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did more. Indeed, splendid as the palace of the palace precincts extended across had been, it was Henry who made it the what is now the road and abutted on to, noble seat that for a century and a half it the Park. Where part of the Horse continued to be. most interesting pla:), Guards stands was the tilt-yard, in which published in 1680, shows Whitehall very magnificent joustings were held, and a much as it was left by Henry a hundred little nearer Downing Street was the tenand thirty years before. The river front. nis-court; while, as far as may be judged age extended from a point in a line with from old engravings, the present house of the present Northumberland Avenue, the first lord of the treasury is nearly, nearly to where Westminster Bridge if not exactly; on the site of Henry VIII's now stands. The Privy Garden - long cockpit! But old Whitehall, during since built upon by the houses still called Henry's reign, did not look down merely Whitehall Gardens was laid out in six on tournaments and revelries, Here it teen plots. Further south was the or- was that he first met Anne Boleyn, and it chard, and beyond this a large, smooth. was here that he was privately married to shaven bowling.green. Then among the ber on January 25, 1533. Early in the heterogeneous mass of buildings we find morning, Dr. Lee, at that time one of the the wine cellar, the great hall, the chapel, king's chaplains and afterward Bishop of the vestry, the pantry, the priory buttery, Lichfield and Coventry, was sent for to the cofferer's cellar, the spicery, the kitch- perform mass in Henry's closet. Be. en, the small-beer buttery, and many other sides the king, he found there Anne Bo. offices, each set aside for some one depart. leyn and her train-bearer, Mrs. Savage, ment of royal state and luxury. Then who was afterwards Lady Berkeley, and comes Scotland Yard, so called from the some grooms of the bed-chamber; and suite of apartments therein which was Lord Herbert of Cherbury affirms that used by the Scottish kings when they Cranmer assisted at the ceremony. And made their yearly journey to London to it was here that Henry, about whom hisdo homage and fealty for Scotland before torians have agreed to differ so widely, the English monarch. But a large part | old, diseased, and almost deserted, died.
THE Voice or LIZARDS. — A correspond- | its head in front of the congregation, showed ent writes to Land and Water : " During that it possessed a voice, by giving an unthe last few weeks I have seen it discussed in earthly luck-too-too-too-too, every succeeding too the columns of the public press whether liz. apparently louder than the previous one, and ards are voiceless ; also if they possess ven- a considerable interval elapsing between each. om'ous organs. Some years since, when at With every call it elevated its head and disMoulmein with my lamented friend, the late tended its throat, while during this performDr. F. Stoliczka (where we were engaged in ance the clergyman had to stop, as his words collecting zoological objects), the latter ques. were drowned by the voice of his lacertilian tion arose regarding the large tuck-too lizard, opponent. That evening, while we were at so common in all dwellings iu that country, dinner, and discussing the voice of the tuckand to the bite of which some Burmese attrib-too, regretting that so far we had been unsucute venomous qualities. They likewise assert cessful in collecting good examples, we heard that every succeeding year following their from one corner of the ceiling one of these birth the number of too's at the end of its lizards commencing his call. We speedily speech increases by one more, so that at four obtained a long bamboo, and by a fortunate years old, when giving tongue, it would vocif- stroke knocked the tuck-too down. My friend erate tuck-too-too-too-too. Everybody who has at once pounced upon his prey, but the lizard been in Burmah (unless deaf) must be ac- was active and seized its captor by one finger, quainted with the voice of the tuck-too, while inflicting a severe wound.' Down went the the little 'cheep' of the wall-lizard may be tuck-too, the non-venomous qualities of which heard anywhere in the East. The succeeding were no longer discussed, warm water was Sunday I went to church, where the service brought, the wound well cleansed, and everywas attended by the civil and military officials, thing done appropriate to a venomous bite, as well as by the rank and fashion of the sta- which symptoms fortunately never supervened. tion. The chaplain, having completed the During this time our little dog had clestroyed service, had entered the pulpit prior to com- the value of the lizard as a specimen by biting mencing his sermon, when a curious interrup- it to pieces, in doing which it appeared to tion occurred. The text was duly enunciated, think it was avenging its master's injuries as and the Padré was about to begin his dis-well as performing an immensely courageous course, when a large tuck-too appeared on a act.” desk just below his reverence, and lifting up
Fifth Sories, Volume XL.
No. 2000.- October 21, 1882.
Temple Bar, V. A VENETIAN MEDLEY. Part II., .
Fraser's Magazine, VI. HISTORICAL COOKERY,
Fraser's Magazine, VII. · FANATICISM IN THE EAST,
Spectator, VIII. THE WELCOME OF AN INN, .
Saturday Review, IX. MOONSTRUCK, •
Sunday at Home, .
173 179 184 187 199 192
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But train that weak and clinging love, THE verdant garlands creep and twine
By sturdy props, to wave above
Life's work, and give it grace ;
No longer then a parasite,
Love clothes with garlands of delight That year by year untended grows
Its own appointed place ! In this deserted place.
All the Year Round.
NOTHING is useless. Do not scorn
These poppies of the field :
Who thinks a space will not despise And yet, and yet, I know the vine
Their blushful cheeks and downcast eyes,
Remembering all they yield.
The life-blood of the golden land,
Flushing, with ev'ry wind that's born,
The heaving bosom of the corn, And yet, and yet, I know the rose
Under the summer sky. That through its greenness glints and glows,
Ah ! fitting is it ye should Had come to fuller flower,
grow If this fair fragile parasite
Beside the “staff of life,”
The other a pow'r to soothe away
All human care and strife! I pull the slender leaves apart,
When on some fevered bed, perchance, There lies a lesson, oh, my heart !
The corn will not avail, Beneath the bindweed spray.
Nor wine, nor any potions deep, It saps the vine, and dwarfs the flower ;
To call one little hour of sleep So clinging human love hath power,
Over the eyelids pale ; To sap and dwarf away..
'Tis then those "useless scarlet coats To sap the soul of strength divine,
(Like some of human kind) To blight its fruit, like cumbered vine,
Prove their strong hearts can soothe distress, Which scarce a cluster shows;
For all they wear a gaudy dress,
That flutters in the wind.
Their sun-dried leaves have not in vain
Outlived the harvest-day,
Under the poppy's sway, 'Tis only when we lack the grace
HAMILTON AIDE. To train it fairly in its place,
To portion out its part; 'Tis only when we let it climb O'er holier heights and more sublime
A CONQUEST. Than earthly love should go; 'Tis only when we let it creep
I FOUND him openly wearing her token; Across the gifts that we should keep
I knew that her troth could never be broken; For God, it brings us woe.
I laid my hand on the hilt of my sword,
He did the same and spoke not a word ; For let the bindweed have its will,
I bad him confess his villainy, Nor human toil, nor human skill,
He smiled and said, “She gave it me.” Can keep the garden fair;
We searched for seconds, they soon were found, But train the bindweed in its place,
They measured our swords, and measured the And larger blossom, fairer grace,
ground; Will straight repay the care.
To save us they would not have uttered a
breath, So if the garden of the heart
They were ready enough to help us to death. Be over-run in every part,
We fought in the midst of a wintry wood, By love beyond control;
Till the fair white snow was red with his blood; Life's worthý labor cannot speed,
But his was the victory, for, as he died, And flower of thought, and fruit of deed, He swore by the rood that he had not lied. Grow never in the soul.
W. H. POLLOCK.
From The Cornhill Magazine,
terity. By the great religious and literTHE LITERARY RESTORATION.
ary movement of the sixteenth century 1790-1830.
the human mind was set free almost like The process of transition by which the a child from school. We might almost English literature of the eighteenth cen- illustrate its liberation by the famous tury passed into that of the nineteenth, is simile of the horse in the Iliad, the most only one of many analogous processes perfect picture, perhaps, of buoyant and which, commencing about a hundred years exulting freedom to be found in the whole ago, and working themselves out towards compass of poetry. Then came an age the beginning of the Victorian age, make of marvels, an age of discovery, of daring up the complete transformation of enterprises, of light-hearted, reckless adthought, maoncis, and customs which the venture, of imagination strung to its highEnglish nation underwent coincidently est pitch. The spirit of the time finds its with the French Revolution. The trans- faithful reflection in Shakespeare, whose formation is singularly interesting, be. blithesomeness is at least as remarkable cause it is not so remote but that men as his sublimity. The first burst of joy were still alive in our youth who had over, we see a softer and more pensive passed through it, and who remembered air stealing over literature: the boyishi the ancient régime as we remember the vigor of one age passing into the galCorn Laws. Thus we are brought into lantry, the loyalty, and the spiritual fervor almost living contact with a state of so- of the next; the progression from Shakeciety which would seem as strange to our speare through the Caroline poets down selves, could we actually awake in it, as it to Milton, is perfectly natural and logical. in turn would have seemed to the En-With Milton the procession closes. The gland of Elizabeth, perhaps even stranger. curtain falls upon the age of imagination It is this combined nearness to, and re- and rises on the age of reason. Dryden moteness from ourselves which lends its fills up the interval, occupying much the special interest to the period in question, same position in relation to the seven. whether we contemplate it in its political teenth and eighteenth centuries as Byron or religious, its social or its literary as did in relation to the eighteenth and nine. pects. And to the lady who has under-teenth. The natural bent of his mind was taken to illustrate the latter, all lovers of towards the school of the future. He was the subject must acknowledge themselves the founder of the new versification to be deeply indebted. We propose on which Pope brought to perfection. Çirthis occasion to glance at a few of the cumstances made him the poet of an salient characteristics of the generation imaginative creed, but nature meant him which she passes in review: at the posi- rather for satire and for criticisin, for tion which it occupies in the history of moral and didactic poetry, and the very English literature; and its connection excellence of his prose is perhaps some with preceding and subsequent literary testimony to the truth of the assertion. developments.
However, not to spend more time upon English modern history is marked off particular individuals, we find the second into three very distinct periods by the of the epochs of literature starting from great events of the Reformation, the En- the English Revolution and full devel. glish Revolution, and the French Revolu-oped in the first quarter of the eighteenth tion. We are still living in the third, and century. Several influences were at work cannot tell what it may yet have in store to mould it into the form which it asfor us. Of the other two no doubt we sumed. The effect of all revolutions is to still continue to feel the effects, and to breed a spirit of scepticism and to damp work on the results; but for all that, each the spirit of reverence. Where the revoadmits of being regarded as something lution, like the French, is accompanied complete within itself, and possessing pe- by a burst of political fanaticism, one kind culiarities of its own which have not de- of enthusiasm may simply take the place scended with its other legacies to pos. I of another: the enthusiasm of liberty succeed to the enthusiasm of loyalty. If, as we shall presently endeavor to Where this is not the case, as in the En- show, the great feature of the transition glish Revolution, where the doctrine of which Mrs. Oliphant has undertaken to hereditary right, the divinity that doth delineate, is the restoration of the imagihedge a king, is overthrown, not by an native element to its place in literature, imaginative creed more powerful than it may be as well to state very briefly what itself, but by a purely rationalistic one, we mean by the word; because of what the scepticism is likely to be accompanied is commonly called such the eighteenthby a mingled spirit of utilitarianism and century poets have abundance. We mean cynicism. This is what took place in this by imagination the power of vividly realcountry between 1690 and 1720. Obedi. Lizing conceptions which are beyond the ence to authority was to rest on reason scope of the senses. These are not necand on
no original and underived title. essarily supernatural, they may be his. Poetry “stooped to truth.” Prose be- torical, or they may be the offspring of came familiar and easy, and busy with the pure meditation unfed from any external ordinary concerns of life. Religion, source. Milton's Pandemonium with Christianity, theology, were to make
A thousand demigods on golden thrones, themselves useful — to enforce morality. Imagination took wings and flew away. Scott's reproduction of the feudal ages, Pope was largely endowed with it by na. Coleridge's “ Christabel” and “Ancient ture, but the reaction was too much for Mariner,” Wordsworth's “Intimations of him. Akenside wrote upon the subject Immortality, are all specimens of imagionly to show that he had it not. Ideas nation of the purest kind. A highly de. had brought much evil on the world. veloped power of comparison, the power They were the parents of both Puritanism of seeing resemblances between apparand Jacobitism; and the great bulk of the ently dissimilar objects, which applied to English people were sick of both. To one kind of subject matter we term wit, this sceptical, materialistic, and utilitarian applied to others we call poetry; imagery, spirit of the age, therefore, which was one metaphor, felicitous epithets, vivid and direct product of the Revolution, we owe impressive descriptions of scenes which the practical character of the eighteenth we have witnessed, appeals to passions century literature. To the leisure which or sentiments which stir us to enthusiasm life acquired through the settlement of all or to tears, are all generally supposed to the great questions by which it had so be the work of the imagination; and we long been agitated, we owe its other dis- have neither time nor space to invent antinctive characteristic, its form and finish, other word instead of it. But it is evior what Pope called its correctness.* An dent that between the one kind of imagi. age much harassed by spiritual and social nation and the other there is a difference problems is impatient of form both in re not only in degree but in kind; and we ligion and in literature. An age of re. wish our readers to understand that for pose has time for it. The manner of a the purposes of this essay we
use the work becomes almost as important as the word exclusively in its former sense. matter. Appreciation of elegance does The writer who undertakes to act as not make too severe a demand on
our our guide through any period of history intellectual energies. A lower level of or literature, must necessarily start from thought and a higher level of style than some beginning Mrs. Oliphant takes prevailed in the seventeenth century is the year 1790 as the commencement of the combination which greets us in the the transition period; and if we must eighteenth; and attractive as it is at its take any one date, it is perhaps the best best, it is easy to see that in its decay and we can choose. But the two periods its corruption it would present a rather the old and the new run into one an. sorry spectacle.
other so much that it is difficult to say Macaulay has gone out of his way to misrepresent
exactly where the one begins and the what Pope meant by being “ correct.”
other ends. On the whole, we should