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Fifth Series, Volume XL
No. 2006.- December 2, 1882.
CONTENTS. 1. MOZLEY'S REMINISCENCES,
Cornhill Magazine, VI. AMERICAN PERFUMES,
515 531 540
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teenth century will be glad to avail themMOZLEY'S REMINISCENCES. *
selves. To speak with niggardly praise of these There is, first, the intrinsic interest of amusing and interesting volumes would the subject. No chapter in the history be scarcely less churlish than to look a of human thought is entirely unattractive; gift horse in the mouth. None, certainly, and if, some years ago, the temptation to who take up the work will fail to mark its look on the religious history of the eighfaults; and to many the faults may not teenth century as dull was widely felt, it unreasonably seem very serious. But the has now well-nigh lost its power. The question is, not whether Mr. Mozley narrative of Mr. Abbey and Mr. Overton, would have done well to spend more time if other testimony were wanting, has ex. on his task, or whether the task should bibited in its true colors the energetic life not have been undertaken and finished which preceded the more varied and widelong ago, but whether we would willingly spread movements of our own day, and be without these contributions to the so- has vindicated for it our hearty respect. cial, the religious, and even the political It has enabled us to see more clearly how history of the nineteenth century. In the life of the earlier age has blended it. point of fact, Mr. Mozley has reserved self with that of the later, and only by for his advanced old age the work of ar- insisting on the same largeness of view ranging and recording recollections which shall we be able to discern the direction embrace the lifetime of two generations; in which the currents of modern feeling he has accomplished this work in the and thought are flowing. Our nearness short space of a few months; and he has to the period embraced in Mr. Mozley's chosen rather to trust to his memory than pages may interfere with the impartiality to weary himself by ransacking the rich of our judgments on some points involved store of documents in his possession. in the survey; but there can be no quesBut the memory which will make no blun- tion that the retrospect of the last sixty ders in traversing so vast a field, and will
years is one of surpassing and gether judge with unfailing accuracy the charac. singular interest, and we cannot readily ters of workers in it who still survive or believe that an impression so deep anwho have passed away, must be a won- swers to no substantial reality. For those derful memory indeed; and the remon- who never care to look below the surface strances and protests called forth by some of things, or who, to speak more plainly, of Mr. Mozley's reminiscences prove that do not take the trouble to think at all, the there may be some grounds for doubting retrospect may reveal little more than a his possession of this rare gift. We may maze of controversies not always profitasay at once that the mistakes, or, as some ble, and not seldom repulsive; but a would have it, the blunders, in these vol. more patient scrutiny will furnish ample umes are not few; that the portraits of proof that the ebbing of the tide does not some of the actors in the great drama are really arrest the onward flowing of the not exact, and that the painter does not waters, and that the manifold movement always catch their spirit and rightly ap- is distinctly and steadily in the direction preciate their motives. But after all the of good. That the issues should differ abatements which may be made on every widely from the results aimed at and score, the impartial judge will assuredly striven for even by the foremost actors in close the work with a conviction that Mr. the great work, follows almost of necesMozley's inaccuracies nowhere affect his sity; and if the issues of the controverhonesty; and that, although he might sies which have stirred this century are, have done more and might have done it as we may reasonably believe, likely to better, his book is a storehouse of facts be more mighty than those of the last of which future historians of the nine- century, there will be nothing to surprise
us in the fact that they were not antici* Reminiscences chiefly of Oriel College and the Oxford Movement. 2 vols. By the Rev. T. Mozley, pated by those who have been most active
in bringing them about.
M.A. London: 1882.
Few men have more strongly influenced in the Bampton Lectures of Dr. Hamptheir age than the great thinker and writer den; and among these also was who must be regarded as the hero of Mr. whose influence was to outweigh altoMozley's pages. This influence has been gether that of either Blanco White or exercised on minds of very various types; Hampden, the great teacher who filled and it has been felt by many who may Arthur Stanley with a double portion of affect the future
of English his own spirit, and fostered in many more thought in directions far from acceptable the manly independence and fearlessness to himself. In the religious history of of which the coming years would show a our time the most prominent figure is be- constantly growing need. With these or yond doubt that of John Henry Newman. near to them are men, not one of whom Without any such intention on his own will be soon forgotten, men linked in perpart the fact of this prominence has been sonal friendship, and to whatever extent brought into the strongest light by his in unity of motive and aim — Keble, the
Apologia.” It could scarcely be other humble-minded and retiring poet of "The wise. He had in that work to speak Christian Year;” the three brothers who chiefly and almost exclusively of himself. added lustre to the honored name of WilIn Mr. Mozley's volumes he appears in berforce, but who in life were to follow no dwarfed proportions; but he appears different paths; and not a few more, Hurmore as the centre of a group, the mem- rell Froude, Manning, Isaac Williams, bers of which, with but few exceptions, Oakley, Faber, Ward, of whom, in spite of have attained or left behind them a name all changes, errors, and mistakes, Oxford memorable for high sincerity of purpose, and England may well be proud. All for singleness of heart, and for the thor- these, with the rest who may remain un. oughness of their self-devotion. Nor is named, may have been combatants in this tribute to be paid only to those who opposing armies; but they were also fel. from first to last have accompanied and low-soldiers in a crusade in which all were followed Dr. Newman. It belongs of honestly striving to further the victory of equal right to those among them who at good over evil, and in which there was, no time had much sympathy with his for a time at least, an enthusiasm as deep aims, or who may have felt that his aims as that which spurred Godfrey and Tan. were mistaken and his methods delusive. cred, and a devotion altogether more pure Thus viewed, the group is of striking in. and self-sacrificing. Even when closing terest. Furthest removed from us are in battle with each other they cannot be those who represent the earlier school, regarded as enemies; and those of them whose modes of thought and expression who still survive to carry on the warfare tended to foster in Dr. Newman the lia- may well cherish the memories of all who tred of the temper and spirit which he is have passed away to the peace in which, never weary of condemning under the with the removal of the veil of sense, all name of Liberalism. The “Noetic” strife is forever extinguished. The man philosophy, arrested by Dr. Newman and is happy who can look back on years so his friends, had its attractions for men spent. The lapse of time and the failure like Copleston and Whately; but there of hope will, if we are to believe Gibbon, were others in whom were stirring the always tinge with a browner shade the elements of a stronger opposition to any evening of life; but these dark shadows theories which might invest the Church do not fall across the path of those who with autocratic power as the visible city are assured that human efforts, and the of God. Among these was Blanco White, sense of responsibility, and high purthe Spanish priest who sought in England poses steadily worked out, cannot go for a place of refuge from the intolerable bur- nothing. To this serenity Mr. Mozley den of mediæval traditionalism, and whose has attained, and the thought of the past hatred of the scholastic terminology as an brings to him neither pain nor depression, instrument of oppression and a source of but only thankfulness and trust. It has deadly corruption was to find expression I added to his happiness to tell the story
which carries him back over all the ribly solemn and serious. His confeschanges of his long career.
sions of ignorance are made with admira.
ble adroitness. A pleasant chapter on As I tell these names, and feebly recount their services, other names, and others still, Frank Edgeworth, the Frank who is the pierce through the haze of many years.
The young hero of his sister Maria Edge. constellation grows, and brightens, and sur- worth’s stories, and who regarded both rounds me. Some have gone their way, and I his sister and her tales with impartial have gone mine. There has been failure and aversion, introduces a conversation in shortcoming; decay of mental power and which Edgeworth, telling him that he diminution of lustre, not without touch of sad wishes to believe but cannot, asks if the der infirmity. There have been mistakes, mis- Fathers who quoted the Gospels were calculations, and extravagances, with humbling men to enquire or only anxious to beand mortifying consequences.
But in no like
lieve.” • What,” he adds, “ do we know cause, or like number or kind of men, was
about them?" there ever less to be remembered with shame. If I may estimate them by the measure of my Ah me! this struck at the root of my deown feelings, they are all good and true men; fence, for I knew nothing about the Fathers. they are a goodly company that will never Even had I known more, it would have been wholly part, and what they lack of present all book knowledge — nay, worse than that, unity or other fulfilment they will hereafter mere “cram.” (Vol. i., p. 45.) enjoy. (Vol. ii., p. 15.)
When a happy retort is needed, he deFor Mr. Mozley these old friends and lights in recording his discomfiture. Affriendly antagonists are altogether human ter hearing Samuel Wilberforce the still. No halo of unapproachable bright- younger naming with a friend, alternately, ness surrounds any of them ; none of them more than fifty species of pines and Taxo. rise above heights which his criticism dia, he became impatient and threw in : cannot reach; and he has told the story “Yet the meanest grub that preys on those of their greatest achievements, their pass. trees is higher in the order of creation than all ing weaknesses, and their saddest failures, of them.” Wretched man that I was! Inwith hearty praise, with thorough sym- stantly the bishop looked me in the face. “So pathy, and with humor which is infinitely you think a bucket of Thames water a nobler amusing. In spite of sturdy assertions object of contemplation than Windsor Forest." from time to time, of his right to judge of I collapsed, for I never executed, or even the sayings or acts of others by such pow. said that I would rather spend a day in Wind
attempted, a repartee in my life : I might have ers of reason as have been granted to him,
sor Forest than in the House of Commons or his pages are full of a self-depreciation in Convocation, but that it did not follow I which seems to betray here and there thought Windsor Forest higher than both of
touch of irony. Readers not well them in the order of creation. (Vol. i., p. 117.) versed in the literary or theological history of the last balf-century may
At Colchester he finds himself laden
pardoned if they are put off their guard by with work in the library of Mr. Morant, the humility which pleads that the pres
overlooking the remains of Colchester ent work is Mr. Mozley's firs: publication, Castle and the grand Norman church a and will most probably be his last. With
few steps off. whatever faults he may be chargeable, But I had never five minutes [he tells us] lack of skill in writing cannot be numbered of that absolute rest which my poor nature re. among them. Every page of the work quired, and which less scrupulous or more attests, perhaps only too clearly, that pe courageous people obtain by the use of tobacco. culiar readiness acquired only by long
Had I gone there provided with a few dozen experience, which is never at a loss in the sermons, or with some speaking power, I might
have remained at Colchester to this day. . treatment of any subject, and which can
My visiting was not such a burden ; indeed, at the least make every topic pleasant to Round seemed to think me rather an enthusiast every reader, even if it be at the cost of in that way. Yet my first visit was a nervous exhibiting on their ludicrous side matters one. ... How I acquitted myself, and what which, for the writers criticised, were ter- good I did, I cannot say, but if I was not pre.