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the other, and from these to the conquest | clear brook laving the roots of an enorof Virginia: he had now no choice but to mous tulip-tree, whose branches were retreat."

widespread. That,' said Mr. Leslie, my Ferguson's famous companion, the re. companion, 'we call the Tory tulip-tree, doubted Tarleton, has left a narrative of because after the battle here ten Tories the campaigns of 1780 and 1781; and as were hung upon

these two lower he was in command of the force sent too branches.' Were they not prisoners of late to Ferguson's relief, and had special war?' I asked. “They were taken in opportunities of investigating “the mor- battle, he replied, but they were too tifying news” of bis “melancholy fate,” wicked to live.' . . . Near that tree in the it is important to notice that he substan- lonely hollow of the solitary mountains is lially corroborates the hostile annalists in a humble monument to mark the spot their account of the battle, and wholly in where American officers and Ferguson their estimate of its importance. “ Fer- the leader of the Tories were buried. guson occupied the most favorable posi. One inscription reads: Col. Ferguson, tion he could find, and waited the attack. an officer belonging to his Britannic The action commenced at four o'clock in Majesty, was here defeated and killed.'” the afternoon on the 7th of October, and The death of Ferguson was fatal to the was disputed with great bravery near an scheme into which he had thrown himself hour, when the death of the gallant Fer. so heartily; for the loyalists, deprived of guson threw his whole corps into total the leader whom they trusted, dared no confusion. No effort was made after this longer rise, and the republicans were event to resist the enemy's barbarity, or everywhere inspirited by the event, and revenge the fall of their leader. . . . The their intercepted letters showed them as mountaineers, it is reported, used every exulting over the fall of "the famous Ferinsult and indignity after the action guson. The tone of jubilation whiclı towards the dead body of Major Fergu- naturally enough pervades the American son, and exercised horrid cruelties on the despatches shows that the significance prisoners. . . . The destruction of Fergu- of the victory was appreciated by their son and his corps marked the period and generals, if not by those who won it; and the extent of the first expedition into some of the expressions in official docuNorth Carolina."

ments are more suggestive of the delight Dr. Fergusson corroborates Tarleton's than dignity of those who wrote them. statement as to the conduct of the victors. General Davison thus notifies the event “ The body lay stripped on the ground, to General Sumner: while the men lately under his command, Camp Rocky River, Oct. 10. — SIR, now prisoners of war, desired leave to I have the pleasure of handing you very bury his remains with what they termed agreeable intelligence from the West. the honors of a soldier's grave; but this Ferguson, the great partisan, has miscarrequest, addressed to the recent feelings ried. That we are assured by Mr. Tate, of a ferocity which resented the opposi- brigade-major in General Sumpter's late tion even of the most generous enemy, command. The particulars from that was resused. This token of respect and gentleman's mouth stand thus.” Then afiection, however, was paid to the de- follows an account of the action, after ceased by the inhabitants of a neighbor which the general continues: “ This blow ing village, who, having experienced his will certainly affect the British very conhuinaniiy, gave the body a decent inter- siderably. The brigade-major who gives ment in their own burying-ground.” And this was in the action. The above is true. we have come on a curious confirmation The blow is great. I give you joy upon of these accounts in the far-back pages the occasion.' of an

American magazine (Harper's General Gates, in enclosing Davison Monthly, xxiv., 1862), in an article on and Sumner's despatches, wroie of "the “American Historical Trees.” The writer great and glorious news they contained, is describing a visit to King's Mountain and observed as to the effect of the battle, in 1949, and says: “I arrived near the “ We are now more than even with the battle-ground in the afternoon when the enemy." clouds were breaking, and on horseback, When the report of Ferguson's death attended by a resident in the neighbor reached his friends they were not surhood, ascended the pleasant wooded hills prised, and scarcely required confirmato the memorable spot. . In a little tion. If not now,” they said, “ it must dell at the northern foot of the hill, where. be soon, in the continual danger to which on most of the battle was fought, was a he exposes bimself.” “He had estimated




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the part which became him to act as the instead of commanding obedience, silence, leader of such parties as were hitherto and close attention to the routine of duty, put under his charge: in such services he, with an address which none but a be conceived that he was not only to pro- man who studies and applies the principle ject what should be done, but to lead in which regulates the actions of the human the execution of it. His courage was mind could be supposed to possess, led considerate and calm. He says in a let them step by step to accomplish the ter to a friend, • I thank God more for duties of experienced soldiers. At King's this than for all his other blessings, that Mountain he was overwhelmed by numin every call of danger or honor I have bers, and fought and fell like a Spartan.” felt myself collected and equal to the oc- In all his utterances it seems as if we casion."

And replying to some expostu hear “the ringing of the Roman tread.” lations of his parents, he wrote: * The Yet in his character classic fortitude was length of our lives is not at our own com- blended with the softer spirit of mediæval mand, however much the manner of them chivalry, science co-operated with valor, may be. If our Creator enables us to act and study came to the aid of genius. If the part of men of honor, and to conduct Tarleton — si parvos licet componere mag. ourselves with spirit, probity, and — might be called the Claverhouse of ity, the change to another world, whether the Carolinas, Ferguson was the Montnow or fifty years hence, will not be for rose of the American Revolution. Had the worse.

his life been spared, he might have been Montaigne, writing of his friend De la of great service to his country at a time Boétie, says, in his quaint but expressive when she was sorely in want of military manner, “His was a full soul indeed, and genius, for there was a long series of failthat had every way a beautiful aspect: a ures at the outset of the great war, before soul of the old stamp, and that had pro- a capable commander arose.

But he was duced great effects had fortune been so

snatched in manhood's prime, pleased;” and that the observation is not Though not before the goal of honor won; inapplicable to the subject of our sketch Swift was the course but short the time to run ! is perhaps borne 'out by the following Oh narrow circle, but of power divine ! estimates of his character. One of his Scanted in space, but perfect in thy line ! brother officers wrote of him in after years : “In private life his humanity and

The Washington episode at Brandybenevolence were conspicuous, his friend- wine, and the decisiveness of the action ship steady and sincere. Tó a distin. at King's Mountain, open a wide field for guished capacity for planning the greatest reflection. Had the events been differ. designs, he added the ardor necessary to ent, would the opportunities vouchsafed carry them into execution : his talent for have been met by the policy of North or enterprise attracted the notice of the the policy of the Pitts? But what a whole army,

Military tactics bad been foundation might have been laid of that his early and favorite study: considered great scheme of imperial federation, which as a scholar, his genius was solid, his has been the dream of the best of British comprehension clear, and his erudition statesmen! Such musings, however, are extensive.” (“Mackenzie's Strictures.") far beyond the scope of this sketch, and And General Stewart of Garth, in his we bid farewell to one whose life once book on the Highlanders and the High- promised to be more than an eddy in the land Regiments, quotes thus from Dr. stream, and who, from his first display of Jackson: “He possessed original genius, boyish spirit on the plains of Germany, was ardent and enthusiastic, and consid down to the mournful but not inglorious ered as visionary by the disciples of the close in the shade of the Tory tulip-tree mechanical school of war. By zeal, ani- on the slope of King's Mountain, mainmation, and a liberal spirit, he gained the tained the character of a chevalier sans confidence of the mass of the people, and peur et sans reproche. laid foundations on which the loyally dis. posed, who were numerous in the southern provinces, would have been organized and disciplined, and greatly outnumbered

From Blackwood's Magazine. the disaffected. No man in that army was better qualified for such a task; his ardor was not to be checked by common difficulties. Directing the conduct of The party at Tinto was increased by men unaccustomed to strict discipline; | Dr. Stirling and his wife, which made six,




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instead of four as the master of the house | lected, in the right way, but in the wrong had intended. His meaning, so far as it way - monstrosities of the age of Wils was a meaning at all and not a mere im. liam IV. or of the last George. Lady pulse, was to get John Erskine by himself, Caroline's taste had been quite inoperaand with skilful art to worm himself into tive so far as these ornaments were conthe confidence of that open-hearted young cerned. Her husband knew that she

Torrance had a great opinion of made light of them, and this usually inhis own skill in this way. He thought he fuenced him in the long run. But he could find out from any man the inmost knew also what they had cost, and would thoughts of his mind; and John seemed not yield a hair's-breadth. The table an easy victim, a young fellow without groaned under them as on the greatest suspicion, who might without difficulty feast-days; and Mrs. Stirling, if no. be led into betraying himself. Torrance body else, was always deeply impressed. had been overawed by the presence of " I tell the doctor it's as good as reading Edith, and forced into conviction when a book upon the East to see that grand his wife appealed to her sister on the sub-camel and the silver palm-trees,” this exject of John ; but he was without any con- cellent lady said. She thought it became fidence in the truth of others, and after a a minister's wife to show a special intertime he began to persuade himself that est in the East. Lady Car's denial was not final, and that “Well, it's not often they're seen in probably he should find out from John the east - of Scotland, Mrs. Stirling," himself something that would modify her said Tinto, with his large laugh. He had tale. When he heard that his wife had made the joke before. added to the party, he was furious. " I “Oh fie, Mr. Torrance ! ye must not be never said I wanted more people asked,” | profane,” Mrs. Stirling said: and they he said. “If I had wanted people asked, both laughed with a certain zest. Very I should have let you know. What do I few of Lady Car's guests admired the want with a country parson, or minister, palm-trees; but Mrs. Stirling, by a blessed or whatever you call him ?. When I'm ill dispensation of Providence, was always you can send for the minister. I've got capable of this effort. “I hear they are nothing to say to him at present. It is for not much in the way of art,” Torrance yourself, of course, you want him. When said —“people are ill to please nowa. there's nobody better, he does to try your days; but they're pure metal, and if they arts on, Lady Car.”

were only valued at so much an ounce – Yes,” said Lady Car, with a faint “ You may well say they're ill to please. smile, “I allow that I like to talk to him Bless me, Mr. Torrance ! one of them - for lack of a better, as you say.” Some would be a fortune – just a fortune at times she had spirit enough to be what he that rate. When my little Jeanie is of an called aggravating, and Torrance grew age to be married you must lock up these red with a sense of scorn implied. He fine things, or there's no saying what I was not stupid enough, seeing that he was might be tempted to; but you never so little clever. He knew so much as to would miss one when there's so many," be constantly conscious that he was below Mrs. Stirling said. It was a dispensation the mark.

of Providence. The doctor himself de. “ Confound it !” he said, "if you were voutly wished he had his wife's faculty of to talk to your husband, it would show admiration, when, after keeping her host more sense; but of course that would not in good humor all the evening, she withanswer your purpose.” Why it would drew with Lady Car, giving him a warnnot answer her purpose he had not any ing glance. All three of the ladies ad. idea; but it is not always necessary, espe. dressed warning glances to the gentlemen cially in controversy; to know what you left behind. Even Nora, who had not yourself mean, and Carry did not inquire. spoken three words to Jolin, and had, as Sometimes she was aggravating, but she said almost spitefully toi herself, nothsometimes she showed the better part of ing whatever to do with him, could not valor, and beld her peace. That was help warning him with her eyes to keep always the wise way. And accordingly the peace. there were six people who sat down to the Now this was the time which Torrance banquet at Tinto. It was truly a banquet had looked forward to, when he should though the party was so small. The ta. cross-examine the new-comer, and get to ble was covered with plate, huge silver the rights of the story respecting John's epergnes, and loads of old-fashioned met. previous acquaintance with his wife. He tal, - not old-fashioned, it must be recol. I was balked and he was angry, and all at

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If you

once it became apparent to him that this come and see me, I will tell you all about was Lady Car's design, and that she had it. Sir John stands out, just because the done it to screen herself. “Doctor, you idea is new to him, not from any real oblike a good glass of wine,” he said ; "all (jection for he's a good man and a charparsons do, whatever be the cut of the itable inan at heart." cloth. Here's some stuff that will soon “You don't wonder at me, doctor,” said lay you under the table - unless you're Torrance. “Do you think I'm not a good seasoned like Erskine here, and me.” man or a charitable? I'm standing out

"I must take care, then, to give that too. I'm saying, what should we put ourstuff a wide berth,” the doctor said grave- selves about for? It's not us that makes ly, yet with a smile.

them daft. And what's done for the Ay, ay, but you must drink fair. We'll county up to our time may do now. Little be having you take shelter with the ladies. Tam, he can see to that: let him have the I don't mean to let Erskine off so easy. paying of it; it is not an amusement I'm This is his first dinner in my house.

it fond of ought to have been a state dinner, you “And yet, Mr. Torrance," said the know — all the big-wigs in the county; doctor, “and yet - you'll excuse but Erskine and Lady Car are old friends. here's what would almost build the I think you knew the family intimately at place where was the place?

This was
an exaggeration.

It was " I met Miss Lindores, as she was then, founded upon his wife's naive admiration in Switzerland,” said John curtly. “ It of the Tinto plate; but it did not dis. was to you that I was to apply, Dr. Stir- please the proud owner of all those pounds ling, for particulars about the asylum of silver. He laughed. Lord Lindores is so much interested “ You may take your word, it will never in."

build the place, nor any such place,” he “And a most important work,” said said. • No, doctor, that's not my line — Dr. Stirling. “It is a strange thing to nor the earl's either, trust me. think of in a country so well gifted as think he would strip his table or empty this by Providence, and with so much in- bis purse for all the idiots in Scotland, telligence, what a balance we have on the you're mistaken. You think it's all be. other side! You'll have noticed almost nevolence and public spirit. Not a bit ! every village has a'natural' as the peo- He means to run Rintoul for the county, ple call them, - a half-witted innocent and it's popularity he's wanting, There's creature like Davie Gellatley in Waver- always wheels within wheels. My fatherley.'.

in-law thinks he's a very clever man, “What did you say was the name of the and so he is, I suppose. They're a clever place ?" said Torrance. “I'm bent on family; but I can see through them, making notes of all the places Lady Car's though they don't think much of me.” been in. She's a poet, you know. Some Torrance had already consumed a good time or other they will be wanted for her deal of wine. He had been crossed in biography, don't you see?

his purpose, and his temper roused. His "I have observed,” said John, answer- dark face was flushed, and his light eyes ing Torrance only with a ttle ow — "I staring. Both his companions were men have noticed already one or two. Could entirely out of sympathy with him, who nothing be done for them?”

were there because they could not help it, “But you don't answer me," said Tor- and who listened rather with angry shame rance, “and when I tell you my motive! that they should be parties to such dis. That's my father-in-law's last fad. What course, ihan with any amiable desire to is he so anxious about the daft folk for, cover his shortcomings. They did not Dr. Stirling? Is it a fellow-feeling?” he look at each other, but a slight uneasy stopped to laugh, making the table ring. movement on the part of both was as “ He was at me for my support, and to good as a mutual confidence, and both write to the convener. Not I! I told him I began to speak at once, with an anxious they had done well enough up to my time, attempt to put an end to these unseemly and they would do well enough after my revelations. tiine. What are to put ourselves What fine weather we've been having about for? can you tell me that?

for the crops ! ” said Dr. Stirling. And, "It is a disgrace to the county,” said "I wish you'd tell me what flies you use Dr. Stirling “No wonder the earl was about here. I have had no luck at all on horrified, that has seen things managed the river,” cried John. so differently. Mr. Erskine, if you will But their host was on his mettle, and

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felt himself a match for them both. “As join the ladies. It will very soon be time for the weather, I've no land in my own for my wife and me to go.” hands not such a fool! and I don't care “He is afraid of his wife, you see, Ers

that for the crops! Flies ! you may kine," said Torrance, with his laugh. have the finest in the world, but without “ We're all that. Keep out of the noose sense you'll make nothing of them. Come as long as you can, my lad. You may be with me, and I'll let you see how to make very thankful for what you've missed, as them bite. But as I was saying," Tor well as what you've got.” rance went on, elevating his voice, “if “I suppose you mean something by you think his lordship is bent on the good what you are saying, Mr. Torrance,” said of the county, you're mistaken, I can tell John, “ but I do not understand what it you. He means to get the seat for Rin. is.” ioul. And who's Rintoul, to represent a Upon this Torrance laughed louder county like this? A boy, in the first than before. “He's confounded sly place— not fledged yet; what I call fledg. confounded sly. He'll not let on he ing. And knows nothing about what we knows -- that's because you're here, docwant. How should he?' He never was tor. Join the ladies, as you say — that is in the county in his life till four or five far the best thing you can do — and Ersyears ago. You would have thought a kine and I will have a glass more.” man like old Lindores, that has been “A great deal better not, Tinto,” said about the world, would have had more the doctor; “ you know it's not the fash

That's just it; a man knocks ion now: and' Lady Caroline will wonder about these little foreign places, and he what's become of us. It's a little dark thinks he knows the world. Now there's down the avenue, and my wife is nervous.

I would not take the trouble of Par. You must come and shake bands with liament, not for any inducement. It's no her before she goes." object to me. I prefer quiet and my own Both the guests rose, but the master of way. There's nothing that any ministry the house kept his seat. “Come, Erscould give me, neither office nor rise in kine, stay a bit, and tell me about — about life. I'in content to be Torrance of Tinto, — what was the name of the place ? Let as my father was before me: but at all the doctor go. He has his sermon to events, I am one that knows the county write, no doubt, and his wife to please. and its ways. I could tell them what's Go away, doctor, we'll join you presently," wanted for Scotland. But no! a boy like Torrance said, giving him a jocular push Rintoul that knows nothing — without towards the door. “ Come, Erskine, sense or experience, - he's the man. My here's a new bottle I want your opinion father-in-law, for so clever as he is, bas of. If you ever drank a glass of claret awful little sense."

like it, it will be a wonder to me." " There is no seat vacant as yet,” said John stood hesitating for a moment. Dr. Stirling; we might leave that ques. Then he took his seat again. If he was tion, Tinto, till the time comes.”

to quarrel with this fellow, better, he “That's your old-fashioned way,” said thought, to have it out. Torrance; “but his lordship is a man of “ You want to question me,” he said; his century, as they call it. He'll not “then do so simply, and you shall have wait till the last moment. He'll get him- my answer. I am unaware what the point self known as the friend of Liberal meas. is; but whatever it is, speak out — I do ures, and all that. All his tools are in the not understand hints. I am quite at fire now; and when the time comes to your service if I can furnish you


any use them, they'll be hot and handy.” information.” Then he laughed, turning his eyes from “Go away, doctor,” said Torrance, with one to another. “ You're his tools,” he another push. “Tell them we're coming. said.

I'll be in time to shake hands with Mrs. It was not possible for either of the Stirling: join the ladies — that's the right listeners to conceal the irritation with thing to do." which they received this sudden shot. The minister was in a great strait. He They looked at each other this time with stood looking from

to another. a sudden angry consultation. Dr. Stir. Then he went out slowly, closing the door ling touched his empty glass significantly softly behind him, but lingering in the with the forefinger of one hand, and held anteroom, that if any condict of voices up the other as a warning. “It seems to arose, he might be at hand to interfere. me,” he said, “ that it would be an excel- Torrance himself was sobered by the lent thing about this time of the night to gravity of the proceeding. He did not

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