no presentiment of the up her hands in mingled admiration and circumstances under which he was next dismay at the sight of it; and beside this to see the old place occurred to cast a expensive toy he would sit contentedly gloom over bis excellent spirits.

hour after hour, endeavoring by means of “Where shall I write to you?” Mar-various expedients to attract the attention garet asked, as he climbed into the dog- of its inmate, who would occ

occasionally cart that was to take him to the station. reward his efforts with a tipsy sort of

"Oh! the Club, as usual,” he answered. smile.

He had never been in the habit of giv- Most ladies will be disposed to think ing any other address than this, and, that there must have been some good in since he had become the tenant of Coo- a man who could so conduct himself; and massie Villa, had often blessed the lucky it is possible that they may be right. chance which had preserved him from a Philip himself was a good deal puzzled less cautious custom. Margaret knew and diverted by his own state of mind, that he sometimes went to an hotel, some and would often laugh gently at himself times to rooms, and had not cared to ask with that good-humored indulgence which for more precise information upon the was his normal attitude in moments of insubject.

trospection. He had no idea of shaping Now although there was no particular any particular course in life for himself, reason of the kind that Mrs. Stanniforth or of steering by the light of any fixed had imagined to hasten Philip's departure, principle or set of principles; he liked to there was an approaching event which let things happen to him, and to watch rendered his presence in London at this the results; and when these took unexjuncture, if not essential, at least desir- pected forms, as they often did, he was able and becoming. On his arrival at interested, and sometimes greatly tickled. Coomassie Villa he found Mrs. Webber This experience of family life and pater(the Aunt Keziah to whom it may be re- nity bad for him the charm of novelty membered Mrs. Marescalchi had once mingled with a certain spice of unreality. made reference as the sole representative He never forgot that he could escape of her kith and kin) in temporary posses. | from it all whenever it might please him

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to do so, and return to practical bachelor- the baby with a series of violent upward hood and the society of his equals, and in jerks while she spoke. She was a tall, that knowledge lay, perhaps, the explana. stout woman with sharp black eyes and tion of the fact that he was quite satisfied grizzled corkscrew curls, and she put ber to remain where he was. And he was question in a determined manner. really fond of poor little Fanny, who was “ His rights? Well, really, Mrs. Webrecovering very slowly, and upon whom ber, I think that at the present moment feebleness and her newly acquired ma- he may fairly claim it as one of his rights tronly dignity had exercised a softening that he should not be made sick, as he and refining influence. After a time, certainly will be, if you go on burling him when she was able to leave the house, into the air as you are doing much long. Philip used to hire an open fly, and take er. You can't mean to tell me that any her out for drives, through miry lanes and human being, of however tender years, byways, into the country, where they were can like that mode of treatment." as secure from recognition as in the heart Don't you be imperent, young man. I of central Africa, and where creeping haven't brought up ten children of iny mists, and falling leaves, and the pale own, nor yet I haven't left my comfortalight of watery sunsets affected her sim- ble home and come here to do servant's ple happiness with no chilly warning of work, for you to teach me what babies change. Long afterwards Philip some like and hat they don't like." times looked back upon those days with “ Mrs. Webber, I feel that we have an aching feeling at his heart and a sigh acted most selfishly in keeping you so

circumstances,” which he had al- long. Let us lose no time in engaging a ways blamed, and always will blame, for nurse and restoring you to your neglected the various inisfortunes that have fallen family.” to his lot.

“ Hah! make use of me so long as I'm Fanny's love and admiration for her wanted, and then show me the door husband knew no bounds. She was that's it, is it? But I'd have you to know, firmly convinced, and would frequently Philip, that I'm not one as can be treated declare, that there was no one like him in that way. Are you a.going to do your the world — no one so kind, so unselfish, dooty by my niece ? Are you a-going to so uncomplaining. “And to think of him love, honor, and cherish her as your wife, living like this, after what he's been accus. and introduce her as such to your rela. tomed to !” Fanny would exclaim, with tions? For that is what you swore to do tears in her eyes. In truth, Coomassie at the altar, mind you.”. Villa, owing to the disorganized state of “ It may be so; but I do not recollect the household, was by no means a com- that clause in the marriage service. 10 fortable place of residence at this time; any case, the matter is one between Fanand if there had not been a good deal of ny and me, and highly as I respect you, amiability in Philip's composition, he Mrs. Webber, I don't intend to discuss it would hardly have been able to tolerate with you.” Mrs. Webber, who had taken upon herself “There's two must give their word to the functions of nurse, and who occasion that bargain," cried Mrs. Webber, with a ally showed herself to be a very unpleas- defiant toss of her head and of the longant old person indeed.

suffering baby. “Now, listen to me, Mrs. Webber, unfortunately, was not an Philip; I don't want to have no trouble; Oxfordshire rustic, who might have been let's sit down and talk over things quiet, overawed by Mr. Marescalchi's gentility, as between friends." but a shrewd woman, London born and “ Mrs. Webber, I am sorry to interrupt London bred, whose husband kept a pub. you, and it grieves me to say anything of lic house in Islington, and whose views a nature to hurt your feelings; but there of life and humanity were of the coarser is a trilling matter which I think it best and more practical kind. She had never to mention to you before we go any furapproved of Fanny's escapade, and did not ther. Twice within the last five minutes disguise her opinion that her niece's hus. you have addressed me as Philip.' Don't band was “a slippery one.”

do it again, please ; I don't like it." When are you a-going to

The effect of this mild reinonstrance ward, like a honest man, and let this poor was very remarkable. Mrs. Webber child have bis rights ?”she asked, making sank down upon the

come for

nearest chair, a sudden descent upon Philip one after- dropped the baby upon her knees and be. noon when he was sitting alone in the gan to cry. dreary little drawing-rooin, and tossing “Never did I think to be so spoke to in

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this house! Not to be allowed to call “ You have a goot ear," he was pleased my owo niece's husband by his name! to say; "and the voice — well, the voice Well, this is unkind !” she ejaculated be- is goot too; but you have not learnt to tween her sobs.

get him out.

What for you want to go Philip was immensely delighted. He upon the stage, eh? That is no business found himself the richer by a new experi- of mine, you say." ence, and mentally noted it down under “I don't say so at all,” answered Philip, the beading of "How to deal with the laughing, “and I am quite willing to tell lower classes.”. Finding he was mas- you. I want to make inoney.” ter of the situation, he proceeded, in ac- “Ah - so! It is no caprice, then. cordance with the rules of war, to follow To make money? - well, that might be. up his advantage and trample upon the At concerts, yes; upon the stage — perfallen.

haps.' He thought for a moment, and • My good woman, your intentions may then said: “I will undertake you, if you be excellent; but you are meddling with choose; but only upon the condition that matters which are too high for you. I you work hardt, and that you sing not may in time succeed in raising my wife to anywhere in public until I gif you leaf. my own rank in society; but the process When you break one of these rules I must be taken in hand slowly and deli- make you my bow and wish you goot cately. As for her relations, I haven't morning. Is that agreedt?”. married them, and it will be altogether Philip consented willingly, and was out of the question, I am afraid, that we then admitted as one of Herr Steinbershould receive them upon terms of inti- ger's pupils upon terms much more modmacy.

erate than the great man was in the habit This was rather overshooting the mark. of exacting from fashionable amateurs. Mrs. Webber raised her head and snorted For several weeks the new pupil worked wrathfully.

as hard as could have been desired, and, " Intimacy, indeed!"quoth she. “Wait finding that he made perceptible progress, till you are asked for your intimacy. I enjoyed his work thoroughly. For in art don't want it, nor never did. I want my of all kinds it is not le premier pas qui niece's rights. I'm standing up for them coûte; it is the weary second and third as won't stand up for theirselves.”. steps, when enough has been learnt to

But at this juncture Marescalchi junior show how many more must be taken intervened appositely with a long-re- before proficiency can be reached, that pressed howl, and had to be carried up- discourage the faint-hearted and the indostairs.

lent. To Philip, who was of an essentially Philip, left in possession of the field of sanguine temperament, success seemed battle, stretched out his legs, whistled, not only certain, but close at hand, and sighed, and made a dismal grimace. He he was proportionately joyous. was not afraid of Mrs. Webber's compro- At Coomassie Villa, too, things were mising his future in any very serious man- going pleasantly and cheerfully at this ner; but she certainly had it in her power time. Aunt Keziah had not yet returned to cause him much intermittent trouble to native Islington; it being essential, as and worry; and that was almost as bad. she said, that she should remain for a He could not help thinking how much week or so, in order to watch the pro. better it would have been if he had mar. ceedings of the nurse, to whom she had ried Nellie Brune, and how much how resigned the care of the precious baby; very much better — if he had not married but she kept herself much in the backat all. Then he got up, shook himself, ground, called Philip “sir ” when she and walked away in the rain to his club, spoke to him, and was to all appearance where, chancing to meet an acquaintance disposed to accept the situation in the who was passing through town, he soon spirit of a sensible woman. Philip was forgot all his sorrows in a game of pyra. so much pleased by this change of demids.

meanor, that on the day before that fixed In the month of October Herr Stein. for her departure, he went out and bought berger returned to London; and Philip her a massive gold bracelet, which peace. lost no time in placing himself in the offering she accepted with many expres. hands of that competent professor. Stein. sions of humble gratitude. It presently berger, this time, was complimentary, and appeared, however, that she had not yet more encouraging than he had been upon said her last word. the occasion of Philip's first visit to him. “ Before I bid you good-night, sir,"

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